Ov1 Persons
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Persons

People who played a role during WW2 in and around Valkenburg. Most of them appear in the resistance story about Valkenburg. In that case, click on More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg next to that name.
This list is far from being complete.



Memorial stone for the resistance people Coenen and Francotte

† ✡ † Jews Holocaust Allied soldiers USA RAF NL sold Verzet initial resistance L.O. K.P. municipality local contacts couriers occasional resistance people in hiding Valkenburg+ Valkenburg Berg en Terblijt Schin op Geul IJzeren Sibbe Margraten Houthem-St.Gerlach Geulhem Hulsberg Houthem † Valkenburg+ Klimmen Meerssen Heerlen police priests NSB / NSDAP


All resistance people on this website, who had something to do with Valkenburg.56 pers.
Berckel, van
Karel C.
∗ 1892-08-19
Delft
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
L.O. - Heerlen - war victim - Surgeon and chef de clinique at the St. Jozef hospital in Heerlen. He was one of those who created there an important resistance center and the beginning of the LO in the Heerlen district, from where the connection with Valkenburg was also made. Like almost all people of the Limburg L.O. he was a devout Christian. Moreover, he wrote for the Heerlen resistance paper Het Vrije Volk.
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https://www.nmkampvught.nl/biografieen/1125/
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karel_Clemens_van_Berckel
Berix,
Jan Willem
Giel
∗ 1907-04-12
Meers
† 1945-03-13
Bergen-Belsen
L.O. - priest - Heerlen - person in hiding - war victim - During the first days of September 1943 he founded the L.O.-district Heerlen with others. Became district leader after rector had withdrawn for health reasons. See also the special page on this website.
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Betuw, van
Jan (Johannes Petrus Maria)
Jules
∗ 1923-08-08
Eygelshoven
† 2015-03-13
Heerlen
L.O. - courier - Heerlen - survivor - Courier in the LO district of Heerlen. In this capacity, he barely escaped his arrest on the Valkenburgerweg in Heerlen one day at the beginning of 1944 during a check while transporting ration stamps and cards. Provided information after the war about the Soesman couple and about the then sexton Van Ogtrop
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https://www.genealogieonline.nl/stamboom-kort-kraak/I29.php
https://web.archive.org/web/20010312062529/http://www.cuci.nl/~smcwfs/projecten/protest/NARTIKEL/NLH4A.HTM
Brands,
Lambert
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg - survivor - Head of the local food office, opposite the station in (now) hotel Tummers and the C.C.D. (Central) Crisis Control Service, a government agency charged with monitoring compliance with the Landbouwcrisiswet (Agricultural Crisis Act) of 1931. With his support, in particular young men could go into hiding in farms. From him many them received an agricultural exemption so that from then on they could live and work there legally instead of being sent to Germany. That way they were no longer dependent on the LO.
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Caldenborg,
A.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - local contact - Houthem - survivor - “diver’s chief“
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Caubo,
Jean
∗ 1891-04-28
Maastricht
† 1945-02-13
Außenkommando Dautmergen
early resistance - Schin op Geul - war victim - Refugee helper, from Schin-op-Geul, working for Wagons Lits, member of the French-Dutch group Dutch-Paris with the help of his whole family, arrested on February 12 1944.
He fell under the category of the Germans Nacht und Nebel prisoner. In this program, prisoners disappeared without any trace.
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http://www.caubo.com/index_bestanden/index5.htm#jean
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Michel_Caubo
Coenen,
Sjeng
∗ 1915-01-10
Simpelveld
† 1944-09-05
Valkenburg
L.O. - K.P. - person in hiding - war victim - Former subdistrictleader of Simpelveld. Cammaert: “After the betrayal of Wittem, J.H. Coenen from Simpelveld and W.J. Francotte from Vaals, who had worked for the illegal magazine Je Maintiendrai in Amsterdam until the summer of 1944, joined the KP. They participated in the raid on the jail of Maastricht on September 2.” They went into hiding in the Diver’s Inn in Geulhem “where suspects and difficult people in hiding were detained and interrogated. … They were arrested by the Germans on September 5th, 1944 (Mad Tuesday) during a resistance action. By order of Major Bernhardt, they were shot on the Cauberg (Valkenburg). There is a memorial stone and the monument for the fallen resistance people of Limburg on that spot.
