Hendrik Hubert Balter
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Hendrik Hubert Balter is listed in the Resistance Memorial on the
right wall, row 13 #01


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Hendrik Hubert Balter


 06-08-1917 Schaesberg      17-04-1945 Flossenbürg AL Gröditz (27)
- Underground Press - Schaesberg - Communists & Sympathizers -

    Hendrik Hubert Balter was a collaborator of De Vonk (The Spark), a resistance magazine of the CPN. On May 29, 1942, a distributor of De Vonk, F.E. Scheper from Schaesberg, was arrested on suspicion of bicycle theft. The latter was forced to speak, which led to numerous arrests on May 30, 1942, including Balter. [1]
    Until October 30, 1942, Hendrik Balter was imprisoned in the Amersfoort concentration camp. … From September 1944 he was imprisoned in Dachau. His camp number was 110696.
    After 5 days he was transported from Dachau to Flossenbürg. [2]

    On rudi-harthoorn.nl/ the following can be read about Hendrik Balter:
    Balter, Hendrik Hubert, Schaesberg 6-8-1917, miner.
    Place of residence: Frans Erensstraat 17, Sittard
    Arrested: 30-5-1942
    Imprisonment in: Amersfoort, Buchenwald, Natzweiler, Dachau, Flossenbürg, Gröditz.
    Was a Nacht-und-Nebel-Häftling (night and fog prisoner).
    Died: Gröditz 18-4-1945
    Decoration: Resistance memorial cross.
     [3]
    Nacht-und-Nebel prisoner he was at Natzweiler. The intention was to murder these prisoners silently through strenuous work, complete isolation and miserable treatment.

    On verzetsmuseum.org we read:
    When the concentration camp is liberated by the Allies on April 17, 1945, Hendrik Balter is already dead (or a day later), probably from typhus. [4]

    A slightly different and much more detailed story about the end of the Gröditz concentration camp is reported by the Sächsische Gedenkstätten foundation [5] The facts are based on research by Beate and Serge Klarsfeld, among others.
    The camp prisoners produced anti-aircraft guns for the Kriegsmarine in a machine hall of the Gröditz steelworks, which belonged to the Flick Montan group. The prisoners were housed in the same production hall. Hygienic conditions and nutrition were poor, so infectious diseases spread, especially typhoid.
    Then we read about the dissolution of the camp, shortly before the arrival of Soviet troops:
    Gestapo officers from Dresden then held a selection of prisoners on April 16, 1945, which decided on life and death. The next day, those who were still strong enough, about 500, were sent on foot via Radebeul toward the Theresienstadt concentration camp. The sick and weak were transported on trucks from the steel plant in the early morning of April 17 to a gravel pit in the nearby village of Koselitz, where, in addition to Jean and Léon, 184 other prisoners were shot by their guards and buried on site.


    Wikimedia
    Verzets-herdenkings-kruis

    tracesofwar.nl VHK

    Footnotes


      He is listed in the “Erelijst 1940-1945” (Honor Roll of the Dutch Parliament). [6]

      Footnotes

      1. Dr. F. Cammaert, Het Verborgen Front – Geschiedenis van de georganiseerde illegaliteit in de provincie Limburg tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Doctorale scriptie 1994, Groningen
        10. De C.P.N. en de illegaliteit, p.1003
      2. oorlogsbronnen.nl Hendrik Hubert Balter
      3. rudi-harthoorn.nl Verzet door en vervolging van nederlandse communisten
      4. verzetsmuseum.org, Dachau Hendrik Hubert Balter
      5. Sächsische Gedenkstätten Erinnerung an ein vergessenes Verbrechen in Sachsen – Die Ermordung von 186 KZ-Häftlingen des KZ-Außenlagers Gröditz in einer Kriesgrube in Koselitz. pdf
        porta-polonica.de: KZ Gröditz • DeutschEnglishPolski
      6. Erelijst 1940-1945
      7. Oorlogsgravenstichting.nl
      8. https://www.4en5mei.nl/oorlogsmonumenten/zoeken/2136/schaesberg-oorlogsmonument