The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

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Police


Former police station of Valkenburg

Police – 21 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Beerman,
Wilhelmus Adrianus
Wim
∗ 1909-08-20
Amsterdam
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - Wilhelmus Adrianus Beerman was a police photographer and detective.
During the Second World War, he was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on the Daalseweg on September 24, because he knew too much. However, Ederveen managed to escape and to alert the Germans. As a result, dozens of people were arrested on September 27, and on June 6, 1944, the five most important members of this resistance group were executed in the dunes near Overveen.

Bongaerts,
Charles M.H.J.
∗ 1909-08-07
Venlo
† 1944-11-23
KZ Ladelund, KZ Neuengamme
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - Married to Trees (Theresa) Dahmen. In 1940 Charles was a reserve officer in the Dutch army and during the five day battle of the Netherlands he fought on the so called “Grebbenberg Line”, that the Dutch army held to the very end, repulsing heavy assaults from the German forces. After this, Charles Bongaerts was the head of the fire service in Heerlen, center of the coal mining area and this gave him access to vehicles which enabled him to play a prominent part in the underground resistance. They put up airmen in their home and transported them south on the long journey to England via Belgium, France and Gibraltar or Switzerland. On one occasion Charles Bongaerts stopped a German convoy and, claiming to be on urgent business, got a mechanic to repair his vehicle while three American airmen were in the back. Source Joseph Marie Phillipe Bongaerts DFC, FC, OHK1
Before the war, he used to be a journalist at the daily newspaper Limburgsch Dagblad in Heerlen. Together with some others, he founded the resistance newspaper Het Vrije Volk (The Free People), not to be confused with the same-named post-war newspaper. It was directed mainly at miners and was very well informed, because they had their people everywhere, even at the SiPo in Maastricht! (Cammaert XI, p. 1077).
His group was infiltrated in 1944 (Englandspiel), Charles was betrayed too and died in a German concentration camp on the 23 November 1944.
wall: left, row 16-01
Bots,
Theo J.
∗ 1905-02-28
Leiden
† 1944-05-05
Roermond
Roermond - L.O. - police - Chief Inspector of Police. “In addition to the cooperation of the L.O. side and the associated aid apparatus for refugees, the contribution of some Roermond police officers was important, including Th.J. Bots. They followed in the footsteps of Bouman and his people and, in cooperation with the L.O. district leadership, established new links, e.g. to pilot helpers in Eindhoven…
On the basis of the confessions of one or more member of the group Bongaerts, Bots, Heiligers, and Munten were arrested on Tuesday, February 29, 1944, by Sipo officers Nitsch and W. Meyer. Inspector Bots died shortly after his release.” (Cammaert IV, p. 301)
He is buried in the municipal cemetery Kapel in ’t Zand in Roermond.
wall: right, row 04-03
Bruls,
Leo
∗ 1912-02-06
Sittard
† 1945-04-17
Dresden
Sittard - early resistance - Group Smit - police - Léon Antoine Bruls from Sittard was an aircraft mechanic. After the capitulation of the dutch army in 1940, he became a member of the mine police at the Maurits state mine. From this we can conclude that he previously worked in the Dutch Air Force. Also from the fact that he managed to get his hands on a considerable amount of weapons, which he gave to Bartels and Dresen. In addition, group Smit in Heerlen was supplied with weapons. (Cammaert Chapter II, p. 100) After a large part of the group Smit had been arrested on February 2, 1942, it was Léon Bruls’ turn on February 17. Sentenced to life imprisonment for illegal possession of weapons and sabotage, murdered in February 1945 while attempting to escape from the concentration camp (Cammaert II, p. 116, Appendix V: Arrests in the Smit group) This differs from what is stated by Oorlogsgravenstichting.nl. There we also read: “Two brothers-in-law from Limburg are killed in the war. Léon Bruls did not survive the hardships in several German concentration camps. He died in the Dresden subcamp of the Flossenbürg concentration camp. His brother-in-law Jan Gerard Marie Höchstenbach (born November 28, 1923 in Sittard, died by an attack with a bomb trap on November 7, 1947 in Tasikmalaja in Indonesia.)
wall: right, row 17-04
Colleije (Colleye),
Joseph
∗ 1921-07-27
Eys (Wittem)
† 1949-01-25
Nijmegen
Simpelveld - unorganized resistance - police - Josephus Hubertus Theodorus (Joseph) Colleije died after the liberation as a result of the starvation and exhaustion suffered in the prisons and camps, and was subsequently buried in Eys. Since his parents moved to Simpelveld, he too is registered there as a war victim. In the late 30’s and early 40’s he was in the ceramic art workshop in Tegelen. To avoid being called up for forced labor, he applied for police training in Schalkhaar, where he realized he had to be careful about what he said. After this training, he became a constable in the police. He also got involved in the underground, mainly to help people in need. Being aware of the dangers, he preferred to work alone. He helped to bring prisoners of war, pilots, students and Jews to safety.
wall: right, row 17-01
Dusink,
Lubbert
Lambert
∗ 1907-04-28
’s-Gravenhage
† 1945-05-24
Ludwigslust
Nederweert - L.O. - police - Lubertus Hindrikus Johannes Dusink lived, among other places, in Nederweert, where he worked as a municipal policeman. On March 10, 1943, he was relocated to Mierlo-Hout in connection with the reorganization of the police. He stayed in contact with Nederweert. Provided with the necessary papers, he and a colleague brought a handcuffed Jewish hiding person, Max Noach, by train to Dordrecht at the beginning of 1944. Allegedly as their prisoner, in reality on the way to a better place to go into hiding. Max was released in the crowd on the station square. (http://www.stolpersteine-dordrecht.nl/ het_voorbije_joodse_dordrecht_Max_Noach.html).
In June 1944, two colleagues had to take Pierre Dorssers, a real prisoner, by train to Maastricht for illegally possessing weapons. He fled when the policemen looked away briefly. The exact circumstances are unknown. The SiPo didn’t let that get away. On the same evening the two "inattentives", Herman Kroezen and K.W.L.A. Wering were summoned to Maastricht for rendering of account, but also their chief Josephs as well as Dusink. Presumably they were accused Mayor Rösener Manz and certainly by a police officer who had been dismissed for theft and who made all kinds of allegations against Kroezen, Wering and Dusink (did one of these two know about the transport papers for Max Noah?). Kroezen, Wering and Dusink ended up in German camps. Only Wering returned after the war. Dusink was transferred to the Vught camp on August 1, 1944, then to Oranienburg / Sachsenhausen near Berlin. Last seen there on February 12, 1945, presumably deceased in Wöbbelin concentration camp near Ludwigslust, where many evacuation transports from other camps landed at the end of the war. Here the prisoners were practically left to die. Kroezen collapsed in Bergen-Belsen that same month.
wall: left, row 39-04
Hendriks,
Bartholomeus Theodorus
Bart
∗ 1915-04-16
Nijmegen
† 1944-06-06
Overveen, duinen
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - During the Second World War, he was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on the Daalseweg on September 24, because he knew too much. However, Ederveen managed to escape and to alert the Germans. As a result, dozens of people were arrested on September 27, and on June 6, 1944, the five most important members of this resistance group were executed in the dunes near Overveen.


