I. History of the organization, on the basis of the main characters 1)
On the history of the family until 1900, and their arrival in Heerlen is little known. In the archive are no pieces found from the earliest period. A large part of the introduction is made ??on the basis of the autobiographical biography of Leo Schunck 2) and Articles of Van Hommerich and Schunck 3). Verification has not been possible, since the articles of Van Hommerich and Schunck a citation is lacking, while Leo Schunck in his biography only the stories of tradition was recorded.
In 1776 died a Tuchmacher Schunck to Kettenich or Kettenis, in the former duchy of Limburg, near Eupen, 4) while in Bruttich, a village along the Moselle a building from 1662 known under the name Schuncksche’s Haus and around 1650 near Bedburg also family known 5) .
Nicola, the elder brother of Johann Arnold worked since 1858 in the textile factory of Delius in Aachen and not as his father wished, in a traditional weaving company own 6). Arnold left that year to Eupen and was there employed in the dyeing of JP Fremerey. Severin Joseph stayed with his father works. In 1860 Johann completed his alleged Wanderschaft, 7) required to Meisterprüfung to retrieve. In late November ended the trip in Aachen.To Kettenis arrived, he worked as a weaver in his father’s workshop. It was apparently bad in the weaving.Several years later, in 1863, he left with two brothers to Russia to, at the request of a Russian lender, an industrial establishment, or close to Bjelostok 8) .
In 1866 Arnold moved with his brother Ludwig toHausset , where they are in the empty Kupfermühle yarns and fabrics for industrial and painted appreteerden.
In 1873 he was the inheritance of his deceased father in 1865 available. After the marriage with Anna Küppers in 1873 and the birth of Peter in the same year threatened poverty. Anna saw clearly that the company in the windmill and fruitless nor any mechanization. The rise of mechanization and mechanized weaving, including Aachen, meant the final blow for the little hand weaving. Arnold wanted even to America, New Orleans, where a brother exercised the profession.
During a visit to Vaals pharmacist Knittel, because of drugs for mother and child, advised him to contact the Rector Savelberg record. There would be Schunck the orphan boys weaver professional learning. Anna, being familiar with the interaction of plants with medicinal herbs would be involved meantime, in 1874, they tried 9) the inherited stock fabrics Sittard to sell, but that in no way succeeded. Well it turned out that Anna has a sales talent, while Arnold had the expertise 10). On the way home they decided to Heerlen to Savelberg to go. He would not even consider the case where Ludwig spoke would have 11) .Afterwards voted Savelberg, after which the Schuncks, 1000 Thaler, 12) three looms 13) and fabrics, everything from the inheritance, arrived in Heerlen 14) and a house in The Schram question 15). There he began a handweverijtje 16). Now he could experience gained during the Wanderschaft which he had investigated what manufacturing (hand or machine) the future might have in practice.
One of the three looms was a real heirloom. It stemmed more from the bankruptcy of Clermont in Vaals. Arnold led two weefjongens 17) and his wife led the shop, where she woven fabrics and viii herbs, called Kneipp products, sold 18). The question of fabrics was greater than the supply, so Arnold industrially produced materials to Aachen and Mönchengladbach-Gladbach had to buy. Share to Scha was a small farm with pasture, beside a brook, bought for the weaving activities, which took place in the open air. The wool was bought from the farmers and crops Caumerbeek. By inheritance 19) This building was owned by Christine Schunck, wife of Jos.Franck.
In 1882 they bought a house in the village square, the property of the former pharmacy Knittel, also called "Behind the Tower". There were no longer sold herbs, possibly because Brother Aloysius own herbs sales had taken in hand, but textile articles of special fabric. It employed five staff now 20). The weaving moved along and the inventory consisted of a twisting machine and five looms 21). In Geerstraat was made ??balkatoen 22). Around 1888, the hand weaving through the competition of the mechanical weaving in Twente and Tilburg and Aachen,
23) have been removed. It is now fully focused on garment
24). Substances were purchased to Mönchengladbach-Gladbach, Verviers and Tilburg 25). The first was tailor Eykeboom. One might conclude draw at Van Hommerich, that the cessation of the wolf-fabrication and making ready before 1882 took place 26) .
In 1893, 27) , the building was demolished and flat behind a larger building, to the city wall along the raft built. There was a novelty, namely concrete and plate glass display windows of 2 to 3 meters, 28) applied. The store was temporarily in the old house next café Verstappen, then Lindelauf café, housed. In 1894 the building was apparently ready: it was moved, together with sales. In 1903 another expansion took place 29). The property Verstappen was demolished around 1910. Spot came, according to a design by architect Seely Sr. a new building, the existing store was added 30). Around that time, was the name "Company A. Schunck Hosiery Ladies and Gentlemen Children’s Clothing, Hats and Caps. " 31) Letterheads mention Company A. Schunck / garment factory factories / wholesale & retail 32) .
The period between 1890 and 1900 brought Arnold a certain prosperity. He invested mainly in German mining and metals shares in the Aachen region-Eschweiler 33) .
early 1900 was first sales personnel deployed outside the family. They worked internally 34). For 1904, still Arnolds death, the one-man business into a partnership Firm. This allowed the children working Participating be.It was also so happen that on the death of the parents a monastery would share in the inheritance or say in the matter would write, since two daughters wanted to be religious. Arnold was a craftsman: he remained until his death fabrics designs to his old loom. These designs were at last taken by van Moorsel Eindhoven. The weefkamers however, were replaced by tailors. They manufactured custom and ready-made clothing, for men, another modernity.
According to Pierre that success was due to the sale of Anna talent and skills of Arnold. Their children were actively helping in the shop. (See also Peter Joseph). Finally helped the growth of Heerlen also to the success with it. Anna foresaw that growth, which increases the life of Arnold already bought several buildings at the site of the later Glass Palace:
In The Gatsje:
- "The Moor", behind the workshops;
- Tobacco Shop Einerhand, where beside a milliner or hat shop;
- Umbrella Shop Logister;
- Bakery Cox, later Lok,
- ’t Vuile Hoekje (=Dirty Corner);
and in the Bongerd:
- barber shop and house Loo;
- wooden shed and open place
1) Annex I contains an abridged pedigree. For more information http://www.aachen-webdesign.de/schunck
2) Invnr. 495
3) Refer to bibliography
4) Invnrs. 670, 137; spelling Kettenich see Schunck 1984
5) Invnr. 670
7) Johann Arnold worked for the Wanderschaft in Europe at different bosses, craft industries and factories. The Wanderschaft was a regulated institution. After completion could itself Meister Johann Weber call. Because of his bad experience in that period manufacturers he remained a lifelong aversion to keep machine production. The pass is probably lost, however, Pierre Schunck the Wanderschaft Data from the newly transcribed, invnr. 670
8) From Van Hommerich indicates that the three brothers went to Russia, Pierre indicates that Arnold just went along, as supervisor of Nicolas’ wife. He returned after one year back, invnr. 670.Site Schunck calls 4.
9) Nicolaus Ludwig, a brother, went along, invnr. 670
10) Nevertheless, "Johann Arnold ....with his business instinct "in Heerlen from town to town, 29.
11) Invnr. 670
12) Invnr. 670; 900 Thaler according Van Hommerich 1951 and invnr. 137: press kit.
