The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

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Venlo

Linker Maasoever 3 december 1944


Liberated: 1944-12-03 – 1945-03-02
Wikipedia NL: Bevrijding van Venlo en Blerick

Venlo 1945 (Wikimedia)
Bombardementen op Venlo (Wikipedia)
Bevrijding van Venlo en Blerick (Wikipedia)

The Bogey of Venlo. In mid-August 1943, a certain Johan Berendsen joined the municipal police of Venlo. He later commanded the Labour Control Service AKD (German: Arbeitskontrolldienst,), a gang of former camp guards, with the task of hunting down people in hiding. Berendsen thus acquired the nickname the bogey of Venlo. They also went hunting in the surrounding towns.
“In the summer of 1944, the commando Berendsen of the AKD raged in the region. It is not known how many of the hiders fell victim to it. At least five of them died in Germany: A.J. van den Munckhof, L.J. Rongen, J.M. van Gestel, P.H. van Rhee and H.A. van Oudenhoven” (Cammaert VIb, p. 713)

Venlo – 18 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Berger,
Fons
∗ 1925-05-01
Venlo
† 1945-01-22
Neuengamme
Venlo - L.O. - - Alfons Reinoud Berger was the eldest son of the mayor of Venlo, who stepped down in 1941, and attended the gymnasium Sint-Thomas College there. “In 1944, the SiPo inflicted two major blows on the Venlo resistance.” (Municipal Archives) “On Tuesday, February 29, the Sipo struck and arrested P.N.A. Peters, Harry Holla, parish priest Omloo, the couriers A.R. Berger and F.G.M.J. Coehorst, some other collaborators of the L.O. and a number of people in hiding. Berger eventually ended up in Neuengamme, where he succumbed to exhaustion in January 1945.” (Cammaert VIb, p. 582) .
Coehorst,
Frans
Van Aken
∗ 1925-09-22
Venlo
† 1944-11-01
Zwickau
Venlo - L.O. - - The 18-year-old Frans Gerard Marie Joseph Coehorst was asked by Hendrikx after his graduation from high school to work for him as a courier in the Limburg district and secretary. Thus he knew many prominent L.O. members. Arrested on February 29, 1944, along with P.N.A. Peters, Harry Holla, the parish priest Omloo and Fons Berger. Immediately thereafter, alarming news reached Hendrikx from Maastricht. Nitsch and his SiPo colleagues were doing everything they could to get Coehorst to talk. For four days he was hung by his wrists. The whole time he was given neither food nor drink. However, Coehorst’s release from Maastricht prison, scheduled for early April 1944, did not take place because Coehorst and a group of other prisoners had been transferred to Amersfoort the previous day. Via Kleve, Leipzig and Hanover, he finally ended up in Flossenbürg (Bavarian: Flossabirch), where he had to work in a car factory. The mistreatment in Maastricht and possibly elsewhere had weakened the 18-year-old so much that he died of total exhaustion in a hospital in Zwickau on November 1, 1944. (Cammaert VIb, pp. 581-582)
Dael,
Jan
∗ 1909-01-01
Venlo
† 1945-03-09
Mauthausen
Venlo - early resistance - L.O. - Jean Marie Dael was, among other things, a hotel clerk, a driver, and a cook before finally finding his vocation in the bookstore and library De Boemerang on Geldersepoort. He was the father of six children. He had been involved in the resistance since the German invasion. His apartment and store on Geldersepoort served as a meeting place for the resistance and as a transit address for people in hiding and British pilots, because it was assumed that a place where many people went in and out would not attract attention. But they were observed from a pub across the street. On May 12, 1944, Toon Mooren from Vierlingsbeek, a pilot helper who was hiding there, was arrested in Dael’s apartment. Several unsuccessful attempts were made to free Mooren, including an attempt at bribery. A week later, the brothers Leo and Jan Dael were also arrested. Leo Dael was sent to Mauthausen via Maastricht and Vught, where he died on March 1, 1945; his brother and Toon Mooren died in the same camp on March 9 and 5, 1945, respectively. His family did not learn until 1947 that Jan Dael had died in Mauthausen.
