The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

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Communists & sympathisants


Communistische Partij Nederland

The Communist Party of the Netherlands, or CPN, started up a well-organized resistance organization early in the war, also in Limburg and especially in the mining region, favored by the fact that they had already a close-knit organization before, just like the former soldiers and the churches. Also in Limburg they were the resistance organization, which in comparison to the number of members, had the most victims. Cooperation with the other resistance groups was initially very difficult, also caused by the non-aggression treaty between Germany and the Soviet Union of August 23, 1939, but it improved as the war progressed. Only with the former soldiers of the OD, which after all was explicitly founded as an anti-communist organization, mutual distrust remained high.
Due to the de facto end of the above-mentioned non-aggression pact, the communist resistance groups and their sympathizers came in particular into the crossfire of the Nazis. The following quote about the Oostelijke Mijnstreek, the eastern part of the mining district is typical of the situation of the entire communist resistance in Dutch Limburg.
Fred Cammaert wrote in his dissertation Het Verborgen Front, Geschiedenis van de georganiseerde illegaliteit in de provincie Limburg tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog, Hoofdstuk X, De C.P.N. en de illegaliteit (The Hidden Front, History of the Organized Illegality in the Province of Limburg during World War II, Chapter X, The C.P.N. and the Underground) on p. 1004: “In the course of June 1942, several more arrests followed in the Oostelijke Mijnstreek. Only a few escaped. On June 19th the curtain fell on E.J. Vinerius, J.H. Lübben, L. Bosand his son as well on the CPN trainer Nas. The latter managed to escape during the transport to Maastricht. He returned to South Holland, where he was arrested and executed more than a year later. On August 17, 1942, the Sipo stopped and arrested W. Gerards, a diffuser of De Vonk, in Heerlerheide. When he tried to escape he was shot. Finally W. van den Beemd fell into German hands on September 9th.”
… “The Befehlshaber der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD (commander of the security police and the SD) in The Hague, Harster, noted with satisfaction in a report to his superiors in Berlin on July 14, 1942 that it had become quiet around the CPN in the mining area since the wave of arrests in May and June. In fact, the organization was completely paralyzed and internal connections were destroyed.”

Were all the people who are in the CPN cartotheque of their fallen comrades in Limburg actually involved in the CPN? Ad van Liempt explains in De jacht op het verzet (The Hunt for Resistance), chapter: De tragiek van het ‘kleine’ verzet, that some of them only read one copy of De Vonk, nothing else.
Read more The Danger of Lists
See also on wikipedia: Communist Party of the Netherlands

Communists & sympathisants – 45 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Balter,
Hendrik Hubert
∗ 1917-08-06
Schaesberg
† 1945-04-17
Flossenbürg AL Gröditz
Schaesberg - CPN - press - Collaborator of “De Vonk”. At the end of April 1942, the Resistance member Scheper was arrested for stealing a bicycle. He talks, with as a result numerous arrests, including Balter. When the concentration camp is liberated by the Allies on April 17, 1945, Hendrik Balter is already dead (or a day later), probably from typhus.
wall: right, row 13-01
Beers, van
Adrianus Hubertus
∗ 1895-09-24
Wamel
† 1942-08-31
KZ Groß Rosen
Heerlen - CPN - early resistance - Scaffolder, helped to bring refugees across the border. Arrested on June 24, 1941.
wall: middel, row 05-02
Benedic,
Niek
∗ 1903-03-02
Aachen
† 1944-07-11
Natzweiler
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Nikolaus Benedic was the keeper of a little library and a member of the CPN. Was he also a miner? Lived in Waubach. Arrested on May 30, 1942 for distributing party papers.De Vonk and De Waarheid
wall: right, row 24-01
Bos,
André
∗ 0000-00-00
† 1943-02-12
Neuengamme
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Maastricht - CPN - André Bos was a party member of the CPN. According to their archive (ARCH00347.148) he was a peat worker. Of course, he could not have practiced this profession in Maastrichti. Arrested several times: on 28 February 1941 together with Lambert Kraft, Chris Heuts, J.J. Baartscheer and Bernhard Holty, by order of the BdS Den Haag in connection with the February strike, on 25 June 1941 together with Lambert Kraft and Bernhard Holty. (Cammaert) Last arrest on Sept.16, 1942 in Maastricht. (ARCH00347.148)
Do you know more? Write us!
