The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

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Ondergrondse pers



On the corner of the street



YouTube

After the surrender of the Dutch army in May 1940, the occupation didn’t seem so bad at first. The National Socialists still hoped to win the Dutch over to their ideology. In contrast to Belgium and France, no military administration was set up, but a "civil" one. But that was only an appearance. The press was brought under German control as early as May 15, 1940, but the first free newspaper appeared on the same day. This created what is often referred to as the “illegal” press. After all, the resistance called itself “illegality”. By the end of the war, a large variety of sheets had been published in the millions. A more precise estimate is not possible. In addition, each copy was often passed from hand to hand. There weren’t any copiers yet. The most common means was the good old spirit duplicator, which the older ones among us still know from their school days. If such a printer was not available, the texts were copied by typing or even writing.
The distributors of this free press also often sold photos of the royal family and the like to fund all kinds of good causes. The need for uncensored information was great, especially since in May 1943 all radios had to be surrendered to make listening to Radio Oranje more difficult and even more when the Allied troops where approaching to liberate Europe from fascism. Of course, not all radios were handed in, and confiscated radios were also retrieved by combat groups.
The Nazis were aware of the dangerousness of this printed matter. They persecuted the makers with great doggedness, but also tried to create confusion with a fake resistance newspaper: De Gil (The Scream).
Below you will find people who have paid for this work with their life.
See also the Wikipedia category Nederlandse illegale pers in de Tweede Wereldoorlog, Dutch illegal press in World War II.


Ondergrondse pers – 101 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Assen, van
Derk
∗ 1891-10-09
Hasselt (O)
† 1943-09-13
Horst (L)
Maastricht - L.O. - press - He was a bailiff at the direct taxes, married to Berendje Grolleman, belonged to LO-Maastricht. They were active in the distribution of underground papers such as Vrij Nederland and Trouw and participated in the founding of the L.O. …

wall: left, row 29-02
Assen-Grolleman, van
Berendje
∗ 1894-03-29
Hasselt (Ov)
† 1945-02-18
Ravensbrück
- Maastricht - L.O. - press - Almost from the beginning of the German occupation in 1940, Berendje Grolleman (Berendina van Assen-Grolleman) and her husband Maastricht. They helped Jews and …

wall: left, row 29-03
Balter,
Hendrik Hubert
∗ 1917-08-06
Schaesberg
† 1945-04-17
Flossenbürg AL Gröditz
Schaesberg - CPN - press - Collaborator of “De Vonk”. At the end of April 1942, the Resistance member Scheper was arrested for stealing a bicycle. He talks, with as a result numerous arrests, including Balter. When the concentration camp is liberated by the Allies on April 17, 1945, Hendrik Balter is already dead (or …

wall: right, row 13-01
Bartels,
Roelf H.
∗ 1868-09-25
Groningen
† 1942-12-14
KZ Neuengamme
Maastricht - press - Group Dresen - Factory owner, co-founder of the Dresen Group. Bartels and his wife Maria, 36 years his junior, had two stores in Maastricht, one in Heggenstraat and one in St. Maartenslaan. Captain in the reserve of the Dutch army. Despite his advanced age, Bartels joined the resistance. In his Tricotage house …

wall: left, row 30-01
Beckhoven, van
Gerardus
Pater Beatus
∗ 1899-09-21
Amsterdam
† 1945-03-20
Bergen-Belsen
Heerlen - early resistance - L.O. - press - priest - person in hiding - Gerard van Beckhoven or Father Beatus van Beckhoven OFM was kapelaan (vicar) in Heerlen at the rectorate church of St. Francis on the Laanderstraat in Heerlen [1] and there he became a refugee helper with an extensive network.
As early as 1940 he was consulted …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: left, row 15-02
Benedic,
Nikolaus
Nico
∗ 1903-03-02
Aachen
† 1944-07-11
Natzweiler
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Nico Benedic was the keeper of a little library and a member of the CPN [1]. Was he also a miner? Lived in Waubach. Arrested on May 30, 1942 for distributing party papers.De Vonk and De Waarheid.
Nico had Dutch citizenship. The registration register of the city of Aachen …

wall: right, row 24-01
Berckel, van
Karel C.
∗ 1892-08-19
Delft
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
Heerlen - L.O. - K.P. - press - Surgeon and chef de clinique at the St. Jozef hospital in Heerlen. He was one of those who created there an important resistance center and the beginning of the LO in the Heerlen district, from where the connection with Valkenburg was also made. Like almost all people of the Limburg L.O. he was …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Karel C. van Berckel op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: left, row 15-03
Berden,
Sylvester
∗ 1919-09-02
Den Haag
† 1944-11-07
Kessel
Heel-Panheel - press - Student - person in hiding - Sylvester Willem Jerome Maria Martin Berden was a law student and during the German invasion he was a drafted sergeant at the Grebbeberg. See funeral card [1] and oorlogsgravenstichting.nl. [6]
In 1943 he and his younger brother Joost went into hiding in a monastery in Heel. They …

wall: left, row 13-02
Bloemgarten,
Rudolf
∗ 1920-05-07
Maastricht
† 1943-07-01
Bloemendaal
Maastricht - Jew - press - Student - Rudi Bloemgarten was born in Maastricht [1], lived as a child in Schaarbeek ( region of Brussels) from 1924 to 1933 and then in Amsterdam, where he studied medicine during the occupation.
On eerebegraafplaatsbloemendaal.eu [5] we read about him:

born: May 7, 1920 …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-

Bongaerts,
Charles M.H.J.
∗ 1909-08-07
Venlo
† 1944-11-23
KZ Ladelund, KZ Neuengamme
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - Married to Trees (Theresa) Dahmen. In 1940 Charles was a reserve officer in the Dutch army and during the five day battle of the Netherlands he fought on the so called “Grebbenberg Line”, that the Dutch army held to the very end, repulsing heavy assaults from the German forces. After …

wall: left, row 16-01
Bos,
Lubbert
∗ 1900-08-10
Emmen
† 1943-04-06
KZ Buchenwald
Brunssum - CPN - press - Lubbert Bos was a miner and a member of the CPN (Communist Party Netherlands).
Cammaert wrote about him on p.1000:
In August 1941, the party leadership again sent a liaison man to the mining region, the warehouse clerk  …

wall: left, row 06-01
Brinkman,
Herman Joseph Frederik
Herman
∗ 1874-04-04
Gulpen-Wittem
† 1945-03-04
Köln
Roermond - L.O. - press - The 70-year-old Herman Joseph Frederik Brinkman was a notary in Roermond. He was the widower of Sophie Marie Caroline Laurence de Ras († 13 November 1906) and remarried Francisca Brinkman-Rohling on 9 January 1908. They were the parents of …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Brinkman,
Jan
∗ 1893-08-01
Koekange
† 1945-02-20
Dachau
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner (hewer), born in Koekange, a village in the province of Drenthe, until 1997 municipality of De Wijk. He lived in Waubach. Worked for the party newspaper , arrested on May 30, 1942.


wall: right, row 24-02
Brinkman,
Sophie Marie Amélie Jacqueline
Sophie
∗ 1908-10-18
Roermond Geboortedat
† 1945-03-06
Klingelpütz, Köln
- Roermond - L.O. - press - Sophie Brinkman was the daughter of notary Herman Brinkman and Francisca Brinkman-Rohling in Roermond. She married Frenchman Paul Marie de Puniet de Parry in 1936 and helped escaped …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Brinkman-Rohling ,
Francisca Alberta Maria
Francisca
∗ 1875-01-18
Dokkum
† 1945-03-27
Maastricht
- Roermond - early resistance - press - Francisca Brinkman-Rohling and her husband, 70-year-old notary Herman Brinkman, lived in Roermond [1] and were the parents of Sophie Brinkman.
About them (and their deeds) we can read in …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Busch,
Elbertus Frederikus
∗ 1903-05-11
Apeldoorn
† 1943-05-25
Neuengamme
Hoensbroek - CPN - early resistance - press - He spent his youth in Zutphen, his places of residence in South Limburg were Brunssum and Hoensbroek (from 1931). According to the biography on heemkundehoensbroek.nl, he was a gardener during the war and worked for the Koninklijke Nederlandse Heidemaatschappij, or Heidemij for short. In …

wall: middel, row 10-02
Cahn,
David Leo
∗ 1923-12-07
Maastricht
† 1942-08-14
Auschwitz
Maastricht - Jew - early resistance - press - Group Dresen - Jewish butcher’s son, residing at Lenculenstraat 9 in Maastricht. He belonged to the civilian branch of the Dresen group, which was mainly engaged in the distribution of illegal leaflets and writings, specially the Oranje Koerier. For example, to finance the purchase of …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-07
Crauwels,
Paul Nicolaas
Pauli
∗ 1901-08-17
Maastricht
† 1944-09-08
Sittard
Sittard - CPN - press - Paul Crauwels was born in Oud-Vroenhoven, municipality of Maastricht, and was a typesetter. [1#5]
Machine setter at Alberts Printers in Sittard as well as working in insurance. Roman Catholic. He was editor-in-chief of Carmel Roses, an illustrated magazine whose …

wall: right, row 18-01
Creusen,
Wiel
oom Kees
∗ 1893-07-31
Kerkrade
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
Kerkrade - - press - RVV - Jan Willem Creusen was a civil servant at the Distribution Office and former chairman of the local wall: left, row 26-01
Diederen,
Karel Joseph
∗ 1917-10-10
Hoensbroek
† 1943-03-02
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
Hoensbroek - early resistance - press - Group Smit - In his younger years he was active in the youth movement. When he was drafted into military service, he was a casual laborer. From September 2, 1937 with the 3rd Mounted Field Artillery Regiment, where he rose to the rank of wachtmeester (~ sergeant). After the surrender of the …

wall: middel, row 11-02
Dobbe,
Theo
Hans
∗ 1901-03-19
Amsterdam
† 1944-09-05
Dieren, gem. Rheden
Nijmegen - early resistance - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - In his civil profession, Theo Dobbe was a chief representative and active throughout the Netherlands. In the southern part of the country he became the organizer of the LKP, the umbrella organization of the Knokploegen (commandos). In 1943 he became head of the special unit …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-10
Dorst,
Mans
∗ 1905-12-10
Onstwedde
† 1942-11-12
Neuengamme
Heerlen - CPN - early resistance - press - Worker in a factory, liaison man for the party newspaper De Waarheid. Arrested on January 13, 1942.
wall: middel, row 06-01
Dresen,
Pierre Marie Joseph
Pierre
∗ 1897-02-07
Maastricht
† 1942-12-01
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - press - Group Dresen - Pierre Dresen was a resident of Maastricht, demobilized professional soldier (sergeant major in the infantry [1]), temporary cashier of the distribution service, founder of the Dresen group, which initially also called itself the RAF group. [2]
Arrested on December 2, 1941. Arrived …

