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Limburg 1940-1945,
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1940-1945. The resistance in the dutch province of Limburg

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Initial resistance

We count to the initial resistance such organizations and individuals, who were active before the foundation of the L.O.. Because it was only then that the resistance, at least in our region, acquired an overarching structure and was able to develop on a larger scale. Demobilized soldiers often took the initiative because they had a network at their disposal and felt obligated to do so by their oath of allegiance. Through the Nederlandse Opbouwdienst (Dutch Reconstruction Service), attempts were made to employ demobilized soldiers in government services such as the police and fire departments. There they met each other, and if they were anti-German, this could quickly turn into a nest of resistance.
For many clerics something similar was true because of the clear position of the bishops, including Bishop Lemmens in Limburg and their own conscience. Also among them some came into action already at the beginning of the occupation.
It began with Belgian and French prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany and passed through Limburg on their way home. Many knocked on the doors of churches asking for help, as they were easy to find. They entered the country everywhere along the Dutch eastern border, but a focus was in central and northern Limburg. Among the groups founded by former soldiers, those around Erkens, Bongaerts, Dresen, Smit, and as a national organization the O.D.
A group of its own were the Communists, who also resisted at an early stage, but did not (yet) cooperate with the other early groups, see CPN
From June 1943 onward, the Limburg escape routes all connected to Belgian branches of the Comet Line to Spain (see Cammaert IV §II.2.).

All the fallen resistance people in Limburg

Initial resistance – 97 pers.

Beazar,
Gustaaf
Modest
∗ 1908-07-29
Aspelare
† 1944-09-12
Heer
- Belgium - Secret Army (B) - Heer - Initial resistance -

The northeast of Belgian Limburg was the territory of the ‘Secret Army, Zone II/Limburg’. Although no exact figures are available, the number of members of this group was described as ‘as …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Beckhoven, van
Gerardus
Pater Beatus
∗ 1899-09-21
Amsterdam
† 1945-03-20
Bergen-Belsen
- Initial resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Underground Press - The clergy - Heerlen - People in hiding -

Gerard van Beckhoven or Father Beatus van Beckhoven OFM was kapelaan (vicar) in Heerlen at the rectorate church of St. Francis on the Laanderstraat in Heerlen [1] and there he became a …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: left, row 15-02
Beers, van
Adrianus Hubertus
∗ 1895-09-24
Wamel
† 1942-08-31
KZ Groß-Rosen
- Initial resistance - Heerlen - Communists & Sympathizers -

Scaffolder, helped to bring refugees across the border. Arrested on June 24, 1941.
Eventually he ended up in the Nacht und Nebel [1] concentration camp in Gross-Rosen [2], where …

wall: middel, row 05-02
Berets,
Ernst David
Ernst
∗ 1898-10-16
Krefeld
† 1943-01-31
Auschwitz
- Maastricht - Jews in resistance - Initial resistance - Intelligence -

Ernst Berets came from a Jewish family with many children. His father was Dutch, his mother German. They had moved to Krefeld after World War I, where they ran a wholesale fruit and vegetable …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Berix,
Jan Willem
Giel
∗ 1907-04-12
Meers
† 1945-03-13
Bergen-Belsen
- Initial resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Heerlen - People in hiding - The clergy -

Since september 10, 1933, Giel Berix was a kapelaan (in the Netherlands a term for Roman Catholic auxiliary parish priests, vicars. In Belgium they are also called Onderpastoor) at St. …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: left, row 15-04
Boer, de
Willem
∗ 1908-07-16
Amsterdam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Intelligence - Ordedienst (O.D.) -

Willem de Boer was a commercial agent and kept radio contact with England [1]. According to the Dodenboek Oranjehotel (Book of the Dead) [7] he was a member of the O.G.-group Naarden-Bussum, but …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Bongaerts,
Charles M.H.J.
∗ 1909-08-07
Venlo
† 1944-11-23
KZ Ladelund, KZ Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Police - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Netwerk Bongaerts - Initial resistance - Heerlen -

Married to Trees (Theresa) Dahmen. In 1940 Charles was a reserve officer in the Dutch army and during the five day battle of the Netherlands he fought on the so called “Grebbenberg Line”, that …

wall: left, row 16-01
Bouman,
Martinus Antonius Marie
Martin (Bob)
∗ 1899-05-05
Gouda
† 1943-05-02
Wellerlooi
- Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Roermond - April-Mei-stakingen, 1943 - Crisis Controle Dienst (CCD) - Zwarte Plak -

Before WWII, Bob Bouman was an officer in the Dutch Colonial Army NIL. [1]
After six years in the tropics, he and his family returned to the Netherlands. Here the disease …
wall: right, row 04-04
Brinkman-Rohling ,
Francisca Alberta Maria
Francisca
∗ 1875-01-18
Dokkum
† 1945-03-27
Maastricht
- Women in the resistance - Underground Press - Roermond - Initial resistance -