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https://warsage.nl/levensverhalen/sjeng-coenen/
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sjeng_Coenen
Corbey,
George
∗ 1924-10-19
Valkenburg
† 1988-11-21
K.P. - Valkenburg - survivor - He was the third member of the KP (fight team) Valkenburg. The KPs in South Limburg were later merged, headquarters in Ulestraten. Even Sittard cooperated, although they did not participate in the merger. The KP of Sittard had stolen a German Wehrmacht car in a garage, along with a few barrels of gasoline. The car was transferred to Valkenburg and fully repaired in the Corbey garage and then taken to a cave behind the monastery on the Cauberg. Among other things, it was used for the robbery at the Valkenburg distribution office.
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Cornips,
Constant J.E.
∗ 1895-10-19
Berg en Terblijt
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
L.O. - Heerlen - Berg en Terblijt - war victim - From Berg en Terblijt, but lived in Heerlen and was director of the municipal poor administration there. He was arrested on July 21, 1944, not because the Sicherheitspolizei knew about his clandestine practices, but because of the disappearance of his son Jan, deputy district leader and after the betrayal of Weert successor to chaplain Berix). Because Jan had gone into hiding, the Germans took his father and shot him in Vught.
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https://www.wo2slachtoffers.nl/bio/55950/Cornips-Constant-Jozef-Ernest.htm
Crasborn,
Jacques
∗ 1916-04-12
Ittervoort
† 1987-11-26
Heerlen
K.P. - survivor - Jacobus Reinier Peter Crasborn, from Ittervoort, decided after four years of high school to study for mine surveyor. On January 1, 1940, he was employed in this profession at the Oranje Nassau IV mine. His school friend L.J. de Graaf, head of the administration of the same mine, involved Crasborn in the distribution of the resistance paper “Het Vrije Volk”. As head of the KP groups in Südlimburg, he led the attack on the local distribution office in cooperation with LO-Valkenburg. In the second half of July 1944, Crasborn and Van Kooten moved to Swalmen at the invitation of J. Frantzen. They found shelter on the monumental De Baxhof farm of the Poels family on the outskirts of the village.
During Operation Market Garden, he asked the KP groups to procure weapons, which led to the adventure in the forests of Baarlo. Crasborn was the commander of this campaign, but was usually not on site.
Photo: Major Jacques Crasborn, from December 2 on, 1944 second commander of the BS (Inland Armed Forces) south of the great rivers, in an armchair by the fireplace, on his first visit to the Command of Limburg at the Hotel Oranjehof in Valkenburg.
After the war, Crasborn became chairman of the Limburg section of the National Federation of Former Resistance in the Netherlands (NFR / VVN) and Stichting 40-45 (foundation to commemorate the fallen of the resistance in Limburg 1940-1945).
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Cremers,
Annie
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
municipality - Valkenburg - survivor - Verrichtte falsificaties t.b.v. de onderduikers bij de gemeente Valkenburg. Maar op welk kantoor?
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Cremers,
Hein
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - municipality - Valkenburg - survivor - At the end of the war, the municipal officials Hein Cremers and especially Guus Laeven ensured that the entire register of the registry office of Valkenburg “somehow” got lost, when the Germans had the idea to force all male inhabitants between 16 and 60 years old to work in digging trenches.
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Cremers,
Wielke
∗ 1910-07-12
Heerlen
† 1950-08-20
Valkenburg
L.O. - courier - Valkenburg - survivor - Schwägerin von Pierre Schunck. Der schrijft über sie: „Wielke Cremers und die Schwestern Peusens arbeiteten als Kuriere“. Wielke war immer per Fahrrad unterwegs.
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../stamboom/schunck_view.php?ID=224
Dahmen,
Leo
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
occasional resistance - Valkenburg - survivor - Leo Dahmen is one of many examples of spontaneous resistance without which organized resistance would have been impossible. It is unknown whether he did more. Pierre Schunck, who at the time did not offer organized resistance himself, wrote about him: “Fortunately the gardener, Leo Dahmen, digged in the weapons deeper in another place before and built a potato heap upon them, like they were usual for the winter storage.” To read more, click on the link below.
