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1940-1945. The resistance in the dutch province of Limburg

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Women in the resistance

The mortal victims within the resistance were almost all men. If a couple was arrested, the woman was soon released in most cases, as the occupiers assumed that she was no longer a danger on her own. One of the countless examples was Harry Miltenburg and his wife, whose name is not mentioned anywhere, of course. For in those days, even more than today, people thought, " BEHIND every successful man, there is a strong woman." This was in fact often the case with the resistance. After the war, it was usually the men who received the medals and other recognition for their heroic acts. The women’s heroic acts were mainly performed behind their husbands. But they did not just cook for the people in hiding or bring them food in the bottom of the baby carriage under a child, as Coen Grotaers’ wife did. Although this was already dangerous enough. Most of them stayed behind their men in their obsequious role.
The exception to this rule were the couriers, or rather the female couriers of the resistance. They were of course people who had to be able to move around discreetly, for example professional drivers or others who were on the road every day for their work. After it became increasingly clear that the most discreet couriers were in fact women on bicycles, looking like "housewives with shopping bags" and who would not be deported to Germany for slave labor, they took over this task successfully. However, even among the couriers, there were many more male victims, who were checked more often. Moreover it did not correspond to the Nazi thinking, that a woman could not participate in any resistance.
But not every woman was lucky enough to be underestimated, as the list below shows.

All the fallen resistance people in Limburg

Women in the resistance – 25 pers.

Assen-Grolleman, van
Berendina
Berendje
∗ 1894-03-29
Hasselt (Ov)
† 1945-02-18
Ravensbrück
- Underground Press - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Maastricht - Women in the resistance -

Almost from the beginning of the German occupation in 1940, Berendje Grolleman (Berendina van Assen-Grolleman) and her husband
wall: left, row 29-03
Bode, de
Nelly Adriana Jeannette
Nelly
∗ 1905-09-07
Heer
† 1944-01-16
Vught
- Unorganized resistance - Heer - Women in the resistance -

Nelly de Bode was born in Heer (today municipality of Maastricht). She lived in Rotterdam and worked at the G.A.B. (municipal employment office). She helped people in hiding. This came to …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Brinkman,
Sophie Marie Amélie Jacqueline
Sophie
∗ 1908-10-18
Roermond Geboortedat
† 1945-03-06
Klingelpütz, Köln
- Women in the resistance - Underground Press - Roermond - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. -

Sophie Brinkman was the daughter of notary Herman Brinkman and Francisca Brinkman-Rohling in …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Brinkman-Rohling ,
Francisca Alberta Maria
Francisca
∗ 1875-01-18
Dokkum
† 1945-03-27
Maastricht
- Women in the resistance - Underground Press - Roermond - Initial resistance -

Francisca Brinkman-Rohling and her husband, 70-year-old notary Herman Brinkman, lived in Roermond [1] and were the parents of

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Cremers,
Anna Maria Johanna
Annie
∗ 1924-06-05
Voerendaal
† 2005-08-22
Heerlen
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Ambtenaren - Couriers of the Resistance - Valkenburg - Survivors - Women in the resistance -

Photo: Annie in the distribution office. Family archive.Annie Cremers forged documents for the people in hiding at the so called Municipal Distribution …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Cremers,
Wielke
∗ 1910-07-12
Heerlen
† 1950-08-20
Valkenburg
- Couriers of the Resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Valkenburg - Survivors - Women in the resistance -

Sister of Gerda Cremers and sister-in-law of Pierre Schunck. He wrote about her: “Then I assigned Ms …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Delahaye,
Pauline
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
- IJzeren - Couriers of the Resistance - Survivors - Women in the resistance -

Was a courier for the resistance and among other things she brought the children Cohen to the hamlet IJzeren, where they could go into hiding.
Flachs,
Käthe
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
- Unorganized resistance - Valkenburg - Survivors - Women in the resistance -

Rescued the children Moos and Herman of her Jewish friend
Förster,
Maria Anna Clara
Mies
∗ 1915-11-16
Helmond
† 1945-03-18
Heerlen
- Women in the resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Heerlen -

Nurse, assistant to the medical examiner at the municipal employment office in Heerlen. "She saved numerous approved persons from being sent to Germany for forced labour by changing medical …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-11
Ham, v.d.
Aalte
Aaltje?
∗ 0000-00-00
∗ ?
† 0000-00-00
† ?
- Women in the resistance - Nieuwenhagen -

Aalte / Aaltje?  ?
Do you know more? Write us!
wall: right, row 01-03
Jans,
Katie
∗ 1923-07-24
Venlo
† 1945-01-06
Venlo
- Couriers of the Resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Women in the resistance - Venlo -

Katie Jans did messenger work for the LO. In Venlo, the local LO and OD groups worked well together, as in most places in North Limburg. She was a daughter of reserve Major General Jacobus …
wall: right, row 29-01
Jaspers,
Marie-Thérèse
Treesie
∗ 1924-01-11
Klimmen
† 2013-09-08
Imstenrade
- Klimmen - Survivors - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Women in the resistance - Couriers of the Resistance -