Dael,
Leo
∗ 1907-09-12
Venlo
† 1945-03-01
Mauthausen
Venlo - early resistance - L.O. - Leopold Franciscus Dael was a self-employed cab driver and night watchman in a school seized by the Germans as an office building. He and his brother Jan took part in the resistance from the beginning.
On May 12, 1944, Toon Mooren from Vierlingsbeek, a pilot helper who was hiding there, was arrested in Jan Dael’s house. Jan’s bookstore had already been observed for some time from a pub across the street. Several unsuccessful attempts were made to free Mooren, including an attempt at bribery. A week later, the brothers Leo and Jan Dael were also arrested. Leo Dael was sent to Mauthausen via Maastricht and Vught, where he died on March 1, 1945; his brother and Toon Mooren died in the same camp on March 9 and 5, 1945, respectively. His family did not learn until 1947 that Jan Dael had died in Mauthausen.
Hendrikx /Hendrickx,
Jan J.
Ambrosius
∗ 1917-02-02
Venlo
† 1945-05-03
Oranienburg/Sachsenhausen
Venlo - Nijmegen - L.O. - person in hiding - carillon - Studeerde in Nijmegen en kreeg te maken met studentenverzet, voordat hij naar Venlo terugkwam en onderwijzer werd. (Cammaert VI, p. 576) Werd er districtsleider tot zijn overgang naar het gewest en de landelijke organisatie, in de tweede helft van de zomer van 1943. (Cammaert VI, p.p. 500-501 en 579). Gearresteerd op 21-6-1944 bij overval op provinciale vergadering LO-Limburg te Weert. Dr. Fred Cammaert zei bij zijn redevoering bij de onthulling van de plaquette bij het vredescarillon: „Als tweede noem ik de uit Venlo afkomstige onderwijzer Jan Hendrikx. Op verzoek van de kapelaans Naus en Van Enckevort nam hij in 1943 de opbouw van de Limburgse onderduikorganisatie op zich. Hij reisde stad en land af en bracht talrijke waardevolle verbindingen tot stand, zowel binnen de provincie als daarbuiten. Ook maakte hij deel uit van de leiding van de landelijke onderduikorganisatie. En, net als de bij het verzet betrokken geestelijken, was hij een verklaard voorstander van geweldloos verzet. Door de overval van Weert op 21-06-1944 viel hij in Duitse handen. Begin 1945 kwam hij om het leven tijdens een van de gruwelijke evacuatietransporten van kampgevangenen.“
Drager van het Verzetskruis.
wall: right, row 28-04
Holla,
Harry
∗ 1902-06-03
Arcen
† 0000-00-00
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
Venlo - L.O. - local contact - Johannes Hendrikus Hubertus Holla was co-owner of a car paint shop in Venlo, local contact person of the L.O. in the St. Heart parish, Venlo. “On Tuesday, February 29, the SiPo struck and arrested P.N.A. Peters, Harry Holla, parish priest Omloo, the couriers A.R. Berger and F.G.M.J. Coehorst, some other collaborators of the L.O. and a number of people in hiding." (Cammaert VIb, p. 582) Via the jail in Maastricht, where he had to deal with the infamous Nitsch, Holla was transferred to the Amersfoort concentration camp and from there to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Oranienburg near Berlin. There he died, according to the Totenbuch of this camp, on 7 January 1945 (deed 359/1946).