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Delahaye,
Pauline
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
courier - IJzeren - survivor - Was a courier for the resistance and among other things she brought the children Cohen to the hamlet IJzeren, where they could go into hiding.

https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/3236656942#map=13/50.8516/5.8373
Donners,
Kaspar
∗ 1908-08-02
Weiden (D)
† 1984-09-01
Heerlen
occasional resistance - Valkenburg - survivor - Farmer at the Koningswinkelhof, a traditional mixed farm. Neighbor of Pierre Schunck. Immediately joined in when he was asked by him to help in October 1942. They went with his horse and carriage to save valuable things from the Jesuit monastery that was seized by the SS. This was not yet an act of organized resistance, but it was a precursor, for Pierre Schunck too. We do not know whether the Donners family also hided searched people (the so called divers).
Mortuary card in the Rijckheyt archive
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Flachs,
Käthe
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
occasional resistance - Valkenburg - survivor - Rescued the children Moos and Herman of her Jewish friend Eva Cok-De Wilde when they were picked up from Walravenstraat 6 on June 23, 1942 in order to be taken to Auschwitz. At the moment, only this random resistance from her is known, but after all she risked her life for them.
http:
Francotte,
Joep
∗ 1920-12-29
Vaals?
† 1944-09-05
Valkenburg
L.O. - K.P. - person in hiding - war victim - Roofer from Vaals. On the site about him, see link below, we read: “… refused to go to work in Germany and was sentenced to months of hard labor in a camp for that.” Cammaert: “After the betrayal of Wittem, J.H. Coenen from Simpelveld and W.J. Francotte from Vaals, who had worked for the clandestine magazine Je Maintiendrai in Amsterdam until the summer of 1944, joined the KP. They participated in the raid on the jail of Maastricht on September 2.” They went into hiding in the Diver’s Inn in Geulhem “where suspects and difficult people in hiding were detained and interrogated. Generally, Francotte took care of the surveillance of the “prisoners” because of his strongness. Both were arrested by the Germans on September 5th, 1944 (Mad Tuesday) during a resistance action. By order of Major Bernhardt, they were shot on the Cauberg (Valkenburg). There is a memorial stone and the monument for the fallen resistance people of Limburg on that spot.
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https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joep_Francotte
https://www.joep.francotte.nl/verhaal.htm
Freysen,
Willem A.P.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - municipality - Valkenburg - survivor - To hide the manipulations of him and his colleagues in favor of the people in hiding, the distribution office of Valkenburg was robbed with great success. On Valkenburg’s liberation day he became almost a victim of lynch justice, because he had acted as if he was German-friendly.
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Geelen,
Th.G.H.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 1962-05-19
Roermond
L.O. - priest - Meerssen - survivor - Chaplain in Meerssen since 1928, 1944 pastor of the male youth work in Limburg, pastor of a parish in Roermond. Pierre Schunck of the L.O. Valkenburg wrote: “In 1942 I heard from chaplain Berix that a chaplain Geelen from Meerssen hid two boys in my father’s cave, who were wanted by the Germans.” Cammaert: “Chaplain Th.GH Geelen from Meerssen, in collaboration with members of the former Jonge Wacht, helped submerging young people in a cave since 1942.” (The Jonge Wacht, Young Guard was a catholic youth organiation, which was forbidden by the Germans, because only national-socialist organisations were still allowed.)
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Goossen,
Theo J.M.
Harry van Benthum
∗ 1917-10-20
Bergh
† 2000-02-06
Heerlen
L.O. - Kerkrade - survivor - Leader of the subdistrict Kerkrade of the resistance organisation LO. Worked together the Auβenministerium (a group that repatriated students forced to work in Germany to the Netherlands). After the arrest of the provincial L.O. leaders in June 1944 in Weert, he led the L.O. district of Heerlen for some time and, with the help of L.O. people and agents of the Auβenministerium, set up the strikingly effective intelligence service ID18 there. From Valkenburg he received his information from Paul Simons (real name: Pierre Schunck) during whose funeral he gave a farewell speech.