wall: left, row 31-01
Driessen,
Hendrik Gijsbert
Harry
∗ 1921-11-11
Horst
† 1944-09-06
Ravenstein?
Horst - press - Student - Zwarte Plak - Horst also did not escape the terror of the commando Berendsen of the AKD. They hunted down people in hiding under the leadership of Johan Berendsen [1], the "Terror of Venlo.” On July 29, …

wall: left, row 23-01
Droitcourt,
Guido
Kamiel
∗ 1915-09-27
Berlin-Pankow
† 1943-02-11
Hauptlager Neuengamme
Geulle - press - Group Dresen - Kamiel Michel Josef Guido had a German mother and a French father and was born in Berlin. At the age of 20 he came to Geulle with his mother, her husband and his half-brother. In July 1941 the first Allied plane was shot down at Geulle. One crew member came to Guido Droitcourt, but then fell …

wall: middel, row 04-02
Eldert, van
Johannes Antonie
Jan
∗ 1894-10-31
Amsterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Van Eldert, a carpenter, was married to Wilhelmina van de Berg and distributed illegal newspapers, including De Waarheid. On June 17, 1944, at 2:15 a.m., he was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe for having distributed De Waarheid in Nijmegen. At 11 o’clock he and three others were taken by Wiebe …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Engeln,
Paulus Anthonius
Tom
∗ 1902-01-30
Purmerend
† 1945-04-27
KZ Mauthausen-Ebensee
Maastricht - early resistance - press - Group Dresen - Paulus Anthonius (Tom) Engeln, a shopkeeper and leather goods manufacturer living in Maastricht, was of German descent and divorced from a German wife, Betsy Wanger, with whom he had three children. In 1942 they were 4, 7 and 12 years old. In the back room of his shop, he printed the …

wall: middel, row 14-02
Evers,
Johannes Hendrikus
Jan
∗ 1917-05-03
Oosterhout (Valburg)
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
Nijmegen - early resistance - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Jan Evers ran a car repair shop, was married and father of one child. They lived in Nijmegen.
He began typing and distributing illegal newspapers, including Vrij Nederland, in 1941 [1.1].
Besides that, the website of Kamp Vught (German: Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch) states in …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Francotte,
Wilhelm Joseph
Joep
∗ 1920-12-29
Vaals
† 1944-09-05
Valkenburg
Vaals - L.O. - K.P. - press - person in hiding - forced labor - carillon - Joep Francotte was a roofer/plumber from Vaals. His family website: He refused to work in Germany and was sentenced to months of forced labor in a camp for it. [1]
Cammaert: After the betrayal of Wittem [2.1], J.H. Coenen [2.2] …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Wilhelm Joseph Francotte op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: right, row 25-05
Frissen,
Theodorus Joannes Gerardus Pierre
∗ 1923-10-29
Maastricht
† 1945-03-05
Buchenwald
Maastricht - press - Born in Maastricht, his parents were from Houthem and his last known address in the Netherlands was in Leiden. There he was an office worker. [1.1]
On October 10, 1943, he was arrested in his office for distributing the underground magazine Trouw. [1.2]
At the beginning of 1945 he was …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Gerards,
Wilhelm
∗ 1907-11-04
Bottrop (D)
† 1942-07-24
Heerlen
Heerlen - CPN - press - Construction worker. On August 17, 1942, the SiPo stopped Gerards one more in Heerlerheide while he was distributing the illegal magazine De Vonk. He was shot down when he tried to escape and died in the hospital. According to …

wall: middel, row 07-01
Geuns, van
Ernest George
∗ 1889-02-28
Soerabaja, NOI
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Retired colonial official (last Hoofdcommies in the then Nederlands Indië, now Indonesia). [9] In 1938, he and his family returned to the Netherlands for the children’s education [1.4] and settled in Nijmegen. During the German occupation, he distributed banned newspapers and belonged to …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Giebels,
Jo
∗ 1909-09-06
Linne
† 1944-04-05
Bergen Belsen
Brunssum - early resistance - press - Group Smit - The primary school teacher J.M.R. Giebels was a member of the Smit group. The cost of the weapons purchases was met with the proceeds from the sale of photographs of the royal family. The British R.A.F. dropped these regularly, whereupon Giebels, the pit assistant overseer A.M. van Puffelen …

wall: left, row 05-03
Gotjé,
Bernard Th.
∗ 1903-07-18
Woensdrecht
† 1942-12-05
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - In adulthood Bernard lived in Nieuwenhagen, Limburg, where he worked in the mining industry. His leftist sympathies led him to collaborate in the illegal printing and distribution of the magazines De Vonk and De Waarheid during the German occupation. On 31 May 1942 he was arrested …