Francisca Brinkman-Rohling and her husband, 70-year-old notary Herman Brinkman, lived in Roermond [1] and were the parents of

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Bruls,
Léon Antoine
Leo
∗ 1912-02-06
Sittard
† 1945-04-17
Dresden
- Initial resistance - Group Smit - Sittard - Police -

Leo Bruls from Sittard was an aircraft mechanic and aviator at the Militaire Luchtvaartafdeling (Military Aviation Department) in Soesterberg. [1]
Today it is called the Koninklijke …
wall: right, row 17-04
Buikes,
Jacob
∗ 1903-02-22
Den Haag
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) -

Before the war, Jacobus Johannes Hendrikus Buikes was a sergeant-airplane mechanic in the Royal Dutch Navy. Shortly after the surrender he was put on wachtgeld and …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Burger,
Wilhelmus Fredericus
Wim
∗ 1918-09-28
Amsterdam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Intelligence -

Wim Burger was an office worker. [1]
He belonged to the spy group around Hans Zomer and thus fell victim to the Englandspiel (England game). …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Busch,
Elbertus Frederikus
∗ 1903-05-11
Apeldoorn
† 1943-05-25
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Underground Press - Hoensbroek - Communists & Sympathizers -

He spent his youth in Zutphen, his places of residence in South Limburg were Brunssum and Hoensbroek (from 1931). According to the biography on heemkundehoensbroek.nl, he was a gardener during the …

wall: middel, row 10-02
Cahn,
David Leo
∗ 1923-12-07
Maastricht
† 1942-08-14
Auschwitz
- Jews in resistance - Initial resistance - Groep Dresen - Maastricht - Underground Press -

Jewish butcher’s son, residing at Lenculenstraat 9 in Maastricht. He belonged to the civilian branch of the Dresen group, which was mainly engaged in the distribution of illegal leaflets …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-07
Caubo,
Jean-Michel
Jean
∗ 1891-04-28
Maastricht
† 1945-02-13
Natzweiler, Außenkommando Daut
- Initial resistance - - Dutch-Paris -

Jean was registered at the civil registry as Johannes Michael and grew up in Schin-op-Geul. He was employed by the French railway company Wagons Lits and he was, with the help of his entire family, …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.01-02
Dael,
Jean Marie
Jan
∗ 1909-01-01
Venlo
† 1945-03-09
Mauthausen
- Initial resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Venlo -

Jan Dael was, among other things, a hotel clerk, a driver, and a cook before finally finding his vocation in the bookstore and library De Boemerang on Geldersepoort. He was the father of six …
wall: right, row 27-05
Dael,
Leo
∗ 1907-09-12
Venlo
† 1945-03-01
Mauthausen
- Initial resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Venlo -

Leopold Franciscus Dael was a self-employed cab driver and night watchman in a school seized by the Germans as an office building. He and his brother
wall: right, row 28-01
Diederen,
Karel Joseph
∗ 1917-10-10
Hoensbroek
† 1943-03-02
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Group Smit - Hoensbroek -

In his younger years he was active in the youth movement. When he was drafted into military service, he was a casual laborer. From September 2, 1937 with the 3rd Mounted Field Artillery …

wall: middel, row 13
Dobbe,
Theo
Hans
∗ 1901-03-19
Amsterdam
† 1944-09-05
Dieren, gem. Rheden
- Initial resistance - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Nijmegen - Limburg + - Underground Press -

In his civil profession, Theo Dobbe was a chief representative and active throughout the Netherlands. In the southern part of the country he became the organizer of the LKP, the umbrella …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-10
Dost,
Mans
∗ 1905-12-10
Onstwedde
† 1942-11-12
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Heerlen - Underground Press - Communists & Sympathizers -

Worker in a factory, liaison man for the party newspaper De Waarheid. In the card index Limburg [1] of the CPN (Communistische Partij Nederland) his last name is written Dorst, but …
wall: middel, row 06-01
Dresen,
Alphonse Henri Louis
Alf(ons)
∗ 1885-10-18
Luik
† 1944-01-05
Fort Rhijnauwen, Bunnik
- Initial resistance - Erkens Group - Maastricht -

Alfons Dresen was chief dispatcher in Maastricht at the Dutch Railway Company and as such he knew everything about train movements in his area. [1#6] Married, belonged to the resistance …

wall: left, row 30-04
Dresen,
Pierre Marie Joseph
Pierre
∗ 1897-02-07
Maastricht
† 1942-12-01
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Groep Dresen - Maastricht - Underground Press -