Cammaert writes in chapter 12: “Once again it turned out that the organically grown resistance activities functioned better and more effectively than those implanted in Limburg from other parts of the country. For example, in the summer of 1944, the intelligence service of the L.O. in the mining district was smoothly transformed into a military intelligence service, which after the liberation soon covered large parts of Limburg and provided the Americans with numerous services”
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https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theo_Goossen
Gronden, van der
A.C.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg - survivor - Already 1941, he started helping the first people in hiding. Brother of Gerrit J. van der Gronden, who was arrested on January 13, 1942. Together with Rector G.A. Wolf from Sibbe he helped to hide Jews and communists. In late 1943, they joined the L.O., sub-district Valkenburg.
After the war, he was police detective.
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../verzet/cammaert.php?lang=nl#original
Gronden, van der
Gerrit J.
∗ 1895-12-13
Dordrecht
† 1943-01-02
Neuengamme
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Picture also at oorlogsgravenstichting.nl
Driver and mechanic, married. He took care of Jewish people in hiding, was arrested on Jan. 13th 1942
Fred Cammaert wrote in chapter 10: “in his garage on the Heugemer Weg in Maastricht he made copies of De Vonk, the Limburg edition of De Waarheid.” … “member of the Municipal Air Protection Service.” “ … Arrested “on january 13th, 1942” … “He died on December 5th 1942 in the Neuengamme concentration camp.” (near Hamburg), aged 47. His brother A.C. van der GrondenSee also https://monument.vriendenkringneuengamme.nl/person/401623/gerrit-jan-van-der-gronden
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https://monument.vriendenkringneuengamme.nl/person/401623/gerrit-jan-van-der-gronden
Grotaers,
Coen
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
Australië
L.O. - Geulhem - survivor - Worked as an excavator operator in the Curfs limestone quarry in Geulhem. He and his wife, as well as many colleagues in the adjacent Curfs and Schunck quarries, helped people in hiding in the cave called the Diver’s Inn. On March 15, 1944, he had to go to Kaldenkirchen with 172 false IDs to get people out of the concentration camp there. After filling the truck in Sittard, something went wrong and the truck went up in flames, he was badly burned, but survived.
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Hendriks,
J.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - local contact - Berg en Terblijt - survivor - “diver’s chief“
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Hennekens,
G. Hub
∗ 1909-02-15
Sittard
† 1970-11-26
Heerlen
early resistance - priest - Valkenburg - survivor - Chaplain at the St. Nicolaas & Barbara parish in Valkenburg. Cammaert wrote: “Chaplain G.H. Hennekens copied in Valkenburg sermons of Von Galen, bishop of Münster, and his pastoral letters. He quoted them again and again during his Sunday sermons and did not hide his anti-German feelings. In the course of 1941 he came through officer H.A. van Roy of the municipal police of Valkenburg in contact with the group Smit, who declared themselves willing to take care of the distribution of the stencils.” The Smit group was a “circle of members of the resistance around former military officer J.L. Smit in Heerlen. They focused on collecting weapons and ammunition, the distribution (and sale) of the first illegal magazines such as Vrij Nederland, as well as the sale of photographs of the royal family. With the money that was earned from selling these photos, the costs were combated.” Because of his popularity Von Galen was not arrested but placed under house arrest. Chaplain Hennekens might have hoped that too, but he was arrested on February 2, 1942. He was brought to the concentration camp in Dachau near Munich
By endangering himself publicly, he resisted to the nazi’s in a way that many did not understand. But he has given a signal and encouraged others to resist. In September 1955 he was appointed pastor in Rothem. Retired early due to health problems due to his camp period. Moved back to Valkenburg. Buried: St. Agnes, Bunde
See the article by Hub Hennekens jr. about his godfather in the book „Valkenburg 75 jaar bevrijd“ on p.35.