wall: right, row 01-02
Gronden, van der
Gerrit Jan
Gerrit
∗ 1895-12-13
Dordrecht
† 1943-01-02
Neuengamme
Maastricht - Valkenburg - CPN - early resistance - press - On November 6, 1897, at the age of almost two years, he moved with his parents and siblings from Dordrecht to Vlissingen, his mother’s birthplace, see civil registry card Vlissingen [1]. On 29 May 1906 to Vaals, on 19 June 1917 to Houthem (from 1941 on municipality of …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Gerrit Jan van der Gronden op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: right, row 26-03
Grootheest, van
Gerard Catharinus
Gerard
∗ 1918-10-12
Utrecht
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Student - OD-Proces - Gerard van Grootheest was the local leader of the Amersfoort chemical service [7] and a student of indology at the RU in Utrecht [4]. He distributed banned printed matter and supported illegal transmission of intelligence information to England, in collaboration with the group around Hans …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Gruijters,
Pierre
∗ 1906-03-14
Eijsden
† 1944-10-08
Effeld
Roermond - L.O. - - press - On October 6, 1944, Pierre Emile Joseph Gruijters went with Ab Schols to a farmer in Posterholt to collect food for those in hiding. On the way they were stopped by two SS men. The front line ran approximately here in the fall of 1944. The …

wall: right, row 06-01
Gubbels,
André
Leon Serra
∗ 1921-05-26
(Bergen (L)
† 1944-08-11
Kamp Vught
Arcen en Velden - press - Student - RVV - André Lambert Henri Marie Gubbels was a student who played an important role in the founding of the Raad van Verzet (Resistance Council) in Limburg. He also participated in resistance activities on behalf of Het Vrije Volk and Je Maintaindrai. On August 4, 1944 [2] …

wall: left, row 02-02
Gulikers,
Pieter Joseph Hubert
Pierre
∗ 1893-03-13
Itteren
† 1945-03-08
Amsterdam
Maastricht - press - Pierre Gulikers was a bookkeeper [1#3][7] and section commander of the BS in Santpoort-Dorp. [2]
On March 8, 1945 he was shot along with 51 others in Amsterdam, in retaliation for the (inadvertent) attack on SS commander Rauter [3].

There is a short biography of Pierre …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-

Hage,
Dirk
∗ 1909-02-17
Dreischor
† 1943-04-03
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - press - Group Dresen - After his demobilization as a soldier in 1940, Dirk Izak Hage became a customs officer with the rank of hulpkommies and found some like-minded people in the Caberg (Maastricht) customs office. He was to play such an important role in the Dresen group that it is also called the …

wall: middel, row 15-01
Heber,
Willem Hubert
Willem
∗ 1889-02-23
Horn (L)
† 1945-03-25
Mauthausen
Heel-Panheel - L.O. - press - Farmer and earthworker Willem Hubert Heber, member of LO-Heel put his radio at the disposal of brothers Sylvester and Joost Berden, who needed it to collect news for the underground bulletin Daalzichtse Berichten Dienst. His sons …

wall: left, row 13-03
Heesch, van
Peter Johannes
∗ 1910-09-09
Maasbree
† 1944-06-28
Groß-Strehlitz
Hoensbroek - CPN - press - Peter Johannes van Heesch was a miner. Jan van Kan wrote: turner. For a while, printing was done in his house (with a  …
wall: middel, row 12-01
Hendriks,
Jan
∗ 1905-05-07
Maastricht
† 1943-01-27
kamp Vught
Maastricht - CPN - press - Johan H. Hendriks was a pavement worker and worked in a pigment factory (Maastrichtsche Zinkwit Maatschappij. In 1939, he ran for the Communist Party of …

wall: left, row 31-04
Heuts,
Chris
∗ 1888-06-12
Meerssen
† 1943-02-24
Kamp Vught
Maastricht - CPN - press - Plasterer. Distributor of the magazine De Vonk. At struikelsteen-maastricht.nl (pdf) we can read: “As a communist he participated …

wall: left, row 32-01
Holty /Holtij,
Bernhard
∗ 1890-11-29
Amsterdam
† 1942-01-10
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - press - The father of Bernard Theodoor Adolf Holty was German. In the Netherlands his name was often spelled as Holtij. After the death of his parents, Bernard moved in with his brother Franz and lived with him in Cologne for an unknown period of time. He was a carpenter and was exempted from …

wall: left, row 33-01
Jacobs,
Karel
Père Hugues /Pater Hugo
∗ 1900-11-17
Antwerpen
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
Belgium - early resistance - press - Group Erkens - priest - He was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. His resistance activity began by helping escaped French prisoners of war to continue their escape. He was a Cistercian monk in the Abbey of Val-Dieu and …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-03
Jansen,
Gerrit
∗ 1887-10-12
Olst (Gld.)
† 1943-03-19
Neuengamme
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner, lived in Waubach. Distributor of De vonk?
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger of Lists.
Do you know more? Write us!
  • Cammaert …

wall: right, row 24-03
Janssen,
Cor
∗ 1918-02-22
Sevenum
† 1944-10-07
Beesel
Beesel - L.O. - K.P. - press - person in hiding - Cor Janssen was a farmer. [1#2]
In the spring of 1944, an armed group (knokploeg or K.P.) Reuver was formed by B. Verstappen. Members were also J.H. Goossens, Cor Janssen, M.J. Pereira, …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: left, row 02-05
Jong, de
Cornelis
Cees/Cor
∗ 1905-03-31
Rotterdam
† 1944-06-06
Bloemendaal
Nijmegen - L.O. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Cees de Jong was a sales representative of the Leder- en Drijfriemenfabriek Regouin in Cuijk. From 1942 he collected data on German military objects for Captain C. Hoogerland. He also distributed the underground newspaper Vrij Nederland. In addition, he provided (from July 1943 within …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Jong, de
Henk
∗ 1911-10-20
Wijmbretseradeel
† 1945-02-12
Haarlem
Venlo - local contact - press - NV - priest - person in hiding - In 1940, Hendrik Roelof de Jong was appointed pastor of the Reformed Church in Venlo. He was co-editor of the illegal newspaper Trouw and a collaborator of the Nationaal Steun Fonds (National Support Fund, a Dutch resistance organization that financed the rest of the resistance) [1]. …

