The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

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Underground press

Underground press – 88 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Assen, van
Derk
∗ 1891-10-09
Hasselt (O)
† 1943-09-13
Horst (L)
Maastricht - L.O. - press - He was a bailiff at the direct taxes, married to Berendje Grolleman, belonged to LO-Maastricht. They were active in the distribution of underground papers such as Vrij Nederland and Trouw and participated in the founding of the L.O. in Maastricht. They were arrested on June 24th, 1943 for housing Jewish couple. Derk was interrogated for weeks by the SiPo in the detention center in Maastricht. However, he did not tell anything about the resistance people with whom he had collaborated. The Maastricht tax office offered the Germans in vain 40,000 guilders for the liberty of Derk. After an attempt by resistance people to liberate Derk, he was taken on September 14, 1943, early in the morning, to the woodland Schadijkse Bossen in Meterik. Because he continued to refuse to provide information to the SiPo, he was shot on the spot.
His body was dug up there in 1946. After identification, he was reburied in his birthplace Hasselt (Province of Overijssel). The municipality of Horst placed a memorial cross in 1946. For many years this cross was maintained by the Crosses and Chapels Foundation of Horst a/d Maas.
In 1963 the remains of Derk found a final resting place on the Field of Honor of the Stichting Oorlogsgraven in Loenen on the Veluwe.
There is a memorial in the tax office of Maastricht in honor of Derk and four more tax officials who lost their lives for our freedom.
wall: left, row 29-02
Assen-Grolleman, van
Berendje
∗ 1894-03-29
Hasselt (Ov)
† 1945-02-18
Ravensbrück
- Maastricht - L.O. - press - Almost from the beginning of the German occupation in 1940, Berendje Grolleman (Berendina van Assen-Grolleman) and her husband Maastricht. They helped Jews and Allied airmen escape to the south. They were active in the distribution of underground papers such as Vrij Nederland and Trouw and participated in the founding of the L.O. in Maastricht. As a result of infiltration and treason, they were arrested on July 24, 1943, at their home at 124A Cannerweg, on charges including giving shelter to a Jewish couple. After a temporary detention in the Vught camp, Berendje was deported without trial to the Ravensbrück concentration camp in Germany. On February 18, 1945, she died of exhaustion under miserable circumstances. The location of her final resting place is not known.
It is a pity that Derk van Assen’s wife was not mentioned at the unveiling of the memorial cross in the Schadijk forest in Meterik. Her participation in the resistance, together with her husband Derk, is a common heroic deed.
wall: left, row 29-03
Balter,
Hendrik Hubert
∗ 1917-08-06
Schaesberg
† 1945-04-17
Flossenbürg AL Gröditz
Schaesberg - CPN - press - Collaborator of “De Vonk”. At the end of April 1942, the Resistance member Scheper was arrested for stealing a bicycle. He talks, with as a result numerous arrests, including Balter. When the concentration camp is liberated by the Allies on April 17, 1945, Hendrik Balter is already dead (or a day later), probably from typhus.
wall: right, row 13-01
Bartels,
Roelf H.
∗ 1868-09-25
Groningen
† 1942-12-14
KZ Neuengamme
Maastricht - press - Group Dresen - Factory owner, co-founder of the Dresen Group. Bartels and his wife Maria, 36 years his junior, had two stores in Maastricht, one in Heggenstraat and one in St. Maartenslaan. Captain in the reserve of the Dutch army. Despite his advanced age, Bartels joined the resistance. In his Tricotage house in the Heggenstraat, he housed sixty escaped Belgian prisoners of war who were then smuggled across the border. Bartels was also one of the key figures in the publication and production of the resistance newspaper Oranje Post. The first issue contained, among other things, the Guidelines for Good Dutch people that he had written. The resistance group was betrayed from within. More on this at Group Dresen. On December 12, 1941, the SiPo arrested Bartels. The resistance fighter ended up in the Neuengamme concentration camp. He died there a little more than a year after his arrest.At that time he was 74 years old.
Further information (pdf) (pdf)
Arrested according to mestreechonline.nl on Nov. 2, 1941, according to Cammaert chap. II, p. 117 on Dec. 12, 1941.
wall: left, row 30-01
Benedic,
Niek
∗ 1903-03-02
Aachen
† 1944-07-11
Natzweiler
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Nikolaus Benedic was the keeper of a little library and a member of the CPN. Was he also a miner? Lived in Waubach. Arrested on May 30, 1942 for distributing party papers.De Vonk and De Waarheid
wall: right, row 24-01
Berckel, van
Karel C.
∗ 1892-08-19
Delft
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
Heerlen - L.O. - K.P. - press - Surgeon and chef de clinique at the St. Jozef hospital in Heerlen. He was one of those who created there an important resistance center and the beginning of the LO in the Heerlen district, from where the connection with Valkenburg was also made. Like almost all people of the Limburg L.O. he was a devout Christian. Moreover, he wrote for the Heerlen resistance paper Het Vrije Volk, The Free People.
wall: left, row 15-03
Berden,
Sylvester
∗ 1919-09-02
Den Haag
† 1944-11-07
Kessel
Heel-Panheel - press - Student - person in hiding - Sylvester Willem Jerome Maria Martin Berden was a law student and during the German invasion he was a drafted sergeant. In 1943 he and his younger brother Joost went into hiding in a monastery in Heel. They began publishing the Daalzichtse Berichten Dienst (D.B.D.) on September 6, 1944, the day after Dolle Dinsdag. Dr. Cammaert wrote a paragraph about this underground paper [2]: “The two, sons of an editor of the daily newspaper De Tijd, came from Amsterdam. Because of the beautiful view of the Meuse valley from the local monastery where they were hiding, they named the newspaper Daalzichtse Berichten Dienst, Valley View News Service. Sylvester typed out the news from the allied radio stations and Joost pulled the D.B.D. in a run of two hundred copies. The radio came from W.H. Heber in Heel. The spirit-duplicator [3], typewriter and other equipment had been stolen from the town hall, where an NSB comrade was in charge. At first, the daily leaflet was pasted everywhere, but this was soon abandoned because the village was swarming with Germans. Since then, residents of Heel … distributed the paper in the region.
When the Allies approached at the end of October, Sylvester Berden, in cooperation with Rector Schaeken, mapped the German positions. He radioed the most important data to the Allies. From time to time he had them delivered by dogs. That this information was useful to the Allies was shown by the fact that the British, who had taken up positions southwest of the canal from Wessem to Nederweert, repeatedly shelled the German positions with great precision.” This, of course, attracted attention, and “on Sunday, November 5, a group of fifty German paratroopers surrounded the monastery.” In Sylvester Berden’s room at the monastery, the paratroopers found two radios, typed intelligence reports, and detailed sketches of German fighting positions in the area. They concluded that he must be the dreaded spy. After severe maltreatment, he was executed at Kessel-Eijk on November 7, 1944.
At delpher.nl you can read some issues of the DBD. [4] More information about this local underground newspaper can be found at wikipedia [7]
He is on the Erelijst van Gevallenen (Honor Roll of the Fallen 1940-194 of the Dutch Parliament) [6].

  1. Funeral card: http://www.bidprentjes-archief.nl
  2. Cammaert, Het Verborgen Front, Chapter XI, “De illegale pers” (The Illegal Press) on pp. 1090 ff.
  3. Wikipedia EN: spirit duplicator
  4. https://www.delpher.nl/nl/kranten/results?page=1&cql%5B0%5D=ppn%3D26912893X&coll=dddtitel&redirect=true
  5. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/9749/sylvester-willem-jerome-maria-martin-berden
  6. https://www.erelijst.nl/node/2013
  7. Wikipedia NL: D.B.D.
  8. Digital Monument

  9. wall: left, row 13-02
Bongaerts,
Charles M.H.J.
∗ 1909-08-07
Venlo
† 1944-11-23
KZ Ladelund, KZ Neuengamme
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - Married to Trees (Theresa) Dahmen. In 1940 Charles was a reserve officer in the Dutch army and during the five day battle of the Netherlands he fought on the so called “Grebbenberg Line”, that the Dutch army held to the very end, repulsing heavy assaults from the German forces. After this, Charles Bongaerts was the head of the fire service in Heerlen, center of the coal mining area and this gave him access to vehicles which enabled him to play a prominent part in the underground resistance. They put up airmen in their home and transported them south on the long journey to England via Belgium, France and Gibraltar or Switzerland. On one occasion Charles Bongaerts stopped a German convoy and, claiming to be on urgent business, got a mechanic to repair his vehicle while three American airmen were in the back. Source Joseph Marie Phillipe Bongaerts DFC, FC, OHK1
Before the war, he used to be a journalist at the daily newspaper Limburgsch Dagblad in Heerlen. Together with some others, he founded the resistance newspaper Het Vrije Volk (The Free People), not to be confused with the same-named post-war newspaper. It was directed mainly at miners and was very well informed, because they had their people everywhere, even at the SiPo in Maastricht! (Cammaert XI, p. 1077).
His group was infiltrated in 1944 (Englandspiel), Charles was betrayed too and died in a German concentration camp on the 23 November 1944.
wall: left, row 16-01
Bos,
Lubbert
∗ 1900-08-10
Emmen
† 1943-04-06
KZ Buchenwald
Brunssum - CPN - press - Miner, died in the concentration camp. He was arrested in Brunssum for "distributing illegal writings".
wall: left, row 06-01
Brinkman,
Jan
∗ 1893-08-01
Koekange
† 1945-02-20
Dachau
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner (hewer), born in Koekange, a village in the province of Drenthe, until 1997 municipality of De Wijk. He lived in Waubach. Worked for the party newspaper , arrested on May 30, 1942.
wall: right, row 24-02
Busch,
Elbertus Frederikus
∗ 1903-05-11
Apeldoorn
† 1943-05-25
Neuengamme
Hoensbroek - CPN - early resistance - press - He spent his youth in Zutphen, his places of residence in South Limburg were Brunssum and Hoensbroek (from 1931). According to the biography on heemkundehoensbroek.nl, he was a gardener during the war and worked for the Koninklijke Nederlandse Heidemaatschappij, or Heidemij for short. In the card index of the CPN he is listed as a miner. He worked for the communist newspaper De Vonk. Arrested on February 5, 1941, a few days after the attack of German troops on the Soviet Union.
wall: middel, row 10-02
Crauwels,
Paul N.
∗ 1901-08-17
Maastricht
† 1944-09-08
Sittard
Sittard - CPN - press - “On September 7, 1944, two distributors of De Waarheid, J.W.H. Theunissen and P.N. Crauwels, who had picked up some copies at S. Beyer shortly before, were arrested by some land guards (auxiliar police) in Munstergeleen. The next day the two were murdered in Sittard” (Van Aernsbergen)
wall: right, row 18-01
Creusen,
Wiel
oom Kees
∗ 1893-07-31
Kerkrade
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
Kerkrade - - press - RVV - Jan Willem Creusen was a civil servant at the Distribution Office and former chairman of the local Unie, he was also involved in helping, among others, Jewish persons in hiding and managed the distribution of the magazine “Je Maintiendrai” in Kerkrade. He was the chief courier of the R.V.V. for the south of the Netherlands and contact person between the leadership and the region. He traveled a lot. One day after the arrest of Paul Guermonprez on April 4, 1944, Creusen was arrested on a train between Utrecht and Maarssen with a suitcase full of food stamps and other documents. It is highly unlikely that this was due to Guermonprez’s arrest, as no other arrests followed, except André Gubbels, until four months later. Creusen succumbed to the effects of hardships in German camps on May 31, 1945. (Cammaert IX, pp. 947-952)
wall: left, row 26-01
Diederen,
Karel Joseph
∗ 1917-10-10
Hoensbroek
† 1943-03-02
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
Hoensbroek - early resistance - press - Group Smit - In his younger years he was active in the youth movement. When he was drafted into military service, he was a casual laborer. From September 2, 1937 with the 3rd Mounted Field Artillery Regiment, where he rose to the rank of wachtmeester (~ sergeant). After the surrender of the Dutch army in May 1940, he was demobilized. Became a member of the Smit Group, which initially attracted mostly ex-soldiers. After the war, his father said he intended to go to England. According to the entry register at Maastricht prison, he was a bread deliverer at the time. (Source: his biography on heemkundehoensbroek.nl, see link) According to erelijst.nl he was a miner as well.
Arrested February 13, 1942, sentenced to Zuchthausstrafe (hard prison), and died March 6, 1943. (Cammaert chapter II, Appendix V , Arrestaties in de groep-Smit = arrests in the Smit group) Such differences in reporting the date of death in a concentration camp are common. For example, because someone was still seen after the camp administration had already declared him/her dead. Sometimes it’s not even clear in which concentration camp someone died, especially if it was towards the end of the war. Then there is usually no single grave.
wall: middel, row 11-02
Dobbe,
Theo
Hans
∗ 1901-03-19
Amsterdam
† 1944-09-05
Dieren, gem. Rheden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - early resistance - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - In his civil profession, Theo Dobbe was a chief representative and active throughout the Netherlands. In the southern part of the country he became the organizer of the LKP, the umbrella organization of the Knokploegen (commandos). In 1943 he became head of the special unit Opruimingsdienst (Clean-up Service).
He was not among the fallen who lived in Limburg and is therefore not listed on a wall of the provincial resistance memorial. But both J.W. Hofwijk and Fred Cammaert mention his important role in their respective chapters about the Knokploegen in Limburg.
By Royal Decree of September 11, 1951, No. 21, entered in the Register of Knights of the 4th Class of the Military Order of William:

…for having distinguished himself in battle by outstanding acts of courage, policy, and loyalty, persistently fighting the enemy occupier with great vigor and ingenuity and in all fields of underground resistance during the period from May 1940 until his heroic death in September 1944, which acts greatly benefited the Allied war effort. In particular, through the following acts, often with imminent danger of death.

  1. Already shortly after the surrender of the Netherlands in May 1940, he and five others succeeded in obtaining arms and ammunition in Naarden.
  2. On May 14, 1941, an enemy camp in Amsterdam was blown up with teletype and signal equipment, killing several enemy officers.
  3. After his arrest in Amsterdam on November 24, 1941, and his transfer to the Willem II barracks in Utrecht, he managed to escape in a very daring manner, and although he was sentenced to death in absentia in December, he continued the resistance undaunted;
  4. In August and September 1942, he set fire to bogs or vehicles loaded with sod in the Veluwe to prevent the enemy from camouflaging his airfields;
  5. After forming a Knokploeg in Nijmegen in mid-1943, he and other illegal groups persistently sabotaged enemy transports in all possible ways and, from June 1944, provided coverage by carrier pigeons from the Mookerheide for the benefit of the Allied war effort; he also helped Allied pilots escape across the border.
  6. Finally, when he tried to escape shortly before his execution, he snatched the pistol of one of his guards, whereupon the escort immediately opened fire on him and he was mortally wounded.

Source: De Militaire Willems-Orde Sijthoff Pers ISBN 90-70682-01-X

More sources:


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-10
Dorst,
Mans
∗ 1905-12-10
Onstwedde
† 1942-11-12
Neuengamme
Heerlen - CPN - early resistance - press - Worker in a factory, liaison man for the party newspaper De Waarheid. Arrested on January 13, 1942.
wall: middel, row 06-01
Driessen,
Harry G.
∗ 1921-11-11
Horst
† 1944-09-06
Tijdens transport
Horst - press - Student - distributor of underground newspapers. “Horst also did not escape the terror of the commando Berendsen of the AKD. They hunted down people in hiding under the leadership of Johan Berendsen, the "Terror of Venlo.” On July 29, 1944, Harry Driessen, a regional distributor of Vrij Nederland and Trouw, was arrested by J. Sabbé and J. van Zutphen. Driessen tried to escape, but was hit by a bullet in the back. He was transported to Vught via the hospital in Horst. During the prisoner transport from camp Vught to Sachsenhausen concentration camp on September 6, he tried to escape again, probably near Ravenstein. The guards opened fire, and Driessen was mortally wounded.” (Cammaert VIb, p. 592)
wall: left, row 23-01
Droitcourt,
Guido
Kamiel
∗ 1915-09-27
Berlin-Pankow
† 1943-02-11
Hauptlager Neuengamme
Geulle - press - Group Dresen - Kamiel Michel Josef Guido had a German mother and a French father and was born in Berlin. At the age of 20 he came to Geulle with his mother, her husband and his half-brother. In July 1941 the first Allied plane was shot down at Geulle. One crew member came to Guido Droitcourt, but then fell into German hands. Guido joined the resistance group around Pierre Dresen. A year after the German invasion, he helped produce a first leaflet. On November 1, 1941, the first copy of the Oranje Koerier ran off the spirit duplicator with an edition of 175. (Cammaert Chapter II-II. De groep-Dresen, pp. 95-107) Arrested on Dec. 1, 1941.
See his data on the Neuengamme page: The Dead 1940-1945 There he is named: Kamill Michel Josef Guido
There is a Stolperstein (stumbling stone) for him at Heirweg 2, Geulle.
wall: middel, row 04-02
Eldert, van
Johannes Antonie
Jan
∗ 1894-10-31
Amsterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Van Eldert, a carpenter, was married to Wilhelmina van de Berg and distributed illegal newspapers, including De Waarheid. On June 17, 1944, at 2:15 a.m., he was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe for having distributed De Waarheid in Nijmegen. At 11 o’clock he and three others were taken by Wiebe and Hidskes to the SD (security police) in Arnhem. On July 21, 1944, in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers, he was executed on the heath of Leusden along with seven other people from Nijmegen, after having previously been forced to dig their own graves. After the war, Van Eldert was buried on Rustoord (D 710) until the fall of 1969.
On oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl we read about him [5]:

February 18, 2011. Granddaughter J.A. Brugmans by telephone: In 1948 there were plans for a monument on the Wedren for those executed. However, since Van Eldert was a "different thinker", he was a member of the CPN (Communistische Partij Nederland), he could not be buried there. Therefore he was buried in the Rustoord cemetery. In the late 1960s, the lead coffin was moved with the intention of giving him an honorary grave at the Vredehof, but the family refused. "Not then so not now". In the meantime, the lead coffin had disappeared. His mortal remains have been returned to Rustoord.

One of the stories about the assassination attempt three weeks later on German soldier Otto Geschefsky says that this was an act of revenge for the arrest of four communist resistance fighters from Nijmegen (Arp Wagter, Jan van Eldert, Piet Treijtel and Piet Span). Another story says that two inexperienced boys, aged 17 and 18, were assigned to take away a list of names of resistance fighters from Nijmegen from this Geschefsky. A girl friend lured him to Kronenburgerpark and they ambushed him. Geschefsky drew his pistol, but was shot himself with it. [1]

  1. Otto Geschefsky
  2. Theo Dobbe en de Nijmeegse Knokploeg, in: Jaarboek Numaga 2008, p. 69-77
    Theo Dobbe
  3. G. Thuring, Ereveld Vredehof, Groesbeek 2010, p. 24-25 met foto grafsteen Rustoord
  4. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/38845/johannes-antonie-van-eldert
  5. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/eldert/446adb86-d96a-4b85-b7a5-0ddc2088a71b
  6. Digital Monument

  7. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Engeln,
Paulus Anthonius
Tom
∗ 1902-01-30
Purmerend
† 1945-04-27
KZ Ebensee
Maastricht - early resistance - press - Group Dresen - Paulus Anthonius (Tom) Engeln, a shopkeeper and leather goods manufacturer living in Maastricht, was of German descent and divorced from a German wife, Betsy Wanger, with whom he had three children. In 1942 they were 4, 7 and 12 years old. In the back room of his shop, he printed the illegal newspapers “Vrij Nederland” and the “Oranje Post,” which were distributed through the Dresen group. He sheltered the Amsterdam Jew Isidoor Brandon, who also became his business partner, and Brandon’s girlfriend Cor Meijer. Brandon owed him money and was also afraid for his own safety. For this reason, he and Meijer betrayed Tom and the entire Dresen group. On Friday, November 28, 1941, he and several others were arrested. In the following days, almost the entire Dresen/Hage resistance group, twenty-three resisters, were arrested. The three most important members of the “Oranje Koerier” group, Pierre Dresen, Dirk Hage and Gerrit Spierings, were sentenced to death. Tom and eight others were sent to various camps such as Buchenwald and the "Nacht und Nebel" camp of Natzweiler-Struthof (Alsace) and eventually to the Ebensee concentration camp, where he finally died of exhaustion in the infirmary on April 27, 1945, a week before the camp was liberated. He was 43 years old then.
There is a stumbling stone in front of the house Bredestraat 37, Maastricht
Detailed account in the biography of Tom Engeln. This is a translation of the biography of Tom Engeln at struikelsteentjes-maastricht.nl.
wall: middel, row 14-02
Evers,
Johannes Hendrikus
Jan
∗ 1917-05-03
Oosterhout (Valburg)
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - early resistance - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Jan Evers ran a car repair shop, was married and father of one child. They lived in Nijmegen.
He began typing and distributing illegal newspapers, including Vrij Nederland, in 1941 [1.1].
Besides that, the website of Kamp Vught (German: Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch) states in his life description [1.1]:

Johannes was arrested by the SD (Security Service) in Arnhem during 1941 and subsequently imprisoned in Scheveningen for four months. Shortly after his release, Johannes was suspected of transporting ammunition and was jailed for 18 days in Arnhem Prison. On April 29, 1944, Johannes was arrested for the last time and then transferred to Kamp Vught because he had probably been betrayed. On July 21, 1944, Johannes was shot by the Germans near the camp.