https://www.online-familieberichten.nl/zoeken.asp?sortpers=naam&achternaam=Hennekens&page=1&command=show&type=ovladv&char=H&view=zoek&name=&id=1604205
Hens,
Piet (Petrus Antonius)
∗ 1888-08-27
Zwolle
† 1971-04-26
Utrecht
mayor - Valkenburg - survivor - Was mayor of both Valkenburg and Houthem since 1917 and from 1935 also of Oud-Valkenburg. Dismissed in 1943, successor was Paul Schmalbach, a member of the nazi party NSB. Mayor again 1945–1953. We do not (yet) have details of his dismissal during the occupation. Buried in Valkenburg, cemetery on the Cauberg
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https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lijst_van_burgemeesters_van_Valkenburg-Houthem
Horsmans,
Louis (Gerard Aloys Antoon)
∗ 1918-02-03
Ulestraten
† 2001-03-13
Maria-Hoop (gem. Echt)
L.O. - local contact - Houthem-St.Gerlach - survivor - On the recommendation of Pierre Schunck, he became assistant of H. Stahl to the lime quarry Schunck in Geulhem. Was a brother of chaplain Horsmans in Valkenburg. His brother Jan Frans Antoon Horsmans, tenant of the Wijngaardshof in Ulestraten / Waterval, was also part of the resistance (Knokploeg Zuid-Limburg). There Sjeng Coenen and Joep Francotte were arrested.
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https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Horsmans
https://www.parlement.com/id/vg09ll1tpgvt/g_a_a_louis_horsmans#p.overig
Horsmans,
Wim (Willem Bernard Jozef)
∗ 1912-05-20
Ubachsberg
† 1987-05-31
Heerlen
L.O. - local contact - priest - survivor - Chaplain in Valkenburg 1938-1950. Contact person of the LO for people in hiding, together with the sexton Harie van Ogtrop, supported by J. Peusens and J. van de Aa. His last position: dean of Meerssen (1963-1975), where he is also buried.
mortuary card in the Rijckheyt Archive. He was a brother of the post-war KVP politician Louis Horsmans, who was also a contact person for the L.O. during the war(in Houthem-Sint Gerlach) and deputy of Heinrich Stahl in the limestone quarry Schunck near Geulhem. Also a third brother, Jan Frans Antoon Horsmans, tenant of the Wijngaardshof in Ulestraten was member of the resistance. There Sjeng Coenen and Joep Francotte were arrested.
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Hout, van
Jan (Johannes Franciscus)
∗ 1908-10-17
Valkenburg
† 1945-02-22
KZ Neuengamme
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Professional cyclist from 1932 to 1940. When he was eight years old, he moved to Eindhoven with his parents. In 1932 he set a new Dutch hour record (42.282) in Tilburg and on August 25th, 1933, on the wooden cycle track in Maasniel near Roermond, a world hour record of 44.588 kilometers. But that was already broken after 4 days.
He was able to live well from cycling and could have earned even much more in Germany, but since Hitler was in power there, he was not interested.
He closed his pub and joined the resistance. He and his wife were involved in helping Jewish people in hiding. He attracted attention and he went into hiding himself. A few months before the liberation, Jan van Hout was arrested during a raid in the natural swimming pool De IJzeren Man and transferred to the camps Vught and Amersfoort and finally to the German labor camp Neuengamme, where he died of exhaustion.
Sources: http://www.elshout.nu/Koers/janvanhout.htm
nl.wikipedia and Maasniel.nl
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Jansen,
Sjir / Gerard
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Geulhem - survivor - Behind his house was the entrance to the Diver’s In, which was almost completely covered by the bushes, only accessible via a steep slope. Pierre Schunck called him “a very simple man, but a pound guy, thoroughly trustworthy.”
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Jaspers-Koten,
J.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Klimmen - survivor - Not many things are known about Mrs. Jaspers-Koten. In an interview with students, Gerda Schunck-Cremers (DB) said about the successful robbery at the Valkenburg distribution office: “Mrs. Jaspers kept the stamps and other documents for one night in her house in Klimmen. She was not in the resistance, but occasionally helped them.” She too risked her life. For example, her distribution stamkaart (main card) and the one of Gerda S.-C. were made available to a printer in Amsterdam to copy them. The printing shop was busted, but fortunately that had no consequences for these women. She also sometimes made her house available for meetings.
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Kooten, van
Bep
∗ 1914-12-12
Laren N.H.
