The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg


Dutch Soldiers

The Dutch soldiers who died in Limburg during the Second World War consist of two groups:

  1. Those who tried to stop the German invasion in May 1940. On the Valkenburg section of this Digital Monument, two of them are listed These Dutch conscripts died on May 10, 1944, the first day of the German invasion. One died in our municipality, the other one came from here. A special case was conscript Eddy Meulenberg from Nijmegen. He was a sergeant at the surrender of the Dutch army in May 1940, was demobilized and became a member of a combat group until he had to go into captivity. There, too, he resisted by refusing to work. He returned home sick and died in Nijmegen in July 1945. (We also consider Nijmegen here because the resistance there was so closely linked to that in Limburg that it became part of the Limburg region of the L.O. after 1943, even though the city is not part of the province of Limburg).
  2. On September 5, 1944, the Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten (Domestic Forces) were founded, as an umbrella organization for the resistance groups LO/LKP, OD and RVV. A clear distinction emerged between the liberated and non-liberated areas. They were composed of members of the armed resistance and guard troops. From the first group, the Stoottroepen were formed on September 21, 1944. The guard troops were formed mainly from those parts of the O.D. that had not actively participated in the resistance, but had considered it their duty to act to maintain order only during the liberation.

Dutch Soldiers – 13 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
∗ 1919-12-18
† 1945-02-17
Bergen (L)
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - dutch soldier - L.O. - K.P. - The outskirts of Limburg - Gerardus Wilhelmus Johannes Petrus Ahout was a member of the LO-KP in Deurne. During the liberation of the south of the Netherlands, the Regiment Stoottroepen were founded on September 21, 1944, integrating the resistants of the KP and RVV, including Ger Ahout.
“On 17/18 Feb 1945, as a scout of a US patrol, he stayed behind with a wounded friend and subsequently went missing. Found severely mutilated on April 1, 1945.” (Het grote gebod, The Great Commandment, p. 327)
∗ 1922-04-10
† 1944-09-07
Maastricht - dutch soldier - Studied in Leiden, traveled to England via Gibraltar with his fellow student Louis d’Aulnis and was trained by the Secret Intelligence Service [1] or MI6 (Military Intelligence, Section 6). He was dropped in the night of 24 to 25 September 1942 at Balloo in the province of Drenthe to become the radio operator of Karel Beukema toe Water, who was also dropped in another place that same night. They were both immediately arrested as a result of the Englandspiel [2] (Sources: [3][4]) and finally shot in Mauthausen concentration camp, then cremated and yet recovered because two Yugoslav and one Russian fellow prisoners recovered their ashes. [5]).

  1. SIS
  2. Englandspiel
  3. List of agents dropped during the Englandspiel over the Netherlands
  4. Monument for the Engelandvaarders (Clandestine travelers to England who wanted to join the Allies) in Mauthausen
  5. Collective tomb of secret agents at Mauthausen
  6. Picture of Kees Droogleever Fortuyn
  9. Wikipedia NL: Cees Droogleever Fortuyn
  10. Digital Monument