13) Peter Joseph: "Initially 2, later expanded to 5" invnr. 89 newspaper; 3 pieces: invnrs. 137, 670; invnr. 3, Gazette of Limburg, 75th anniversary, 4 looms;: 4 pieces, namely 3 for wool and 1 for so-called Tiertey; invnr. 3 other newspaper 75th anniversary, 5 or 8 looms: "8 looms, of which 5 are used for weaving peasant skirts and gray cotton and 3 for woolen fabrics" and later "5 looms and twine machine," Van Hommerich 1951, 58
14) Invnr. 137. As motivation for Heerlen location is the coal bore Welten or significant local market data. In 1964, Leo wrote "Johann Arnold came so one day in Heerlen, where he tired from his long journey on foot his tired legs stretched in hotel Cloot. Perhaps surprised scale. of the regional. marktplaatsQQ coal seam ...... .... "And, in his speech in 1964 at the opening of the Promenade Building. ".... . in the mists of history hidden. Maybe .... "(Speech and press kit)
15) Invnr. 241. That Schunck in Heerlen immediately after arrival was active shows the oldest piece of fa Schunck, namely the receipt book in December 1872 t / m in August 1883. The first part related to the establishment in Heerlen is dated September 1, 1874, and is directed to the merchant Schunck. he placed immediately in the Limburger Coerier 17 times an ad recommendation in the period from 5 September. Until the 24 December The receipts from the two periods are addressed to Johann Arnold or the Limit. Schunck, Tuchfabrikant, usually Hausset .
16) Invnr. 89 The Manufacturier
17) From Van Hommerich 1951 mentions Mustard, Merckelbach and Koolen as weaver, and the boys of Savelberg reel boys, 2 of which were trained as weavers.
18) In my view, therefore, Rector Savelberg responsible for Schuncks establishment, namely the supply of labor and decrease of herbs [by Aloysius]
19) Invnrs. 61, 670
20) Invnr. 3, 75th anniversary
21) Invnr. 670; Van Hommerich 1951 58
22) Van Hommerich 1951, 58. This concerns the firm Schunck? Probably here the Kofamagazijn meant, see invnr. 450, leaf 25, photograph of the window of "firm A. Schunck KOFA warehouse "(Java kapok)
23)Twente: invnr. 3, 75th anniversary, Aachen invnr. 495
24) Invnr. 670. Van Hommerich 1951, 58, believes that the weaving after 1882 still six years has been in operation. In connection with the recovery of the boys Savelberg by the rector, the mill closed. Van Hommerich mentions about the new building only "Around 1900 it was decided to build a new shop near the Church tower. "
25) Van Hommerich 1951 58
26) Van Hommerich 1951, 58; compare pronunciation PJ Schunck in 1935 "not long after  removed", invnr. 89 The draper
27) In 1893, "one seeks more space, also on Church Square, but behind the tower" "the property in possession taken", invnr. 3, 75 - year anniversary. Meant is the new building. From the construction of 1893 and 1894 are preserved invoices, invnr.57.
28) Mirror see invnr. 137; dimensions see invnr 89 The Manufacturier
29) Invnr. 89 newspaper, relocation and sale invnr. 57
30) Invnr. 495 biography
31) Invnr. 495 biography, photos see Heerlen from town to town, 29, 30
32) Invnrs. 427, 695
33) Invnrs. 686, 697
34) Invnr. 495 biography
35) Invnr. 670: 1905; invnr. 468 devotional 1905. According to the information booklet "Path-wise by Schunck," the firm Arnold died in 1906, invnr. 209
36)A beautiful portrait of the couple from 1897 and a photo of Arnold, printed in 1924, see invnrs. 467 and 2
37)Invnr. 3 papers 75th anniversary; invnr. 36, 1969 interview
Peter, born 1873 in Hauset, 38), was the successor of Johann Arnold. He led the company together with his mother 39).
When he was just a toddler, in 1877, he tought Mgr. Savelberg to flush wool bobbins for the old hand weaving looms. It's told that Peter Joseph, as a schoolboy, sold 25 overalls in one single morning 40) Except Peter also worked three sisters in the store 41).
The workshops produced clothing for farmers and miners. In addition there was the hosiery department and homeworkers were employed 42). Peter had several ancillary businesses. On account of the cement shortages during the war, two quarries: a marl and limestone exploitation in Kunrade, and a company called Meerssener Kalkwerken 43).
He ran a bus enterprise which owned three busses in 1908 44). Thus Schunck was the first bus operator in Heerlen. The company maintained a service to the surrounding villages and transported clients freely to the store and back home. There was a laundry in Valkenburg.
With horse traction Maastricht and the Dutch mining district were served. After the First World War, the non-core subsidiary companies, which are not always profitable were sold 45). Finally, Peter Joseph was shareholder and secretary of the NV Heerlensche Glasverzekering-Maatschappij 46).
After the period of scarcity during the war followed in 1918 a further devaluation of the German mark, so that the textile in Aachen many times cheaper than in the Netherlands. Yet the company managed to maintain 47). Late 1920s the business was profitable again and a goldmine despite the competition of V&D and Hollekamp 48). More property was bought in which new branches were accommodated, such as in 1929 a separate beds and carpet shop, afterwards called Käller-Schunck 49). This and the previously mentioned property purchases by his father are demonstrated by the rise of the insurance premiums.
In 1924 the company celebrated its 50th anniversary. Each client received a souvenir gift. A large portrait of the founder decorated the publication, which was produced on that occasion. Photos show an immense sea of flowers in the store. The local press dedicated much attention to the jubilee 50). In the thirties came the decision to close the sewing rooms and to change over to ready-made clothing. The fashion of Schunck was apparently good but old-fashioned. Menswear remained the core business 51).
In 1934 the 60th anniversary celebration took place. On this occasion, the staff and the management have been immortalized by photographer Cohnen in front of the theater 52). At the same time, Peter could start the construction of the new department store in the place of the houses which he possessed. Five long years of discussions had preceded and - after a fence of the ”Vuile Hoekje” (Dirty Corner) was blowed over by a storm and after the threat of expropriation - eventually the construction could start. Son Leo had contact to V&D on expert architects. He had traveled the U.S. and Europe to take a look at department stores, while Peter, together with Peutz, traveled for inspiration among others to London and Nantes. Eventually they commissioned architect Peutz to avoid problems with the then mayor Grunsven of Heerlen 53). The famous street issue also played a role 54).
Na frente o fundador da empresa Arnold Schunck em bronze, um presente da equipe
1)P.Knols, Bauunternehmer; 2)Carla Schunck; 3)Louise Schunck; 4)Christine Schunck; 5)Josephine Schunck; 6)Leonie Schunck; 7)Arnold Schunck; 8)Christine Schunck-Cloot; 9)Mia Schunck; 10)Nolda Schunck; 11)Peter J. Schunck; 12)Deken Nicolaye; 13)Pierre Schunck; 14)Archtect Frits Peutz; 15)Leo Schunck
After a construction period of about a year in 1935, the Glass Palace was opened. Due to the fall of the iron price it was considerably cheaper to build than originally budgeted. The opening and the reception attracted more than 2000 visitors 55). The staff gave a bust, depicting Arnold 56).
The building was a stacking of marketplaces, protected from the weather by a glass coat 57) (The order of Peter Schunck : ”Design a department store like a stacked market next to the market”. For more information, go to the page Glass Palace at this site). Heerlen now had a real department store, where everything was sold, like any big city. Not an ordinary village bazaar, where everything was for sale too. However, Peter Joseph communicated explicitly that the store was a middle-class enterprise, no department store. Schunck limited himself to his own core business and didn't enter an unknown field 58). Still, the building also had some imperfections. Peters wife Christine provided correctly, that the glass would produce temperature problems and would be uneconomical in relation to the management of the compartments and the display of the merchandise 59). The tailor shop was provisionally housed on the fourth floor, while on the roof the penthouse with the roof garden was realized for Schunck himself 60). Architect Peutz published in leading international journals and thus he put Heerlen on the architectural map 61).