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-05
Bos,
Lubbert
∗ 1900-08-10
Emmen
† 1943-04-06
KZ Buchenwald
Brunssum - CPN - press - Miner, died in the concentration camp. He was arrested in Brunssum for "distributing illegal writings".
wall: left, row 06-01
Brinkman,
Jan
∗ 1893-08-01
Koekange
† 1945-02-20
Dachau
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner (hewer), born in Koekange, a village in the province of Drenthe, until 1997 municipality of De Wijk. He lived in Waubach. Worked for the party newspaper , arrested on May 30, 1942.
wall: right, row 24-02
Busch,
Elbertus Frederikus
∗ 1903-05-11
Apeldoorn
† 1943-05-25
Neuengamme
Hoensbroek - CPN - early resistance - press - He spent his youth in Zutphen, his places of residence in South Limburg were Brunssum and Hoensbroek (from 1931). According to the biography on heemkundehoensbroek.nl, he was a gardener during the war and worked for the Koninklijke Nederlandse Heidemaatschappij, or Heidemij for short. In the card index of the CPN he is listed as a miner. He worked for the communist newspaper De Vonk. Arrested on February 5, 1941, a few days after the attack of German troops on the Soviet Union.
wall: middel, row 10-02
Crauwels,
Paul N.
∗ 1901-08-17
Maastricht
† 1944-09-08
Sittard
Sittard - CPN - press - “On September 7, 1944, two distributors of De Waarheid, J.W.H. Theunissen and P.N. Crauwels, who had picked up some copies at S. Beyer shortly before, were arrested by some land guards (auxiliar police) in Munstergeleen. The next day the two were murdered in Sittard” (Van Aernsbergen)
wall: right, row 18-01
Dorst,
Mans
∗ 1905-12-10
Onstwedde
† 1942-11-12
Neuengamme
Heerlen - CPN - early resistance - press - Worker in a factory, liaison man for the party newspaper De Waarheid. Arrested on January 13, 1942.
wall: middel, row 06-01
Eldert, van
J.A.
∗ 1894-10-31
Amsterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - De meubelmaker Van Eldert was gehuwd met Wilhelmina van de Berg, verspreidde illegale bladen, o.a. De Waarheid. Hij werd op 17 juni 1944 om 2.15 uur door de beruchte Wiebe gearresteerd wegens het verspreiden van De Waarheid in Nijmegen. Om 11.00 uur werd hij met drie anderen door Wiebe en Hidskes overgebracht naar de SD in Arnhem. Op 21 juli 1944 werd hij als represaillemaatregel voor aanslagen op Duitse militairen met zeven andere Nijmegenaren gefusilleerd op de Leusderheide, na eerst zijn eigen graf gegraven te hebben. Van Eldert lag na de oorlog tot najaar 1969 begraven op Rustoord (D 710).
18.2.2011: telefonische mededeling van kleindochter J.A. Brugmans: in 1948 waren er plannen voor een monument op de Wedren voor deze gefusilleerden. Echter omdat Van Eldert "een andersdenkende" was, hij was lid van de CPN, zou hij daar niet begraven worden. Vandaar dat hij op Rustoord werd begraven. Eind jaren zestig werd de loden kist verplaatst met de bedoeling dat hij een eregraf zou krijgen op het ereveld Vredehof, maar daar heeft de familie zich tegen gekeerd. "Toen niet, dan nu ook niet". Intussen was de loden kist verdwenen. Zijn resten zijn teruggebracht naar Rustoord.


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Gerards,
Wilhelm
∗ 1907-11-04
Bottrop (D)
† 1942-07-24
Heerlen
Heerlen - CPN - press - Construction worker. On August 17, 1942, the SiPo stopped Gerards one more in Heerlerheide while he was distributing the illegal magazine De Vonk. He was shot down when he tried to escape and died in the hospital. According to the Oorlogsgravenstichting (War Graves Foundation) and wo2slachtoffers.nl he died on July 24, 1942. However, the text of the same biography on wo2slachtoffers.nl says August 17, 1942.
wall: middel, row 07-01
Gotjé,
Bernard Th.