Trees Jaspers was the daughter of the notary Jaspers from Klimmen and a sister of Jo Jaspers [1], who was killed in action on May 10, 1940. Trees took over courier services for
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Kleine Zusters van de Hl. Joseph,

∗ 
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Women in the resistance - Heerlen - The clergy - Survivors -

The St. Joseph Hospital on the Putgraaf [1] in Heerlen during the occupation was firmly in the hands of the resistance and in particular the aid organization for people in hiding LO. This was …

Peusens,
gezusters
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Valkenburg - Survivors - Women in the resistance -

Pierre Schunck schrieb: „Wielke Cremers und die Schwestern Peusens arbeiteten als Kurierinnen“.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Pijnacker Hordijk,
Anna
∗ 1881-06-11
Maastricht
† 1944-01-24
Ravensbruck
- Maastricht - Women in the resistance - Nijmegen -

Anna Geertruida Adelheid was a daughter of rev. Arij Pijnacker Hordijk and Alida Margaretha Theodora de Ridder. She was married to Matthias Adriaan Snoeck. Sister of rev. Adriaan Nicolaas …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Pulskens,
Jacoba Maria
Tante Coba
∗ 1884-05-26
Tilburg
† 1945-03-17
Ravensbrück
- Women in the resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Limburg + -

Coba Pulskens hid several Jewish persons, Allied pilots and resistance fighters, was arrested and brought to Vught via Haaren. During the evacuation of Vught in early September 1944, she was …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.03-09
Schoenmaeckers,
Marie Clotilde Hélène
Hélène “Lèneke”
∗ 1894-07-03
Kapelhof-Rekem (B)
† 1945-07-11
Sankt Gallen (CH)
- Initial resistance - Erkens Group - Amby - Women in the resistance -

Photo: Amiepedia [4]Hélène Schoenmaeckers came from a true resistance family. Her sister Adèle and her brother
wall: left, row 01-02
Schunck-Cremers,
Gerda
∗ 1912-09-10
Heerlerheide 
† 2005-05-05
Valkenburg
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Valkenburg - Survivors - Women in the resistance -

As the wife of Pierre Schunck, she was constantly involved in his resistance work. In retrospect, we can not determine exactly the extent of her share anymore. But given the nature of their …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Smeets-Hendrickx,
Jacqueline Henrica
(Tante) Jacquelien
∗ 1892-02-25
Melick en Herkenbosc
† 1945-02-19
KZ Ravensbrück
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Women in the resistance - Roermond -

One of the few female victims at the Resistance. “Arrested on August 10, 1944 in connection with the housing of Jews“ (
wall: right, row 10-04
Smid,
Hendrikje
∗ 1922-00-00
Smilde
† 1944-10-15
Hoensbroek
- Communists & Sympathizers - Women in the resistance - Underground Press - Hoensbroek -

Worked for the party paper De Waarheid (The Truth). Arrested on 2 February 1941. After release she died ill in Hoensbroek. (Source: H.J. Smid on ARCH00347.148)

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-28
Soree,
Hubertina
Bertha
∗ 1906-06-04
Venlo
† 1944-11-03
Venlo
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Couriers of the Resistance - Women in the resistance - Venlo -

In the Venlo Book of the Dead (see link below, historie.venlo.nl), Hay Goertz writes about Hubertina Johanna Elisabeth Soree: “During the war, Bertha was active in the resistance in Venlo, where …

wall: right, row 30-02
Tripels,
Jenny
∗ 1883-07-21
Maastricht
† 1945-02-06
Ravensbrück
- Maastricht - Women in the resistance - Belgium -

The information below is from Wikisage. [1]
Jenny Emma Félicie Tripels was a Dutch member of the Belgian resistance during World War II.
She became acquainted during World War I with …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Vliexs,
Huberta Leonie Maria
Bertha
∗ 1923-01-06
Amby
† 1944-09-11
Opglabbeek (B)
- Women in the resistance - Belgium - Secret Army (B) - Amby -

During World War II, four of the Vliexs sisters were in the Belgian resistance organization the Secret Army. Bertha was unmarried and worked as a nurse with the Red Cross. For more information, …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Vliexs,
Marie Hubertina Theodora
Pia
∗ 1920-05-18
Maastricht
† 1944-09-11
Opglabbeek (B)
- Women in the resistance - Belgium - Secret Army (B) - Amby -

The daily newspaper Het Belang van Limburg wrote on September 18, 2017 [1] under the title "The 9/11 of Opglabbeek": "Shot after an attack by resistance fighters on retiring Germans. In …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Vusschers,
Maria Magdalena
Marijke?
∗ 1914-01-02
Heerlen
† 1945-04-25
Ravensbrück → Schwerin
- Communists & Sympathizers - Women in the resistance -

Maria Magdalena Vusschers had been married to Johann Gerritsen [1] since January 17, 1935 and lived in Heerlerheide.
According to her archive card (no. 23) in the CPN Limburg archives, she …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.