Ov1 Persons
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Persons

People who played a role during WW2 in and around Valkenburg. Most of them appear in the resistance story about Valkenburg. In that case, click on More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg next to that name.
This list is far from being complete.



Memorial stone for the resistance people Coenen and Francotte

† ✡ † Jews Holocaust Allied soldiers USA RAF NL sold Verzet initial resistance L.O. K.P. municipality local contacts couriers occasional resistance people in hiding Valkenburg+ Valkenburg Berg en Terblijt Schin op Geul IJzeren Sibbe Margraten Houthem-St.Gerlach Geulhem Hulsberg Houthem † Valkenburg+ Klimmen Meerssen Heerlen police priests NSB / NSDAP


We count to the initial resistance such organizations and individuals, who were active before the foundation of the LO to early resistance. Because only then the resistance, at least in our region, started to increase to a larger scale. Because it was only then that the resistance, at least in our region, began to grow to a larger scale. 9 pers.
Caubo,
Jean
∗ 1891-04-28
Maastricht
† 1945-02-13
Außenkommando Dautmergen
early resistance - Schin op Geul - war victim - Refugee helper, from Schin-op-Geul, working for Wagons Lits, member of the French-Dutch group Dutch-Paris with the help of his whole family, arrested on February 12 1944.
He fell under the category of the Germans Nacht und Nebel prisoner. In this program, prisoners disappeared without any trace.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
http://www.caubo.com/index_bestanden/index5.htm#jean
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Michel_Caubo
Gronden, van der
Gerrit J.
∗ 1895-12-13
Dordrecht
† 1943-01-02
Neuengamme
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Picture also at oorlogsgravenstichting.nl
Driver and mechanic, married. He took care of Jewish people in hiding, was arrested on Jan. 13th 1942
Fred Cammaert wrote in chapter 10: “in his garage on the Heugemer Weg in Maastricht he made copies of De Vonk, the Limburg edition of De Waarheid.” … “member of the Municipal Air Protection Service.” “ … Arrested “on january 13th, 1942” … “He died on December 5th 1942 in the Neuengamme concentration camp.” (near Hamburg), aged 47. His brother A.C. van der GrondenSee also https://monument.vriendenkringneuengamme.nl/person/401623/gerrit-jan-van-der-gronden
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://monument.vriendenkringneuengamme.nl/person/401623/gerrit-jan-van-der-gronden
Hennekens,
G. Hub
∗ 1909-02-15
Sittard
† 1970-11-26
Heerlen
early resistance - priest - Valkenburg - survivor - Chaplain at the St. Nicolaas & Barbara parish in Valkenburg. Cammaert wrote: “Chaplain G.H. Hennekens copied in Valkenburg sermons of Von Galen, bishop of Münster, and his pastoral letters. He quoted them again and again during his Sunday sermons and did not hide his anti-German feelings. In the course of 1941 he came through officer H.A. van Roy of the municipal police of Valkenburg in contact with the group Smit, who declared themselves willing to take care of the distribution of the stencils.” The Smit group was a “circle of members of the resistance around former military officer J.L. Smit in Heerlen. They focused on collecting weapons and ammunition, the distribution (and sale) of the first illegal magazines such as Vrij Nederland, as well as the sale of photographs of the royal family. With the money that was earned from selling these photos, the costs were combated.” Because of his popularity Von Galen was not arrested but placed under house arrest. Chaplain Hennekens might have hoped that too, but he was arrested on February 2, 1942. He was brought to the concentration camp in Dachau near Munich
By endangering himself publicly, he resisted to the nazi’s in a way that many did not understand. But he has given a signal and encouraged others to resist. In September 1955 he was appointed pastor in Rothem. Retired early due to health problems due to his camp period. Moved back to Valkenburg. Buried: St. Agnes, Bunde
See the article by Hub Hennekens jr. about his godfather in the book „Valkenburg 75 jaar bevrijd“ on p.35.
https://www.online-familieberichten.nl/zoeken.asp?sortpers=naam&achternaam=Hennekens&page=1&command=show&type=ovladv&char=H&view=zoek&name=&id=1604205
Hout, van
Jan (Johannes Franciscus)
∗ 1908-10-17
Valkenburg
† 1945-02-22
KZ Neuengamme
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Professional cyclist from 1932 to 1940. When he was eight years old, he moved to Eindhoven with his parents. In 1932 he set a new Dutch hour record (42.282) in Tilburg and on August 25th, 1933, on the wooden cycle track in Maasniel near Roermond, a world hour record of 44.588 kilometers. But that was already broken after 4 days.
He was able to live well from cycling and could have earned even much more in Germany, but since Hitler was in power there, he was not interested.
He closed his pub and joined the resistance. He and his wife were involved in helping Jewish people in hiding. He attracted attention and he went into hiding himself. A few months before the liberation, Jan van Hout was arrested during a raid in the natural swimming pool De IJzeren Man and transferred to the camps Vught and Amersfoort and finally to the German labor camp Neuengamme, where he died of exhaustion.
Sources: http://www.elshout.nu/Koers/janvanhout.htm
nl.wikipedia and Maasniel.nl
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Nijst,
Charles Joseph
∗ 1916-03-05
Kerkrade
† 1944-01-18
KZ Groß-Beeren, Kreis Teltow
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - The weekly magazine Het Land van Valkenburg wrote about him: “He refused to sign a declaration of loyalty and went into hiding. Arrested (date unknown) for spreading illegal literature.”
At the Oorlogsgraven­stichting there is a source link where he is mentioned as a student at the Katholieke Economische Hoogeschool in Tilburg. Furthermore, contrary to the above, we read there: “Employed at the Arado Flugzeug Werke in Brandenburg upon Havel. Was arrested on October 6, 1943. The reason was a statement in a private conversation held at the beginning of September. He was sentenced to two months in prison. Around 15 December the family received a message from the Swedish Society that Nyst had not been released, but transferred to a Arbeitserziehungslager in Gross Beeren and from there to the concentration camp in Sachsenhausen near Oranienburg. In the meantime on 18 February 1944 the family in Maastricht was informed that on January 18th, 1944 he had succumbed from ‘Herzschwäche’ (cardiac insufficiency) in Gross Beeren.“
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://www.vpnd.nl/bronnen/nl/arbeidsinzet_studenten_1943.pdf
Rocks/Roks,
Jan Joseph
∗ 1883-05-21
Sibbe (Oud-Valkenbur
† 1944-03-03
Natzweiler
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Member of the early resistance group Erkens in Maastricht, co-owner of the guesthouse Samoshuis, the later hotel Parkhotel Atlanta. Erkens spent some time in hiding with him, arrested in Valkenburg during the campaign against the resistance called Hannibalspiel for spreading resistance literature on November 19, 1942. Piet Roks came home too late due to circumstances, saw the robbery cars standing in front of their house and could escape in time. Jan Joseph died in the Nacht und Nebel camp Natzweiler (Alsace) on 3 March 1944.
Totenzettel (Mark the spelling!)
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg

https://natzweiler.nl/vriendenkring/namenlijst
Roy, van
H.A.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
early resistance - police - Valkenburg - survivor - Veldwachter (local policeman appointed by the municipality) in Valkenburg until december 1941. Was a member of the early resistance group around J.Smit in Heerlen. The earliest data on this group are from the end of 1940 and early 1941. Smit, a professional soldier demobilized in July 1940, subsequently worked for a while at the Marechaussee in Heerlen and in the spring of 1941 he resigned and started working as a lathe operator at the Oranje Nassau mine and started with other former soldiers and resistance group, most of them from the former 13th Infantry Regiment, in which mainly soldiers from South Limburg had served and of which he himself had also been a part.
Veldwachter Van Roy was also welcome there. In the course of 1941 he brought chaplain Hennekens into contact with Smit. In December 1941 he resigned too, but first stole some helmets. Was arrested on 02/02/1942 and sentenced to 3 years in prison; was in various camps. Escape from camp on April 4th, 1945.
Source: Cammaert, chapter 2.
https://www.rug.nl/research/portal/files/14543323/06_h6-2.pdf
Smits,
Frank G.
∗ 1919-08-29
† 1944-04-04
Utrecht
early resistance - Hulsberg - war victim - Student’s resistance. Law student, refused to sign the declaration of loyalty and joined the resistance movement (he mapped activities of the Germans at Dutch airports and passed them on to the allies), arrested on 08/12/1943, suspected of conspiracy. After staying in various prisons, he was eventually sentenced to death by a special court of war and then shot for illegal possession of weapons.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Soesman,
Gerard L.R.
∗ 1922-06-23
Valkenburg
† 1945-01-21
Auschwitz/Oświęcim
Jew - early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Student HBS (high school). Listed in the Honor Roll of Victims 1940 – 1945, in the category resistance people. Moreover he had a Jewish father, Jacob Soesman. Mother: Christina Johanna Maria Prick
See also the site of Joods Monument: “Gerhard Lodewijk Robertus Soesman, who had attended commercial secondary school, lived in Maastricht. He worked in the underground for the Dutch communist party (CPN). He distributed papers, including De Vonk. Because of the V-Mann (informant) Engwirda, he was caught in Maastricht on 24 January 1942. He was locked up at the prison in Maastricht and subsequently deported to Auschwitz via Vught concentration camp.”
See also Genealogy Soesman
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://www.erelijst.nl/gerhard-lodewijk-robertus--soesman
https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/130916/gerhard-lodewijk-robertus-soesman