∗ 1903-07-18
Woensdrecht
† 1942-12-05
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - In adulthood Bernard lived in Nieuwenhagen, Limburg, where he worked in the mining industry. His leftist sympathies led him to collaborate in the illegal printing and distribution of the magazines De Vonk and De Waarheid during the German occupation. On 31 May 1942 he was arrested in Heerlen. Via camp Amersfoort he was deported to the large concentration camp Neuengamme near Hamburg on 30 October of the same year.
wall: right, row 01-02
Gronden, van der
Gerrit J.
∗ 1895-12-13
Dordrecht
† 1943-01-02
Neuengamme
Maastricht - Valkenburg - CPN - early resistance - press - Driver and mechanic at the GGD (municipal medical service), married. As a driver, he also disseminated banned writings. He helped people to flee and provided medical care when needed. All this in collaboration with his brother A.C. van der Gronden (Source: ARCH00347.148, see link below.)
Picture also at oorlogsgravenstichting.nl
He took care of Jewish people in hiding, was arrested on Jan. 13th 1942
Fred Cammaert wrote in chapter 10: “in his garage on the Heugemer Weg in Maastricht he made copies of De Vonk, the Limburg edition of De Waarheid.” … “member of the Municipal Air Protection Service.” “ … Arrested “on january 13th, 1942” … “He died on December 5th 1942 in the Neuengamme concentration camp.” (near Hamburg), aged 47. His brother A.C. van der Gronden participated in the sub-district of Valkenburg of the LO.
wall: right, row 26-03
Heesch, van
Peter Johannes
∗ 1910-09-09
Maasbree
† 1944-06-28
Groß-Strehlitz
Hoensbroek - CPN - press - Peter Johannes van Heesch was a miner. Jan van Kan wrote: turner. For a while, printing was done in his house (with a spirit duplicator). Arrested on October 20, 1943 after his wife reported him after a marital dispute. Cammaert gives a different date of death in Chapter X, on p. 1011-1012: "On June 13, 1944, Van Heesch died in a penitentiary in Groß-Strehlitz (now Strzelce Opolskie, Poland) from complete exhaustion as a result of a severe kidney infection".
wall: middel, row 12-01
Hendriks,
Jan
∗ 1905-05-07
Maastricht
† 1943-01-27
kamp Vught
Maastricht - CPN - press - Johan H. Hendriks was a pavement worker and worked in a pigment factory (Maastrichtsche Zinkwit Maatschappij. In 1939, he ran for the Communist Party of the Netherlands (CPN) for the Maastricht City Council. He was a member of the resistance group De Vonk: Printing and distribution of clandestine literature. In 1940 he was arrested for the first time. The V-man (spy) Andreas Engwirda put the SiPo on the trail of the Boosten brothers and of a list with the names of the distributors of the magazine De Vonk. Twenty-seven of them were arrested, nine CPN members on September 15, 1942, including Johan Hendriks, and Chris Heuts. He died on January 27, 1943 in Camp Vught.
wall: left, row 31-04
Heuts,
Chris
∗ 1888-06-12
Meerssen
† 1943-02-24
Kamp Vught
Maastricht - CPN - press - Plasterer. Distributor of the magazine De Vonk. At struikelsteen-maastricht.nl (pdf) we can read: “As a communist he participated in the 1935 elections to the provincial parliament of Limburg in the constituency of Heerlen. He stood in 13th place, the only communist from Maastricht. At that time Chris Heuts was chairman of the Communist Party of the Netherlands (CPN), Maastricht chapter.”
Two arrests ended with his release. The third time it went differently. The V-man (spy) Andreas Engwirda put the SiPo on the trail of the Boosten brothers and thus to a list with the names of the distributors of De Vonk. Twenty-seven distributors were arrested. On September 15, 1942, nine members of the CPN, including Johan Hendriks and Chris Heuts. After his arrest, he was taken to the Amersfoort concentration camp. Subsequently to Kamp Vught, officially called Herzogenbusch concentration camp.
wall: left, row 32-01
Holty /Holtij,
Bernhard
∗ 1890-11-29
Amsterdam
† 1942-01-10
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - press - The father of Bernard Theodoor Adolf Holty was German. In the Netherlands his name was often spelled as Holtij. After the death of his parents, Bernard moved in with his brother Franz and lived with him in Cologne for an unknown period of time. He was a carpenter and was exempted from military service because of his poor health. Married on November 28, 1929, to Maria Lipowsek, a German. It is not known when they settled in Maastricht, but there he joined in 1935 the Communist Party and became secretary of the local chapter of the VVSU (Association of Friends of the Soviet Union). He was arrested for the first time on February 28, 1941, on suspicion of being involved in the February strike, but was released after a month. He printed and distributed forbidden reading, including De Vonk.