† 1979-06-20
Hilversum
L.O. - K.P. - Klimmen - survivor - Bep (B.J.C.) van Kooten, temporarily leader of the LO Klimmen and, for the sub-district of Valkenburg, contact person to the KP (“Knokploegen”, armed groups), sabotage specialist of the KP. Towards the end of the war, the rayon (subdistrict) of Klimmen worked closely together with the rayon of Valkenburg, so here follows a bit more about this village from Het Verborgen Front = The Hidden Front, chapter 6b VIII.5.7. by Dr. A. Cammaert.
Some group members were (also) part of the O.D. and maintained contacts with aid workers in the Heerlen region, including with chaplain Berix. These connections date from the Smit period or were brought on the way by the chaplain of Voerendaal, A.F.J. Vondenhoff. In the autumn of 1943, Bep van Kooten established the connection of the subdistrict with the Heerlen district. In addition to Klimmen it included the villages of Hulsberg, Voerendaal, Ransdaal and Ubachsberg. Van Kooten took charge and appointed Miss M.Th. Jaspers as a messenger. Because of Van Kooten’s fast career in Limburg resistance, the actual leadership rested with Brouwers who soon succeeded him. G.H. Meurders and curate A.J. Gibbels, who had to work under very difficult circumstances because the pastor was pro-German, were his deputies.
Biography at the website of his rugby club.
At the end of the war, Van Kooten was looking for a suitable depot for weapons and a shooting range for the “Knokploegen” of South Limburg. So this cave had to be evacuated.
In the second half of July 1944, Crasborn and Van Kooten moved to Swalmen, at the invitation of J. Frantzen. They found shelter on the monumental farm De Baxhof of the Poels family on the edge of the village. Bep was commissioned by Crasborn to travel through the lines via the recently liberated Valkenburg and Maastricht to the headquarters of Prince Bernhard in Brussels, where he was appointed commander of the Stoottroepen in Limburg, see the chapter Valkenburg is free below. As a member of the Dutch army, he participated in the actions against the new republic of Indonesia after the war.
Photo: Swearing in as an officer of Bep van Kooten, Commander of the Limburg Command / Limburg Regiment, in front of a line-up..
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Laar, van de
J.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - local contact - Margraten - survivor - “diver’s chief“. Nothing more is known about the resistance in Margraten. All the more about the military cemetery. Read the e-book about it, see link:
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https://books.google.de/books?id=RxtwdMUYeRcC
Laeven,
A.H.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - local contact - Schin op Geul - survivor - “diver’s chief“
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Laeven,
Guus
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - municipality - Valkenburg - survivor - At the end of the war, Hein Cremers and especially Guus Laeven (DB), who ensured at the end of the war that the entire register of the registry office of Valkenburg “somehow” got lost, when the Germans had the idea to force all male inhabitants between 16 and 60 years old to work in digging trenches.
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Lambriks,
Jo
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
K.P. - Valkenburg - survivor - After a while, a K.P also emerged in Valkenburg. It initially consisted of two men, the teachers Jeng Meijs and Jo Lambriks. Meijs had Jacques Crasborn as a pupil in his class some years before.
http://users.cuci.nl/mierlo/kwartierstaat/jochem.htm#ID1044
Meijs,
Sjeng
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
K.P. - Valkenburg - survivor - After a while, a K.P also emerged in Valkenburg. It initially consisted of two men, the teachers Jeng Meijs and Jo Lambriks. Meijs had Jacques Crasborn in his class a few years before.
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Nijst,
Charles Joseph
∗ 1916-03-05
Kerkrade
† 1944-01-18
KZ Groß-Beeren, Kreis Teltow
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - The weekly magazine Het Land van Valkenburg wrote about him: “He refused to sign a declaration of loyalty and went into hiding. Arrested (date unknown) for spreading illegal literature.”