wall: right, row 28-03
Jans,
Katie
∗ 1923-07-24
Venlo
† 1945-01-06
Venlo
- Venlo - L.O. - - Ordedienst - person in hiding - She was a daughter of reserve Major General Jacobus Jans, commander of the OD in Limburg, and the sister of his successor Leo Jans. The latter, after his arrest, was taken out of his cell again by a group of resistance fighters from Venlo. In revenge for this, his sisters Trees and Katie were arrested. After several days of "interrogation" about the whereabouts of their brother and father, the girls were released. Katie died in the hospital of Venlo "as a result of wartime violence" (Gemeentearchief Venlo).
wall: right, row 29-01
Jong, de
Henk
∗ 1911-10-20
Wijmbretseradeel
† 1945-02-12
Haarlem
Venlo - local contact - press - NV - priest - person in hiding - In 1940, Hendrik Roelof de Jong was appointed pastor of the Reformed Church in Venlo. He was co-editor of the illegal newspaper Trouw and a collaborator of the Nationaal Steun Fonds (National Support Fund, a Dutch resistance organization that financed the rest of the resistance). From September 1943, he arranged foster care in the Venlo region for rescued Jewish children from the crèche across the street from the Hollandsche Schouwburg in Amsterdam. LO contact person for Protestants in hiding in North Limburg. In 1944 he himself went into hiding with an aunt in Amsterdam. Arrested on January 27, 1945, he was executed with seven others on Monday afternoon, February 12, 1945, near the Jan Gijzen bridge in Haarlem, where a gunfight had taken place two days earlier, killing a German field gendarme. (Venlo Registry Office, document 468/1945). Cemetery of honor in Bloemendaal, field 35.
In Venlo four clergymen paid for their resistance with their lives. On the memorial plaque at the catholic Martinus Church we find the names of three priests of this church and also that of the protestant priest Henk de Jong.
wall: right, row 28-05
Meijer,
Henry /Harry
∗ 1920-10-06
Borne
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Venlo - L.O. - - press - person in hiding - The resistance activities of Hendrikus Jozef Meijer, a teacher of classical languages and courier, in whose parental home couriers from the ten L.O. districts of Limburg regularly arrived, consisted of distributing ration cards and stamps to hidden people and distributing the resistance magazine Christofoor. He was a personal friend of Jan Hendrikx (Ambrosius). On August 12, 1944, he was arrested at home and taken to Maastricht. Shortly before the liberation of that city, he and ten others were transported to Vught via Germany and shot on Dolle Dinsdag, September 5, 1944. (Source: Dodenboek Venlo).
wall: right, row 29-03
Meiler,
Max
Piet van Kempen, oom Willem
∗ 1893-06-12
Nijmegen
† 1945-03-12
Neuengamme
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Venlo - L.O. - Max Meiler was elektrotechnicus, maar koopman van beroep. Hij was in Venlo contactman van districtsleider Ambrosius [1]
Hij woonde eind februari 1941 op de Keizersgracht in Amsterdam en hoorde op een avond laat dat in een aangrenzend bankgebouw het bij de bank inwonende gezin van de conciërge het Wilhelmus zingt. De volgende dag gaat hij erheen met de vraag of zij zo nu en dan joodse mensen willen laten overnachten die hij vanuit Noord-Holland benoorden het IJ helpt te ontkomen naar Limburg. Bij een routinecontrole in de trein vallen Meiler’s vervalste papieren op. Hij wordt naar Westerbork afgevoerd.
(Herinneringen van de dochter van de conciërge. [2])
Gearresteerd in mei 1944.
Hij was afkomstig uit Nijmegen en had blijkbaar goede banden met Limburg.