On June 25, 1941, he was ambushed while guiding Jews across the border. With two resistance comrades, he ended up in the Schoorl camp (North Holland), Amersfoort, and later Neuengamme (collective name for a series of German camps near Hamburg). Prisoner number 06933, he died in the main camp.
wall: left, row 33-01
Jansen,
Gerrit
∗ 1887-10-12
Olst (Gld.)
† 1943-03-19
Neuengamme
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner, lived in Waubach. Distributor of De vonk?
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists.
Do you know more? Write us!
wall: right, row 24-03
Jongen,
Huub
∗ 1910-10-22
Nieuwenhagen
† 1943-03-25
Bremen
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner, lived in Waubach. Distributor of De vonk. Imprisoned in the concentration camps Amersfoort and Neuengamme.
wall: right, row 24-04
Keesman,
Hendrik
∗ 1895-10-30
Nieuwer-Amstel
† 1943-01-15
Neuengamme
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Brunssum - CPN - Machine fitter. On a sheet (picture 45) in ARCH00347.148, the CPN archive of their fallen comrades in Limburg, he is referred to as coming from Brunsum. On it, a photo of him is requested by the Memorial Book Department (see link below).
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-17
Koenders,
Albert
∗ 1888-01-20
Rhenen
† 1943-04-30
Neuengamme
Schaesberg - CPN - press - According to oorlogsgravenstichting.nl, he was a miner. According to ARCH00347.148 the CPN’s records of their fallen members in Limburg, he was a store owner and was arrested for having distributed the party newspaper “De Waarheid”. Arrested May 30, 1942.
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists.
wall: right, row 12-02
Kraft,
Lambert
Bèr
∗ 1902-02-06
Maastricht
† 1942-06-22
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - early resistance - press - Representative for vacuum cleaners. In the municipal elections in Maastricht on June 14, 1939, Bèr Kraft headed the list of the CPN (Communists). They achieved 5.18%. (verkiezingsuitslagen.nl)
On December 8, 1940, he was arrested by order of the security police SiPo for helping communist refugees from Germany in the 1930s.
On February 28, 1941, five communists were arrested in Maastricht, allegedly on suspicion of involvement in the miners’ strike. More likely, this was a sign that the "friendship" between Hitler and Stalin was cooling (see below). In addition to Bèr Kraft, these were André Bos, Chris Heuts, J.J. Baartscheer, and Bernhard Holty. They were released after a month. In his house the clandestine magazine De Vonk was printed. On June 23 or 25, 1941, Lambert was arrested for the third time.This has everything to do with the German hunt for communists after the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact was broken.
He was imprisoned in Aachen, Maastricht, Schoorl and finally Neuengamme.
Source: struikelsteentjes-maastricht.nl (pdf).
wall: left, row 33-03
Krol/Kroll,
Johan/Johann
∗ 1920-09-20
Heerlen
† 1942-12-13
Neuengamme
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Office worker, worked for the party newspaper De Waarheid, lived in Waubach. The sources do not agree on the spelling of the first and last name. Cammaert also gives a different date of death: 31 instead of 13 December.
Do you know more? Write us!
wall: right, row 25-01
Kuypers /Kuijpers-?,
Johan
∗ 1924-07-08
Heerlen
† 1945-01-26
Heerlen - CPN - The oorlogsgravenstichting (Dutch War Graves Foundation) writes: “Johannes Wilhelmus Kuijpers was a waiter / member of the resistance”. In Cammaert X, Annex VIII. Arrestatie communisten en radicale socialisten 1940-1945 (Arrest of communists and radical socialists 1940-1945) we read: “Arrested on March 1, 1941 in Nieuwenhagen”. Is this one and the same person?
wall: left, row 17-02
Lubben,
Johan Herman
∗ 1893-10-24
Enschede
† 1944-12-07
Bergen-Belsen
Heerlen - CPN - press - Miner. Last place of residence: Heerlerheide.
All of the following information can be found on scans posted by a family member at https://www.verzetsmuseum.org/dachau/johan-herman-lubben. A summary of these documents can be found at http://www.humanitarisme.nl/personen/index.php?m=family&id=I55577.