  11. Notice: Undefined variable: endlist in /var/www/vhosts/ on line 1048

    wall: left, row 30-03
∗ 1917-07-11
† 1945-03-01
Roermond - dutch soldier - Mathias Andreas Fonteijn, member of the Resistance. later of the N.B.S. (Dutch Inland Forces) Comp. Roermond, so either KP or OD. Deceased by landmine. (
Communal cemetery Kapel in ’t Zand in Roermond, catholic part II. class, field/row/number: 3 B 28 B
wall: right, row 05-03
Hoof, van
Jan Jozef Lambert
Redder van de Waalbrug
∗ 1922-08-07
† 1944-09-19
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - dutch soldier - L.O. - Ordedienst - The outskirts of Limburg - On September 19, 1944, Jan van Hoof guided an Allied reconnaissance vehicle through the city. On the Nieuwe Markt - today’s Joris Ivensplein - the vehicle was shot on fire. Jan van Hoof survived, but was caught by German soldiers and subsequently killed by gunshot to the head.
Posthumously he was awarded the Militaire Willemsorde (MWO, Knight 4th Class)
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
∗ 1920-03-02
† 1944-10-12
Weert - dutch soldier - Arnold Kanters was a student at the vocational school in Weert from 1934 to 1937 and later a civil servant at the Rijkswaterstaat (Roads and Waterways Authority). The B.S. (Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten = Domestic Forces), of which he was a member, was formed in September 1944 by the merger of the resistance organizations LO/LKP, OD and RVV. As a member of them he was killed in action in Nederweert.
The liberation of Nederweert in 1944 was filmed by Fons Mertens. The unique footage is kept in the archives of the Stichting Geschiedschrijving (Foundation Historiography) in Nederweert.
wall: right, row 36-03
Leuken, van
Wilhelmus Mathijs
∗ 1919-12-30
† 1945-04-10
Weert - dutch soldier - The B.S. (Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten = Domestic Forces), of which he was a member, was formed in September 1944 by the merger of the resistance organizations LO/LKP, OD and RVV.
Do you know more? Write us!
wall: right, row 36-04
Edmundus Johannes
∗ 1919-01-26
† 1945-07-04
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - dutch soldier - early resistance - L.O. - K.P. - The outskirts of Limburg - Eddy Meulenberg was a conscript sergeant at the time of the surrender of the Dutch Army in May 1940. He was a member of the Nijmegen Knokploeg (combat group), together with his friends Jules Moormann, George Muskens and Hens Hekking, among others. Since Eddy had to go back into war captivity in 1943 (see below), this combat group existed before that, so we count it as part of the early resistance.
In 1943, the Dutch soldiers had to return to captivity. Partly because the Germans needed manpower for their industry, where a large number of the men were missing. In the meantime, many Dutch soldiers had become involved in the resistance. Some went into hiding, others feared reprisals against their families and answered the call. Meulenberg, too, had to report at the Friesland barracks in Assen on June 10.

That same day they left with a transport of 520 men. They arrived at Stammlager XI-a Altengrabow two days later. [1] On June 12, 1943, he was registered in Stalag XI-a Altengrabow under POW number 107104. Several weeks followed in Altengrabow, during which the NCOs were pressured in all possible ways to work for the Germans. They were given very little and very poor food, were forced to drill and sport constantly, were housed in very poor conditions in drafty, cold stables, and received no mail or packages.
Under the Geneva Convention, NCOs were not required to do any work. The majority of Dutch NCOs therefore systematically refused to do the work they were ordered to do, despite the pressure that was put on them. Ed Meulenberg also refused.
By December 1943 at the latest, most of the Dutch NCOs were transferred from the main camp Stalag XI-a Altengrabow to the punishment camp Stalag XI-a/z Groß Lübars, located 3.56 km to the southwest. This penal camp had been established as a hospital camp for Russian prisoners of war after a TB epidemic had broken out among the Russians in the main camp. These Russians lived in deplorable conditions and received very little care.
Although conditions here were not much better than in the main camp, at least the Dutch now had the opportunity to receive mail and packages. With the contents of these packages, the German guards could be bribed so that all sorts of things could be organized, including additional and better food.
In Groß Lübars only one Dutch prisoner of war died. Among the Russians (about 1054), Poles (359) and Italians (235) the death rate was much higher.
As the Americans approached from the west and the Red Army from the east, the Germans surrendered on May 1, 1945. A short time later, the Dutch were transported on open trucks to an American reception camp in Hildesheim. The sick were airlifted to hospitals in France and Belgium. The others traveled by train to Eindhoven, where they arrived on May 9, 1945.
Rank at death: 2nd lieutenant general service Militair Gezag (military authority).
Source: Eric van der Most. [2]

He too returned sick to the Netherlands and died of this illness in Nijmegen on July 4, 1945. He is buried in the Vredehof cemetery in Nijmegen. [3]

  1. Altengrabow Wikipedia EN
    Open Street Map
  2. Eric van der Most, Personalkarte III, Nederlandse krijgsgevangenen in Duitsland 1943-1945 en hun Arbeitskommandos, Gouda 2018, uitgave in eigen beheer (Google books). Johan van Hoppe & Eric van der Most
  3. Begraafplaats Vredehof te Nijmegen, Erehof 37
  6. Digital Monument