  1. Het Grote Gebod Deel I, Hoofdstuk 1, De L.O.
    Daarin: Limburg, door Drs L.E.M.A. van Hommerich (Blz 323 - 345)
  2. Joods Monument, met foto
  3. monument.vriendenkringneuengamme.nl
  4. kz-gedenkstaette-neuengamme.de/ Totenbuch
  5. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/101234/max-meiler
  6. Digital Monument

  7. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.03-08
Meulendijks,
Johannes
pater Christofoor
∗ 1895-11-16
Asten
† 0000-00-00
Bergen-Belsen
Venlo - priest - Father Christofoor was vicar at St. Martinus Church in Venlo and a member of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts (ss.cc.). He was arrested on May 1, 1944, and imprisoned in Maastricht. On June 8, 1944, to Herzogenbusch concentration camp (Dutch: Kamp Vught). On September 6 to Sachsenhausen in Oranienburg. On February 6, 1945 to Bergen-Belsen. He is mentioned on the monument De Gevallen Mens in Asten.
Three priests of the catholic Martinus Church paid for their resistance with their lives. On the memorial plaque at this church we find their names and also that of the Protestant priest Henk de Jong
wall: right, row 29-02
Naus,
Jacobus Johannes
Van Doorn /Jac
∗ 1913-12-31
Egchel
† 1945-04-15
Bergen-Belsen
Venlo - L.O. - priest - person in hiding - carillon - On June 6, 1939, Jac Naus was appointed vicar in the parish of St. Martinus in Venlo. There, together with Ambrosius and his colleague P.G. van Enckevort, he was one of the founders of the LO. Dr. Fred Cammaert said in his speech at the unveiling of the memorial plaque at the Peace Carillon:
“Vicar Jacques Naus from Venlo was not only a pioneer of the resistance, he was also an outspoken representative of the humanitarian resistance. He was involved early on in helping escaped prisoners of war and crew members of downed Allied bombers. He was also one of the initiators behind the founding of the Limburg organization for help to people in hiding in 1943. Like Jan Hendrikx, he made numerous connections and held a leading position in the organization. Due to the raid of Weert on June 21, 1944, it fell into German hands. He died in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in early 1945.
wall: right, row 29-04
Oppen, van
Jules Louis Antoine
∗ 1882-05-10
Maastricht
† 1943-02-16
Vught
Venlo - early resistance - priest - Dean Jules van Oppen was the first clergyman in Venlo and all of Limburg to pay for his resistance with death. After the German invasion on May 10, 1940, he opposed the German films that were shown in the cinemas of Venlo. According to the Church, they were immoral and anti-patriotic. The Germans took him to task several times for his film recommendations. However, the dean was not deterred by this. So he was arrested in September 1942 after his warning against the film Kora Terry starring Marika Rökk, which was shown in Venlo cinemas in May 1942, and ended up in the concentration camp in Amersfoort, from where he was taken to Vught on January 16, 1943. He died there on February 16 or 17. (Source: Gemeentearchief Venlo)
Three priests of the catholic Martinus Church paid for their resistance with their lives. On the memorial plaque at this church we find their names and also that of the Protestant priest Henk de Jong.
wall: right, row 30-04
Soest, van
Jan
∗ 1919-12-08
Kruiningen
† 1945-03-15
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
Venlo - Student - Jan van Soest, notary student, living at Stalbergweg 36 in Venlo, died around March 15, 1945 in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Oranienburg (file 408/1945). But why was he in there? (file 408/1945).
Do you know more? Write us!
wall: right, row 30-01
Soest, van
Willem
∗ 1883-05-11
’s-Gravendeel
† 1945-02-23
Bergen-Belsen
Venlo - Wilhelmus (Willem) van Soest, receiver of direct taxes. Bergen-Belsen: file 407/1945.
Photo: see link below: Dodenboek (Book of the Dead) Venlo
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wall: right, row 29-05
Soree,
Hubertina
Bertha
∗ 1906-06-04
Venlo
† 1944-11-03
Venlo
- Venlo - L.O. - - In the Venlo Book of the Dead (see link below, historie.venlo.nl), Hay Goertz writes about Hubertina Johanna Elisabeth Soree: “During the war, Bertha was active in the resistance in Venlo, where her main task was to provide courier services and deliver food supply to people in hiding, etc. She was also a Red Cross worker and provided help after bombing raids. She usually wore her Red Cross uniform, which meant that she was checked less often and she was allowed to keep her bicycle.
On November 3, 1944, she was cycling from the slaughterhouse to Velden to bring a ration of meat to people in hiding. On the Vleesstraat she was surprised by a bombardment in which she was fatally wounded. On that Friday afternoon at half past three there were 46 fatalities in Venlo. Bertha was single and lived with her mother, who was widowed at a young age and remarried Mr W. van Keeken. They lived in the high house at 306 Hogeweg (this used to be the Rummerstraat). Bertha worked at the Pope lamp factory in the housekeeping service, mainly in the first-aid station.” Venlo was a frontline town at the time and was badly damaged.
wall: right, row 30-02
Vallen,
Stephanus Hubertus
∗ 1901-03-11
Rothem, B
† 1943-05-02
Neuengamme
Venlo - CPN - press - He was a mason and an acquaintance of Lubbert Bos. Distributor of the party newspaper De Vonk (Cammaert X, p. 1001). Last address: Maasschriksel 13, Venlo, arrested on June 24, 1941. File number in Neuengamme: 347/1946, camp number ?0736.
wall: middel, row 22-01
Wolters,
Oscar
∗ 1914-12-20
Venlo
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Venlo - Student - The medical student Oscar Wilhelmus Laurentius Wolters was participant in the resistance under the pseudonyms Doctor O. de Blécourt when he had to examine people and Otto Weber as a truck driver when he had to drive for the resistance. According to the Camp Vught National Memorial, he was known as “an intelligent, astute observer who reacts quickly and decisively.” He was a member of the student resistance and refused to sign the declaration of loyalty. That was the end of his studies. Joined the organization Luctor et Emergo (later called Fiat Libertas), which was involved in helping downed pilots escape. Collected intelligence for the Allies in the Geheime Dienst Nederland (G.D.N. = Secret Service Netherlands). "In June 1944, O.W.L. Wolters, an employee of bureau chief Hoogwinkel, and H. Voskuil set out for Switzerland by order of the G.D.N. leadership. On June 22, however, they fell into German hands in Brussels. On September 5, 1944, Wolters was killed in the Kamp Vught, also known as Herzogenbusch concentration camp." Cammaert XII, p. 1120.
wall: right, row 30-03