wall: right, row 28-05
Jongen,
Huub
∗ 1910-10-22
Nieuwenhagen
† 1943-03-25
Bremen
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner, lived in Waubach. Distributor of De vonk. Imprisoned in the concentration camps Amersfoort and Neuengamme.
Kluitmans,
Leo J.H.
Lei
∗ 1907-04-11
Swalmen
† 1945-04-29
Dachau
Swalmen - L.O. - press - In „Het grote gebod“ (The Great Commandment, see link below) we can read about the butcher Lei Kluitmans: “LO-Swalmen. Also: VN. arrested Feb.7, 1945”. What he did for the VN (probably Vrij Nederland) is not mentioned. For a while he gave shelter to a Canadian pilot, who in early …

wall: right, row 21-04
Koenders,
Albert
∗ 1888-01-20
Rhenen
† 1943-04-30
Neuengamme
Schaesberg - CPN - press - According to oorlogsgravenstichting.nl, he was a miner. According to ARCH00347.148 the CPN’s records of their fallen members in Limburg, he was a store owner and was arrested for having distributed the party newspaper “De Waarheid”. Arrested May 30, 1942.
According to Ad van Liempt, he …

wall: right, row 12-02
Kraft,
Lambert
Bèr
∗ 1902-02-06
Maastricht
† 1942-06-22
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - early resistance - press - Representative for vacuum cleaners. In the municipal elections in Maastricht on June 14, 1939, Bèr Kraft headed the list of the CPN (Communists). They achieved 5.18%. ( …

wall: left, row 33-03
Krol/Kroll,
Johan/Johann
∗ 1920-09-20
Heerlen
† 1942-12-13
Neuengamme
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Office worker, worked for the party newspaper De Waarheid, lived in Waubach. The sources do not agree on the spelling of the first and last name. Cammaert also gives a different date of death: 31 instead of 13 December.
Do you know more? Write us!
  •  …

wall: right, row 25-01
Lansdorp,
Loek
Charles v.d. Heuvel
∗ 1921-07-15
Semarang
† 1944-09-05
Arnhem
press - Student - The outskirts of Limburg - RVV - Zwarte Plak - Louis Albert (Luke) Lansdorp had studied at the Economische Hogeschool in Tilburg. He then joined the RVV group in Deurne, presumably because he had refused to sign the declaration of loyalty and had therefore had to go into hiding. The RVV group Deurne was led by  …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.03-07
Leclou,
Paul
∗ 1921-02-28
Voerendaal
† 1945-04-29
Nordhausen
Voerendaal - early resistance - press - Group Smit - Paul Leon Willem Antoon Leclou attended the MTS (Secondary Technical School). Arrested on February 2, 1942, sentenced in Amsterdam, classified as a Nacht und Nebel (NN, Night & Fog) prisoner. He succumbed in the concentration camp Dora (Nordhausen) on 29 April 1945, i.e. shortly after the …

wall: right, row 35-04
Linssen,
Henricus Ignatius
∗ 1888-07-17
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - municipality - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Henricus Ignatius Linssen worked in the distribution office of Nijmegen. He was married to Joanna Maria Elisabeth Teunissen and father of three children. He provided those in hiding with distribution documents ( stamps and cards) and distributed forbidden newspapers. He belonged to the …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Lokerman,
Jo S.H.
Thijs
∗ 1901-02-05
Rotterdam
† 1945-02-11
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - L.O. - press - carillon - District leader of the LO in Maastricht. Unusual in the Catholic south of the Netherlands at that time: this district leader was not only a Social Democrat, but also a reformed “Hollander”, i.e. someone from “above the rivers”. “On May 11, 1940, a group of Belgian prisoners of war …

wall: left, row 32-05
Lubben,
Johan Herman
∗ 1893-10-24
Enschede
† 1944-12-07
Bergen-Belsen
Heerlen - CPN - press - Miner. Last place of residence: Heerlerheide.
All of the following information can be found on scans posted by a family member at  …
wall: middel, row 07-02
Maka,
Guillaume (Giel)
∗ 1898-10-27
Maastricht
† 1942-02-06
Leusden
Maastricht - CPN - press - Giel Maka was a civil engineering worker, belonged to the resistance group De Vonk (a.o. printing and distribution of illegal literature), arrested on 9 September 1941 for refusing to work in Germany. Two different causes of death are reported: executed and deprivation ( …
wall: left, row 34-01
Megen, van
Sef
∗ 1916-12-09
Venray-Leunen
† 1945-04-05
Dohnsen, D
Broekhuizen - L.O. - press - Netw. Bongaerts - Joseph Hubertus (Sef) van Megen became a teacher in Grashoek near Helden in 1935 and then in Broekhuizen from 1937. He was beloved by the children. From 1941 he helped prisoners of war, Allied pilots and Jews to go into hiding or on their way to France, with clothes and crossing the Meuse …

wall: left, row 05-01
Meijer,
Henry /Harry
∗ 1920-10-06
Borne
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Venlo - L.O. - - press - person in hiding - The resistance activities of Hendrikus Jozef Meijer, a teacher of classical languages and courier, in whose parental home couriers from the ten L.O. districts of Limburg regularly arrived, consisted of distributing ration cards and stamps to hidden people and distributing the resistance …

wall: right, row 29-03
Miché,
Bernardus Marcus
Bernard
∗ 1887-07-30
Utrecht
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - press - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Photo: Linotype typesetting machine, Wikimedia → → →