The national politics commented disparagingly. While in the mines the work week was reduced to four days, a department store was built: "Only a fool can put up such building in a depression like this. It is a daredevil undertaking ", said Minister Verschuur, who visited Heerlen at that time 62).
In 1939 Peter bought the building of the Twentsche Bank. Schunck now had the whole block in his possession. This gave him the possibilty to realise his 40 years old plan of an independent passage, that is to say a connection between the Emmaplein and the market place 63). (More info: see below)
In 1941 the clothing workshop was expanded with machineries for the trousers department 64). (Read more in the Interview with Pierre Schunck on his activities in the Dutch resistance. There he says among others: „In 1941 the license of the company Schunck in Heerlen for the production of pit working clothes came into danger if no separate production apparatus would be set up. I was asked to take care of the organization (my original profession).“ This way SKIL started - Schunck’s Kleding Industrie Limburg).
About 1942 it was decided to secure the family capital. To prevent it would be lost after the death of father (Peter Joseph), some general requirements were suggested. For instance, that the fortune should be protected against any mismanagement; that there should be a separation between capital and prestation; that those who ran the store with the father, should obtain a good reward and a certainty for the future, to continue the business; that the name Schunck should be beneficial to each child in the same way; that unwanted internal competition should be avoided; that everyone should have a chance - when his/her capacity was prooved - to work in the store or to represent the store. Father remained to sit at the steering wheel. In addition to these general requirements it was necessary to take into account the current situation. A collaboration between Leo and
Pierre Peter Schunck and Arnold Käller was excluded (Although Pierre was shareholder, he was not in the management of the N.V. A.Schunck). Leo Schunck and Chris Dohmen-Schunck strove to unilateral action without control by the family, which could result lead to tension in the board. Arnold Käller wanted to start up an own business from parts of Schunck, for which both (Leonie & Arnold Käller-Schunck?) received a permission. Due to the scarcity of materials because of the war, the plan was not implemented.
Then the city government took over the plan to build the connecting road in which Schunck was willing to deliver a contribution to the costs. V&D also was willing to collaborate. During the construction of the V&D department store (1921) and the Glass Palace (1935) that street was taken into consideration. The company Schunck mediated in problems between V&D and the municipality regarding the municipal sewage system or rather the Vlot. On June 30 1937 the local council decided to impose a construction ban on the ground, which was destined for the construction of the street. Schunck still was prepared for a financial contribution for the road construction. Afterwards, it would appear that in the building plans of V&D a passage was included, so that te city government would not be obliged to build this road. V&D on their part contacted Schunck to build in arrangement a connection between the planned V&D passage and the existing V&D passage. In 1939 Schunck prevented the municipality to sell to V&D a strip of land called the Vlot, which was the access to the passage of Schunck. The municipality of Heerlen eventually sought a settlement in the direction of a pedestrian passage instead of a road, because of the associated costs. It could not be expected, V&D would cooperate anymore, which was evident in 1939 and 1940. All atempts to negotiate by Schunck led to nothing. Schunck himself got the impression that the opposition of V&D arose only after the construction of the Glass Palace. Finally Schunck asked in his letter mentioned above of 1945, whether the City Council would be inclined to build the connecting road with a financial contribution of Schunck.
Father wished however a just settlement for all his children. Because of her merits, Chris would become full authority in Geleen and get the succession there in their own hands. For this reason in Geleen an NV was founded, whose shares she could buy with her shares of the NV in Heerlen. Leo would become an inviolable position in the NV Heerlen and a dominant position which safeguarded the succession of his descendants. Pierre who had stepped back before to not disturb the cooperation in the board wanted that his position as the oldest son wasn't lost for his children and claimed the same right of succession as Leo.
The problem Pierre - Leo could be solved by certification of the shares of their father in the NV in Heerlen. Eventually a thing specified in the instrument of limited partnership (CV), which Leonie Käller-Schunck, Josephine Stahl-Schunck and Joseph Peter (Pierre) Schunck were granted the right to join as a partner in the CV, if for 1 January 1946 a capital paid had 65). Something isn't correct here. Is it here Peter Joseph (Peter) or his son, Peter Joseph Arnold (Pierre)?
Pierre is apparently no new partner. Yet in 1966, Leo expected opposition from his side by a possible foundation of new business under the name Schunck, actually a repetition of the problem Käller 1942. In the mining district, the name Schunck was not to be used by other family members, if the same products were sold 66). (Leo expected this resistance particularly also because he had protested when Pierre opened a mens- and boyswear store under the name Schunck Jr. in Maastricht. Then Peter Joseph had exercised his authority by saying, Maastricht isn't in the mining district and therefore far away enough. A.S.)
Only a few records show the activities, especially of Leo, during the war and the period immediately afterwards 67) (NB: 1] You are reading the introduction of the Schunck Archive, not just about te business, but also private, as it was found in Leo's house after his death. 2] Heerlen and its surroundings were liberated in september 1944. A.S.). In June 1944, a journal of a committee for more and better plastering reported detailed on the shop windows of Schunck, where stucco was used and where the dolls wore historic XVIII century costumes 68).
During the Second World War the Glass Palace was struck three times. After the war (so after sept. 1944, until 1945. A.S.) it served as HQ for the US generals Patton and Simpson, and as a rest center for the Americans and the French resistance forces. Only after 1945 a clear growth started 69). Nevertheless, already in 1945 Schunck attempted to get a solid toehold in Maastricht 70).
In 1946 it became clear that expansion of the store was necessary. For this, the property Logister would be needed, which only 1960 could be bought for 2 million guilders 71).
In 1953, the Market Hall opened with a (for Heerlen) totally new concept, called a base department, with a self service 73). In 1954, Peter opened a branch in Geleen 74). Photos witness of the magnificent windows 75). Still when he had reached a ripe old age, he could be found in his store every day 76).
On July 13, 1960, one year after the death of his wife, Peter Joseph died 77). He was called an active and noble man 78). Because of his prestations and his foresight was Peter in 1961 called "Peter the Great". He was indeed the central figure of the business center of the mining district, a daredevil, seer, by the Glass Palace showed that Heerlen became a metropolis 79). He was a man who took no excessive risk, says Leo in 1964 80). At that time  a total of 400 employees worked in the Glass Palace and the establishment Geleen 81).
38) Elsewhere: Hergenrath, invnr. 468, doodsprentje; Krüll Shopkeeper Peter Schunck, 127
39) Invnr. 209, invnr. 495, biography
40) Invnr. 3 papers 75th anniversary
41) Invnr. 495, biography, the sisters standing back of the receipt book mentioned, invnr. 241
42) Invnr. 495, biography
43) Lime Quarry see invnrs. 289, 300, 307,355; Meerssener Kalkwerken, invnr. 307
44) Possibly 4 buses, Heerlen from town to town, 29; elsewhere: ... 3 buses, purchased in 1908. In 1912 there was a repair place, Heerlen from town to town, 96; 4 buses around 1924 purchased, invnr. 3, 75th anniversary, while a certain Pie Ramaekers driver in 1914 was one of the first buses, invnr. 446
45) Invnr. 495, biography
46) Invnr. 660
47) Invnr. 2, Invnr. 3 papers 75th anniversary,
48) Invnr. 495, biography
49) Invnr. 495, biography
51) Invnr. 495, biography
52) Invnr. 2
53) Invnr. 495, biography; invnr. 3 papers 75th anniversary.