He was convicted of refusing to perform military service in 1916. At that time, general mobilization was in force in the neutral Netherlands. Humanitarisme.nl reports that his conscientious objection was due to reading the books by Tolstoy.
Married to Johnna Scholten on June 14, 1919 in Enschede.
During the occupation he distributed banned printed matter, such as Vrij Nederland and Het Parool. (Cammaert XI, p. 1042) Probably also De Vonk, as he was arrested on June 19, 1942, because of his connections to the C.P.N. (communist party). Although he does not appear as a fallen comrade in the archives of the CPN, our list also mentions CPN with his name, as he was arrested along with CPN people. See archive of the CPN in the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam.
In a letter from the Red Cross to the family on October 25, 1945, it is assumed that he died in Neuengamme around mid-December 1944. So the registry extract of Heerlen reads: December 15, 1944 in Neuengamme, registered as such in Heerlen on December 8, 1950. He is said to have been seen in Neuengamme in December 1944 ( Reveille of the Red Cross, number 11/12, 1946)
On September 21, 2015 "Eddy" wrote at oorlogsgravenstichting.nl: Johan Herman was deported from Amersfoort to Buchenwald. From there to Dachau and then to Natzweiler. From Natzweiler back to Dachau and from there to Neuengamme. Johan was finally transferred from Neuengamme to Bergen-Belsen, where he died on July 12, 1944.
He is on the Honor Roll of the Fallen 1940-1945 of the Second Chamber of the Parliament of the Netherlands.
wall: middel, row 07-02
Maka,
Guillaume (Giel)
∗ 1898-10-27
Maastricht
† 1942-02-06
Leusden
Maastricht - CPN - press - Giel Maka was a civil engineering worker, belonged to the resistance group De Vonk (a.o. printing and distribution of illegal literature), arrested on 9 September 1941 for refusing to work in Germany. Two different causes of death are reported: executed and deprivation (wo2slachtoffers.nl).
Buried on: National Field of Honour Loenen A 307
wall: left, row 34-01
Narinx,
Jos
∗ 1889-11-24
Maastricht
† 1943-01-07
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - press - Jozef Wilhelmus Hubertus (Jos) Narinx was a painter and one of the founders of the Limburgse Kunstkring (Limburg Art Circle) and during the occupation distributor of De Vonk. Arrested on June 24, 1942 for anti-German sentiments and distribution of illegal literature. According to josnarinx.nl, he was a very impulsive man, and the wonder there if that got him into trouble after his arrest.
See also:
wall: left, row 34-03
Nas,
Janus
∗ 1909-04-27
Rotterdam?
† 1943-09-23
Wassenaar, Waalsdorpervlakte
Brunssum - CPN - press - Warehouse worker. In August 1941, the top of the Communistische Partij Nederland sent him to the Dutch coal-mining area (Mijnstreek). Lived with Lubbert Bos. Jagt, Bos, and Nas were responsible for the distribution of De Vonk and were assisted by at least one hundred delivery men. (Cammaert X, p. 1001) On May 29, 1942, in connection with the theft of a bicycle, the Schaesberg police arrested De Vonk distributor F.E. Scheper from W. Gerards’ group, who received the newspapers from S. Rinzema. Scheper’s house was threatened with a search, and he confided in M. Driessen, a municipal policeman. He asked him to ask his wife to burn the remaining copies of De Vonk. The municipal policeman informed Mayor K. Brouwers, a Dutch Nazi. Dozens of De Vonk distributors from Schaesberg, Nieuwenhagen, Heerlen, and Waubach (now Ubach over Worms) were arrested on Saturday, May 30, 1942. On June 26, 1942, Nas managed to escape from his guards J. Gouman and J. Weekhout during the transport to Maastricht, and he returned to Zuid-Holland, but more than a year later he was still arrested and executed. The loss of Nas resulted in the end of contact with the national party management. He is mentioned on a memorial stele at the Crooswijk municipal cemetery in Rotterdam.
wall: middel, row 02-02
Rinzema /Rensema,
Sjoerd
∗ 1909-02-28
Drachten
† 1945-06-01
Maastricht
Heerlen - CPN - press - Baker. According to oorloggravenstichting.nl/ and verzetsmuseum.org his name was Rinzema, according to the card index of the CPN (communist party) it was Rensema. Since the same date of death is given, it is probably about the same person. Distributor of De Vonk and De Waarheid. Arrested in June 1942. He arrived at Dachau concentration camp on May 26, 1944, was liberated there on April 29, 1945, but died shortly thereafter as a result of the privations he had suffered.
