The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

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Helden


Liberated: 1944-11-18

In the woods near Helden an experiment was conducted to set up a real guerrilla training camp with people in hiding. It was a failure, see A military training camp for people in hiding (The Diver’s Camp near Helden) and Cammaert, Chapter VIII De Ordedienst, pp. 883: De duikkampen bij Helden en Sevenum (The Diver’s Camps near Helden and Sevenum).

The big raid
“Early on Wednesday morning, May 17, 1944, more than one hundred German soldiers, members of the Ordnungspolizei from Roermond, the almost complete SiPo-Maastricht and the five infiltrators made their way to Helden and arrested fifty-two persons. Thirty-five disappeared into camps in the Netherlands and Germany. Seven of them did not survive the war or died shortly after: A.M. Schilte (Sachsenhausen, 15. November 1944), Th.J. Kranen (Venray, November 29, 1946), G.H. van Diepen (Lübeck, June 21, 1945), Willem Lenis (Schwarmstedt, 15. September 1944), the mayor of Helden Frans van Cann (Bergen-Belsen, March 31, 1945), the chief of the Helden police Alphons van der Mullen (Bergen-Belsen, May 31, 1945) and L. van Lee (Neustadt, May 3, 1945).”
Cammaert, chapter VIb, §VIII.2.7. Rayon Helden, Meijel en Kessel of the L.O.
See also Between Maas and Peel