54) Invnrs. 174, 175, 178. The letter in the latter invnr. of Schunck to B & W dated 22 November 1945 gives a clear summary of the origins and development of the dispute. In 1914, but certainly in 1915 by C. Canter and J. Rutten, possibly initiated by Peter Joseph Schunck, a plan for the construction of a road linking the Geleenstraat and Bongerd devised,
55) Invnr. 89 newspaper articles
56) Invnr. 88, picture
57)Invnr. 3 papers 75th anniversary; Peutz 1936, 63; invnr. 495, biography; invnr. 89 The draper
58) For the term bazaar and see invnr store. 177, V&D brochure on the opening; notice Peter Joseph invnr. 89 draper
59) Invnr.495, biography
60) Invnr. 89 The draper
61) See the bibliography and invnr. 89
62) Invnr. 3 papers 75th anniversary
63) Invnr. 155, item 1939, which also describes the Vlot Issue.
64) Invnr. 148
65) Invnr. September
66) Invnr. 8, 17,
67) Invnrs. 261, 262
68) Recorded in invnr. 89 For photos of the shop windows consult the index.
69) Invnr. 209
70) Invnr. 10
71) Invnr. 179
72) Invnr. 2, invnr. 3 papers 75th anniversary; invnr. 141
73)Invnr. 36, 1969 interview
74) Invnr. 188-192
75) See in particular the photo album invnr. 450
76) Invnr. 12 Tussen de Rails (Between the Rails) December 1961, pg. 32, 33
77) Invnr. 668
78) Invnr. 3, 75th anniversary
79) Invnr. 12 Tussen de Rails (Between the Rails) December 1961, pg. 32, 33
80) Invnr. 137, speech
81) Invnr. 36 Interview 1969.
At Pierre Schunck is elsewhere on this site discussed in detail. See the beginning of this page. Not mentioned is the clothing factory »Schunck’s Kledingindustrie Bonaire« (1948-1954). Goto the article of my sister, Christine Schunck with te same name, english translation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schunck's Kledingindustrie Bonaire
82) In 2002 the inscription can still be read as vague mural on the house. Some Citizens of Valkenbug informed me that the brewery was owned the property by now and it would possibly be demolished. To what extent this story is based on fact is unknown to me.
(That's right indeed. Na de wasserij is er jarenlang een manège geweest. Toen die zijn poorten sloot, is de belendende bierbrouwerij De Leeuw eigenaar geworden. Intussen is het vuur op 3 maart 1912 de sloophamer te vlug af geweest. Het gebouw, waarin plastic kratten en houtpellets waren opgeslagen, brandde volledig uit. Arnold Schunck)
83) Invnr. 424
84) Invnr. 427
85) Invnr. 427
86) Invnr. 695
82) Invnrs. 695, 700
88) Invnr. 432
89) Invnrs. 9, 11, 41, 56.
90) Invnr. 670
91) Inv. No 22 Pierre had the exclusive right to name Schunck, given by his father, which he was allowed to stay in Maastricht that name enter
He was born in the old building with the tower on April 12, 1910. On the flat roof he loved animals and he rode on his children’s bicycle. Leo often played on the castle Haaren and Hoenshuis to Voerendaal, owned by his maternal grandparents (Cloot). There, in the garage of the military police horses was probably his interest in horses.
He went to the nursery in the Klomp Street, the primary school in the Nobelstraat and the preparatory year at secondary school. He then became the Episcopal College Weert placed, because his parents had connections there. Leo followed the trade school students between the priest. Rather, he went to a boarding school in Belgium or to Rolduc. Finally he took the Higher School of Textiles in Enschede. After graduating he worked in the case of his parents, and he was 18 months compulsory military service. He followed the officer under military administration to the Chasse-barracks in Breda. In the nearby Julianakazerne he practiced his hobby horse. As part of his training he ran nine months internship at garrisons 92).
In the beginning, he helped clients in the matter. In the thirties, when Peter decided to sell clothing, Leo was head of procurement and was consequently much traveling. He was a board member of the purchasing organization Fame in Amsterdam, which Schunck was the largest participant 93). In 1944 he worked for the National Office for distribution by the textile trade (Distex). Later, he was Liaison Officer in the rank of 2nd lieutenant in 13th. Reg.Infantry, part Headquarters 94). In 1945 Leo was apparently director, at least he signed a letter, as director 95).In 1960 he succeeded his father, and he formed with Chris Dohmen-Schunck two directors 96).
The Leo Schunck era was characterized by a continuation of the line of his father with a rapid growth followed by stagnation and finally sale of the company. Like his father, he brought great showcase devices. He tried even a lion dressage to win 97).
In 1961 worked in Heerlen between 480 and 500 and in Geleen between 120 and 125 persons 98). The street issue was the oldest case of Heerlen in an unfavorable competitive arrived. New business had established itself in Heerlen. Mn Grand Bazar proved a formidable competitor. V & D had a modern new building. For Schunck turned aside the new Glaspaleis not possible. The outdated decor could not be renewed, it no longer met the requirements of a modern department store. There were increasing expenses incurred in connection with the decentralization due to the lack of space in the Glass Palace. To the lack of space to turn, the buildings were Saroleastraat 14; Markt 1, Kerkplein 11, 12, 14; Bongerd 14, 16; Emmaplein 17; Kerkplein 1; Emmastraat 13 uses 99).
Eventually could be built, not according to the original plan near the Glass Palace on the Bongerd, but “to break&Rdquo;, where a new shopping center was realized 100). It also meant the end of the protracted street matter.
Leo made ??extensive study of the new supermarket being and on traveling including to Sweden and America. After a construction period of only 1.5 years in the first southern Dutch shopping boulevard metropolitan allure, on 16 September 1964 the new shop opened in the presence of Governor and Mayor Gijzels Rooy. The opening led to traffic chaos 102). In his opening speech, Leo could not refrain from pointing out the "almost insurmountable bureaucracy." 103) In the new case were all new articles available. In the basement a self-service supermarket, 104) on the ground floor: a department with paperbacks, stationery, pastry and confectionery, perfume, bags and leather goods, on the 4th floor finally the department furnishing fabric and a lunchroom 105). The costs amounted to a fl 30000 000 guilders, but it was also the largest home-were in the southern Netherlands 106).
After modernization would in the Glass Palace Schuncks furnishings are housed. After this, a reorganization and restructuring of the remaining buildings place 107).
In Heerlen, the company had 700 men time staff, in Geleen 125 108).
in 1965 celebrated its 90th anniversary. In the 13 windows of the new building was the old boardwalk Heerlen realistically portrayed through paintings, produced by the window dressers in cooperation with the municipal archives 109).
With branches in Geleen (Highway South, warehouse), Heerlen (Marktstraat 1/Saroleastraat 14, Market Hall, retail trade in textile goods), Kerkplein 5 (retail furniture, home textiles, garden, reed, and camping furniture, oriental carpets and furniture and housing upholsterer company) was Schunck an important entrepreneur.