He helped the KP (armed group) of Nijmegen to free resisters from prison. He also transported weapons and helped Jews. Contact person for the LO-Breda. [4]
On April 29, 1944, he was arrested at home [6] in connection with the transport of Jews, probably as a result of treason. Shot in Vught concentration camp on July 21, 1944, [1] probably also in revenge for the attack on German soldiers in Nijmegen. [2]
Listed on the honor roll 1940-1945 [3]

  1. Kamp Vught
    1. Evers, Johannes Hendrikus (Nederlands)
    2. Homepage English
  2. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  3. Erelijst 1940-1945
  4. Drs L.E.M.A. van Hommerich, Het Grote Gebod, dl.1.1, De LO, Kampen 1951, p. 331
  5. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/41583/johannes-hendrikus-evers
  6. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/evers/54cc771b-1682-423d-9f2b-cbd8c0d4eef9
  7. Digital Monument

  8. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Francotte,
Joep
∗ 1920-12-29
Vaals
† 1944-09-05
Valkenburg
Vaals - L.O. - K.P. - press - person in hiding - carillon - Cammaert: “After the betrayal of Wittem, J.H. Coenen from Simpelveld and W.J. Francotte from Vaals, who had worked for the illegal magazine Je Maintiendrai in Amsterdam until the summer of 1944, joined the KP. They participated in the raid on the jail of Maastricht on September 2.” They went into hiding in the Diver’s Inn in Geulhem “where suspects and difficult people in hiding were detained and interrogated. Generally, Francotte took care of the surveillance of the “prisoners” because of his strongness. Both were arrested by the Germans on September 5th, 1944 (Mad Tuesday) during a resistance action. By order of Major Bernhardt, they were shot on the Cauberg (Valkenburg). There is a memorial stone and the monument for the fallen resistance people of Limburg on that spot.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Joep Francotte op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: right, row 25-05
Gerards,
Wilhelm
∗ 1907-11-04
Bottrop (D)
† 1942-07-24
Heerlen
Heerlen - CPN - press - Construction worker. On August 17, 1942, the SiPo stopped Gerards one more in Heerlerheide while he was distributing the illegal magazine De Vonk. He was shot down when he tried to escape and died in the hospital. According to the Oorlogsgravenstichting (War Graves Foundation) and wo2slachtoffers.nl he died on July 24, 1942. However, the text of the same biography on wo2slachtoffers.nl says August 17, 1942.
wall: middel, row 07-01
Geuns, van
Ernest George
∗ 1889-02-28
Soerabaja, NOI
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Retired colonial official (last Hoofdcommies in the then Nederlands Indië, now Indonesia). [9] In 1938, he and his family returned to the Netherlands for the children’s education [1.4] and settled in Nijmegen. During the German occupation, he distributed banned newspapers and belonged to the Nijmegen group of Vrij Nederland. [8] His son Jean René also joined in [1]. They helped smuggle Jewish families into Switzerland and distributed ration cards to people in hiding. Three times he was arrested. On June 29, 1944, he was arrested together with his neighbor Christ Toussaint, and on July 21, 1944, he and seven other Nijmegen citizens were executed on the heath of Leusden in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers, having previously dug his own grave [2]. He is on the list of the fallen of the Dutch Parliament 1940-1945 [3]. After the war Van Geuns was buried in the Daalseweg cemetery (A 29-1-9) until the fall of 1969, later he was moved to the field of honor of the Vredehof cemetery [5] in Nijmegen.
In the newspaper De Gelderlander of May 11, 1945, an obituary was published for Ernest George van Geuns, Henricus Lins(s)en, Christiaan Toussaint and Joseph Rodriguez, all of whom, according to the obituary, perished in the Amersfoort camp on July 22, 1944, "having fallen as victims for Nijmegen." [7]

  1. 1. NOS, 20 februari 2021, Verzetsman Jean van Geuns (96) overleden
    2. De Gelderlander 2-5-2019, p. 8-9, "De vergeten verzetsman Jean van Geuns"
    3. Deutsch: https://de.wikibrief.org/wiki/Jean_van_Geuns
    4. Onbekende verzetsstrijder Jean van Geuns opgespoord in New York
  2. Elf gevangen verzetsmensen vermoord in Nijmegen
  3. Erelijst 1940-1945
  4. collectie Bart Janssen s.v. Toussaint, C.C.
  5. Ereveld Vredehof in Nijmegen
  6. J.Rosendaal, in: Jaarboek Numaga 2008, p.69-77
  7. De Gelderlander, 11 mei 1945
  8. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/geuns/6515db1c-72c5-403e-9725-a86e83c6bf81
  9. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/49125/ernest-george-van-geuns
  10. Digital Monument

  11. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Giebels,
Jo
∗ 1909-09-06
Linne
† 1944-04-05
Bergen Belsen
Brunssum - early resistance - press - Group Smit - The primary school teacher J.M.R. Giebels was a member of the Smit group. The cost of the weapons purchases was met with the proceeds from the sale of photographs of the royal family. The British R.A.F. dropped these regularly, whereupon Giebels, the pit assistant overseer A.M. van Puffelen from Brunssum and the photographer J. Daniëls from Maastricht reproduced them. (Cammaert chapter II, p. 100). Since the group-Smit was also engaged in the distribution of illegal printed matter, we can assume that they also duplicated other things. Arrested, like almost the entire group, on February 17, 1942. See also: Arrests in the Group-Smit (Cammaert Chapter II, p. 118).
wall: left, row 05-03
Gotjé,
Bernard Th.
∗ 1903-07-18
Woensdrecht
† 1942-12-05
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - In adulthood Bernard lived in Nieuwenhagen, Limburg, where he worked in the mining industry. His leftist sympathies led him to collaborate in the illegal printing and distribution of the magazines De Vonk and De Waarheid during the German occupation. On 31 May 1942 he was arrested in Heerlen. Via camp Amersfoort he was deported to the large concentration camp Neuengamme near Hamburg on 30 October of the same year.
wall: right, row 01-02
Gronden, van der
Gerrit J.
∗ 1895-12-13
Dordrecht
† 1943-01-02
Neuengamme
Maastricht - Valkenburg - CPN - early resistance - press - Driver and mechanic at the GGD (municipal medical service), married. As a driver, he also disseminated banned writings. He helped people to flee and provided medical care when needed. All this in collaboration with his brother A.C. van der Gronden (Source: ARCH00347.148, see link below.)
Picture also at oorlogsgravenstichting.nl
He took care of Jewish people in hiding, was arrested on Jan. 13th 1942
Fred Cammaert wrote in chapter 10: “in his garage on the Heugemer Weg in Maastricht he made copies of De Vonk, the Limburg edition of De Waarheid.” … “member of the Municipal Air Protection Service.” “ … Arrested “on january 13th, 1942” … “He died on December 5th 1942 in the Neuengamme concentration camp.” (near Hamburg), aged 47. His brother A.C. van der Gronden participated in the sub-district of Valkenburg of the LO.
wall: right, row 26-03
Gruijters,
Pierre
∗ 1906-03-14
Eijsden
† 1944-10-08
Effeld
Roermond - L.O. - - press - On October 6, 1944, Pierre Emile Joseph Gruijters went with Ab Schols to a farmer in Posterholt to collect food for those in hiding. On the way they were stopped by two SS men. The front line ran approximately here in the fall of 1944. The two resistance fighters refused to hand over their bicycles. In Schols’ saddlebags, the SS men found illegal magazines.
For interrogation, the two men were taken to a Gestapo station in the German town of Effeld, just over the border near Herkenbosch. After the interrogation, chief Wilhelm Lammertz from Eschweiler ordered the execution of Schols and Gruijters. They were shot in the woods near Effeld.
wall: right, row 06-01
Gubbels,
André
Leon Serra
∗ 1921-05-26
(Bergen (L)
† 1944-08-11
Kamp Vught
Arcen en Velden - press - Student - RVV - André Lambert Henri Marie Gubbels was a student who played an important role in the founding of the Raad van Verzet (Resistance Council) in Limburg. He also participated in resistance activities on behalf of Het Vrije Volk and Je Maintaindrai. On August 4, 1944 during a train check at Den Bosch station, a false ID and a revolver were found on him. He was executed after a few days near Camp Vught.
See also history.venlo.nl
www.tracesofwar.nl
wall: left, row 02-02
Hage,
Dirk
∗ 1909-02-17
Dreischor
† 1943-04-03
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - press - Group Dresen - After his demobilization as a soldier in 1940, Dirk Izak Hage became a customs officer with the rank of hulpkommies and found some like-minded people in the Caberg (Maastricht) customs office. He was to play such an important role in the Dresen group that it is also called the Dresen-Hage group. He bought through L.F.R. Spierings from Rekem (Belgium) a spirit duplicator by means of which leaflets were produced. Initially, the device switched between Dresen, Hage and Bartels, after that it stood in the presbytery in Geulle at Droitcourt. Hage took the lead in setting up a Maastricht version of the "Oranje Post," a clandestine information bulletin.
He is listed on the memorial in the State Tax Office in Maastricht (see link).
wall: middel, row 15-01
Heber,
Willem
∗ 1889-02-23
Horn (L)
† 1945-03-25
Mauthausen
Heel-Panheel - L.O. - press - Farmer and earthworker Willem Hubert Heber, member of LO-Heel put his radio at the disposal of brothers Sylvester and Joost Berden, who needed it to collect news for the underground bulletin Daalzichtse Berichten Dienst. His sons helped distribute the bulletin.
He built a hiding place for six people near his farm. He began working with contractor and carpenter P.H.M. Linssen, and so more shelters were created in the woods in order to cope with the sharp increase in the number of people in hiding in 1943. The inhabitants were not all careful; one of them, for example, kept a diary. This was the undoing of Willem Heber and Mathijs Rutten. They were arrested on September 17 (See Cammaert VIb, pp. 608-610 and Het grote gebod (The Great Commandment), p. 327)
the LO and the OD abandoned the idea of camps for those in hiding in central and northern Limburg. See A military training camp for people in hiding.
wall: left, row 13-03
Heesch, van
Peter Johannes
∗ 1910-09-09
Maasbree
† 1944-06-28
Groß-Strehlitz
Hoensbroek - CPN - press - Peter Johannes van Heesch was a miner. Jan van Kan wrote: turner. For a while, printing was done in his house (with a spirit duplicator). Arrested on October 20, 1943 after his wife reported him after a marital dispute. Cammaert gives a different date of death in Chapter X, on p. 1011-1012: "On June 13, 1944, Van Heesch died in a penitentiary in Groß-Strehlitz (now Strzelce Opolskie, Poland) from complete exhaustion as a result of a severe kidney infection".
wall: middel, row 12-01
Hendriks,
Jan
∗ 1905-05-07
Maastricht
† 1943-01-27
kamp Vught
Maastricht - CPN - press - Johan H. Hendriks was a pavement worker and worked in a pigment factory (Maastrichtsche Zinkwit Maatschappij. In 1939, he ran for the Communist Party of the Netherlands (CPN) for the Maastricht City Council. He was a member of the resistance group De Vonk: Printing and distribution of clandestine literature. In 1940 he was arrested for the first time. The V-man (spy) Andreas Engwirda put the SiPo on the trail of the Boosten brothers and of a list with the names of the distributors of the magazine De Vonk. Twenty-seven of them were arrested, nine CPN members on September 15, 1942, including Johan Hendriks, and Chris Heuts. He died on January 27, 1943 in Camp Vught.
wall: left, row 31-04
Heuts,
Chris
∗ 1888-06-12
Meerssen
† 1943-02-24
Kamp Vught
Maastricht - CPN - press - Plasterer. Distributor of the magazine De Vonk. At struikelsteen-maastricht.nl (pdf) we can read: “As a communist he participated in the 1935 elections to the provincial parliament of Limburg in the constituency of Heerlen. He stood in 13th place, the only communist from Maastricht. At that time Chris Heuts was chairman of the Communist Party of the Netherlands (CPN), Maastricht chapter.”
Two arrests ended with his release. The third time it went differently. The V-man (spy) Andreas Engwirda put the SiPo on the trail of the Boosten brothers and thus to a list with the names of the distributors of De Vonk. Twenty-seven distributors were arrested. On September 15, 1942, nine members of the CPN, including Johan Hendriks and Chris Heuts. After his arrest, he was taken to the Amersfoort concentration camp. Subsequently to Kamp Vught, officially called Herzogenbusch concentration camp.
wall: left, row 32-01
Holty /Holtij,
Bernhard
∗ 1890-11-29
Amsterdam
† 1942-01-10
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - press - The father of Bernard Theodoor Adolf Holty was German. In the Netherlands his name was often spelled as Holtij. After the death of his parents, Bernard moved in with his brother Franz and lived with him in Cologne for an unknown period of time. He was a carpenter and was exempted from military service because of his poor health. Married on November 28, 1929, to Maria Lipowsek, a German. It is not known when they settled in Maastricht, but there he joined in 1935 the Communist Party and became secretary of the local chapter of the VVSU (Association of Friends of the Soviet Union). He was arrested for the first time on February 28, 1941, on suspicion of being involved in the February strike, but was released after a month. He printed and distributed forbidden reading, including De Vonk.
On June 25, 1941, he was ambushed while guiding Jews across the border. With two resistance comrades, he ended up in the Schoorl camp (North Holland), Amersfoort, and later Neuengamme (collective name for a series of German camps near Hamburg). Prisoner number 06933, he died in the main camp.
wall: left, row 33-01
Jacobs,
Karel
Père Hugues /Pater Hugo
∗ 1900-11-17
Antwerpen
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Belgium - early resistance - press - Group Erkens - priest - He was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. His resistance activity began by helping escaped French prisoners of war to continue their escape. He was a Cistercian monk in the Abbey of Val-Dieu and was ordained priest on October 21, 1932. He then taught church history at Val-Dieu, was curator of the abbey museum and novice master. He and his confrere Stephanus Muhren, whom he trained, were active in the Clarence intelligence network (dr. Jules Goffin from Fouron-le-Comte) and active in the by Clarence people so called group Holland (of Nic. Erkens, at the time in hiding wirh his sisters in Sittard). Val-Dieu and the Fouron villages are located in the middle of the Liège-Maastricht-Aachen tri-border area and were therefore predestined to serve as hubs for escape networks. The two monks hid fugitives in the monastery and on the surrounding farms and watched the German transport activity on the rail lines of the border area. They were assisted by their German abbot, Alberich Steiger, who, among other things, banqueted with high German officers. Together with Fr. Hugo and Pol Nolens, vicar at Charneux, a clandestine newspaper reproduced with a spirit duplicator at Charneux was distributed, denouncing the misdeeds of National Socialism in the three national languages (La Tribune Libre in French, Het Vrije Woord in Dutch, and Das Freie Wort in German).
Arrested on March 19, 1943, the day after Fr. Stephen was arrested by the Geheime Feldpolizei (Secret Field Police) as a result of the Hannibal game, Fr. Hugo Jacobs was subjected to harsh interrogations in Liège in an attempt (unsuccessfully) to extract from him a confession about the abbot’s complicity or involvement. On August 11, 1943, he and ten others were sentenced to death by a court-martial in Utrecht for espionage and favoring the enemy. They were shot in Fort Rijnauwen near Utrecht on October 9, 1943. On the way to the execution site, he and his confrere wore their white Cistercian monk’s robes and loudly sang a religious hymn. His body was cremated, and the ashes were later buried in the abbey cemetery. A memorial plaque commemorates him in Fort Rijnauwen and in the abbey church of Val-Dieu.
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-03
Jansen,
Gerrit
∗ 1887-10-12
Olst (Gld.)
† 1943-03-19
Neuengamme
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner, lived in Waubach. Distributor of De vonk?
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists.
Do you know more? Write us!
wall: right, row 24-03
Jong, de
Cornelis
Cees/Cor
∗ 1905-03-31
Rotterdam
† 1944-06-06
Bloemendaal
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Cees de Jong was a sales representative of the Leder- en Drijfriemenfabriek Regouin in Cuijk. From 1942 he collected data on German military objects for Captain C. Hoogerland. He also distributed the underground newspaper Vrij Nederland. In addition, he provided (from July 1943 within the framework of the L.O.) shelter, ration cards, and food to people in hiding. He was also a member of a resistance group in which in particular a number of Nijmegen police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on September 24 at the Daalseweg, because he knew too much. However, Ederveen managed to escape and to alert the Germans. As a result, on September 27, 1943, dozens of people were arrested, and on June 6, 1944, the five most important members of this resistance group were shot in the dunes near Overveen.
Cees de Jong was buried in the cemetery of honor of Bloemendaal (see link below, with biography).