  7. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hendrik Johan Marie
∗ 1924-10-11
Kessel (L)
† 1944-12-30
Kessel - dutch soldier - K.P. - Harrie was a member of the B.S. (Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten = Domestic Forces, an alliance of the three main Dutch resistance organizations officially formed on September 5, 1944) and thus, since he had been a member of an armed group (KP = Knokploeg) until then, the Stoottroepen. These had been set up on September 17-18 as the fighting part of the BS and were used on the stalled front along the Maas River as protection against German infiltration. He was fatally hit by a shell.
wall: left, row 26-03
∗ 1917-12-05
† 1945-05-07
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Maastricht - dutch soldier - Robert Herman Marie Regout was part of a twelve-man arrest team from the Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten that went to arrest NSB leader Anton Adriaan Mussert (born May 11, 1894 Werkendam - executed May 7, 1946) on Monday, May 7, 1945. It turned out that he had already traveled to The Hague the previous Saturday. Near the Rosarium (in Utrecht), the team encountered German soldiers pushing a vehicle. The Germans obeyed orders to stand behind the vehicle and lay down their weapons. At some point, a shot was fired. The German soldiers who were in the area responded in large numbers. The members of the arrest team were no match for the number of Germans. Only the two youngest members of the team survived the shooting. [2] Marjolein Bax [1] calls him Paul (a resistance name?) and writes: Paul Regout was killed in a firefight between BS-lers and Germans in front of the Rosarium next to the Wilhelminapark. The 27-year-old controller Paul Regout was a controller at the Nederlandsche Buurtspoorweg-Maatschappij. He was hit in the forehead and died.
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Rodriguez /Rodrigues,
Jozef Marius
∗ 1900-03-05
† 1944-07-21
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - dutch soldier - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Retired KNIL sergeant [1] Jozef Rodriguez (also spelled Rodrigues) listened to radio transmissions from London and distributed illegal newspapers and pamphlets. He was arrested by the notorious Wiebe at 1:30 a.m. on June 30, 1944. He was imprisoned first in Arnhem, then in the Amersfoort camp, and was executed on July 21, 1944, in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers in Nijmegen on the Leusden heath, having previously dug his own grave. Rodriguez was one of twelve Surinamese who died in the Netherlands for their resistance activities. [6] After the war, Rodriguez was buried in Daalseweg Cemetery until the fall of 1969, when he was reburied in the field of honor at Vredehof Cemetery in Nijmegen. [4]
A list of the victims of the above reprisals can be found on our website [2] (red link) and on [6].
Monument to the Surinamese survivors of the Second World War, Waterkant, Paramaribo [3]

  1. KNIL, Koninklijk Nederlandsch-Indisch Leger. Wikipedia EN: Royal Netherlands East Indies Army
  2. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
    Executies op de Leusderheide en in Kamp Vught
  3. Eric Kastelein Oog in oog met Paramaribo. Verhalen over het herinneringserfgoed (LM Publishers 2020).
  4. Vredehof Cemetery Nijmegen, Erehof 21
  7. Digital Monument