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Kroezen,
Herman L.M.
∗ 1919-12-02
Boxmeer
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen?
Horst - police - Policeman in Weert. Although he did not belong to the organized resistance, he supported it wherever he could, which eventually became his undoing. Together with policeman K.W.L.A. Wering, chief A. Josephs and gendarme Lambert Dusink he was called to account by the SiPo in Maastricht because in Weert the resister Dorssers had escaped. From Maastricht he was transported to camp Vught and later to Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Oranienburg. In 1969, it was not clear exactly where he had died. Cammaert supposed Bergen-Belsen (Cammaert VIb, pp. 704-705).
wall: left, row 23-02
Linders,
Franciscus Gerardus Pierre
Frans
∗ 1918-05-03
Venlo
† 1944-09-12
Eindhoven
Geleen - K.P. - police - Pierre was a policeman in Geleen. In early 1944 he was transferred to Eindhoven, where he joined a resistance group that, among other things, transported weapons for the underground, the Partizanen Actie Nederland. His resistance name was Frans. On September 12, 1944, he was shot in an ambush during a sabotage operation at the train station. Buried in Venlo. Is mentioned on the war memorial in Lindenheuvel (municipality of Sittard-Geleen).
Source: Dodenboek Venlo (Venlo Book of the Dead).
wall: left, row 09-04
Marcusse,
Albertus Hendrikus
Albert
∗ 1903-11-02
Batenburg
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - Albert Marcusse was married to Johannea Stevens and together they had seven children. He was chief inspector (hoofdinspecteur) of police and during the Second World War, he was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on the Daalseweg on September 24, because he knew too much. However, Ederveen managed to escape and to alert the Germans. As a result, dozens of people were arrested on September 27, and on June 6, 1944, the five most important members of this resistance group were executed in the dunes near Overveen.