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Jong, de
Henk
∗ 1911-10-20
Wijmbretseradeel
† 1945-02-12
Haarlem
Venlo - local contact - press - NV - priest - person in hiding - In 1940, Hendrik Roelof de Jong was appointed pastor of the Reformed Church in Venlo. He was co-editor of the illegal newspaper Trouw and a collaborator of the Nationaal Steun Fonds (National Support Fund, a Dutch resistance organization that financed the rest of the resistance). From September 1943, he arranged foster care in the Venlo region for rescued Jewish children from the crèche across the street from the Hollandsche Schouwburg in Amsterdam. LO contact person for Protestants in hiding in North Limburg. In 1944 he himself went into hiding with an aunt in Amsterdam. Arrested on January 27, 1945, he was executed with seven others on Monday afternoon, February 12, 1945, near the Jan Gijzen bridge in Haarlem, where a gunfight had taken place two days earlier, killing a German field gendarme. (Venlo Registry Office, document 468/1945). Cemetery of honor in Bloemendaal, field 35.
In Venlo four clergymen paid for their resistance with their lives. On the memorial plaque at the catholic Martinus Church we find the names of three priests of this church and also that of the protestant priest Henk de Jong.
wall: right, row 28-05
Jongen,
Huub
∗ 1910-10-22
Nieuwenhagen
† 1943-03-25
Bremen
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner, lived in Waubach. Distributor of De vonk. Imprisoned in the concentration camps Amersfoort and Neuengamme.
wall: right, row 24-04
Kluitmans,
Leo J.H.
Lei
∗ 1907-04-11
Swalmen
† 1945-04-29
Dachau
Swalmen - L.O. - press - In „Het grote gebod“ (The Great Commandment, see link below) we can read about the butcher Lei Kluitmans: “LO-Swalmen. Also: VN. arrested Feb.7, 1945”. What he did for the VN (probably Vrij Nederland) is not mentioned. For a while he gave shelter to a Canadian pilot, who in early February 1945 tried on his own to get through the front line, was arrested and talked. On 7 or 8 February 1945, Kluitmans, among others, was arrested as a result. They were taken for questioning to the near German border town of Brüggen. Kluitmans ended up in the prison of Mönchen-Gladbach with a group of five detainees from Steyl and Tegelen, including pastor P.P. Windhausen and his assistant, vicar P.N.A. Peters, who were brought from Düsseldorf. Before being deported to Buchenwald, the Roermond clergymen vicar A.J.A. Sars and rev. H.Ch.J. Hoogendijk were added to this group. All but two were killed: Windhausen died on March 28 in Buchenwald, Peters on April 6 and Hoogendijk on April 10. Kluitmans died in April in Dachau or on his way there, Sars on April 23 in Passau and H.J.A. Hovens from Tegelen succumbed to the hardships suffered in Buchenwald on April 10, 1947. (Cammaert IV, p. 302)
wall: right, row 21-04
Koenders,
Albert
∗ 1888-01-20
Rhenen
† 1943-04-30
Neuengamme
Schaesberg - CPN - press - According to oorlogsgravenstichting.nl, he was a miner. According to ARCH00347.148 the CPN’s records of their fallen members in Limburg, he was a store owner and was arrested for having distributed the party newspaper “De Waarheid”. Arrested May 30, 1942.
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists.
wall: right, row 12-02
Kraft,
Lambert
Bèr
∗ 1902-02-06
Maastricht
† 1942-06-22
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - early resistance - press - Representative for vacuum cleaners. In the municipal elections in Maastricht on June 14, 1939, Bèr Kraft headed the list of the CPN (Communists). They achieved 5.18%. (verkiezingsuitslagen.nl)
On December 8, 1940, he was arrested by order of the security police SiPo for helping communist refugees from Germany in the 1930s.
On February 28, 1941, five communists were arrested in Maastricht, allegedly on suspicion of involvement in the miners’ strike. More likely, this was a sign that the "friendship" between Hitler and Stalin was cooling (see below). In addition to Bèr Kraft, these were André Bos, Chris Heuts, J.J. Baartscheer, and Bernhard Holty. They were released after a month. In his house the clandestine magazine De Vonk was printed. On June 23 or 25, 1941, Lambert was arrested for the third time.This has everything to do with the German hunt for communists after the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact was broken.
He was imprisoned in Aachen, Maastricht, Schoorl and finally Neuengamme.
Source: struikelsteentjes-maastricht.nl (pdf).
wall: left, row 33-03
Krol/Kroll,
Johan/Johann
∗ 1920-09-20
Heerlen
† 1942-12-13
Neuengamme
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Office worker, worked for the party newspaper De Waarheid, lived in Waubach. The sources do not agree on the spelling of the first and last name. Cammaert also gives a different date of death: 31 instead of 13 December.
Do you know more? Write us!
wall: right, row 25-01
Lansdorp,
Loek
Charles v.d. Heuvel
∗ 1921-07-15
Semarang
† 1944-09-05
Arnhem
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - press - Student - The outskirts of Limburg - RVV - Louis Albert (Loek) Lansdorp kwam vanuit Tilburg, waar hij aan de Economische Hogeschool had gestudeerd, bij RVV-groep Deurne terecht, vermoedelijk omdat hij de loyaliteitsverklaring niet wilde tekenen en dus moest onderduiken. De RVV-groep Deurne werd geleid door Cor Noordermeer en had zijn basis in de boerderij De Zwarte Plak in America van het echtpaar Jacob & Johanna Poels-Emonts, ook wel het pilotencentrum De Zwarte Plak genoemd.[1]
Hij pleegde met de RVV op 3 september 1944 een overval op de gevangenis in Putten om de gevangen genomen rector van het Alkmaarse gymnasium Dr. Hemelrijk te bevrijden maar werd daarbij gearresteerd [1][2] en twee dagen later gefusilleerd
Op het Monument Verzetsstrijders America [3] staat te lezen

