Conrad Richard Hermann Raab (Conrad)
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Conrad Richard Hermann Raab is not (yet?) listed on a wall of the chapel.
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Conrad Richard Hermann Raab (Conrad)


 04-04-1895 Ochsenfurt (D)      03-03-1945 Köln (49)
- Roermond - Unorganized resistance -



www.facebook.com …

    The first name of Conrad Raab is spelled with K only by the registry office in Roermond.
    His father Hugo founded the Limburgse Spiritusindustrie (Lispin) in Herkenbosch. [1.1]
    The intention was to use the spirit to be supplied by the factory, more commonly known as alcohol, for the production of perfumes in the family’s pharmaceutical factory in Herkenbosch, which Hugo Raab had taken over at the beginning of the 20th century. He had come to the Netherlands from Germany around 1900 to work as a perfumer in Mallmann’s synthetic perfume factory. After the bankruptcy of this factory, Hugo Raab took it over, and did so successfully. [1.2]
    The company was located on the Roermond-Mönchengladbach railroad line (“Iron Rhine”), near Herkenbosch station. [8]
    Conrad married Maria Hedwig Diepolder, born in Regensburg on January 25, 1899, on September 22, 1922, in Roermond. So she, too, came from Bavaria. [2]
    They had four children. [3]
    Cammaert writes about Roermond and its surroundings in 1944:
    In the fall the general situation deteriorated rapidly. The area on the east bank of the Meuse was annexed by Germany. Raids and arrests were the order of the day. … C. Raab, the baker J. Brummans and his wife, the doctor A.E.A.M. Wong Lun Hing and his son Dolf fell victim to them. [4 p.621]
    Raab had been targeted by the SiPo because of his help for people in hiding. In the following, Cammaert mistakenly calls him A. Raab:
    Through the mediation of A. Raab, a Jenever manufacturer from Herkenbosch, twenty-four Roermonders found shelter in December at the farm "Lindenhof" in the Meinweg nature reserve. Word leaked out. On January 11, 1945, the SiPo from the German border town of Dahlheim surrounded the farm, supported by G.H. Holla, a pub owner from Roermond and at the same time platoon chief of the Hulplandwacht. (National Socialist auxiliary police. He is not to be confused with the resistance fighter Harry Holla from Venlo).
    At least nine inhabitants of Roermond died as a result of the maltreatment and privations. [4 p.632.]
    We know the date of his arrest and the subsequent course from the NIOD, cited in the timeline of oorlogsbronnen.nl/:
    On October 1, 1944, Conrad Raab was arrested in Herkenbosch.
    On March 3, 1945, Conrad Raab died in Cologne (D), Klingelpütz prison. Cause of death: illness and/or exhaustion.
     [5]
    In a thesis from 2019 from Austria we read: The National Socialist regime generally held that the standard of living of prisoners had to be below that of the poorest in the population.
    …In addition to lice, scabies, dysentery, diphtheria, and scarlet fever, the increasing debilitation of prisoners due to malnutrition and tuberculosis was a major problem."
    . [6]
    As is customary there, he is named without further explanation on the roll of war victims in Roermond. [7]
    His name appears on the war memorial in the Roermond cemetery. [8.1]
    But there are only photos of three sides of the column, so he is presumably on the fourth side. [8.2]
    Is he also buried there?
    Until we know for sure whether his resistance was organized, he is classified here as part of the unorganized resistance.

    Footnotes

    1. 1. nl.wikipedia Lispin
      2. Alcoholproductie in Herkenbosch 1926-1988, Een bedrijfsgeschiedenis
    2. Open Archieven
    3. archieven.nl
    4. Dr. F. Cammaert, Het Verborgen Front – Geschiedenis van de georganiseerde illegaliteit in de provincie Limburg tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Doctorale scriptie 1994, Groningen
      6. De Landelijke Organisatie voor hulp aan onderduikers • VIII-IX
    5. NIOD, Gevallenen ’40 - ’45 Conrad Raab
    6. Vera Tüchler Der Strafvollzug in der NS-Zeit unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Justizanstalt Garsten Dplomarbeit Johannes Kepler Universität Linz, 2019
    7. Appellijst van oorlogsslachtoffers in Roermond
    8. Oorlogsmonument, Kitskensdal 50, 6045EX, Roermond
      1. online-begraafplaatsen.nl
      2. 4en5mei.nl/oorlogsmonumenten
    9. https://www.facebook.com/OudHerkenbosch/posts/de-familie-raab-richtte-de-limburgse-spiritusindustrie-in-herkenbosch-op-het-was/615766775208058/?locale=nl_NL