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Miltenburg,
Harry
∗ 1911-12-17
Nijmegen
† 1944-08-30
Kamp Vught
Weert - L.O. - police - Hendrikus Cornelis Bernard (Harry) Miltenburg worked at the police administration in Weert with the rank of deputy inspector. His collegues J.H.M. Geurts and P.W. Saes also collaborated with the L.O. in Weert. Harry was arrested after a person in hiding, who was living with Miltenburg, was arrested in Rotterdam. It turned out that this person was carrying a floor plan of the distribution office in Weert, which had probably been drawn by Miltenburg. (In many cities, raids on distribution offices were carried out, e.g., to obtain documents or to protect helpful officials. A successful example: Valkenburg). Harry was arrested together with his wife. She was soon released, but he was taken to Kamp Vught (Herzogenbusch concentration camp), where he was shot on August 30, 1944, along with more than twenty fellow prisoners.
wall: right, row 38-01
Mullen, van der
Alphons J.A.
∗ 1886-11-01
Liège
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
Helden - L.O. - police - Alphons van der Mullen was one of the three police officers active in Helden in the resistance (the other two were J.J. Grijsbach and G.W.H. van Amerongen. He was their local chief or Opperwachtmeester). They and the other pilot helpers were all members of the local L.O. and K.P. section. (Cammaert IV, p.310), which was headed by an official of the local distribution office, W.L. Houwen. In July 1943, a large German unit raided a forest camp for hidden persons. Van der Mullen having warned Houwen, the camp was evacuated just in time. But for the farmer Cornelis Krans, who had helped set up the camp, the raid turned out to be fatal.
Finally, on May 17, 1944, also van der Mullen fell victim to the great raid in Helden and Sevenum. More than 50 people were arrested. Seven of them did not survive the war or died soon after, including Alphons van der Mullen.
For more information, see the text above the list of fallen resistance fighters from Helden ( Cammaert VIb, p. 602v) Transferred from the Vught camp to Sachsenhausen on 4 September 1944. ( Het Vrije Volk 20-07-1945, under « Request for information »).
wall: left, row 21-03
Noordermeer,
Cornelis Klaas
Cor
∗ 1918-04-12
Lochem
† 1944-08-11
kamp Vught
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - police - The outskirts of Limburg - RVV - The policeman Cor Noordermeer was the local leader of the Raad van Verzet (RVV, Resistance Council) in Deurne. The RVV was a loose association of scattered, independent resistance groups that, in the absence of national coordination, had to act completely independently. Working from their base at De Zwarte Plak in the Limburg village of America, members of the group aided downed Allied pilots and those in hiding. Together with the local radio service, information was gathered and exchanged.
On May 13, 1944, through the intercession of their colleague José Peerbooms, ‘Don José’, Cor and Nico van Oosterhout were on their way to a meeting of the RVV in Utrecht. They did not return. Upon arrival at the Utrecht train station, both were immediately arrested by the Germans and taken to the Scheveningen prison, the ‘Oranjehotel’, for interrogation. There they were interrogated twice and tortured for 24 hours. Finally, they were deported to the Vught concentration camp, where they were shot at the execution site on August 11, 1944.
The resistance held José Peerbooms (who had been under suspicion before) responsible for the arrest and liquidated him on July 13, 1944.
Source: oorlogsgravenstichting.nl