In 1969, Leo in an interview some views on the policies and the future. Large and small specialized companies had the future. Those who are not specialized, had no future. Schunck was a specialist, and the power lay in the personal ministry of the clients. Cooperation plans, ie cooperative were not there, but were not rejected. The supermarket ran well and got national recognition. The motto was: quality always wins. Schunck came with weekly specials: an island in a sea of loss of profit. Schunck is a department store, but emphasized the bedarfsbündelunggedachte: no shop in shop, but a case where the right supplies could choose the desired product [as usual] in a glasshouse according to the fashion of traditional departments. Central to this was the personal ministry. Cash and carry this country would not be long lived. They would probably be turned to the American discount house, which Schunck 15 years earlier been realized in the Market Hall. The Promenade-new building was teething overcome. The new supermarket departments and catering industry flourished. Schunck used an electronic information or computer system 110).
Like his father was Leo thinking of business expansion. From 1969 to this was hard. Leo would possibly in conjunction with or through a Holding with the Grand Bazar Schunck expand, whereby, a possible management of Leo Grand Bazar Netherlands and the president-director of Schunck in the offing would lie, while son Peter a executive chair in the combination-Schunck Grand Bazar Netherlands envisaged. There was even a step towards a Schunck Netherlands. Gradually the plan began Leo, like his father, to take early action to secure the succession. Initially, he thought his son Peter. To Schunck empire to his ideas to expand, it was necessary, in possession of all the [family] shares. These could then be inserted into a still forming cooperation partnership in which an intended successor also a function would get. He would continue to work until retirement age. To ensure continuity and follow-up to ensure, in short, the family business afloat for the next generation, he was willing to great financial sacrifices. The shareholders saw this with sorrow 111).
Unfortunately stakes around 1969 various external factors on the head, which were not foreseen. In 1969, problems arose with the sales, partly due to the introduction of VAT. In the mining area were German visitors back. Mines were closed, incomes fell by as much as 20%. There was a huge surplus of retail space in Limburg: almost 40% of the floor area in South Limburg was to disappear. All this would eventually have major consequences for the firm, which Leo and Mrs. Dohmen for several years before had predicted 112).
The subsidiary NV Wassen was April 15, 1969 sold to NV Vinke 113). A reorganization made ??the supermarket profitable again. There was an aggressive sales policy. Due to the poor results of the department store was divested to the supermarket Coop South Limburg. This company opened however Schuncks Supermarket near a discount store, the supermarket which many customers lost. The loss of parking spaces by the realization of Promenade II was for many causes customers to Schunck Supermarket to ignore 114). in 1970 was related to the insurance a sprinkler system to be built and the sale was seriously disturbed. And although the turnover compared to 1969 increased, was unfortunately in 1970 an even greater loss. The causes of the losses were too few sales and soaring wage data 115).
For all its merits, the realization of the Glass Palace in the difficult years and for his interest in the cultural life in Heerlen, said the mayor, was Leo appointed Knight in the Order of Orange Nassau 116).
It was recognized that the necessary revenues to return a profit to work could not be achieved, particularly as a result of the decline in the mining industry, the overbewinkeling of Heerlen, the enormous competition, Stay away from the German customers and the exodus of people from the mining area. To turn the tide action would be taken. Chris Dohmen-Schunck and Leo would put things in order: in the lunchroom, the bakery closed, the bra utensils should be looked at, there was in fact no insight into the bra utensils, while "Käller money like water ’in the window / publicity, the position of the chief window dresser in reconsidered, in the order administration three forces would disappear. These records should be performed on the computer, the staff was to be investigated. For people who failed a solution was sought.
However, advisors came to the conclusion that on the matter of decoration and efficacy much to criticize was that "this can not make money. ... ergo, cooperation by the Beehive rejected, a negative result is a foregone conclusion. Schunck can best liquidate, to avoid an even greater loss. " 117) The estate was out. Banks stated requirements for any assistance. Thus, a new SA Schunck with a new owner to come. The old SA would consist of the Market Hall and glass building with possibly the cinema. The branches Heerlen and Geleen would focus on clothing. The cinema, supermarket and lunchroom would be rented out to third parties, where a merger with a third were considered. Also served the business to be reorganized. An independent advisers did not go down 118).
diligently sought a partner, where the continuity of Schunck and guaranteed employment should continue. Fa Kreymborg and Etos were initially candidates to parts of the building to rent, but a third party was not found. In February 1972 found the first contacts with V & D location. V & D would be building on the Raadhuisplein leave and wish to convey to the Promenade, where redundancies were unavoidable 119). In 1972 the knot. The Glass Palace was leased to the ABP, the hasty sale also represented losses 120). But V & D fished behind the net, because ultimately wanted Chris Dohmen-Schunck the case continue, if it had all [Leo’s] shares possessed.She bought all the shares of the family, in return asked her personal assets as collateral, making the loan to the bank remained. For the latter, she even went to the Ministry of Economic Affairs in The Hague gone. She was now 65 years all owner and director. Leo was fired and went prematurely retired. As of May 1, 1972 Leo explained his position. From then joined Chris Dohmen-Schunck as director, while LF Verleisdonk was appointed Deputy Director. Leo retained an option to the Market Hall 121).
Many mourned with Leo along 122). In a letter to and classmate of the textile school gave Leo not only economic factors, but put the own hearts for the decline: the case was made too large, he had to stay in the fashion and therein to specialize. The store could not compete with the competitors. Service Departments as curtain dressmakers and decorators were too big and too expensive, and the delivery service, computer and management. Droopy he thought of the carefree life back, since his studies were the only worry ... 123).
July 14, 1972 by Leonie Maria Christina Dohmen-Schunck following the decision of the General Meeting of Shareholders of 24 April 1972 the notarial NV converted into a limited company with limited liability 124).
Leo’s attempts in the previous three years, in order to save the company - by all (family) shares to buy, merge or collaborate with others - had failed. Actually, he saved the company by not to hold on to his concept, but by its shares 125). Of the fate of the BV after 1972 are no records have survived.
ABP in 1973 the new user of the Glass Palace. Later showed the town of Heerlen interest in the property 126).
Verleisdonk opened a new store, a specialty store for ladies garments, located at the Town Hall 23-25 ??in Geleen. The old store was out of the barrel hit and was abandoned, which meant dismissal for a number of staff.
In 1984 the company celebrated the 110-year anniversary, the book "Heerlen from town to town" was issued, stating, that the firm next Verleisdonk and Chris Dohmen-Schunck also a son of her led 128).
Because of the continuity of the company sought Schunck connection with a strong partner. In Berden, this partner. In 1989 there was a furniture department of Berden on 6000 m2 in the department store Schunck. In 1995, Berden the entire store, including the establishment Geleen and all goods, over and - importantly - the name was retained Schunck: Berden-Schunck. From that moment led Paul Berden the matter to the Promenade 129).
Although a disaster year, meant 1972 not the end of Leo’s business career 130). He remained consistently apply for a job and tried even businesses to buy or another company to start. In addition, he blew trading AKA new life 131). Astonishingly succeeded Leo the Market Hall to purchase. Finally he led with his son Peter Peter Schunck BV and the Administration Office Peter Schunck BV, accompanied by various collaborations. From 19 September 1972 to 1 March 1981, Leo Director Peter Schunck BV 132). Finally, he was patron and board member of various associations 133).
On February 22, 2001 died Leo in a nursing home in Valkenburg 134). Leo is on the doodsprentje described as a charming person, a huge bon vivant, with attention and help for everyone, a purebred Heerle To, active in associations, who after his retirement he devoted his time to his favorite hobbies. Comes from the same archival image to the front, as mentioned before. Even after his retirement Leo further in the business field, at least until 1990, while he was still in 1988 applied for 135). For all its merits, Leo, like his father, distinguished.