Ook zij gaven hun leven
voor onze vrijheid

J.G. Poels
Past. H.J. Vullinghs
M.A.H. Bouman
N.C. v. Oosterhout
C.K. Noordermeer
L.A. Lansdorp
H.G. Driessen
J.M. Starren
G.W. Ahout

  1. https://www.wo2slachtoffers.nl/bio/53447/Lansdorp-Louis-Albert.htm
  2. Krantenknipsel op oorlogsgravenstichting.nl
  3. Verzetsmonument America
  4. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/88481/louis-albert-lansdorp
  5. Digital Monument

  6. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.03-07
Leclou,
Paul
∗ 1921-02-28
Voerendaal
† 1945-04-29
Nordhausen
Voerendaal - early resistance - press - Group Smit - Paul Leon Willem Antoon Leclou attended the MTS (Secondary Technical School). Arrested on February 2, 1942, sentenced in Amsterdam, classified as a Nacht und Nebel (NN, Night & Fog) prisoner. He succumbed in the concentration camp Dora (Nordhausen) on 29 April 1945, i.e. shortly after the liberation of that camp.
wall: right, row 35-04
Linssen,
Henricus Ignatius
∗ 1888-07-17
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - municipality - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Henricus Ignatius Linssen worked in the distribution office of Nijmegen. He was married to Joanna Maria Elisabeth Teunissen and father of three children. He provided those in hiding with distribution documents ( stamps and cards) and distributed forbidden newspapers. He belonged to the Vrij Nederland group of Nijmegen. On June 29, 1944, he was arrested and transported to the Amersfoort concentration camp via the Arnhem prison. On July 21, 1944, he was executed along with other Nijmegen citizens in Leusden in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers in Nijmegen. He had to dig his own grave on the Heath of Leusden. [1] Linssen was buried after the war until the autumn of 1969 in the cemetery on the Daalseweg (29-1-8) and since then in the field of honor of the cemetery Vredehof [2] in Nijmegen.
The daily De Gelderlander of May 11, 1945 contains an obituary of Henricus Linsen (in the other sources Linssen is spelled with 2 s), residing in Nijmegen, Tooropstraat 195, who "fell as a victim for Nijmegen" in the Amersfoort concentration camp on July 22, 1944. In the same obituary the names of Ernest George van Geuns, Christiaan Canisius Toussaint and J. Joseph Marius Rodriguez are mentioned [4].
He is listed on the memorial in the schoolyard of Canisius College, where he was a student. [5]

  1. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  2. Municipal cemetery Vredehof, Erehof 18, Nijmegen
  3. Funeral card at www.noviomagus.nl B137
  4. De Gelderlander, may 11, 1945
  5. Monument voor gevallen Canisianen, Canisiuscollege, Berg en Dalseweg 81, 6522 BC, Nijmegen.
  6. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/95161/henricus-ignatius-linssen
  7. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/linssen/16b314cb-cfc8-4491-888d-3ee671065447
  8. Digital Monument

  9. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Lokerman,
Jo S.H.
Thijs
∗ 1901-02-05
Rotterdam
† 1945-02-11
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - L.O. - press - carillon - District leader of the LO in Maastricht. Unusual in the Catholic south of the Netherlands at that time: this district leader was not only a Social Democrat, but also a reformed “Hollander”, i.e. someone from “above the rivers”. “On May 11, 1940, a group of Belgian prisoners of war was brought to the station via the Wilhelminasingel. Thijs Lokerman, a train driver from Maastricht and member of the city council for the SDAP (Social Democrats), diverted the attention of some guards by a fake brawl with a friend, so that some POWs could escape. This may have been the first act of resistance in Maastricht.” (Mestreech online).
In his speech at the unveiling of the commemorative plaque at the Peace Carillon, Dr. Fred Cammaert said, among other things: “Maastricht resident and resistance pioneer Jo Lokerman worked as an engine driver on the Dutch railroads. At the beginning of the war, he began helping French-speaking prisoners of war, and later downed Allied airmen. Lokerman used his job to distribute illegal magazines on the trains and made connections with Belgian colleagues so that British and Jewish refugees could be transported by train to France and, if possible, Switzerland and Spain." (Cammaert VIb, p. 643.) He was also one of the founders of the Maastricht LO, which he headed for a time. As a result of betrayal by brothel madam Zeguers-Boere, he fell into the hands of the SiPo on May 9, 1944. (Cammaert VIb, from page 649)
He died in Neuengamme concentration camp in February 1945.
wall: left, row 32-05
Lubben,
Johan Herman
∗ 1893-10-24
Enschede
† 1944-12-07
Bergen-Belsen
Heerlen - CPN - press - Miner. Last place of residence: Heerlerheide.
All of the following information can be found on scans posted by a family member at https://www.verzetsmuseum.org/dachau/johan-herman-lubben. A summary of these documents can be found at http://www.humanitarisme.nl/personen/index.php?m=family&id=I55577.
He was convicted of refusing to perform military service in 1916. At that time, general mobilization was in force in the neutral Netherlands. Humanitarisme.nl reports that his conscientious objection was due to reading the books by Tolstoy.
Married to Johnna Scholten on June 14, 1919 in Enschede.
During the occupation he distributed banned printed matter, such as Vrij Nederland and Het Parool. (Cammaert XI, p. 1042) Probably also De Vonk, as he was arrested on June 19, 1942, because of his connections to the C.P.N. (communist party). Although he does not appear as a fallen comrade in the archives of the CPN, our list also mentions CPN with his name, as he was arrested along with CPN people. See archive of the CPN in the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam.
In a letter from the Red Cross to the family on October 25, 1945, it is assumed that he died in Neuengamme around mid-December 1944. So the registry extract of Heerlen reads: December 15, 1944 in Neuengamme, registered as such in Heerlen on December 8, 1950. He is said to have been seen in Neuengamme in December 1944 ( Reveille of the Red Cross, number 11/12, 1946)
On September 21, 2015 "Eddy" wrote at oorlogsgravenstichting.nl: Johan Herman was deported from Amersfoort to Buchenwald. From there to Dachau and then to Natzweiler. From Natzweiler back to Dachau and from there to Neuengamme. Johan was finally transferred from Neuengamme to Bergen-Belsen, where he died on July 12, 1944.
He is on the Honor Roll of the Fallen 1940-1945 of the Second Chamber of the Parliament of the Netherlands.
wall: middel, row 07-02
Maka,
Guillaume (Giel)
∗ 1898-10-27
Maastricht
† 1942-02-06
Leusden
Maastricht - CPN - press - Giel Maka was a civil engineering worker, belonged to the resistance group De Vonk (a.o. printing and distribution of illegal literature), arrested on 9 September 1941 for refusing to work in Germany. Two different causes of death are reported: executed and deprivation (wo2slachtoffers.nl).
Buried on: National Field of Honour Loenen A 307
wall: left, row 34-01
Megen, van
Sef
∗ 1916-12-09
Venray-Leunen
† 1945-04-05
Dohnsen, D
Broekhuizen - L.O. - press - Netw. Bongaerts - Joseph Hubertus (Sef) van Megen became a teacher in Grashoek near Helden in 1935 and then in Broekhuizen from 1937. He was beloved by the children. From 1941 he helped prisoners of war, Allied pilots and Jews to go into hiding or on their way to France, with clothes and crossing the Meuse in rowboats. In the villages of Broekhuizen and Broekhuizenvorst he founded the L.O. in collaboration with A. Reijnders and P.A.J. Peeters. (Cammaert VIb p. 595) and he was a co-founder of the illegal magazine "Voor de Vrijheid" (For Freedom).
In August 1943, the police officers Aarts and Snellen were arrested in Venlo for helping Jews (Cammaert V, p. 430). On Aug. 19, 1943, Sef van Megen was arrested at his parents’ as was his friend Lambert Meijers, who hided there and forged ID cards for the Jews. Meijers was arrested a total of five times, but escaped each time.
Van Megen was sentenced first to five years in prison and then to death on July 17, 1944. Towards the end of the war, the director of the prison where he was imprisoned received orders to kill all foreigners (400). He refused. Then they were sent on a death march. He managed to hide in a barn with two other Dutchmen, but they were betrayed by a farmer, killed by the SS, and buried on the spot by the side of the road.
After the war, they were buried in the Dohnsen cemetery as “three unknown Dutchmen.” His friend Lambert Meijers (see above) made sure that he was reburied in Broekhuizen on March 14, 1946.
Posthumously awarded the Bronzen Leeuw (Bronze Lion) and the Verzetsherdenkingskruis (Resistance Memorial Cross). The Sef van Megenstraat in Broekhuizen is named after him and the Van Megenstraat in his birthplace Leunen.
Sources:
Archive Broekhuizen
Interview on Sef van Megen with Hay Reintjes in Broekhuizen on April 26, 2013
Herinneringen aan oom Sef van Megen (Memories of Uncle Sef van Megen).
wall: left, row 05-01
Meijer,
Henry /Harry
∗ 1920-10-06
Borne
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Venlo - L.O. - - press - person in hiding - The resistance activities of Hendrikus Jozef Meijer, a teacher of classical languages and courier, in whose parental home couriers from the ten L.O. districts of Limburg regularly arrived, consisted of distributing ration cards and stamps to hidden people and distributing the resistance magazine Christofoor. He was a personal friend of Jan Hendrikx (Ambrosius). On August 12, 1944, he was arrested at home and taken to Maastricht. Shortly before the liberation of that city, he and ten others were transported to Vught via Germany and shot on Dolle Dinsdag, September 5, 1944. (Source: Dodenboek Venlo).
wall: right, row 29-03
Muhren,
Piet
Père Étienne /Pater Stephanus
∗ 1908-09-14
Bergen-op-Zoom
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Belgium - early resistance - press - Group Erkens - priest - Petrus („Piet“) Johannes Cornelis Muhren was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. His German ancestors still wrote "Mühren", but in Dutch it is pronounced the same way.He entered the novitiate of the Dutch Cistercian Abbey of Mariënkroon in 1929 as Brother Canisius, but in 1933 he moved to the short-staffed Abbey of Val-Dieu in Aubel, Belgium, just over the border of Dutch South Limburg. There he received the monastic name Stephen (French: Étienne). He was ordained a priest in Val-Dieu on July 5, 1936. He was cantor for the next years and taught ecclesiastical law, dogmatics and philosophy at the internal teaching institution. When the Wehrmacht invaded in 1940, he initially fled to the west, distrusting his German abbot, but then returned and joined the Resistance with his confrere Hugo Jacobs. Through the general practitioner Jules Goffin, they came into contact with the intelligence and resistance network Clarence and the Erkens group. He observed the transports of the German army on the railroad lines in the area on extended bicycle tours and explained these tours with visits to women in need of pastoral help, which earned him the nickname Père Amoureux.
Val-Dieu and Voeren are located in the middle of the Liège-Maastricht-Aachen three-country triangle and were therefore virtually predestined as a hub for escape networks. Apart from monitoring German railroad activity, the two monks also hid fugitives in the monastery and on the surrounding farms of the border area. They were sustained discreetely by their German abbot Alberich Steiger, who, among other things, dined with high German officers. He and his confrere, together with Pol Nolens, vicar at Charneux, edited an illegal newspaper, reproduced with a spirit duplicator at Charneux, denouncing the misdeeds of National Socialism in the three Belgian languages (La Tribune Libre in French, Het Vrije Woord in Dutch, and Das Freie Wort in German).
On March 18, 1943, one day before Fr. Hugo, he was arrested by the Geheime Feldpolizei (Secret Police of the German army) as a result of the Hannibal Game. On August 11, 1943, he and ten others were sentenced to death by a court-martial in Utrecht for espionage and favoring the enemy. They were shot at Fort Rijnauwen near Utrecht (Netherlands) on October 9, 1943. On the way to the execution site, he and his confrere wore their white Cistercian monk’s robes and loudly sang a religious hymn. His body was cremated, and the ashes were later buried in the Val-Dieu monastery cemetery. A memorial plaque commemorates him in Fort Rijnauwen and in the abbey church of Val-Dieu.
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-04
Muller,
Jean Maurice
∗ 1920-02-06
Weltevreden (Ned.Ind
† 1944-07-21
Kamp Vught
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - municipality - press - The outskirts of Limburg - As an official of the distribution office in Nijmegen, he passed on ration cards to people in hiding and he distributed banned newspapers. He belonged to the Vrij Nederland group of Nijmegen and was arrested on June 20, 1944 [4], possibly as a result of betrayal [1.1]. On July 21, 1944, he was executed in the Vught concentration camp, [1.1] probably in part in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers in Nijmegen. [2]
He is in the Roll of Honour 1940-1945 of the Dutch Parliament [3]

