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Limburg 1940-1945,
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1940-1945. The resistance in the dutch province of Limburg




Hoensbroek is located not far from Heerlen in the eastern part of the mining district in the Netherlands. The state mine Emma, where mainly fat coal was mined for gas and coke production, was the second largest coal mine in the Netherlands. Today, Hoensbroek is part of the municipality of Heerlen.
The hard blows fell there, as in many places, even before the rise of the LO. The communists in particular were bitterly hunted, but the other early resistance groups, mostly founded by demobilized Dutch soldiers, had to suffer as well. In 1943, the LO took power, and many who had escaped the dance by then joined the L.O. or its armed wing, the knokploegen. From now on, the LO was to be the main organization. The local group of the L.O. of the rayon (sub-district) Hoensbroek belonged to the district of Heerlen. In addition to the main town, the rayon included the villages of Nuth, Schinnen, Spaubeek, Oirsbeek, and Treebeek. (Cammaert VIb p. 670 [1])
See also the list of war victims on the war memorial in Hoensbroek. [2]

Liberated: 1944-09-18

L. Kohnen, an employee of the Vaals distribution office, delivered distribution documents to the Gulpen district of the LO, which included Vaals. He delivered between six and eight hundred voucher cards per period. The father of Sjeng Coenen, a friend of Joep Francotte from Vaals printed fake stamps in his printing shop. Kohnen stuck them on cards and canceled them in black ink according to the instructions. The number of vouchers to be issued was thus artificially increased. The scam was never revealed. (Cammaert VIb, page 694)

The fallen resistance people in Limburg

Hoensbroek – 4 pers.

Elbertus Frederikus
∗ 1903-05-11
† 1943-05-25
- Initial resistance - Underground Press - Hoensbroek - Communists & Sympathizers -

He spent his youth in Zutphen, his places of residence in South Limburg were Brunssum and Hoensbroek (from 1931). According to the biography on heemkundehoensbroek.nl, he was a gardener during the …

wall: middel, row 10-02
Karel Joseph
∗ 1917-10-10
† 1943-03-02
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Group Smit - Hoensbroek -

In his younger years he was active in the youth movement. When he was drafted into military service, he was a casual laborer. From September 2, 1937 with the 3rd Mounted Field Artillery …

wall: middel, row 13
Heesch, van
Peter Johannes
∗ 1910-09-09
† 1944-06-28
- Underground Press - Hoensbroek - Communists & Sympathizers -

Peter van Heesch was a miner. Jan van Kan [1] wrote: machine fitter.
The following information was taken from Het verborgen front: [2]
For a while, printing was done in his …
wall: middel, row 14
∗ 1922-04-08
† 1944-10-15
- Communists & Sympathizers - Underground Press - Women in the resistance - Hoensbroek -

Hendrikje Smid was a daughter of Hendrik Jan Smid (1898-1961) and Geziena Hesse (1902-1968). [1]
In the card index of CPN victims in Limburg, it is noted on her card that she worked for …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-28