Bernard Miché was a machine typesetter. [3]
These were people who did typesetting …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-

Muhren,
Piet
Père Étienne /Pater Stephanus
∗ 1908-09-14
Bergen-op-Zoom
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
Belgium - early resistance - press - Group Erkens - priest - Petrus („Piet“) Johannes Cornelis Muhren was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. His German ancestors still wrote "Mühren", but in Dutch it is pronounced the same way.He entered the novitiate …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-04
Muller,
Jean Maurice
∗ 1920-02-06
Weltevreden (Ned.Ind
† 1944-07-21
Kamp Vught
Nijmegen - municipality - press - The outskirts of Limburg - As an official of the distribution office in Nijmegen, he passed on ration cards to people in hiding and he distributed banned newspapers. He belonged to the Vrij Nederland group of Nijmegen and was arrested on June 20, 1944 [4], possibly as a result of betrayal [1.1]. On July 21, 1944, he …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Narinx,
Jos
∗ 1889-11-24
Maastricht
† 1943-01-07
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - press - Jozef Wilhelmus Hubertus (Jos) Narinx was a painter and one of the founders of the Limburgse Kunstkring (Limburg Art Circle) and during the occupation distributor of De Vonk. Arrested on June 24, 1942 for anti-German sentiments and distribution of illegal literature. …

wall: left, row 34-03
Nas,
Adrianus Reinardus
∗ 1909-04-27
Rotterdam
† 1943-09-23
Wassenaar, Waalsdorpervlakte
Brunssum - CPN - press - Janus Nas was a warehouse worker [1] and a full-time functionary of the Communist Party Netherlands (CPN). [2]
Unless otherwise noted, the following information is from Cammaert. [1].
In August 1941, the top of the CPN sent him to the Dutch coal-mining area (Mijnstreek) in …

wall: middel, row 02-02
Nijst,
Charles Joseph
∗ 1916-03-05
Kerkrade
† 1944-01-18
AEL Groß-Beeren, Kreis Teltow
Valkenburg - early resistance - press - forced labor - The weekly magazine Het Land van Valkenburg wrote about him: “He refused to sign a declaration of loyalty and went into hiding. Arrested (date unknown) for spreading illegal literature.”
At the  …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Charles Joseph Nijst op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: right, row 26-04
Reichert,
Franciscus P.
Vrijn
∗ 1873-08-29
Delft
† 1944-09-14
Nijmegen
Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - - press - The outskirts of Limburg - A trader by profession as well as a courier for the LO-KP out of conviction. Also Vrij Nederland. On September 14, 1944 he was shot in his house because of his work for V.N. [2].
The following can be read on :oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl [4]:

Frans Reichert, married …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.

Rinzema /Rensema,
Sjoerd
∗ 1909-02-28
Drachten
† 1945-06-01
Maastricht
Heerlen - CPN - press - Baker. According to oorloggravenstichting.nl/ and verzetsmuseum.org his name was Rinzema, according to the card index of the CPN (communist party) it was Rensema. Since the same …

wall: middel, row 08-01
Rodriguez /Rodrigues,
Jozef Marius
Jozef
∗ 1900-03-05
Paramaribo
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Retired KNIL sergeant [1] Jozef Rodriguez (also spelled Rodrigues) listened to radio transmissions from London and distributed illegal newspapers and pamphlets. He was arrested by the notorious Wiebe at 1:30 a.m. on June 30, 1944. He was imprisoned first in Arnhem, then in the Amersfoort camp, …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Rooyackers /Rooijackers,
Wim A.
∗ 1918-03-13
Heerlen
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Heerlen - early resistance - K.P. - press - police - Wilhelmus Antonius (Wim) Rooijackers was a trade correspondent and a member of the mine police. Almost from the beginning of the war he was involved with prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany. (Cammaert III, p. 217) He also was involved in a failed assassination attempt (Cammaert IV, p. …

wall: left, row 17-03
Schillings,
Hubert Peter
Peter
∗ 1900-02-28
Nieuwenhagen
† 1942-11-07
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - Hubert Peter Schillings was a worker in a brickyard [1#1] and/or upholsterer. [3]
He was married to Ilse Luise Weller, a native of Dortmund, Germany. [1#4].
Arrested on June 4, 1942 for distributing the communist newspaper De Vonk  …
wall: right, row 02-01
Schillings,
Johan Joseph
Johan
∗ 1921-05-19
Nieuwenhagen
† 1942-12-14
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - The house painter Johan Joseph Schillings was son of Johan Peter Schillings and Anna Maria Erens. [1#1]
He was arrested on June 4, 1942 for having distributed De Vonk. On the same day other communists were also arrested in Nieuwenhagen: his namesakes Hubert Peter Schillings and …