At the Oorlogsgraven­stichting there is a source link where he is mentioned as a student at the Katholieke Economische Hoogeschool in Tilburg. Furthermore, contrary to the above, we read there: “Employed at the Arado Flugzeug Werke in Brandenburg upon Havel. Was arrested on October 6, 1943. The reason was a statement in a private conversation held at the beginning of September. He was sentenced to two months in prison. Around 15 December the family received a message from the Swedish Society that Nyst had not been released, but transferred to a Arbeitserziehungslager in Gross Beeren and from there to the concentration camp in Sachsenhausen near Oranienburg. In the meantime on 18 February 1944 the family in Maastricht was informed that on January 18th, 1944 he had succumbed from ‘Herzschwäche’ (cardiac insufficiency) in Gross Beeren.“
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https://www.vpnd.nl/bronnen/nl/arbeidsinzet_studenten_1943.pdf
Ogtrop, van
Harie
∗ 1901-11-13
Hulsberg
† 1989-10-26
Heerlen
L.O. - Valkenburg - survivor - He was the sexton of the old parish church St. Nicolaas & Barbara. One of the two contact people to the people in hiding of the L.O. Still during the last days of the war he hid a German conscript from Valkenburg in the church tower. Also read the story of his activity as a confessor, see “info”.
See also his mortuary card in the Rijckheyt Archive
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Peusens,
gezusters
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - courier - Valkenburg - survivor - Pierre Schunck schrieb: „Wielke Cremers und die Schwestern Peusens arbeiteten als Kuriere“.
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Prompers,
Nic M.H.
∗ 1908-11-05
Sint Geertruid
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - priest - Heerlen - survivor - Nic (Nicolaas Maria Hubertus) Prompers was one of the founders of the L.O. district of Heerlen. He collaborated on the resistance magazine “Het Vrije Volk” in Heerlen, including the chief physician Van Berckel of the St. Jozef hospital in Putgraaf, where Prompers worked as a rector. During one of the first days of September 1943, the L.O. Heerlen district was established in the hospital of Rector Prompers. A certain mr “Paul Simons” from Valkenburg was present too. 1955-1971 he was pastor in Broekhem. Golden “Father Prompers receives the resistance memorial cross from Mr. J. Cornips. Dean Jochems watches.” Limburgsch dagblad, 04/18/1983.
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https://www.rug.nl/research/portal/files/14543329/11_h11.pdf
Rocks/Roks,
Jan Joseph
∗ 1883-05-21
Sibbe (Oud-Valkenbur
† 1944-03-03
Natzweiler
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Member of the early resistance group Erkens in Maastricht, co-owner of the guesthouse Samoshuis, the later hotel Parkhotel Atlanta. Erkens spent some time in hiding with him, arrested in Valkenburg during the campaign against the resistance called Hannibalspiel for spreading resistance literature on November 19, 1942. Piet Roks came home too late due to circumstances, saw the robbery cars standing in front of their house and could escape in time. Jan Joseph died in the Nacht und Nebel camp Natzweiler (Alsace) on 3 March 1944.
Totenzettel (Mark the spelling!)
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https://natzweiler.nl/vriendenkring/namenlijst
Roy, van
H.A.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
early resistance - police - Valkenburg - survivor - Veldwachter (local policeman appointed by the municipality) in Valkenburg until december 1941. Was a member of the early resistance group around J.Smit in Heerlen. The earliest data on this group are from the end of 1940 and early 1941. Smit, a professional soldier demobilized in July 1940, subsequently worked for a while at the Marechaussee in Heerlen and in the spring of 1941 he resigned and started working as a lathe operator at the Oranje Nassau mine and started with other former soldiers and resistance group, most of them from the former 13th Infantry Regiment, in which mainly soldiers from South Limburg had served and of which he himself had also been a part.
Veldwachter Van Roy was also welcome there. In the course of 1941 he brought chaplain Hennekens into contact with Smit. In December 1941 he resigned too, but first stole some helmets. Was arrested on 02/02/1942 and sentenced to 3 years in prison; was in various camps. Escape from camp on April 4th, 1945.
Source: Cammaert, chapter 2.
https://www.rug.nl/research/portal/files/14543323/06_h6-2.pdf
Schmalbach,
(Godfried Jozef) Paul
∗ 1897-09-16
Vaals
† 1952-09-18
Vaals
mayor - Valkenburg - NSB - survivor - 1942-1943 mayor of Beek, 1943-1944 mayor Valkenburg-Houthem. His predecessor and successor was Piet Hens.