  1. Kamp Vught / Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch
    1. Jean Maurice Muller (Nederlands)
    2. Homepage English
  2. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  3. Erelijst van gevallenen 1940-1945
  4. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/107693/jean-maurice-muller
  5. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/muller/93905751-1ba3-4e62-aea1-999560b63fa7
  6. Digital Monument

  7. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Narinx,
Jos
∗ 1889-11-24
Maastricht
† 1943-01-07
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - press - Jozef Wilhelmus Hubertus (Jos) Narinx was a painter and one of the founders of the Limburgse Kunstkring (Limburg Art Circle) and during the occupation distributor of De Vonk. Arrested on June 24, 1942 for anti-German sentiments and distribution of illegal literature. According to josnarinx.nl, he was a very impulsive man, and the wonder there if that got him into trouble after his arrest.
See also:
wall: left, row 34-03
Nas,
Janus
∗ 1909-04-27
Rotterdam?
† 1943-09-23
Wassenaar, Waalsdorpervlakte
Brunssum - CPN - press - Warehouse worker. In August 1941, the top of the Communistische Partij Nederland sent him to the Dutch coal-mining area (Mijnstreek). Lived with Lubbert Bos. Jagt, Bos, and Nas were responsible for the distribution of De Vonk and were assisted by at least one hundred delivery men. (Cammaert X, p. 1001) On May 29, 1942, in connection with the theft of a bicycle, the Schaesberg police arrested De Vonk distributor F.E. Scheper from W. Gerards’ group, who received the newspapers from S. Rinzema. Scheper’s house was threatened with a search, and he confided in M. Driessen, a municipal policeman. He asked him to ask his wife to burn the remaining copies of De Vonk. The municipal policeman informed Mayor K. Brouwers, a Dutch Nazi. Dozens of De Vonk distributors from Schaesberg, Nieuwenhagen, Heerlen, and Waubach (now Ubach over Worms) were arrested on Saturday, May 30, 1942. On June 26, 1942, Nas managed to escape from his guards J. Gouman and J. Weekhout during the transport to Maastricht, and he returned to Zuid-Holland, but more than a year later he was still arrested and executed. The loss of Nas resulted in the end of contact with the national party management. He is mentioned on a memorial stele at the Crooswijk municipal cemetery in Rotterdam.
wall: middel, row 02-02
Nijst,
Charles Joseph
∗ 1916-03-05
Kerkrade
† 1944-01-18
KZ Groß-Beeren, Kreis Teltow
Valkenburg - early resistance - press - The weekly magazine Het Land van Valkenburg wrote about him: “He refused to sign a declaration of loyalty and went into hiding. Arrested (date unknown) for spreading illegal literature.”
At the Oorlogsgraven­stichting there is a source link where he is mentioned as a student at the Katholieke Economische Hoogeschool in Tilburg. Furthermore, contrary to the above, we read there: “Employed at the Arado Flugzeug Werke in Brandenburg upon Havel. Was arrested on October 6, 1943. The reason was a statement in a private conversation held at the beginning of September. He was sentenced to two months in prison. Around 15 December the family received a message from the Swedish Society that Nyst had not been released, but transferred to a Arbeitserziehungslager in Gross Beeren and from there to the concentration camp in Sachsenhausen near Oranienburg. In the meantime on 18 February 1944 the family in Maastricht was informed that on January 18th, 1944 he had succumbed from ‘Herzschwäche’ (cardiac insufficiency) in Gross Beeren.“
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Charles Joseph Nijst op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: right, row 26-04
Reichert,
Franciscus P.
Vrijn
∗ 1873-08-29
Delft
† 1944-09-14
Nijmegen
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - - press - The outskirts of Limburg - A trader by profession as well as a courier for the LO-KP out of conviction. Also Vrij Nederland. On September 14, 1944 he was shot in his house because of his work for V.N. [2].
The following can be read on :oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl [4]:

Frans Reichert, married to Margaretha Wilhelmina Hienkens and father of six adult children, worked for the resistance group Vrij Nederland under the pseudonym VRIJN. On May 20, 1944, the police, led by Pieter Versloot and Marinus Verstappen, searched his apartment but found nothing. Another raid followed at midnight on September 14, 1944, when German SD man Kuhnert, together with Nijmegen police officer Anton Wiebe, searched Reichert’s apartment (again). Kuhnert shot Reichert in the head as he tried to escape through the kitchen. He was buried in his garden with the help of his neighbors, the Bossmann family.
After the liberation he was buried in the cemetery in Brakkenstein (D 9) until the fall of 1969, since then in the field of honor of the Vredehof cemetery in Nijmegen. [2]

  1. wikipedia EN: Vrij Nederland
  2. Begraafplaats Vredehof te Nijmegen Erehof 47
  3. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/125996/franciscus-petrus-reichert
  4. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/reichert/1db52283-48e4-417b-8a55-875fe93fb85f
  5. Digital Monument

  6. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Rinzema /Rensema,
Sjoerd
∗ 1909-02-28
Drachten
† 1945-06-01
Maastricht
Heerlen - CPN - press - Baker. According to oorloggravenstichting.nl/ and verzetsmuseum.org his name was Rinzema, according to the card index of the CPN (communist party) it was Rensema. Since the same date of death is given, it is probably about the same person. Distributor of De Vonk and De Waarheid. Arrested in June 1942. He arrived at Dachau concentration camp on May 26, 1944, was liberated there on April 29, 1945, but died shortly thereafter as a result of the privations he had suffered.
wall: middel, row 08-01
Rodriguez /Rodrigues,
Jozef Marius
Jozef
∗ 1900-03-05
Paramaribo
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - dutch soldier - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Retired KNIL sergeant [1] Jozef Rodriguez (also spelled Rodrigues) listened to radio transmissions from London and distributed illegal newspapers and pamphlets. He was arrested by the notorious Wiebe at 1:30 a.m. on June 30, 1944. He was imprisoned first in Arnhem, then in the Amersfoort camp, and was executed on July 21, 1944, in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers in Nijmegen on the Leusden heath, having previously dug his own grave. Rodriguez was one of twelve Surinamese who died in the Netherlands for their resistance activities. [6] After the war, Rodriguez was buried in Daalseweg Cemetery until the fall of 1969, when he was reburied in the field of honor at Vredehof Cemetery in Nijmegen. [4]
A list of the victims of the above reprisals can be found on our website [2] (red link) and on oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl [6].
Monument to the Surinamese survivors of the Second World War, Waterkant, Paramaribo [3]

  1. KNIL, Koninklijk Nederlandsch-Indisch Leger. Wikipedia EN: Royal Netherlands East Indies Army
  2. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
    Executies op de Leusderheide en in Kamp Vught
  3. Eric Kastelein Oog in oog met Paramaribo. Verhalen over het herinneringserfgoed (LM Publishers 2020). http://www.ooginoogmetparamaribo.nl
  4. Vredehof Cemetery Nijmegen, Erehof 21
  5. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/127942/jozef-marius-rodriguez
  6. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/rodriguez/ce6b659e-6584-469e-af5b-47a8acfda91b
  7. Digital Monument