Pierre Dresen was a resident of Maastricht, demobilized professional soldier (sergeant major in the infantry [1]), temporary cashier of the distribution service, founder of the Dresen group, …

wall: left, row 31-01
Duijnkerke /Duynkerke,
Jan Marinus
Jan
∗ 1902-10-25
Yerseke
† 1943-03-04
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Groep Dresen - Maastricht -

The barge master Jan Duynkerke usually transported cement in the Netherlands and abroad with his boat Maria, but also refugees. The home port of the Maria was the old harbor of …
wall: left, row 31-02
Engeln,
Paulus Anthonius
Tom
∗ 1902-01-30
Purmerend
† 1945-04-27
KZ Mauthausen-Ebensee
- Underground Press - Groep Dresen - Initial resistance - Maastricht -

Paulus Anthonius (Tom) Engeln, a shopkeeper and leather goods manufacturer living in Maastricht, was of German descent and divorced from a German wife, Betsy Wanger, with whom he had three …

wall: middel, row 14-02
Erkens,
Nicolaas Egidius
Nic "van der Maas"
∗ 1894-10-10
Maastricht
† 1943-10-09
Fort Rhijnauwen (prov. Utrecht
- Initial resistance - Erkens Group - Maastricht - Sittard - Intelligence -

During the First World War, Nic Erkens too had been mobilized and at the end he was discharged as an officer. Between the wars, he worked at the Hustinx tube company in Liège, where he met his …

wall: right, row 18-03
Eurelings ,
Martin Noël
Martin
∗ 1912-12-25
Schimmert
† 1945-03-17
Diez an der Lahn
- The clergy - Forced Labor - Initial resistance -

After his priestly studies in Roermond, Martin Eurelings became parish vicar (assistant parish priest) in Nevers (F) [1].
There he was arrested on January 19, 1942. [2]

Evers,
Johannes Hendrikus
Jan
∗ 1917-05-03
Oosterhout (Valburg)
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
- Knokploegen (K.P.) - Nijmegen - Underground Press - Limburg + - Initial resistance -

Jan Evers ran a car repair shop, was married and father of one child. They lived in Nijmegen.
He began typing and distributing illegal newspapers, including Vrij Nederland, in 1941 …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Fauchey,
Antoine Pierre Marie
∗ 1918-07-15
Rotterdam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Intelligence -

Antoine Fauchey fought at the Grebbeberg in May 1940 as a reserve cavalry sergeant. He was arrested on September 14, 1941 on suspicion of espionage (Book of the Dead Oranjehotel [7]) as a result …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Fleischeuer,
Adèle Jan Gerard
Ger
∗ 1889-02-25
Oirsbeek
† 1945-03-29
KZ Allach, Dachau
- Initial resistance - Oirsbeek -

At the request of Rector Voesten from Heerlen, the municipal secretary A.J.G. Fleischeuer from Oirsbeek helped Jews. Voesten probably belonged to both the group around
wall: right, row 02-05
Giebels,
Jo
∗ 1909-09-06
Linne
† 1944-04-05
Bergen Belsen
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Brunssum - Group Smit -

The primary school teacher J.M.R. Giebels was a member of the Smit group. The cost of the weapons purchases was met with the proceeds from the sale of photographs of the royal family. The …

wall: left, row 05-03
Goffin,
Jules G.H.J.
∗ 1897-03-31
Noville-les-Bois
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
- Initial resistance - Erkens Group - Intelligence - Belgium -

He was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. He was a general practitioner in …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-02
Goldsteen,
Frits /Fritz
∗ 1918-07-09
Rheydt (D)
† 1942-08-15
Oświęcim /Auschwitz
- - Initial resistance - Maastricht -

After their marriage, the parents of Fritz Goldsteen moved to Kohlscheid near Aachen, where they opened a fabric store. The children Alfred [1] and Carl were born there. In 1909 or 1910 …

wall: left, row 31-03
Gronden, van der
Gerrit Jan
Gerrit
∗ 1895-12-13
Dordrecht
† 1943-01-02
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Maastricht - Valkenburg - Communists & Sympathizers -

On November 6, 1897, at the age of almost two years, he moved with his parents and siblings from Dordrecht to Vlissingen, his mother’s birthplace, see civil registry card Vlissingen [1]. On …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: right, row 26-03
Groot,
Simon Petrus
Simon “Jan”
∗ 1924-05-15
Alkmaar
† 1944-09-20
Sevenum
- Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Sevenum -

Simon Petrus Groot was an office worker. The farm Rust Roest of the Groot family in Sevenum was a stronghold of resistance activities during the war. His cousin, also named Simon, was the …
wall: right, row 14-03
Grootheest, van
Gerard Catharinus
Gerard
∗ 1918-10-12
Utrecht
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Studenten - Underground Press -