Mortuary card
Schoenmakers,
F.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - local contact - Sibbe - survivor - “diver’s chief“
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Schunck,
Pierre
Paul Simons
∗ 1906-03-24
Heerlen
† 1993-02-02
Kerkrade
L.O. - Heerlen - Valkenburg - survivor - Founder and leader of the “rayon” (subdistrict) of the L.O. in Valkenburg, under the alias of “Paul”. He was also a member of the ID18 intelligence group, which belonged to the Heerlen district of the LO. After the war he gave interviews and wrote down memories about that time. These documents were the beginning of this history about the resistance in and around Valkenburg.
More information on en.wikipedia or more detailed on nl.wikipedia.
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Schunck-Cremers,
Gerda
∗ 1912-09-10
Heerlerheide 
† 2005-05-05
Valkenburg
L.O. - Valkenburg - survivor - As the wife of Pierre Schunck, she was constantly involved in his resistance work. In retrospect, we can not determine exactly the extent of her share anymore. But given the nature of their relationship, we can assume that it was substantial.
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../stamboom/schunck_view.php?ID=59
Smits,
Frank G.
∗ 1919-08-29
† 1944-04-04
Utrecht
early resistance - Hulsberg - war victim - Student’s resistance. Law student, refused to sign the declaration of loyalty and joined the resistance movement (he mapped activities of the Germans at Dutch airports and passed them on to the allies), arrested on 08/12/1943, suspected of conspiracy. After staying in various prisons, he was eventually sentenced to death by a special court of war and then shot for illegal possession of weapons.
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Soesman,
Gerard L.R.
∗ 1922-06-23
Valkenburg
† 1945-01-21
Auschwitz/Oświęcim
Jew - early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Student HBS (high school). Listed in the Honor Roll of Victims 1940 – 1945, in the category resistance people. Moreover he had a Jewish father, Jacob Soesman. Mother: Christina Johanna Maria Prick
See also the site of Joods Monument: “Gerhard Lodewijk Robertus Soesman, who had attended commercial secondary school, lived in Maastricht. He worked in the underground for the Dutch communist party (CPN). He distributed papers, including De Vonk. Because of the V-Mann (informant) Engwirda, he was caught in Maastricht on 24 January 1942. He was locked up at the prison in Maastricht and subsequently deported to Auschwitz via Vught concentration camp.”
See also Genealogy Soesman
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https://www.erelijst.nl/gerhard-lodewijk-robertus--soesman
https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/130916/gerhard-lodewijk-robertus-soesman
Starmans,
J.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg - survivor - maintained the relations to the other districts.
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Ven, op de
J.H.
∗ 1919-02-23
† 1948-06-20
occasional resistance - police - Valkenburg - person in hiding - survivor - On the night of June 22, 1944, together with Den Haring, an NSB member, he was on guard at the Valkenburg distribution office. Was initiated into the plot. Afterwards went into hiding to deduce the suspicion from Freysen et al.
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http://www.de-veiligheidsregio.nl/juli-2015/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2015/07/Juni-Tuinvanbezinning.pdf
Vroemen,

∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg - survivor - Stationmaster in Valkenburg. In the event of danger, he called with the message: “You cannot unload your wagon.” People who wanted to go into hiding and arrived by train usually got in touch with him, and he then forwarded them, for example to the sexton Harry van Ogtrop of the local Catholic church. See there
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Westerhoven, van
Jan
Ferdinand
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - priest - Valkenburg - survivor - As Father Ferdinand he was a member (and chief?) of the monastery on the Cauberg (sscc). Worked for the Resistance during the occupation. Involuntarily witnessed the “execution” of Funs Savelberg.
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Willems,
Vic.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - municipality - Valkenburg - survivor - Together with Willem Freysen, he stole food stamps and other documents for the people in hiding in the LO on a large scale, which ultimately made the raid on the distribution office necessary.
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Wolf,
G.A.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - priest - Sibbe - survivor - Rector in Sibbe. He helped Jews and Communists to hide, together with A.C. van der Gronden. At the end of 1943 they joined the L.O., sub-district of Valkenburg. Due to the talkativeness of the person in hiding A.S. Bron, he was arrested on February 17, 1944, along with Bron and the hidden person Th.M. from Santpoort. In the absence of evidence, Wolf was released after ten days and Van Santpoort after some months. Bron was deported and survived the German camps. Source: Cammaert, Chapter 6b
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