Pierre Schunck, Heerlen, Valkenburg, Bonaire text, no JavaScript Log in  Deze pagina in het NederlandsDiese Seite auf DeutschThis page in EnglishCette page en Français
Pierre Schunck in the family tree
„One didn’t decide to join the resistance“ Interview with Pierre Schunck
Resistance and liberation in Valkenburg
farewell to a resistance man by „Harry” (Th. Goossen), Heerlen
Schunck, Valkenburg(NL)-Bonaire(NWI)-Schaesberg(NL)

Schunck, Peter Joseph Arnold (Pierre)

Already as a student, Pierre Schunck showed a social feeling. Or was it also his desire after an interesting life, that made him help in a gypsy camp in a Heerlen with a program to teach the children? This pleased one of the mothers so much that she promised him her daughter. This, however, never turned into something.
Corresponding to the tradition ruling in that time, the family early made clear to him: "Your future lies here in the business, except, if you want to become a priest."
For different reasons Pierre felt more attracted to become a priest. He completed his studies in Megen near Nijmegen and Hoogcrutz (at the southern edge of southern Limburg). But he left the monastery again before the ordination to priest.
After the time in the monastery, he managed by order of his father's company a laundry in Valkenburg. There he met his latter wife, Gerda Cremers, when he lunched in hotel Cremers.
World War II has exerted a big influence on their further life. Due to their moral and national convictions, Pierre and Gerda saw only one possibility: to stand up against the German occupation. So, he became "rayonleider", area leader, of the L.O., "Landelijke Organisatie voor hulp aan Onderduikers", national organization for help to persons in hiding, in Valkenburg under the pseudonym Paul Simons (they got a pseudonym with the same initials like the real name, because at that time, more than today, it was usual to have initials in clothing and tissues). A Jewish person in hiding with the treacherous name of Lex Israels, until then completely unknown to them, was provided with documents and got a job in the laundry. From this, a lifelong friendship has originated.
Another person in hiding and momentary guest in the house Schunck was a chaplain Berix from Heerlen, the district leader of the local L.O. under the resistance name Giel. He didn't remain long, maybe because he didn't want to endanger the family with five small children. A little time later the Germans arrested him during a meeting of the L.O. in a cloister in Weert. He shouldn't return alive from the concentration camp in Bergen-Belsen.
Allied pilots, who crashed in the area, were put on the "pilot line" to Gibraltar. "Divers" (persons in hiding) were equipped with phony or stolen food cards so that they could survive. Diving addresses had to be found and to be checked on their reliability.
Of course these actions were involving risk of life. Once, police came to dig in the garden for suspicious things under the management of a German SD-man. In the justifiable hope on a reward, somebody had given a hint. Due to the goodwill of a Dutch police-officer, who supposedly couldn't find a thing this has turned out well. All these troubles concerned copper taps from the laundry, that had been kept back. But also this was considered sabotage.
(See also the valedictory address of a fellow resistance man, "Harry" Th. Goossen, during the funeral of Pierre Schunck and his role during the liberation of Valkenburg.)
After war life went on: money had to be earned. Meanwhile Europe and the world were confronted with a new conflict: the cold war. Fearing the expansion of Stalin, some relatives, among whom including Pierre's father, decided to bring their money into security to the Dutch Antilles. Pierre got the order to establish a clothing factory there. Here became a victim of his resistance time: he appointed a former resistance man as confidential clerk without noticing that he had to do with an untrustworthy adventurer. Finally, the business became a fiasco. Nevertheless, he has entered a big success with it on a quite other level: a first important step was done with the extermination of the unemployment on Bonaire.

Logo S.K.I.L.

After the adventure on Bonaire, Pierre still remained some years in the service of the company Schunck in Heerlen. There, he managed "Schuncks Kleding Industrie Limburg" or "SKIL", in which particularly working clothes were produced. This business was accommodated in a former mill, and still known also under this name. But it was too small and in the long term unprofitable, so it was liquidated.
After that Pierre started up in Maastricht an independent men's and boy's clothing store Schunck Jr. at the Muntstraat 41.
After retreating from the active professinal life, he dedicated himself to his old love: weaving. He lost himself in doubleweaving with four shafts. With us only few people master this kind of weaving. The traditional Coptic double tissues had his particular interest. Even the authors on double weaving apparently sometimes copied all the same mistake of each other, for example about the position of the pattern slat. He connected his love to weaving with his other big passion, history, by restoring old looms and arranging exhibitions on weaving, both with the help of his son Arnold. It was not only because of his hobby, that he undertook wide trips, among others to the Otavalo indians in Ecuador, who are famous because of their woolen tissues.
Pierre Schunck died, after a short and merciful throes in Heerlen at the 2nd February 1993.

sources
Publications:
Arnold Schunck, een wever die zich handhaafde
Arnold Schunck, ein Weber der sich behauptete
( = Arnold Schunck, A Weaver Who Held His Own) in: Land van Herle 44 (1984)
Click on one of the titles for the unabridged, uncurtailed Dutch text or the German translation. .

De wevers van Overmaas

Sources:
A Handweavers Pattern Book by Marguerite Porter Davison
top Webtree:
List of Family Members


Cremers, Gerda (Maria Hubertina Gertruida)
Schunck, Ineke
Schunck, Jan
Schunck, Leo
Schunck, Marie-José
Schunck, Christine
Schunck, Arnold
Schunck Pierre
Schunck, Gerda

Schunck, Maria
Schunck, Jozef

top Stammbaum:
Liste Familienmitglieder