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.03-10
Oolbekkink,
Herman
∗ 1911-09-27
Deventer,
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - During the Second World War, detective Oolbekkink was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on the Daalseweg on September 24, because he knew too much. However, Ederveen managed to escape and to alert the Germans. As a result, dozens of people were arrested on September 27, and on June 6, 1944, the five most important members of this resistance group were executed in the dunes near Overveen. More about this in the introductory text about Nijmegen.
Herman Oolbekkink is buried with corps honors on the Vredehof field of honor.


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Rooyackers /Rooijackers,
Wim A.
∗ 1918-03-13
Heerlen
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Heerlen - early resistance - K.P. - press - police - Wilhelmus Antonius (Wim) Rooijackers was a trade correspondent and a member of the mine police. Almost from the beginning of the war he was involved with prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany. (Cammaert III, p. 217) He also was involved in a failed assassination attempt (Cammaert IV, p. 286) and he was active in the group that distributed the illegal magazine Het Parool in South Limburg. (Cammaert XI, p. 1050) He was busted together with the midwife A.M. Bensen-Offermans, who was liberated in the Maastricht prison raid.
But Wim Rooijackers was one of many executed in Vught on Dolle Dinsdag (Mad Tuesday).
wall: left, row 17-03
Smit,
Sjef
∗ 1916-09-09
Roermond
† 1942-09-17
Amsterdam
Heerlen - early resistance - Group Smit - police - Jef Smit from Roermond, before the war a professional soldier, chose after demobilization in July 1940 to join the police in Heerlen. He did not stay there for long. It was a thorn in his side that the public actions of N.S.B. members and other pro-German elements remained unpunished. When it also became clear that anti-N.S.B. sentiments had to be suppressed, he had had enough. He lost confidence in the police leaders and in the spring of 1941 he resigned. On 19 June he entered the service of the Oranje Nassau mine as a turner.
There he stole dynamite rods for committing acts of sabotage. (Cammaert II, p. 107)
He sought and found contact with former soldiers and others who thought as he did, in the mines and beyond. Thus was born the Group Smit.
Smit was shot and reburied on 17 May 1954 in Maastricht in grave R 20b at the Municipal Cemetery on Tongerseweg, circle of honor R: graves of 6 fallen resistance fighters from Limburg.
wall: left, row 19-02
Snijders,
Johannes Franciscus
Frans
∗ 1916-09-16
Helden L.
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Weert - L.O. - - press - police - Railroad policeman, courier for Jan Hendrikx (Ambrosius). Distributed illegal newspapers such as De Stem, Je Maintiendrai and Trouw. On July 19, 1944, he received a telegram asking him to come to Eindhoven the next day. He was arrested in the station waiting room after being identified by an unknown person. The courier ended up in Vught, where he was shot on September 5, shortly before the liberation of the camp.
wall: right, row 35-05
Starren,
Jozef Mathieu
∗ 1900-10-15
Maastricht
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
Horst - L.O. - police - Chief of police in Horst. Belonged to a resistance group that had housed divers (persons in hiding), students and pilots in two camps in the woodland Schadijkse Bossen. Antonie Damen, a young marine engineer working for German counter intelligence, infiltrated the group. With 15 others Starren was arrested on August 19, 1943. (Cammaert IV, p.p. 315-317)
wall: left, row 23-04
Tobben,
Harrie /Harry
∗ 1917-08-24
Heerlen
† 1945-03-15
Hameln (D
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - carillon - Former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 member of the mine police. Was involved, among other things, in acts of sabotage in the Oranje-Nassau Mine I (O.N. I) in Heerlen, which was uncovered by the SiPo. In June 1942, on the advice of police friends, he went into hiding in Baexem, but just continued to help fugitives. From the speech by Dr. Fred Cammaert at the unveiling of the memorial plaque at the Peace Carillon): “Under the inspiring leadership of Charles Bongaerts, he and other former military personnel devoted themselves to all manner of resistance activities, ranging from aiding Jews, Allied airmen, and those in hiding (the so called divers), to gathering weapons and intelligence information, to producing and distributing illegal magazines and acts of sabotage. As a result of infiltrating by provocateurs in German service, he was arrested on August 6, 1943.”
wall: left, row 19-05
Ummels,
Anton Hubert
∗ 1894-07-15
Amby
† 1944-08-30
Belfeld
Beesel - Reuver - L.O. - K.P. - police - Antonius Hubertus Ummels had the rank of Opperwachtmeester in the police, which was generally associated with the function of station chief. He belonged to the LO in Reuver, moreover its combat group KP.
Dr. Fred Cammaert wrote (Chapter VIb p. 589): “A truck driver, who had observed the arrest of Pereira by people of the A.K.D. from a distance, hurried to Reuver and informed Verstappen and the opperwachtmeester A.H. Ummels. Both went to Pereira’s diving address. Near the farm of the Janssen family, Pereira’s hosts, a gunfight ensued between A.K.D. man Sabbé, who was on guard outside, and Verstappen. The latter was fatally hit in hiss forehead and chest. Ummels, who arrived a little later, was arrested. Ummels, Pereira and the remains of Verstappen were taken to a barracks in Blerick. … Ummels and Pereira were shot dead by Nitsch and Conrad on the railroad line between Belfeld and Reuver on the orders of Ströbel of the Maastricht Sicherheitspolizei.
in memoriam card”.
More about the very violent AKD-police, see on top of the list of fallen resistants in Venlo, where they were based.
wall: left, row 03-02
Will,
Peter
∗ 1896-08-21
Schoonhoven
† 1945-04-24
Transport
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - press - police - The outskirts of Limburg - Quality inspector in the slaughterhouse of Nijmegen [1] and honorary policeman. After May 1940, he helped people who wanted to escape forced labor in Germany. He distributed the underground newspaper Trouw [8], took care of people in hiding, helped stranded Allied airmen, and was involved in espionage activities as a member of the radio group of Captain Hogerland’s organization. [2] Arrested on December 1, 1943, for working for Trouw. According to his family, he died in Germany between April 13 and 18, 1945. In the spring of 2021, the Nijmegen City Council decided to name one of the streets in the Hof van Holland quarter after him.