92) Invnr. 495, biography
93) Invnr. 495, biography, co-founder invnr. 36, 1969 interview
94) Leo received the war and remembrance cross buckle May 1940, Invn 515; others: invnr. 501
95) 10 Invnr
96) Invnr. 36, 1969 interview
97) Invnr. 294.
98) Invnr. 111
99) Invnr. 111
100) The current Promenade. Through acquisitions and exchange with the municipality, invnrs. 105, 124, 125, 129-141, especially 133, the plan was realized, which Heerlen got a new center and Schunck are new. Old buildings were demolished, including a block on the Wall Market and near the church, invnrs. 124, 153.
101) Pierre Schunck, opposed the new plan to the Promenade and supporter of the original plan, invnr. 41
102) Invnr. 141
103) Invnr. 137 speech
104) The supermarket is described in the article article "Giant in the South" invnr. 137
105) Invnr. 141, 209
106) Invnr. 137, giant in the South.
107) The following data invnr. 141 Opening newspapers lookout on mining dated 15.9.1964
108) Invnr.137 press kit
109) Invnr. 3
110) Invnr. 36, 1969 interview
111) Invnr. 22
112) Invnr. 12 Limburg Today 1972; invnr. 36, 1972 interview
113) Invnr. 203, CPC Director for Marie-Thérèse, Chr. H. Meijer-Schunck, 1972.
114) Invnr. 365
115) Invnr. 22 Report 04/01/1971; dated 07.04.1971; invnr. 489, letter of Leo dated 04/22/1972, final.
116) Invnr. 505
117) Invnr. 25, see also figures for loss invnr. 26
118) Invnr. 25, for the cinema see invnr. 142
119) Invnr. 211, 200 men would be terminated, see invnr. 12 Limburg Today 1972; Leo mentions a number of 50 people, including his daughter Marita, purchase star boutique, but many were already gone, invnr. 489, letter of Leo dated 22.4.1972
120) Invnrs. 25, 101. A characteristic of a family business: the family works in the business.
121) Invnr. 27; invnr. 489, letter of Leo dated 04.22.1972; ent. 44
122) Invnr. 489
123) Invnr. 488
124) Invnr. 38
125) Inv. Nos. 22-25
126) Invnr. 101
127) Invnr. 203, undated newspaper article "Schunck Geleen on new paths"
128) Refer to bibliography. Again a puff of a family business: family members are involved.
129) Berden, A historical research.
130) In relation to the privacy of Peter Schunck, can not go into details are entered.
131) Reference is above the archives of the AKA
132) Invnr . 377, memo on settlement operations Markthal dated 16.08.1973; invnr. 657. Elsewhere: ".... . Retired in 1975 ... ", invnr. 571
133) Reference is this human bundle of Leo Schunck.
134) Collection devotional Heerlen City Archives, nursing, see De Limburger dated March 2, 2001
135) Namely the AKA, invnr. 351, see invnr applications. 514
136) Invnrs. 505, 515, 581, 665; newspaper obituary
137) With regard to privacy, the modest about Peter after 2043 public.
The paper mass, found in the house of Leo, was a company store, a family archive and a collection, 138)documents, cutting, photographs, objects, etc. There are also documents found an earlier period, namely in 1828, 1849, 1854 and one thousand eight hundred and eighty-four. one hundred thirty-nine) These copies of documents, which may be related to subsequent purchases, or in connection with the border dispute and ownership of the street.
The oldest part of the Company Schunck dagtekent December 1872, namely the receipt book, which runs until / m in August 1883. The first part related to the establishment in Heerlen is dated September 1, 1874, and is directed to the merchant Schunck. Sadly missing pages in the period December 1872 to March 1873 140). The last piece Schunck BV dates from 1973. The latest documents from the archives dating back to 1997 and include private documents.
Uniquely, the collection of photos, the oldest copy a ceremonial photograph of Mr and Mrs Arnold Schunck, created in 1897 in Eupen. Important are the photographs related to the construction of the Glass Palace and especially of the window devices. Unfortunately, not always carefully handled with the photos, according to the found old warped pages of pre-war photo albums, which were re-pasted, whether or not known adhesive albums.
The Library of the Municipal got in 1958 loaned book back. 141 ) between the collections and archives of Leo Schunck were found pieces of Leo Schunck as commander of the Sixth Infantry Regiment, I. Battalion, I.Company in Breda (Compagnie administration), from the time that Leo Schunck his military training followed.These pieces are not included in the inventory because they basically belong to the archives of the Chasse-barracks or defense. Since Schunck archive on loan is the archival included, will be presented to the family, these records over to defense. Since the found pieces of a beautiful picture of the efficacy of Leo during his military service, are the descriptions of the documents listed in Annex 2 behind the introduction included.
The occurrence archive was disordered and included a lot loose, besides bound documents or documents dust folders or binders and much newspaper articles, whether or not affixed. There were also curiosities found, such as horseshoes, medals and delft blue wall plates 142). The most beautiful part concerns the silver shield, that Leo was carried in his capacity as patron of the militia 143). From the medals of Rapid, as stated in the newspaper, nothing found 144).
The storage of the archive was far from ideal. From some boxes was the content affected by feeding mice and mice urine. It condolences on the occasion of the departure of Peter Joseph in 1960, happy is a register preserved. By moisture and water damage were many documents go moldy, so it was decided to inventory before proceeding, the documents to be irradiated with gamma rays, in order to destroy fungi and spores.
Unfortunately, there are few business records to be present. From the period before 1960 are mainly plastering found relating to ownership, possession and rights. They are typically those pieces found in each family archives can take. At operating area, there is with the exception of the invoice book and advertising, little detected. The encountered financial records are far from complete.
Proportionally there most of the time Leo kept. Again little company archive found. In the seventies, a mix of corporate and private archives occurred, especially with Peter Schunck BV. In a family business will be inevitable. Private equity in the company was inserted, causing the boundary is difficult to draw.
138) Lexicon, term 2,3.
139) Invnrs. 686-690
140) Invnr. 241. The receipts are apart with adhesive also with pins put. These pins are not removed.
141) Namely im Handwerk und Roman Empire. Eine Ausstellung des Vereins Deutscher Ingenieure, zp, 1958
142) Including reminder wallplates 150 years from 1844 to 1994 and market Heerlen Bundeskönigschießen 1985 Bergisch Gladbach.
143) Invnr. 581.
144) The Limburger, March 2, 2001
There does not seem there to have been a systematic administration. Over the period 1941-1965, the documents stored by subject matter into folders. Over the period 1960-1970, many loose pieces found partially the pieces in the fabric folders complementary. Noteworthy is the large amount detected duplicates on the street matter.
The fabrics folders had the inscription
request approval rich
handled pieces A. Schunck NV directors
Central Consultancy Hague
correspondence new street-Schunck V & D
Grand Bazar Maastricht
Hollandia Arts + Lindor Nassette-Clog
Hr. Keulers, Munstergeleen
Hr. Pierre Schunck
clippings new street
post mr. Leo
Procedure V & D / Schunck over glass wall new case
drawings new street
buildings insurance 1969 Maenen
Wolf and Hertzdahl
In the collection is a part of Leo’s library preserved. Possibly the better works based upon the family. The Wanderpaß would in 1964 in the museum of the town site, but in his obituary he mentions that this pass still in his possession 145).