wall: right, row 01-05
Schiphorst,
Tom
∗ 1923-01-01
Heerlen
† 1945-03-09
Mauthausen
Heerlen - Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - press - Student - Student at the MTS (technical secondary school), living in Nijmegen. He took care of people in hiding and distributed illegal magazines. He also hid an American pilot. Member of the LO-Maas en Waal. On August 1, 1944 he was arrested and on March 9, 1945 he died in the Mauthausen concentration camp.
wall: left, row 18-01
Schols,
Albertus Eugenius Leonardus
Ab
∗ 1916-04-10
Maastricht
† 1944-10-25
Effeld (D)
Maastricht - L.O. - - press - Ab Schols was department head at the rijksverkeersinspectie (National Traffic Inspectorate) and deputy secretary of the director. During the occupation he was an collaborator of L.O. leaders like Father Bleys and Uncle Leo Moonen in …

wall: left, row 36-02
Smink,
Harmen
∗ 1919-11-26
Harderwijk
† 1942-05-11
Sachsenhausen
Maastricht - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - The source of the text below is mostly the English version of Traces of War. [1]
The photograph is from the Death Book of the Orange Hotel. [4]
Harmen Smink did his military service as a wachtmeester (~ sergeant) with the motorized artillery. After the May war in 1940 he joined …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Snijders,
Johannes Franciscus
Frans
∗ 1916-09-16
Helden L.
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Weert - L.O. - - press - police - Railroad policeman, courier for Jan Hendrikx (Ambrosius). Distributed illegal newspapers such as De Stem, Je Maintiendrai and Trouw. On July 19, 1944, he received a telegram asking him to come to Eindhoven …

wall: right, row 35-05
Snippe,
Dirk
∗ 1893-11-30
Emmen
† 1943-04-05
Buchenwald (Weimar)
Ubach over Worms - CPN - press - Miner, lived in Waubach. Voluntary collaborator of De vonk. Arrêté le 30 mars 1942.
wall: right, row 24-05
Soesman,
Gerard L.R.
∗ 1922-06-23
Valkenburg
† 1945-01-21
Auschwitz/Oświęcim
Maastricht - Valkenburg - CPN - Jew - early resistance - press - Student HBS (high school). Listed in the Honor Roll of Victims 1940 – 1945 [1], in the category resistance people. Moreover he had a Jewish father, Jacob Soesman. Mother: Christina Johanna Maria Prick
See also the site of Joods Monument [2]: “Gerhard Lodewijk …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Gerard L.R. Soesman op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: left, row 35-04
Sonneville,
Alphonse
Fons
∗ 1883-07-23
Maastricht
† 1945-02-25
Dachau
Maastricht - CPN - press - Representative for wine, worked for a French secret service. During the Occupation, he was suspected of working for British and Belgian intelligence during World War I and later for the French Popular Front government. He was a propagandist for the Vereniging van Vrienden van de …

wall: left, row 36-04
Span,
Petrus
Piet
∗ 1908-10-14
Nijmegen
† 0000-00-00
Leusderheide
Nijmegen - CPN - press - person in hiding - The outskirts of Limburg - Piet Span was a carpenter. Distributor of De Waarheid (The Truth), had gone into hiding in the Waterkwartier. He was betrayed, the identity of the traitor is unclear. Arrested on June 17, 1944 at 1:05 a.m. by constable C.L. Geerts. At 11:00 he was taken with three others by Wiebe and …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Spillenaar Bilgen,
Marinus
∗ 1892-10-25
Salatiga, NOI
† 1944-09-04
Vught
Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - The pharmacist’s son Marinus Spillenaar Bilgen, as director of the Gelderland paper mill in Nijmegen, supplied large quantities of paper to underground newspapers such as Trouw [2][5] and collected money for the NSF (Nationaal Steun Fonds, National Support Fund [1], financed the resistance). …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Spreksel,
Charles
∗ 1916-07-03
Heerlen
† 1945-01-07
KZ Schömberg, KZ Natzweiler
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Group Smit - Former soldier and window dresser. At first, he distributed illegal magazines and self-printed leaflets supplied by Vicar E. Hennekens from Valkenburg. They received increasing support from young people, especially …

wall: left, row 19-03
Stad, van der
Nicolaas
∗ 1890-02-07
Nijmegen
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
press - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Cellist, muziekleraar, directeur Muziek Lyceum Amsterdam en Nijmeegsche Volksmuzieschool. Oprichter O.D. en Parool in Nijmegen. Zat in de landelijke OD-top. gearresteerd op 4 oktober 1941. Waarschijnlijk gefusilleerd in kamp Sachsenhausen te Oranienburg.  …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Tersteeg,
Johannes Arnoldus
Nol
∗ 1890-01-01
Huissen
† 1943-01-21
Neuengamme
Nieuwenhagen - CPN - press - Nol Tersteeg was a miner. Arrested on May 31, 1942. Reason: “Support to people in hiding and to De Waarheid (The Truth)”. [1]
According to Ad van Liempt [2], he was a more or less accidental reader and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info  …