Helden – 10 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Cann, van
Frans P.M.
∗ 1886-12-22
Melick en Herkenbosc
† 1945-03-31
Bergen-Belsen
Helden - mayor - Mayor of Helden. He became a victim of the big raid on May 17, 1944 in Helden en Sevenum. More than 50 people were arrested. Seven of them did not survive the war or died shortly after, amongst them Frans van Cann. See the text above the list of fallen resistance people of Helden for more information.
wall: left, row 20-03
Hoebers,
Peter
∗ 1920-07-09
Helden
† 1944-08-10
Helden
Helden - K.P. - Peter Johannes Jacobus Hoebers was a blacksmith.
“Early on Thursday morning, August 10, Nitsch, assisted by four members of the Ordnungspolizei, threw Peter Hoebers and Peter Korsten out of their beds in Helden-Panningen. Korsten, father of thirteen children, however, had nothing to do with the combat groups (K.P.). The Korsten Nitsch was searching for was not P., but L. Korsten. Hoebers was the first to be taken out of his house and shot in front of it after Nitsch’s command run, run faster. The same fate befell P. Korsten. Their bodies were to be left lying in the street.” (Cammaert Chapter VI, p. 603)
The Everlo Memorial in Panningen (municipality of Helden) was erected to commemorate 94 fellow citizens who died as a result of wartime actions during the occupation.
wall: left, row 20-04
Jacobs,
Peter
∗ 1908-10-25
Helden-Beringe
† 1945-06-18
Mainau
Helden - L.O. - local contact - Peter Johannes Jacobs was chairman of the Young Farmers’ Association in Helden-Beringe. During the war years, as a local contact man (duikhoofd) of the LO, he was responsible for the accommodation of about a hundred people in hiding in Beringe and the surrounding area. On August 15, he was arrested by the SiPo as a result of treason. He tried to escape, but was hit by a bullet. On September 6, he was deported from camp Vught to Sachsenhausen. After the liberation of the concentration camp, he was taken to a convalescent home on the island of Mainau in Lake Constance, where he died on June 18, 1945.
Foto (oorlogsgravenstichting.nl)
wall: left, row 21-01
Korsten,
Peter
∗ 1904-10-03
Helden
† 1944-08-10
Helden
Helden - CCD - Controller of the CCD. On Wikipedia NL it can be read about him: "As a controller he succeeded in misleading the occupiers by soaping the mouths and claws of confiscated cattle with soapy water in order to arouse the fear that these cattle could infect German cattle with the often fatal variant of foot-and-mouth disease. The healthy meat went to the resistance in this way." A similar story can be found on Meat Supply for the Submerged.
Cammaert wrote about him: “Early on Thursday morning, August 10, Nitsch, assisted by four members of the Ordnungspolizei, threw Peter Hoebers and Peter Korsten out of their beds in Helden-Panningen. Korsten, father of thirteen children, however, had nothing to do with the combat groups (K.P.). The Korsten Nitsch was searching for was not P., but L. Korsten. Hoebers was the first to be taken out of his house and shot in front of it after Nitsch’s command run, run faster. The same fate befell P. Korsten. Their bodies were to be left lying in the street.” (Cammaert Chapter VI, p. 603)
The Everlo Memorial in Panningen (municipality of Helden) was erected to commemorate 94 fellow citizens who died as a result of wartime actions during the occupation.
wall: left, row 21-02
Krans,
Cornelis
∗ 1887-03-30
Hoogezand
† 1944-03-02
Helmond
Helden - early resistance - L.O. - carillon - Cornelis Krans lived on a farm in Helden and early in the war he sheltered already a Jewish family in an underground hiding place just a stone’s throw from his house. When, after the strikes of April and May 1943, which included the miners’ strike, hiding took on mass dimensions, the resistance movement in Venlo came up with the idea of setting up military training camps in the forests of North and Middle Limburg. For this purpose, Krans provided some dismountable chicken coops. These were set up in the woods behind the farm. Since the people in hiding did not take their own security very seriously, all sorts of rumors soon began to circulate. The consequences of so much gossip could not fail to be felt. In July 1943, a large German contingent raided the forest camp, which could be evacuated just in time.The inhabitants got off with a fright. But not Krans. He was arrested and taken to a prison in Germany. Seriously ill, he returned to the Netherlands, where he died in March 1944. (Dr. Fred Cammaert, speech on the occasion of the unveiling of the memorial plaque at the Peace Carillon).
wall: left, row 20-05
Lee, van
Lambert /Bert
∗ 1906-07-20
Geffen (N-B)
† 1945-05-03
Lübecker Bucht
Helden - L.O. - Foreman at the Koninklijke Nederlandse Heidemaatschappij (Royal Dutch Heath Society) in North Limburg, moves to Panningen. From 1943 he helped people in hiding in and around Helden to forge personal identification cards. Arrested during the big raid on May 17, 1944 in Helden and Sevenum. More than 50 people were arrested. Seven of them did not survive the war or died shortly afterwards, including Bert. See the text above the list of fallen resistants of Helden for more information.
Died during the last days of the war in the catastrophe on the prison ship Cap Arcona.
wall: middel, row 09-02
Lenis,
Willem
∗ 1923-12-14
Leeuwarden
† 1944-09-15
Schwarmstedt /Swarmstedt
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Helden - person in hiding - Willem Lenis was a tailor and one of the victims of the big raid of Wednesday 17 May 1944 in Helden, his last residence. Deceased Schwarmstedt 32 km southwest of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, perhaps in the reserve hospital there.
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-21
Mullen, van der
Alphons J.A.
∗ 1886-11-01
Liège
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
Helden - L.O. - police - Alphons van der Mullen was one of the three police officers active in Helden in the resistance (the other two were J.J. Grijsbach and G.W.H. van Amerongen. He was their local chief or Opperwachtmeester). They and the other pilot helpers were all members of the local L.O. and K.P. section. (Cammaert IV, p.310), which was headed by an official of the local distribution office, W.L. Houwen. In July 1943, a large German unit raided a forest camp for hidden persons. Van der Mullen having warned Houwen, the camp was evacuated just in time. But for the farmer Cornelis Krans, who had helped set up the camp, the raid turned out to be fatal.
Finally, on May 17, 1944, also van der Mullen fell victim to the great raid in Helden and Sevenum. More than 50 people were arrested. Seven of them did not survive the war or died soon after, including Alphons van der Mullen.
For more information, see the text above the list of fallen resistance fighters from Helden ( Cammaert VIb, p. 602v) Transferred from the Vught camp to Sachsenhausen on 4 September 1944. ( Het Vrije Volk 20-07-1945, under « Request for information »).
wall: left, row 21-03
Schers,
Albertus Jacobus
Albert
∗ 1924-06-25
Helden
† 1945-05-01
Sandbostel
Helden - Albert was a farmer’s son and helped support the people in hiding in the camp in the Bovensbos near Cornelis Krans. Arrested together with Krans, when that camp was evacuated. In Maastricht and Amersfoort harshly questioned about the escaped hiders, but he knew nothing that was not already known. He was released again, probably with the intention of shadowing him. Therefore he went into hiding in Sevenum. Arrested at his hiding address on 08 April 1944.
He ended up again in Maastricht and Amersfoort, on 11 October 1944 in Neuengamme and in April 1945 Sandbostel.
KZ Gedenkstätte Neuengamme wrote: “In April 1945, the SS housed prisoners from Neuengamme concentration camp in a separate part of the prisoner-of-war camp Stalag XB Sandbostel. About 9500 men, many of them from the subcamps in Bremen, Wilhelmshaven and Emsland, spent the last weeks of their captivity in Sandbostel. Rations and supplies were inadequate, and many prisoners died, especially since a typhus epidemic also broke out in Sandbostel.”
Liberated in Sandbostel on 29 April 1945, but died before his return.
wall: left, row 21-04
Schilte,
Ant. M.
∗ 1907-08-27
Rotterdam
† 1944-11-15
Sachsenhausen,
Helden - Victim of the on May 17, 1944 in Helden and Sevenum. More than 50 people were arrested. Seven of them did not survive the war or died shortly afterwards, including Toon Schilte. See the text above the list of fallen resistance people of Helden for more information.
wall: left, row 22-01