Ov1 Persons
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Persons

People who played a role during WW2 in and around Valkenburg. Most of them appear in the resistance story about Valkenburg. In that case, click on More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg next to that name.
This list is far from being complete.


Former police station of Valkenburg

† ✡ † Jews Holocaust Allied soldiers USA RAF NL sold Verzet initial resistance L.O. K.P. municipality local contacts couriers occasional resistance people in hiding Valkenburg+ Valkenburg Berg en Terblijt Schin op Geul IJzeren Sibbe Margraten Houthem-St.Gerlach Geulhem Hulsberg Houthem † Valkenburg+ Klimmen Meerssen Heerlen police priests NSB / NSDAP


Before the war, the Dutch police consisted of the military police unit called marechaussee, the rijksveldwacht (national police) and the gemeenteveldwacht (municipal police). On July 5, 1940, the German occupiers merged those three forces under the name of marechaussee. After World War II, they were split again into the Korps Rijkspolitie (National Police Force, replacing the old rijksveldwacht and gemeenteveldwacht) and the Royal Marechaussee, which regained military status. (Dutch Wikipedia).
Each one of the police officers on this list shows, which attitudes towards the occupier were possible.5 pers.
Franssen,
Jan
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
police - Valkenburg - survivor - Jan Franssen was chief of the Marechaussee (later Rijkspolitie) in Valkenburg. On June 7th, 1946 he wrote a report on occupation and liberation at the request of the mayor, Piet Hens. Jan Diederen quotes from this in Mijn oorlog en bevrijding at p.75
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Nitsch,
Richard Heinrich Georg
∗ 1908-11-01
Todtgüslingen (Niede
† 0000-00-00
Bad Bentheim? 1990
police - NSDAP - survivor - Probably the worst sadist of the Außendienststelle Maastricht of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt. Arrested resistance fighters first ended up here. That is why the RSHA, in the person of Nitsch, also has a place in this story about Valkenburg. Read about that office in Dutch: mestreechonline.nl. It says among other things: “In 1941 the Außendienststelle was housed in the so-called “White House” on the corner of Prins Bisschopssingel and Lambertuslaan. Then, until September 7, 1944, they moved into the house of a deported Jewish family on Wilhelminasingel (now number 71) … Especially in that house gruesome scenes took place.”
1925-1932, Nitsch used to be a shop assistant. From 1932 member of the nazi party NSDAP, 1933 railway police, 1935 criminal assistant of the border police. Arrests in collaboration with the SS. At the end of May 1940 he was sent to Holland, Sipo task force in Arnhem. Shortly in Enschede, came to Maastricht on April 7, 1941. Soon only research on and combating of organized resistance and espionage.
Cammaert, Chapter 6a-V. Fighting the Resistance: "With great dedication, Nitsch dedicated himself to his new position, completely blind to the suffering he inflicted on his victims and their beloved ones. … His colleagues called him the “head hunter”. He lived up to that nickname: ninety-three persons of whom Nitsch was official in charge were killed in concentration camps; hundreds were sent by him to German camps, many of whom returned disabled and completely broken after the war. In addition, Nitsch was involved in many murders, of which he committed at least ten himself. At least fifty-eight people were tortured by him.”
Report of his post-war trial: https://www.delpher.nl/nl/kranten/view?query=%22richard+nitsch%22&coll=ddd&identifier=ddd%3A010416166%3Ampeg21%3Aa0039&resultsidentifier=ddd%3A010416166%3Ampeg21%3Aa0039
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Nitsch
Rennes / Renesse, van
Godert
∗ 0000-00-00
Heteren
† 1903-02-16
police - Valkenburg - NSB - survivor - On the genealogy page of the Van Rennes family we read that both forms of the surname occur. Renesse however is the old version.
Before the war the Netherlands was very heavily pillared (divided into mutually encapsulated religious / political worlds). As a typical child of his time, the reformed Godert van Renesse was a catholics hater. However, when he met a Catholic girl where he lived at that time, in Arcen in North Limburg, he felt forced to become a Catholic in order to get married. Then he landed in Oss, where he was involved in the solution of a very violent gang war, which was also directed against the Marechaussee. The local brigade received an award from Queen Wilhelmina, who was also a catholics hater. This led to offended members of local police units, which were predominantly Catholic. We read on the site of the Politieacademie the story of the resulting Oss affair. This led to a countrywide outbreak of mutual hatred between “the” Catholics and “the” Protestants. In the end it says: “A number of members of the Brigade Oss felt so disregarded that they decided for the National Socialist movement at the beginning of the war. After the war, they paid for this with forced release. The price for their membership in a treasonous organization.” Did they need a movement that claimed to be above all differences and knew only “comrades”? Maybe Godert van Rennes thought like that too.
He was stationed in Valkenburg during the war and was responsible, among other things, for the raid in Pierre Schunck’s laundry and for sending away Jewish children who were not allowed to go sledding on the Cauberg.
Source of the latter point: 42 Joodse Valkenburgers opgepakt en vermoord (42 Jews from Valkenburg arrested and killed)
Interned for a few months after the war.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Roy, van
H.A.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
early resistance - police - Valkenburg - survivor - Veldwachter (local policeman appointed by the municipality) in Valkenburg until december 1941. Was a member of the early resistance group around J.Smit in Heerlen. The earliest data on this group are from the end of 1940 and early 1941. Smit, a professional soldier demobilized in July 1940, subsequently worked for a while at the Marechaussee in Heerlen and in the spring of 1941 he resigned and started working as a lathe operator at the Oranje Nassau mine and started with other former soldiers and resistance group, most of them from the former 13th Infantry Regiment, in which mainly soldiers from South Limburg had served and of which he himself had also been a part.
Veldwachter Van Roy was also welcome there. In the course of 1941 he brought chaplain Hennekens into contact with Smit. In December 1941 he resigned too, but first stole some helmets. Was arrested on 02/02/1942 and sentenced to 3 years in prison; was in various camps. Escape from camp on April 4th, 1945.
Source: Cammaert, chapter 2.
https://www.rug.nl/research/portal/files/14543323/06_h6-2.pdf
Ven, op de
J.H.
∗ 1919-02-23
† 1948-06-20
occasional resistance - police - Valkenburg - person in hiding - survivor - On the night of June 22, 1944, together with Den Haring, an NSB member, he was on guard at the Valkenburg distribution office. Was initiated into the plot. Afterwards went into hiding to deduce the suspicion from Freysen et al.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
http://www.de-veiligheidsregio.nl/juli-2015/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2015/07/Juni-Tuinvanbezinning.pdf