wall: middel, row 08-01
Rombouts,
Kees (Cornelis)
∗ 1889-04-04
Zundert
† 1942-12-09
Buchenwald
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - Gravel merchant. Date of death December 2 or 9, 1942
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader of De Vonk and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists.
wall: right, row 01-04
Schillings,
H.Peter
∗ 1900-02-28
Nieuwenhagen
† 1942-11-07
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - Worker in a brickyard, arrested on June 4, 1942 for distributing the party newspaper De Vonk. (Cammaert chapter X, Appendix VIII. Arrest of Communists and Radical Socialists 1940-1945).
wall: right, row 02-01
Schillings,
Johan
∗ 1921-05-19
Nieuwenhagen
† 1942-12-14
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - Johan Joseph Schillings, house painter, arrested on June 4, 1942 for distributing De Vonk. (Cammaert chapter X, Appendix VIII. Arrest of Communists and Radical Socialists 1940-1945).
wall: right, row 01-05
Senster,
Hein
∗ 1914-12-21
Vaals
† 1945-05-03
Lübecker Bucht
Vaals - CPN - early resistance - unorganized resistance - Hendrik Servatius Jozef Senster was a miner. Arrested on fair Monday, June 23, 1941, a month and a half after the Germans invaded the Netherlands. He had organized a demonstration with a group of young people from Vaals. Then, in protest, they swept the street dirt in the direction of the German border. Two of the group were arrested. Hub Hermans was transferred to the Amersfoort concentration camp and later released. Hein ended up in Neuengamme near Hamburg. He had no success writing from the camp. Only one letter to a German address (in near Vaalserquartier) arrived.
In May 1945, the prisoners were transferred from Neuengamme to ships in the Bay of Lübeck. What the SS’s intentions were in doing so could never be clarified with certainty. The ships were bombed by the Allies on the assumption that they were troop transports, and perhaps that was exactly the idea behind it. Hein Senster was killed as a result.
wall: right, row 25-06
Sijbers,
Piet
∗ 1912-02-01
Tegelen
† 1942-05-15
Neuengamme
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Tegelen - CPN - Peter Johannes Sijbers was a soap dealer. He was considered a communist by the municipality of Tegelen and was therefore arrested by the occupying forces. But according to his brother Frits he was never a communist at all, but probably a great admirer of the Berber-Moroccan freedom fighter Abd el Karim el-Khattabi. A policeman warned him, but again according to his brother, Piet replied: “So what, I’m not a communist!” (Source: Theo Laumans, Oorlogservaringen uit Tegelen en Belfeld, 2003, pp. 92-93). Nevertheless, he is in the CPN card file box, card 55, with the note: Help to KPD emigrants from Germany, organization IRH (International Red Aid).
Buried at Nationaal Ereveld Loenen, grave D 185.
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-27
Snippe,
Dirk
∗ 1893-11-30
Emmen
† 1943-04-05
Buchenwald (Weimar)
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner, lived in Waubach. Voluntary collaborator of De vonk. Arrêté le 30 mars 1942.
wall: right, row 24-05
Soesman,
Gerard L.R.
∗ 1922-06-23
Valkenburg
† 1945-01-21
Auschwitz/Oświęcim
Maastricht - Valkenburg - CPN - Jew - early resistance - press - Student HBS (high school). Listed in the Honor Roll of Victims 1940 – 1945, in the category resistance people. Moreover he had a Jewish father, Jacob Soesman. Mother: Christina Johanna Maria Prick
See also the site of Joods Monument: “Gerhard Lodewijk Robertus Soesman, who had attended commercial secondary school, lived in Maastricht. He worked in the underground for the Dutch communist party (CPN). He distributed papers, including De Vonk. Because of the V-Mann (informant) Engwirda, he was caught in Maastricht on 24 January 1942. He was locked up at the prison in Maastricht and subsequently deported to Auschwitz via Vught concentration camp.”