wall: right, row 02-02
Theunissen,
Johannes Wilhelmus Hubertus
Giel
∗ 1904-01-30
Mesch (L)
† 1944-09-08
Stadbroek, gem.Sittard
Munstergeleen - CPN - press - Since April 3rd, 1931, he lived in Munstergeleen [1#3]. Unmarried. Newspaper deliverer. Member of the resistance under the pseudonym Giel.
“On September 7, 1944, two distributors of De Waarheid, J.W.H. Theunissen and P.N. Crauwels, who had picked up some copies at S. Beyer …

wall: left, row 39-02
Tholen,
Hein
∗ 1907-01-23
Willich
† 1942-11-14
Neuengamme
Schaesberg - CPN - press - Miner. Arrested for having distributed the illegal paper De Vonk.
According to Ad van Liempt, he was a more or less accidental reader of De Vonk and thus came into the focus of the Sipo. See for more info The Danger …

wall: right, row 12-03
Tholen,
Sjeng
∗ 1917-12-04
Urmond
† 1945-04-05
Mauthausen (A)
Urmond - press - Johannes Matheus Lambertus Tholen, a miner from Geleen, distributed anti-German leaflets from Heerlen which called for mine sabotage and also showed how this could best be done. Since one copy fell into the wrong hands, the SiPo was …

wall: right, row 25-03
Tobben,
Harrie /Harry
∗ 1917-08-24
Heerlen
† 1945-03-15
Hameln (D
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - carillon - Former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 member of the mine police. Was involved, among other things, in acts of sabotage in the Oranje-Nassau Mine I (O.N. I) in Heerlen, which was uncovered by the SiPo. In …

wall: left, row 19-05
Toussaint,
Christiaan Canisius
Christ
∗ 1896-10-21
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Christ Toussaint was a department head at the E.R.K. (Eerste Rooms Katholieke Levensverzekering Maatschappij). He distributed radio news from London and forbidden newspapers and supported the resistance financially. [1] We owe many biographical details to his daughter C. …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Treytel /Treijtel,
Petrus Laurentius
Piet
∗ 1877-08-09
Rotterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Piet Treijtel was a carpenter. He worked on the party newspaper De Waarheid (the truth) and was involved in various other illegal activities. He was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe at 4:00 a.m. on June 17, 1944. One of the stories about the assassination attempt three weeks later on …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Vallen,
Stephanus Hubertus
∗ 1901-03-11
Rothem, B
† 1943-05-02
Neuengamme
Venlo - CPN - press - He was a mason and an acquaintance of Lubbert Bos. Distributor of the party newspaper De Vonk (Cammaert X, p. 1001). Last address: Maasschriksel 13, Venlo, arrested on June 24, 1941. File number in Neuengamme: …

wall: middel, row 22-01
Veerman,
Christiaan Jac.
Lou
∗ 1887-07-27
Kesteren
† 1945-01-17
Siegburg (D)
Geleen - press - Ordedienst - forced labor - Former soldier and after his demobilization overseer in the state mine Maurits in Geleen. He was in contact with the OD group in Heerlen and Charles Bongaerts and thus became a member of the network that published the Limburg resistance …

wall: left, row 09-05
Vinerius /Vienerius,
Engelbert Joseph
∗ 1893-05-10
Rheine
† 1942-11-17
Neuengamme
Heerlen - CPN - press - Miner, distributor of De Vonk and De Waarheid, arrested in August 1942. Died in the main camp of Neuengamme.
Do you know more? Write us!
wall: middel, row 08-02
Vlemmings,
Lambert
∗ 1918-11-10
Breda
† 1945-02-23
Dachau
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Group Smit - Lambertus Arnoldus Vlemmings was a former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 parcel deliveryman at Van Gend & Loos. At the beginning of the war, he distributed underground magazines and leaflets printed by  …

wall: left, row 19-04
Wagter,
Arp
∗ 1907-01-17
Groningen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Arp Wagter was a blacksmith and machine fitter. On June 6, 1944, he was arrested in Nijmegen.
On oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl we read about him [6]:

Arp Wagter, married to Hendrika Coenders and childless, distributed banned newspapers in Nijmegen. He was a member of a …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.

Wetering, van de
Maricus
∗ 1905-05-06
Heesch
† 1942-11-14
Neuengamme
Schaesberg - CPN - press - Miner. Arrested for having distributed the illegal paper “De Vonk”. Cammaert gives the date of death as November 14, 1942 (Chapter X, Appendix VIII. Arrest of Communists and Radical Socialists 1940-1945) The oorlogsgravenstichting.nl gives the date of death as December 20, 1942.
According …

wall: right, row 12-04
Will,
Peter
∗ 1896-08-21
Schoonhoven
† 1945-04-24
Transport vanuit Neuengamme
Nijmegen - L.O. - press - police - The outskirts of Limburg - Quality inspector in the slaughterhouse of Nijmegen, see the memorial plaque in the slaughterhouse [1] and honorary policeman. After May 1940, he helped people who wanted to escape forced labor in Germany. He distributed the underground newspaper Trouw [8], took care of people in hiding, …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Witvoet,
Marinus
∗ 1922-12-13
Emmen
† 1944-10-28
Venlo
Geleen - CPN - press - Mijnwerker uit Geleen, medewerker van de Waarheid maar geen partijlid. Opgepakt 24 maart 1944 in Geleen. Gedeporteerd naar Remscheid (D). Omgekomen tijdens bombardement op de Maasbruggen in Venlo tijdens zijn tweede ontvluchtingspoging. Opgegeven voor de erelijst.

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-32