Our father, Peter Will, … was a prisoner of the German SiPo-SD (security police) from December 2, 1943 until his death in April 1945. In the Netherlands he was imprisoned in Arnhem from December 2, 1943. On May 20, 1944, he was sent to the Polizeiliches Durchgangslager (police transit camp) in Amersfoort.
On October 11, 1944, he was transported to the German concentration camp Neuengamme and probably sent directly to the subcamp of Meppen-Versen (Emsland). On March 25, 1945 he was brought to the main camp as a sick man and then on April 8 they were transported by trains (cattle wagons) in the direction of Bergen-Belsen, Bergedorf, Neubrandenburg, Hamburg-Altona, Bremervörde and Brillit. There his body was taken from the train and buried in a mass grave with about 300 others. After my oldest brother, Bert Will, and I became aware of these facts, we wrote a booklet about this. [3]

A detailed article about Peter Will can be found in the German Wikipedia [6].

  1. Memorial plaque in the Nijmegen slaughterhouse
  2. oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl
  3. B.en P.Will, Peter Will 21-8-1896 - ??-4-1945. Een levensverhaal, (A life story) Nijmegen -Veenendaal 2008, + cd with pictures and video clip, ISBN 978-90-90-23827-2
  4. Nationaal Ereveld (National Field of Honor) in Loenen, grave A 372
  5. nos.nl: Zoon van verzetsheld krijgt na 71 jaar alsnog afscheidsbrief (son of a resistance hero receives farewell letter after 71 years)
  6. Wikipedia DE: Peter Will (Widerstandskämpfer)
  7. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/171502/peter-will
  8. Wikipedia NL: Trouw_(verzetsblad)
  9. Digital Monument

  10. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.