  8. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Rooyackers /Rooijackers,
Wim A.
∗ 1918-03-13
Heerlen
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Heerlen - early resistance - K.P. - press - police - Wilhelmus Antonius (Wim) Rooijackers was a trade correspondent and a member of the mine police. Almost from the beginning of the war he was involved with prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany. (Cammaert III, p. 217) He also was involved in a failed assassination attempt (Cammaert IV, p. 286) and he was active in the group that distributed the illegal magazine Het Parool in South Limburg. (Cammaert XI, p. 1050) He was busted together with the midwife A.M. Bensen-Offermans, who was liberated in the Maastricht prison raid.
But Wim Rooijackers was one of many executed in Vught on Dolle Dinsdag (Mad Tuesday).
wall: left, row 17-03
Schillings,
H.Peter
∗ 1900-02-28
Nieuwenhagen
† 1942-11-07
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - Worker in a brickyard, arrested on June 4, 1942 for distributing the party newspaper De Vonk. (Cammaert chapter X, Appendix VIII. Arrest of Communists and Radical Socialists 1940-1945).
wall: right, row 02-01
Schillings,
Johan
∗ 1921-05-19
Nieuwenhagen
† 1942-12-14
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - Johan Joseph Schillings, house painter, arrested on June 4, 1942 for distributing De Vonk. (Cammaert chapter X, Appendix VIII. Arrest of Communists and Radical Socialists 1940-1945).
wall: right, row 01-05
Schiphorst,
Tom
∗ 1923-01-01
Heerlen
† 1945-03-09
Mauthausen
Heerlen - Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - press - Student - Student at the MTS (technical secondary school), living in Nijmegen. He took care of people in hiding and distributed illegal magazines. He also hid an American pilot. Member of the LO-Maas en Waal. On August 1, 1944 he was arrested and on March 9, 1945 he died in the Mauthausen concentration camp.
wall: left, row 18-01
Schols,
Albertus Eugenius Leonardus
Ab
∗ 1916-04-10
Maastricht
† 1944-10-25
Effeld (D)
Maastricht - L.O. - - press - Ab Schols was department head at the rijksverkeersinspectie (National Traffic Inspectorate) and deputy secretary of the director. During the occupation he was an collaborator of L.O. leaders like Father Bleys and Uncle Leo Moonen in Roermond. On October 6, 1944, he cycled with Pierre Gruijters to a farmer in Posterholt to collect food for the people in hiding, the so called divers. On their way, two SS men stopped the duo. In autumn 1944 the front was here. The two resisters refused to hand over their bicycles. The SS men found illegal magazines in Schols’ bicycle bags.
The two men were brought to a Gestapo station in Effeld, Germany, just across the border near Herkenbosch, for interrogation. After the interrogation, the chief Wilhelm Lammertz from Eschweiler gave the order to shoot Schols and Gruijters. That happened in the forest near Effeld. On June 23, 1945 Schols was buried in the family grave in the cemetery on Tongerseweg in Maastricht.
wall: left, row 36-02
Snijders,
Johannes Franciscus
Frans
∗ 1916-09-16
Helden L.
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Weert - L.O. - - press - police - Railroad policeman, courier for Jan Hendrikx (Ambrosius). Distributed illegal newspapers such as De Stem, Je Maintiendrai and Trouw. On July 19, 1944, he received a telegram asking him to come to Eindhoven the next day. He was arrested in the station waiting room after being identified by an unknown person. The courier ended up in Vught, where he was shot on September 5, shortly before the liberation of the camp.
wall: right, row 35-05
Snippe,
Dirk
∗ 1893-11-30
Emmen
† 1943-04-05
Buchenwald (Weimar)
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner, lived in Waubach. Voluntary collaborator of De vonk. Arrêté le 30 mars 1942.
wall: right, row 24-05
Soesman,
Gerard L.R.
∗ 1922-06-23
Valkenburg
† 1945-01-21
Auschwitz/Oświęcim
Maastricht - Valkenburg - CPN - Jew - early resistance - press - Student HBS (high school). Listed in the Honor Roll of Victims 1940 – 1945, in the category resistance people. Moreover he had a Jewish father, Jacob Soesman. Mother: Christina Johanna Maria Prick
See also the site of Joods Monument: “Gerhard Lodewijk Robertus Soesman, who had attended commercial secondary school, lived in Maastricht. He worked in the underground for the Dutch communist party (CPN). He distributed papers, including De Vonk. Because of the V-Mann (informant) Engwirda, he was caught in Maastricht on 24 January 1942. He was locked up at the prison in Maastricht and subsequently deported to Auschwitz via Vught concentration camp.”
See also Genealogy Soesman
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Gerard L.R. Soesman op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: left, row 35-04
Sonneville,
Alphonse
Fons
∗ 1883-07-23
Maastricht
† 1945-02-25
Dachau
Maastricht - CPN - press - Representative for wine, worked for a French secret service. During the Occupation, he was suspected of working for British and Belgian intelligence during World War I and later for the French Popular Front government. He was a propagandist for the Vereniging van Vrienden van de Sovjetunie (V.V.S.U., Association of Friends of the Soviet Union) and co-founder of the Maastrichtse Culturele Filmliga (Maastricht Cultural Film League). The league aimed to correct the negative image of the Soviet Union by showing Russian (propaganda) films and warning against fascism. (Cammaert X, p. 978 ff.). Arrested on May 10, 1940 for anti-German attitude. He was released on March 27, 1941, but his further activities were closely monitored. Since then he was involved in the distribution of De Vonk, the Limburg edition of De Waarheid. On June 25, 1942, the SiPo, in cooperation with the Ordnungspolizei, struck again and arrested at least 27 distributors of De Vonk, including Sonneville.
wall: left, row 36-04
Span,
Petrus
Piet
∗ 1908-10-14
Nijmegen
† 0000-00-00
Leusderheide
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - CPN - press - person in hiding - The outskirts of Limburg - Piet Span was a carpenter. Distributor of De Waarheid (The Truth), had gone into hiding in the Waterkwartier. He was betrayed, the identity of the traitor is unclear. Arrested on June 17, 1944 at 1:05 a.m. by constable C.L. Geerts. At 11:00 he was taken with three others by Wiebe and Hidskes to the SD/SiPo in Arnhem. On July 21, 1944, he was executed together with other men from Nijmegen on the heath of Leusden, after he had dug his own grave. [1] Span’s body could only be buried in the Groenestraat Cemetery (N-16-8) in October 1945. In the fall of 1969, he was reburied on the field of honor of the Vredehof Cemetery in Nijmegen. [2]
One of the stories about the assassination attempt three weeks later on German soldier Otto Geschefsky says that this was an act of revenge for the arrest of four communist resistance fighters from Nijmegen (Arp Wagter, Jan van Eldert, Piet Treijtel and Piet Span mentioned here).
Another story says that two inexperienced boys, aged 17 and 18, were assigned to take away a list of names of resistance fighters from Nijmegen from this Geschefsky. A girl friend lured him to Kronenburgerpark and they ambushed him. Geschefsky drew his pistol, but was shot himself with it. [3]
Perhaps both stories are true?
On his funeral card [2b] the date of birth is given as October 14, 1914 (incorrect, changed to 1908 in ballpoint pen on his daughter’s copy of the funeral card). Listed in the Roll of Honor 1940-1945 of the Dutch Parliament [4].

  1. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  2. a.) Begraafplaats Vredehof te Nijmegen.
    b.) G.Thuring, Ereveld Vredehof, Groesbeek 2010, p. 24-25:bidprentje en foto
  3. Otto Geschefsky
  4. Erelijst 1940-1945
  5. J.Rosendaal, "Theo Dobbe en de Nijmeegse Knokploeg", in: Jaarboek Numaga 2008, p. 69-77
  6. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/145086/petrus-span
  7. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/span/40892157-11d5-48d6-85c1-ebc731ba325f
  8. Digital Monument

  9. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Spillenaar Bilgen,
Marinus
∗ 1892-10-25
Salatiga, NOI
† 1944-09-04
Vught
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - The pharmacist’s son Marinus Spillenaar Bilgen, as director of the Gelderland paper mill in Nijmegen, supplied large quantities of paper to underground newspapers such as Trouw [2][5] and collected money for the NSF (Nationaal Steun Fonds, National Support Fund [1], financed the resistance). He was also a member of the Knokploeg (armed group). He studied mechanical engineering in Delft, where the later prominent NSB member Meinoud Rost van Tonningen was his rowing mate. He was arrested on August 7, 1944 in connection with his activities for Trouw and was executed on September 4, 1944 in Herzogenbusch concentration camp. (Article Peter Bak, Trouw newspaper, May 4, 2020 [2])

  1. Nationaal Steun Fonds
  2. Peter Bak: Dit zijn de 196 doden van trouw. Zij die stierven voor de krant
  3. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/146052/marinus-spillenaar-bilgen
  4. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/spillenaar%20bilgen/5dd65193-e52c-448e-a860-07941a58ff5d
  5. Wikipedia NL: Trouw (verzetsblad)
  6. Digital Monument

  7. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Spreksel,
Charles
∗ 1916-07-03
Heerlen
† 1945-01-07
KZ Schömberg, KZ Natzweiler
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Group Smit - Former soldier and window dresser. At first, he distributed illegal magazines and self-printed leaflets supplied by Vicar E. Hennekens from Valkenburg. They received increasing support from young people, especially family members and close friends. By the end of 1940, the secondary school students A.J.A. Rameckers, P.L.W.A. Leclou and H.H. Baeten had formed a small resistance group (Cammaert Chapter II, pp. 109 -110). According to the prayer card, he was arrested on February 2,1942, and via Maastricht, Amsterdam, Amersfoort, Vught, Buchenwald, Natzweiler, Dachau, and Ottobrünn, he got to Dautmergen, where he died on January 6, 1945.
certificate of decease on oorlogsbronnen.nl
wall: left, row 19-03
Stad, van der
Nicolaas
∗ 1890-02-07
Nijmegen
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Maastricht - press - Ordedienst - Cellist, muziekleraar, directeur Muziek Lyceum Amsterdam en Nijmeegsche Volksmuzieschool. Oprichter O.D. en Parool in Nijmegen. Zat in de landelijke OD-top. gearresteerd op 4 oktober 1941. Waarschijnlijk gefusilleerd in kamp Sachsenhausen te Oranienburg.