See also Genealogy Soesman
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Gerard L.R. Soesman op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: left, row 35-04
Sonneville,
Alphonse
Fons
∗ 1883-07-23
Maastricht
† 1945-02-25
Dachau
Maastricht - CPN - press - Representative for wine, worked for a French secret service. During the Occupation, he was suspected of working for British and Belgian intelligence during World War I and later for the French Popular Front government. He was a propagandist for the Vereniging van Vrienden van de Sovjetunie (V.V.S.U., Association of Friends of the Soviet Union) and co-founder of the Maastrichtse Culturele Filmliga (Maastricht Cultural Film League). The league aimed to correct the negative image of the Soviet Union by showing Russian (propaganda) films and warning against fascism. (Cammaert X, p. 978 ff.). Arrested on May 10, 1940 for anti-German attitude. He was released on March 27, 1941, but his further activities were closely monitored. Since then he was involved in the distribution of De Vonk, the Limburg edition of De Waarheid. On June 25, 1942, the SiPo, in cooperation with the Ordnungspolizei, struck again and arrested at least 27 distributors of De Vonk, including Sonneville.
wall: left, row 36-04
Tersteeg,
Nol
∗ 1890-01-01
Huissen
† 1943-01-21
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - Johannes Arnoldus T. was a miner. Arrested on May 31, 1942. Reason: “Support to people in hiding and to De Waarheid (The Truth)” (CPN file).
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists. But even if so, there is still his “support to people in hiding”.
wall: right, row 02-02
Theunissen,
Johannes Wilhelmus Hubertus
Giel
∗ 1904-01-30
Mesch (L)
† 1944-09-08
Stadbroek, gem.Sittard
Munstergeleen - CPN - press - Lived in Munstergeleen. Unmarried. Newspaper deliverer. Member of the resistance under the pseudonym Giel. See also Crauwels, Paulus Nicolaas.
“On September 7, 1944, two distributors of De Waarheid, J.W.H. Theunissen and P.N. Crauwels, who had picked up some copies at S. Beyer shortly before, were arrested by some land guards (auxiliar police) in Munstergeleen. The next day the two were murdered in Sittard” (Van Aernsbergen)
wall: left, row 39-02
Tholen,
Hein
∗ 1907-01-23
Willich
† 1942-11-14
Neuengamme
Schaesberg - CPN - press - Miner. Arrested for having distributed the illegal paper De Vonk.
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader of De Vonk and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists.
wall: right, row 12-03
Vallen,
Stephanus Hubertus
∗ 1901-03-11
Rothem, B
† 1943-05-02
Neuengamme
Venlo - CPN - press - He was a mason and an acquaintance of Lubbert Bos. Distributor of the party newspaper De Vonk (Cammaert X, p. 1001). Last address: Maasschriksel 13, Venlo, arrested on June 24, 1941. File number in Neuengamme: 347/1946, camp number ?0736.
wall: middel, row 22-01
Veldhoven, van
Johan Theodoor
∗ 1914-08-06
Heerlen
† 1942-11-06
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - Jan van Veldhoven was a miner. Arrested on May 31, 1942. Reason: “Financial support to de Vonk (the Spark)” (CPN file). According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader of De Vonk and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists.
wall: right, row 02-03
Vinerius /Vienerius,
Engelbert Joseph
∗ 1893-05-10
Rheine
† 1942-11-17
Neuengamme
Heerlen - CPN - press - Miner, distributor of De Vonk and De Waarheid, arrested in August 1942. Died in the main camp of Neuengamme.
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wall: middel, row 08-02
Wetering, van de
Maricus
∗ 1905-05-06
Heesch
† 1942-11-14
Neuengamme
Schaesberg - CPN - press - Miner. Arrested for having distributed the illegal paper “De Vonk”. Cammaert gives the date of death as November 14, 1942 (Chapter X, Appendix VIII. Arrest of Communists and Radical Socialists 1940-1945) The oorlogsgravenstichting.nl gives the date of death as December 20, 1942.
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader of De Vonk and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists.
wall: right, row 12-04
Witvoet,
Marinus
∗ 1922-12-13
Emmen
† 1944-10-28
Venlo
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Geleen - CPN - press - Mijnwerker uit Geleen, medewerker van de Waarheid maar geen partijlid. Opgepakt 24 maart 1944 in Geleen. Gedeporteerd naar Remscheid (D). Omgekomen tijdens bombardement op de Maasbruggen in Venlo tijdens zijn tweede ontvluchtingspoging. Opgegeven voor de erelijst.
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-32