  8. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
∗ 1924-04-23
† 1945-03-20
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Vaals - dutch soldier - Ordedienst - Jozef (nickname Jeu, pronounce Yö) Saive is described by some sources as a resistance fighter, but his name is not on the wall of the memorial chapel on the Cauberg because he was too young to join the resistance during the occupation (20 when he died). But shortly after the liberation of South Limburg he died fighting against National Socialism as a member of the OD (Grenswachtcompagnie Maastricht II, platoon Gulpen) and therefore he is also on this list.
He served on the Dutch-Belgian border near Wolfhaag, south of Vaals, and was just talking to his girlfriend during a patrol when he noticed a group of suspicious people. They were members of the "Werwolf" terrorist group who were on their way on order of Himmler to assassinate the Mayor of Aachen, Franz Oppenhoff, who had been appointed by the Allies. Jeu ran after them while his girlfriend went to get help. He was shot in an exchange of fire and died shortly thereafter.
The Werwolf commando had been dropped out of a captured American B-17 (Flying Fortress) aircraft over the Belgian border area. Why there? The region had been liberated in September 1944. German infiltrants were more likely to be expected from the east. The werewolves apparently used the old smuggling route along the B-NL border on their way to Aachen via the 3 borders point. When Dutch customs officers came, the smugglers ued to switch to the Belgian side and vice versa. Behind the 3 borders point in Germany begins the Aachen Forest, which stretches south along the whole of Aachen and from which Oppenhoff’s house was easily accessible. A few days later, on March 25, 1945, he was murdered. See the Open Street Map link below.
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-25
Sambeek, van
Kees van Maas en Waal
∗ 1921-11-03
† 1945-04-04
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - dutch soldier - L.O. - K.P. - The outskirts of Limburg - Kees had attended secondary school in Nijmegen and had contacts with resistance people there. In the area of the rivers Maas and Waal, west of Nijmegen, there were local and individual resistance activities. But joining a national organization was still pending. In January 1944, Van Sambeek was entrusted with the organization of a new district and thus became district leader of the LO-KP of "Maas en Waal".
As such, he attended a meeting of the LO leaders of the Limburg region. However, this was betrayed. Almost all participants were arrested and most of them died in German concentration camps. Kees was barely able to escape. See the Raid of Weert, link below.
During the approach of the Allies, the LO/KP, the OD and the RVV were merged under the name Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten (Domestic Forces). However, this hardly worked. In September, the armed parts of the resistance were given the opportunity to join the Stoottroepen (literally: shock troops). Kees also became a member there, in the Noord-Brabant commando. The Stoottroepen, initially under the command of the Dutch "Militair Gezag" (military authority), came under Allied command after the liberation of the southern provinces. The Commando Brabant was under English command, the Commando Limburg under that of the U.S. Army. This meant a considerable improvement in armament and other equipment. In the early days of the regiment, the leaders did not know ranks. These individuals had become leaders by virtue of their competencies during the occupation.
During a mission with the Allied forces, Kees was killed in a motorcycle accident.

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.03-16
Jacobus Reinder
Bob (van de recherche)
∗ 1923-02-14
† 1945-04-25
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - dutch soldier - K.P. - Student - The outskirts of Limburg - Koos Schortinghuis was a member of the Knokploeg (armed group) of Nijmegen [1] and as such was qualified to join the Dutch army after the liberation of Nijmegen. He died as a member of the Prinses Irene Brigade [2][7]. Rank: soldier OVW (Oorlogsvrijwilliger = war volunteer).
On the website Bevrijding van Nederland - Nijmegenaren in geallieerde dienst (Liberation of the Netherlands - Nijmegen Citizens in Allied Service) [3] we read:

1940-1945 : Koos Schortinghuis belonged to the Knokploeg Nijmegen under the leadership of Theo Dobbe. After the liberation of the southern part of the Netherlands, he joined the Royal Dutch Brigade Princess Irene as a volunteer. As a shock trooper, he was killed at Hedel (Noord-Brabant) in April. On the evening of April 25, a Brenguncarrier (armored personnel carrier [4]) hit a mine that had been laid by the Germans in the middle of the village of Hedel on the Uithovensestraat. The four-ton tracked vehicle overturned. Private Schortinghuis landed half under it and was killed instantly. The other three occupants were injured. On April 22, Montgomery had issued a general ban on attacks so as not to jeopardize the food shipments to the Randstad (the densely populated and not yet liberated western part of the Netherlands) authorized by Seyss-Inquart. Nevertheless, the battle for Hedel continued, in which Schortinghuis was one of the victims.

Many details about him can be found in the Groninger Archieven, Systeemkaarten van verzetsbetrokkenen (OVCG) System cards of resistance fighters. [5]

  1. Het Grote Gebod, dl.1, Kampen 1951, p. 590
  2. Prinses Irene Brigade
  3. Bevrijding van Nederland - Nijmegenaren in geallieerde dienst
  4. Wikipedia Universal Carrier (Bren Gun Carrier)
  5. 2183 Systeemkaarten van verzetsbetrokkenen (OVCG) (Groninger Archieven), → Schortinghuis, Jacobus Reinder
  7. Wikipedia NL: Prinses Irene Brigade
  8. Digital Monument

  9. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.