About Do you get the whole, it appears that the so-called Schunck archive actually the archives of Leo Schunck is obtained partly from his grandfather and father, while Leo successor, and partly executive archive, but meestens private administration. The pieces from the period of Leo are made ??or received by Leo, by virtue of his position at the firm. Summarizing, we can say that the actual company archive is never transferred.
Then in January 2001 Leo Schunck went to a nursing home, the family was the city archives approached with the question whether there was interest in the archive. The city archivist found in the premises of Leo, located on the Franciscusweg total of 12 linear meters of paper, stored in the house, from the basement to the attic.
146) Thus ended 20 boxes in stadsachief, taking RPAL Schunck one contract of bailment was closed for at least 10 years.
Following the preliminary assessment, we received in 2002 from C. Schrijen from Heerlen some documents from the archives of Arnold Schunck and his successors and on the Steam Laundry
145) Invnr. 137 explanation painting; invnr. 495, life sketch. The Wanderpaß is certainly not found in the archive.For understanding Wanderschaft please consult note 5.
146) The Limburger of 1 and 2 March 2001; Trumpeter March 7, 2001. Not all information herein is correct, see "the oldest ....... A yellowish A-4 sized page, .... 1873 "by Pierre Schunck. In particular, the latter documents were a welcome addition to the initial period. Arnold also came up this new facts. Until then, the twentieth-century holdings unknown. The received documents from the period 1890-1914 and are included and integrated into the inventory.
III Accountability of inventory
Inventory Schedule and planning
As mentioned above, most documents created or received by Leo Schunck. As already mentioned, in the course of time the archives of many companies, the family and the personal archives of Leo Schunck become mixed.While there is a large amount of documentary material - newspaper clippings, photographs, etc. - is found, also mixed with the archives. Archive Documents belonging to an archive of one of the many companies of the family Schunck in the inventory transferred to the relevant business records. The records belonging to the family archive Schunck by mixing with the company archive, by inheritance or by deliberately collecting these pieces by Leo Schunk in the archive ended. It was decided that these records as much as possible to accommodate the person or persons to which the documents relate. There are also major gaps identified.
Due to the large mixing of archival and documentary material and practical reasons, it was decided the documentation, such as photographs, newspaper clippings, brochures and graphics as a separate section to record but to accommodate within the archives themselves. Partly, this material the archives, where large gaps are observed, somewhat complementary 147).
The archive schedule for the company archives was derived from the inventory of the business archives of Henry Beaumont’s metallurgical NV and that of NV Philips light bulb factory 148).
As a result of the interdependence in the 1970s took place between private and business archives, especially with Peter Schunck BV, the archive documents, focusing on private affairs, housed in the family archives.
Leo Schunck was during his life involved in various foundations and associations , as a member, board member or patron. The associated documents are in separate sections housed within the personal collections of Leo Schunck.
Renumbering of the descriptions in the inventory is omitted, since it is not inconceivable that in time even records and other material from the family Schunck offered, in the same inventory can be described.
For the selection of destructible records are consulted the "list of destruction eligible records from the archives of municipal and inter-municipal bodies, dagtekenende after 1850", established in 1983 and Meerendonk Guide to the selection and destruction of records 149).
The inventory clerk has several, for destruction of eligible records kept. As main reasons are to bear the historical importance and the presence of gaps in the archive. Thus the private archive of Leo Schunck many financial documents incorporated actually voidable. Because these documents, however a large period and include insight into the private assets, they are included in the archive. Consequences may be, after the documents are public, conclusions about alleged wealth of a meritorious Heerle In.
Following the selection of the 12 archive approx 9.75 m1 m1 qualified for permanent preservation.
Benefit of a good research in the archives Schunck is advisable to read the introduction. Searched topics are best approached from the index and the relevant section (s). Additional information in other sections can then be found through the automated search capabilities on the website or in the reading of Rijckheyt, center for regional history.
Pieces, younger than 50 years have not been consulted. In connection with the protection of the privacy of individuals, the following files made public in 2043: inv. Nos 25, 27, 47, 139, 377, 378, 379, 380, 409, 413, 654, 657. Inv. No. 139 is only to consult with the permission of the archivist.
Berden, 100 years Berden. A historical research, in: Berden anniversary journal 100 years.
Booy, EP d. (Ea) Lexicon of Dutch archival terms, Hague 19912
Brands, LJC, (red). , Guidelines for the selection destruction of the records of (inter) municipal bodies, Oosterhout 1993 (Brabant Archive Foundation Selection Committee)
Delheij, V. , Put, M. , Glaspaleis Schunck in: MSG Vol 115 (1996) 215-226 150). (book review Pars Graatsma)
Van Hommerich, v. LEMA, Aspects of the Heerlen business from 1870 to 1900. The textile trade Schunck in: Msg 1951, 55-58
Kleijn, S. , Peter the Great, in: Between Rails December 1961, 32, 33, 151)
Krull, J. (Red) Weaver Arnold Schunck in: Krüll, J. (Red) Village Figures, honorary citizens and dignitaries. The city archives on residents of the 2000-year Heerlen, Heerlen 1998, 65-67.
--- Shopkeeper Peter Schunck in: Krüll, J. (Red) Village Figures, honorary citizens and dignitaries. The city archives on residents of the 2000-year Heerlen, Heerlen 1998, 127-129
Meerendonk v. HJ, Guide for the selection and destruction of Archive Documents, The Hague 1985
Knife, WAA, Inventory of the archives of Henry de Beaumont’s metallurgical NV and its predecessors, established at Maastricht 1883-1973, in: Studies on the socio-economic history of Limburg XXVI (1981) 89-109
Ministry CRM. , List of eligible items for destruction in the municipal archives, in: Dutch Government Gazette dated 12.20.1983
NN, The palace of the company store Schunck in Heerlen, in: the draper Vol. 45 (1937) No. 9, 164-165 152)
NN, giant in the South. Schunck’s department store, Heerlen, in: ZB-Revue 1965, No.. 7, 398-402
Peutz, FPJ, The shophouse Schunck in Heerlen, in: Mines 1936, 63-64
--- Les Grands magasins Schunck a Herlen (Hollande, in: La Technique des traveaux, vol. 13 (1937), Mars , 370-372 153)
--- The Schunck department store Heerlen, Holland, in: The Architect & Building News, September 1937, 137-144 154)
Schunck BV. , Heerlen from village to city. Photographic memory with captions Cor Lommers, Heerlen undated 
Schunck, PJA, Arnold Schunck, a weaver who maintained, in: LVH 1984, 1-12
VNG, Selection list for records of municipal and inter-municipal bodies, The Hague 1998
|DNL||The New Limburger|
|LVH||Country of Herle. Magazine and liaison for friends and practitioners of the history of Eastern South Limburg|
|NV||Limited Liability Company|
|VNG||Association of Dutch Municipalities|
Simplified pedigree of Schunck. For more detailed information on this site pedigree
brothers, all born to Kettnis
Nicolaus Joseph, born in Kettenis 1834, marries Gielen
Severin Joseph, born in Kettenis 1836, marries Herne
Wilhelm Joseph, born in Kettenis, 1839, marries Gielen
Johann Arnold , born in Kettenis, 1842, follows II
Nicolaus Ludwig born Kettenis, 1844
Johann Arnold, born in Kettenis, 1842, professional Tuchfabrikant, married in 1872 Anna Maria Küppers, deceased in Heerlen, 1905
Children from this marriage were:
Joseph Peter Schunck, born in Hauset, 1873, follows III
Peter Schunck Joseph, born in Hauset in 1873, the son of Johann and Anna Maria Arnold Schunck
Küppers deceased in Heerlen in 1960. He married in 1904 Maria Anna Christina Cloot, born 24.01.1879 in
Berg en Terblijt,
Children from this marriage:
Maria Josephina Arnoldina (Jos), born 1905, deceased 1952, they married in 1930 Heinrich Maria Aloysius Stahl and she gets to him one son named Otto
Peter Joseph Arnold (Pierre) was born 1906, deceased 1993. He married in 1936 Maria Hubertina Gertrude Cremers and they had 10 children: Ineke, Leo, Marie-José, Chrisje, Arnold, Pierre, Gerda, Mary, Josef
Leonie Maria Christina (Chris) was born 1907. They married in 1936 Joseph Hubert Dohmen (deceased 1942) and gets him two children: Mia, Chrisje. They married in 1945 Francis Joseph Hubert Maria Dohmen and gets him four children: Jo, Carla, Leoke and Marlies
Louise Maria Josephina (Lou) was born 1908. They married in 1933 Jan Hubert Janssen and get him 10 children: Bert, Pierre, Marie-José, Chris, Alphons, Emmy, Kees, Victoire, Antoine, Marlou
Leo Hubert Maria (Leo), born 1910, follows IV
Leonie Maria Josefina (Leonie) born 1911. They married in 1936 Edward Arnold Käller and gets him three children: Eddy, Peter, Paul.