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Tersteeg,
Nol
∗ 1890-01-01
Huissen
† 1943-01-21
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - Johannes Arnoldus T. was a miner. Arrested on May 31, 1942. Reason: “Support to people in hiding and to De Waarheid (The Truth)” (CPN file).
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists. But even if so, there is still his “support to people in hiding”.
wall: right, row 02-02
Theunissen,
Johannes Wilhelmus Hubertus
Giel
∗ 1904-01-30
Mesch (L)
† 1944-09-08
Stadbroek, gem.Sittard
Munstergeleen - CPN - press - Lived in Munstergeleen. Unmarried. Newspaper deliverer. Member of the resistance under the pseudonym Giel. See also Crauwels, Paulus Nicolaas.
“On September 7, 1944, two distributors of De Waarheid, J.W.H. Theunissen and P.N. Crauwels, who had picked up some copies at S. Beyer shortly before, were arrested by some land guards (auxiliar police) in Munstergeleen. The next day the two were murdered in Sittard” (Van Aernsbergen)
wall: left, row 39-02
Tholen,
Hein
∗ 1907-01-23
Willich
† 1942-11-14
Neuengamme
Schaesberg - CPN - press - Miner. Arrested for having distributed the illegal paper De Vonk.
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader of De Vonk and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists.
wall: right, row 12-03
Tholen,
Sjeng
∗ 1917-12-04
Urmond
† 1945-04-05
Mauthausen (A)
Urmond - press - Johannes Matheus Lambertus Tholen, a miner from Geleen, distributed anti-German leaflets from Heerlen which called for mine sabotage and also showed how this could best be done. Since one copy fell into the wrong hands, the SiPo was able to arrest him on June 23, 1944. Tholen died in Mauthausen on April 5.
wall: right, row 25-03
Tobben,
Harrie /Harry
∗ 1917-08-24
Heerlen
† 1945-03-15
Hameln (D
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - carillon - Former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 member of the mine police. Was involved, among other things, in acts of sabotage in the Oranje-Nassau Mine I (O.N. I) in Heerlen, which was uncovered by the SiPo. In June 1942, on the advice of police friends, he went into hiding in Baexem, but just continued to help fugitives. From the speech by Dr. Fred Cammaert at the unveiling of the memorial plaque at the Peace Carillon): “Under the inspiring leadership of Charles Bongaerts, he and other former military personnel devoted themselves to all manner of resistance activities, ranging from aiding Jews, Allied airmen, and those in hiding (the so called divers), to gathering weapons and intelligence information, to producing and distributing illegal magazines and acts of sabotage. As a result of infiltrating by provocateurs in German service, he was arrested on August 6, 1943.”
wall: left, row 19-05
Toussaint,
Christiaan Canisius
Christ
∗ 1896-10-21
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Christ Toussaint was a department head at the E.R.K. (Eerste Rooms Katholieke Levensverzekering Maatschappij). He distributed radio news from London and forbidden newspapers and supported the resistance financially. [1] We owe many biographical details to his daughter C. Beukering-Toussaint. [4]
On June 29, 1944, he was arrested with his neighbor Ernest van Geuns, and on July 21, 1944, he and seven other Nijmegen citizens were executed on the heath of Leusden in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers, having previously dug their own graves. [2]
He was reburied in the municipal cemetery Vredehof [3], Erehof 20 [5].

  1. Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen
  2. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  3. Vredehof in Nijmegen
  4. https://www.noviomagus.nl/Gastredactie/Beukering/Beukering.htm
  5. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/personen/154888/christiaan-canisius-toussaint
  6. Digital Monument

  7. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Treytel /Treijtel,
Petrus Laurentius
Piet
∗ 1877-08-09
Rotterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Piet Treijtel was a carpenter. He worked on the party newspaper De Waarheid (the truth) and was involved in various other illegal activities. He was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe at 4:00 a.m. on June 17, 1944. One of the stories about the assassination attempt three weeks later on German soldier Otto Geschefsky says that this was an act of revenge for the arrest of four communist resistance fighters from Nijmegen (Arp Wagter, Jan van Eldert, Piet Treijtel and Piet Span). Another story says that two inexperienced boys, aged 17 and 18, were assigned to take away a list of names of resistance fighters from Nijmegen from this Geschefsky. A girl friend lured him to Kronenburgerpark and they ambushed him. Geschefsky drew his pistol, but was shot himself. [1] Piet is buried in Nijmegen [2].

  1. Otto Geschefsky
  2. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/154998/petrus-laurentius-treijtel
  3. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/treijtel/fcfc50b0-1c26-4498-aba2-da336af0bc47
  4. Digital Monument

  5. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Vallen,
Stephanus Hubertus
∗ 1901-03-11
Rothem, B
† 1943-05-02
Neuengamme
Venlo - CPN - press - He was a mason and an acquaintance of Lubbert Bos. Distributor of the party newspaper De Vonk (Cammaert X, p. 1001). Last address: Maasschriksel 13, Venlo, arrested on June 24, 1941. File number in Neuengamme: 347/1946, camp number ?0736.
wall: middel, row 22-01
Veerman,
Christiaan Jac.
Lou
∗ 1887-07-27
Kesteren
† 1945-01-17
Siegburg (D)
Geleen - press - Ordedienst - Former soldier and after his demobilization overseer in the state mine Maurits in Geleen. He was in contact with the OD group in Heerlen and Charles Bongaerts and thus became a member of the network that published the Limburg resistance newspaper Het Vrije Volk, not to be confused with the same-named post-war daily newspaper. It was directed mainly at miners and was very well informed, because they had their people everywhere, even at the SiPo in Maastricht! The demand for this magazine was much greater than the 30 to 50 copies Veerman got from Heerlen, so they printed at least another hundred copies themselves. Many of the Geleen team of the journal, including Veerman, were arrested as a result of treason, probably by the sister-in-law of one of the members of this team. (Cammaert XI, p. 1077)
He died as a forced laborer after nearly four years in captivity. See also his death certificate. Lies on the Nationaal Ereveld (National Field of Honor) in Loenen. In Geleen, a street is named after him.
wall: left, row 09-05
Vinerius /Vienerius,
Engelbert Joseph
∗ 1893-05-10
Rheine
† 1942-11-17
Neuengamme
Heerlen - CPN - press - Miner, distributor of De Vonk and De Waarheid, arrested in August 1942. Died in the main camp of Neuengamme.
Do you know more? Write us!
wall: middel, row 08-02
Vlemmings,
Lambert
∗ 1918-11-10
Breda
† 1945-02-23
Dachau
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Group Smit - Lambertus Arnoldus Vlemmings was a former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 parcel deliveryman at Van Gend & Loos. At the beginning of the war, he distributed underground magazines and leaflets printed by chapelain Hennekens from Valkenburg. “From the spring of 1941, the Smit group also focused on intelligence gathering and the acquisition and purchase of weapons, ammunition and explosives. Smit entrusted this task to L. Vlemmings.” (Cammaert chapter II, p.. 13) 1945 (Cammaert chapter II, p. 110.) Arrested on 02 February 1942, sentenced to 12 years in prison, died in Dachau on 23 February 1945.
wall: left, row 19-04
Wagter,
Arp
∗ 1907-01-17
Groningen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Arp Wagter was a blacksmith and machine fitter. On June 6, 1944, he was arrested in Nijmegen.
On oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl we read about him [6]:

Arp Wagter, married to Hendrika Coenders and childless, distributed banned newspapers in Nijmegen. He was a member of a communist resistance group. He was arrested by constable C.L. Geerts at 1 a.m. on June 17, 1944, and taken to the SD in Arnhem by Wiebe and Hidskes at 11 a.m. the next day. On July 21, 1944, he and 7 others from Nijmegen were executed on the heath of Leusden [1], having previously had to dig his own grave. Wagter was buried on Rustoord after the war (Y 238). [2]

One of the stories about the assassination three weeks later on German soldier Otto Geschefsky says that this was an act of revenge for the arrest of four communist resistance fighters from Nijmegen (Arp Wagter, Jan van Eldert, Piet Treijtel and Piet Span). Another story says that two inexperienced boys, aged 17 and 18, were assigned to take away a list of names of resistance fighters from Nijmegen from this Geschefsky. A girl friend lured him to Kronenburgerpark and they ambushed him. Geschefsky drew his pistol, but was shot himself with it. [3]
Arp was incarcerated in the Amersfoort concentration camp until his execution on July 21, 1944.

His name is on the Erelijst van Gevallenen 1940-1945 van de Staten-Generaal (List of honour 1940-1945 of the Dutch Parliament) [4]

  1. Leusderheide: Open Street Map
  2. Begraafplaats Rustoord te Nijmegen graf 2e kl. Y 238
  3. Otto Geschefsky
  4. Erelijst 1940-1945
  5. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/166558/arp-wagter
  6. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/wagter/9b7ea536-6a59-4878-ab87-4804b02c003c
  7. Digital Monument

  8. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Wetering, van de
Maricus
∗ 1905-05-06
Heesch
† 1942-11-14
Neuengamme
Schaesberg - CPN - press - Miner. Arrested for having distributed the illegal paper “De Vonk”. Cammaert gives the date of death as November 14, 1942 (Chapter X, Appendix VIII. Arrest of Communists and Radical Socialists 1940-1945) The oorlogsgravenstichting.nl gives the date of death as December 20, 1942.
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader of De Vonk and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists.
wall: right, row 12-04
Will,
Peter
∗ 1896-08-21
Schoonhoven
† 1945-04-24
Transport
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - press - police - The outskirts of Limburg - Quality inspector in the slaughterhouse of Nijmegen [1] and honorary policeman. After May 1940, he helped people who wanted to escape forced labor in Germany. He distributed the underground newspaper Trouw [8], took care of people in hiding, helped stranded Allied airmen, and was involved in espionage activities as a member of the radio group of Captain Hogerland’s organization. [2] Arrested on December 1, 1943, for working for Trouw. According to his family, he died in Germany between April 13 and 18, 1945. In the spring of 2021, the Nijmegen City Council decided to name one of the streets in the Hof van Holland quarter after him.

Our father, Peter Will, … was a prisoner of the German SiPo-SD (security police) from December 2, 1943 until his death in April 1945. In the Netherlands he was imprisoned in Arnhem from December 2, 1943. On May 20, 1944, he was sent to the Polizeiliches Durchgangslager (police transit camp) in Amersfoort.
On October 11, 1944, he was transported to the German concentration camp Neuengamme and probably sent directly to the subcamp of Meppen-Versen (Emsland). On March 25, 1945 he was brought to the main camp as a sick man and then on April 8 they were transported by trains (cattle wagons) in the direction of Bergen-Belsen, Bergedorf, Neubrandenburg, Hamburg-Altona, Bremervörde and Brillit. There his body was taken from the train and buried in a mass grave with about 300 others. After my oldest brother, Bert Will, and I became aware of these facts, we wrote a booklet about this. [3]

A detailed article about Peter Will can be found in the German Wikipedia [6].

  1. Memorial plaque in the Nijmegen slaughterhouse
  2. oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl
  3. B.en P.Will, Peter Will 21-8-1896 - ??-4-1945. Een levensverhaal, (A life story) Nijmegen -Veenendaal 2008, + cd with pictures and video clip, ISBN 978-90-90-23827-2
  4. Nationaal Ereveld (National Field of Honor) in Loenen, grave A 372
  5. nos.nl: Zoon van verzetsheld krijgt na 71 jaar alsnog afscheidsbrief (son of a resistance hero receives farewell letter after 71 years)
  6. Wikipedia DE: Peter Will (Widerstandskämpfer)
  7. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/171502/peter-will
  8. Wikipedia NL: Trouw_(verzetsblad)
  9. Digital Monument

  10. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Witvoet,
Marinus
∗ 1922-12-13
Emmen
† 1944-10-28
Venlo
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Geleen - CPN - press - Mijnwerker uit Geleen, medewerker van de Waarheid maar geen partijlid. Opgepakt 24 maart 1944 in Geleen. Gedeporteerd naar Remscheid (D). Omgekomen tijdens bombardement op de Maasbruggen in Venlo tijdens zijn tweede ontvluchtingspoging. Opgegeven voor de erelijst.
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-32