Horst
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Limburg 1940-1945,
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1940-1945. The resistance in the dutch province of Limburg

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Horst

https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/1418615

Text on the monument Sporen die bleven (Traces that remained)
In the fall of 1944, over 3,000 boys and men were arrested by the Nazis during raids in the region between the Meuse river and the Peel and deported to Germany for forced labor. These events cost the lives of 120 men and left a deep trauma for the survivors and those left behind.
From Horst 94 people were deported.
Of them, 1 man did not survive the war.
Between Maas and Peel

Horst is a good example of how in North Limburg the barriers between the O.D. and the L.O. hardly mattered. This was by no means the case everywhere. Cammaert writes: Local O.D. members and helpers for Jews and Allied refugees were involved in the founding of the organization for people in hiding, also called Diving Organization. In the spring of 1943, F.P.J. Smulders and J.G. Arts attended meetings in Venlo at the request of the Catholic parish priest J.C.B. Janssen from Horst-America. Smulders was already a member of the O.D., as were G.A. Lucassen and J.J.L. Timmermans. They all joined the L.O.. (Het Verborgen Front - History of organized illegality in the province of Limburg during World War II, chap. VIb $ VIII.2.4. Rayon Horst).
Near Horst are the Schadijkse Bossen, the Schadijk Woods (Open Street Map). During World War II, a resistance group set up two camps in this area for crew members of crashed Allied planes, as well as male residents of villages in the area and students who wanted to escape forced German labor service. On the instructions of the traitor Antonie Damen, the SiPo (Security Police) from Maastricht, supported by members of the Green Police, went into action on August 19, 1943. They combed the Schadijkse Bossen and arrested sixteen people, but the camps themselves were not found. (The Tragic Role of Jacques Schreurs)
The OD in Venlo developed plans to train all these people in hiding to become soldiers and also built forest camps. Read more: A military training camp for people in hiding.
A month later, Derk van Assen from Maastricht refused to name resistance fighters after being arrested. On September 14, 1943, he was murdered in the Schadijkse Bossen by Nitsch of the SiPo Maastricht.

Meijel was liberated for the first time on September 25, 1944, for the second time on November 6, and for the third time finally on November 17.)


Liberated: 1944-11-22 – 1944-11-23

See also Between Maas and Peel

The fallen resistance people in Limburg

Horst – 7 pers.

Driessen,
Hendrik Gijsbert
Harry
∗ 1921-11-11
Horst
† 1944-09-06
Ravenstein?
- Studenten - Horst - Underground Press - Zwarte Plak -

Horst also did not escape the terror of the commando Berendsen of the AKD. They hunted down people in …
wall: left, row 23-01
Eijnden, van den
Martien Ant.
Watje, Tinuske
∗ 1917-02-04
Venray
† 1944-09-05
Horst-America
- Horst - Raad van Verzet (RVV) - Limburg + - Zwarte Plak - Knokploegen (K.P.) -

Tinus was a butcher and lived in Zeilberg in the farm Crisishoeve (municipality of Deurne). He was a member of the "Pilotencentrum De Zwarte Plak" near America, on the Limburg side of the …
wall: left, row 24-01
Kroezen,
Herman Laurentius Maria
Herman
∗ 1919-12-02
Boxmeer
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
- Police - Unorganized resistance - Horst - Weert -

During the German invasion on May 10, 1940, Herman Kroezen was a professional sergeant in the Dutch army. After their return from captivity, a job creation program was set up for these people, …

wall: left, row 23-02
Poels,
Jacobus Gerardus
Jacob
∗ 1885-02-21
Venray
† 1944-08-04
Horst-America
- Zwarte Plak - Aid to Jews - Horst -

During World War II, Jacob and Johanna Poels-Emonts took in dozens of Jews, hiders, prisoners of war, and Allied airmen on their farm, De Zwarte Plak [1], near Horst-America. Jakob died …

wall: left, row 24-02
Ravenhorst,
Lambertus C.M.
Lambert
∗ 1907-06-22
Griendtsveen (Horst)
† 1945-03-10
Neuengamme
- Horst -

Lambert Ravenhorst, from Horst, and Nora (Eleonora Gerardina Wilhelmina) Vork married on February 18, 1933 in Bathmen near Deventer. They had two children, Co (Jacobus Gerardus) in 1935 and …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Smulders,
Gerard Antoon
Gerard
∗ 1918-07-21
Horst
† 1944-08-19
Vught
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Horst -

Gerard Smulders was a farmer. The following is a slightly shortened version of his biography on wo2slachtoffers.nl. [1]
He took care of people in hiding and escaped …
wall: left, row 23-03
Starren,
Jozef Mathieu
Mathieu
∗ 1900-10-15
Maastricht
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Police - Horst - Zwarte Plak -

Mathieu Starren was the chief of police in Horst (= Opperwachtmeester or Opper for short). Belonged to a resistance group that had housed divers (persons in hiding), students and pilots in two …

wall: left, row 23-04