Hubertina Leonie Maria (Mia) was born 1913. They married in 1939 Nicolas Hubert Riders and get him 10 children: Christine MH (3 months), Hanny, Chris, Gerard, Pierre, Carla, Nico, Maria, Anntje, Jenanny
John Leo Arnold (Arnold) 1915-1916
Arnold Lawrence Joseph (Arnold) 1917-1917
Arnol Dine Petronella Josephine (Nolda) born 1918. They married in 1944 Jacobus Wilhelmus Hubertus Houben and gets him four children: Willie, Peter, Marie-José, Jacky
Carola Maria Christina (Carla) born 1920. They married in 1947 Henricus Johannes Wilhelmus Maria van der Made and gets him three children:
Hanny Hanneke , Marcelle, Kees
Hubert Maria Leo (Leo), born 1910, deceased 2001. He married in 1938 Marie-Therese
GrossimlinghausenGrossimlinghaus and they had 3 children:
Marie-Therese Christine Hubertina (Marita) 1940
Peter Hubert Leo Marie (Peter) 1943
Rudolf Peter Aloysius Leo (Rudy, Leo) 1945
Accounting Book, 1930
Payment and quit anti-lists of NCOs, 1930
Daily notes the changes and movements, strength of staff, horses and mules and the future and genotene (journal), 1928-1930
Payment Lists of pay and allowance beneficiaries soldiers, 1928-1930
Documents concerning conscripts, 1922, 1925, 1930
Bill (monthly) 1929, 1930, Note: also that of the Detachment Zevenaar
Forms, concerning management of food rations and soldiers ménage, 1930
Maintenance weapons, 1930
Care empire horses, 1922 , 1930, Note: includes third reg. field artillery
forms, containing the records of apparel goods, and maintenance thereof 1930
Day Reports, 1930
States, containing indication of daily strength of officers, NCOs and soldiers, to whom billeting, and horses, for which storage is provided in the municipality Princenhage, 1929, 1930
Forms, containing estimates for required ligstroo and for compensation for night armies, by fault, negligence or lack of care, alienated, lost, lost or unusable, 1930
Forms, on account of paid-received and spent money, pay, allowances , wages paid to workmen, etc. 1930
A Company Archives
A.1 Arnold Schunck and followers
A.1.2 Shareholders, Supervisory and Management
A.1.3 Working capital and financing
A.1.3.2 Power in buildings
A. 1.4 Ownership and production resources
A.1.5 Personnel and Administration
A.1.5. 2 Cost and tax
A.1.6 Procurement and production
A.1.7 sales and promotional
A.184.108.40.206 shows, fashion shows, sponsorship, exhibitions
A.220.127.116.11 Display device
A.2 Trading AKA, 1974-1990
A.3 The First Tablet Kunrade quarry and lime kilns P. Schunck to Kunrade-Voerendaal,
1950 - 1952
A.4 Trading Resume Fokrus in Brunssum / Heerlen, 1953-1961
A.5 NV Schunck Maastricht (Men’s and children’s magazine Schunck Jr..), 1960
A.6 Limburg Supermarkets Ltd, h / o Supermarket Schunck, 1972 - 1978
A.7 Confectiebedrijf Mill, Geleenstraat 73 in Heerlen, 1942-1945
A.8 Pension Fund A. NV Schunck in Heerlen, 1958 - 1970
A.9 Peter Schunck BV (Phlm Schunck), 1972-1983
A.9.2 Shareholders, Supervisory and Management
A.9.3 Working capital financing and
A.9.5 Staff, purchasing, sales
A.10 Directory Peter Schunck BV, 1973-1979
A.11 NV Trading Tractor in Heerlen, 1948-1970
A.12 Dutch Stoomwasscherij P. Schunck in Valkenburg, 1904 - 1947
Installations and production A.12.3
A.12.4 Administration, Purchasing, Sales
A.13 Kleedingbedrijven Washing NV, Amsterdam (subsequently NV Wash), 1962-1970
A.14 South -Limburgsche Auto Bus Company, 1914 - 1921 (1965)
B Family Archives, 1882-1997
Family albums and books B.1
B.2 Bundles of single family
B.2.1 Arnoldina Petronella Josephine (Nolda) Schunck, wife of HW Houben
B.2.2 Carola Maria Christina (Carla) Schunck, wife of Van der Made
B.2.3 Christina Schunck, wife of Joseph Franck
B.2.4 Johann Arnold Schunck, husband of Küppers
B.2.5 Leo (LHM) Schunck, husband of MTA Grossimlinghaus
Personal correspondence B.2.5.2
B.2.5.6 M.Th. A. Grossimlinghaus and family Grossimlinghaus
B.2.5.7 Board member of various associations
B.18.104.22.168 Militias "St. Sebastian", 1967-1993
B.22.214.171.124 Foundation Equestrian Brunssummerheide Gaudemus Equis
B.126.96.36.199 Dutch Red Cross, Department dig so
B.188.8.131.52 Cooperative Hosiery Association, Fame GA Amsterdam
B.2.5.8 Other memberships and hobbies
B.2.6 Leonie Maria Josefina Schunck, wife of Arnold Käller
B.2.7 Louise Maria Josephina Schunck, wife of WJH Janssen
B.2.8 LWM Schunck
B.2.9 Leonie Maria Christina Schunck, wife of Dohmen
B.2.10 M Th.CH (Marita) Schunck
B.2.11 Peter Hubert Leo Marie (Peter) Schunck
Schunck B.2.12 Peter Joseph, husband of Cloot
B.2.13 Peter Joseph Arnold (Pierre) Schunck, husband of Cremers
B.2.14 Rudolf Peter Aloysius Leo (Leo Jr. aka Rudy) Schunck, husband of Stassen
C Documents, whose relation is not clear
Appendix I. Overall description of pictures occurring in certain inventory numbers by inventory number
Annex II. Fiber stability description of the documents appearing in the genealogy Cloot