Gerard van Grootheest was the local leader of the Amersfoort chemical service [7] and a student of indology at the RU in Utrecht [4]. He distributed banned printed matter and supported …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Haan,
M.J. (Sjef)
∗ 1921-08-23
Schaesberg
† 1944-04-18
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
- Initial resistance - Group Smit - Schaesberg -

Miner at the Oranje-Nassau IV, arrested on February 2, 1942, sentenced to prison. Died of the consequences of the bombing of Oranienburg (Cammaert Chapter II: Appendix V, Arrests in the Smit …
wall: right, row 13-02
Hage,
Dirk
∗ 1909-02-17
Dreischor
† 1943-04-03
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Groep Dresen - Maastricht -

After his demobilization as a soldier in 1940, Dirk Izak Hage became a customs officer with the rank of hulpkommies and found some like-minded people in the Caberg (Maastricht) customs …

wall: middel, row 15-01
Hendrickx,
Henri Joseph
Henri
∗ 1902-09-09
Swalmen
† 1945-09-05
Roermond
- Initial resistance - Roermond -

Henri Hendrickx, together with his younger brother Sef, ran the Oud-Schöndeln farm in Roermond.
Cammaert writes about their help to escaped …
wall: right, row 06-02
Hendrickx,
Jozef Jacobus
Sef
∗ 1905-04-22
Swalmen
† 1945-04-23
Bützow-Dreibergen
- Initial resistance - Roermond -

Sef Hendrickx, together with his older brother Henri, ran the Schöndeln farm in Roermond.
Cammaert writes about their help to escaped french …
wall: right, row 06-03
Hennekens,
G. Hub
∗ 1909-02-15
Sittard
† 1970-11-26
Heerlen
- Valkenburg - The clergy - Initial resistance - Survivors - Group Smit -

He was ordained priest on March 13, 1937, was vicar in Berg en Terblijt from September 1937, vicar in the parish of Sts . Nikolaas & Barbara in Valkenburg from May 1939, parish priest in Rothem …

Hout, van
Jan (Johannes Franciscus)
∗ 1908-10-17
Valkenburg
† 1945-02-22
KZ Neuengamme
- Forced Labor - Initial resistance - Valkenburg -

Professional cyclist from 1932 to 1940. When he was eight years old, he moved to Eindhoven with his parents. In 1932 he set a new Dutch hour record (42.282) in Tilburg and on August 25th, …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Houtappel,
Edmond Marie Hubert Ghislain Henri
(Ed)Mond
∗ 1901-10-18
Maastricht
† 1944-11-24
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Maastricht - Intelligence -

Edmond Houtappel was a wine merchant and ran a wholesale grocery store at Wolfstraat 8 (Fa. Wed. R. W. Hustinx, Koffiebranderij, groothandel in koloniale waren). Captain of the Reserve in the …

wall: left, row 32-02
Huurman,
Tijmen Bastiaan
Tijmen
∗ 1891-02-14
Groningen
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) -

Photo: Books of the Dead, Oranjehotel [13]Tijmen Bastiaan Huurman was an engineer at Kondor and a first lieutenant in the reserves [1] The following information about his military career …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Jacobs,
Karel
Père Hugues /Pater Hugo
∗ 1900-11-17
Antwerpen
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
- Underground Press - The clergy - Initial resistance - Erkens Group - Belgium -

He was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. His resistance activity began by helping escaped …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-03
Janssen,
Jacobus Everhardus
Jacob
∗ 1904-02-09
Nijmegen
† 1944-08-11
Vught
- Roermond - Nijmegen - Initial resistance -

Jacob Janssen was a branch manager of the grocery chain EDAH in Roermond and a member of the resistance group Oranje Vrijbuiters. [1]His code name was Jacob, his call …
wall: right, row 05-04
Janssen,
Sjef
∗ 1923-01-13
Heerlen
† 1943-03-29
Hamburg-Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Group Smit - Heerlen - Dutch-Paris -

Joseph Jean Elise Janssen was an office employee of a mine [1.1], a member of the Smits group and of the international resistance group and escape line Dutch-Paris [2], as were his …

wall: left, row 15-05
Kraft,
Lambert
Bèr
∗ 1902-02-06
Maastricht
† 1942-06-22
Bernburg (Neuengamme)
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Maastricht - Communists & Sympathizers -

Lambert Kraft was a representative for vacuum cleaners. In the municipal elections in Maastricht on June 14, 1939, he headed the list of the CPN (Communists). They achieved …

wall: left, row 33-03
Krans,
Kornelis
Kees
∗ 1887-03-30
Hoogezand
† 1944-03-02
Helmond
- Initial resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Forced Labor - Helden - -

Kees Krans and his wife bought in 1938 the Bovensbos farm in Helden. [1]
At the beginning of the war, they housed a Jewish family in an underground hiding place just a stone’s throw …

wall: left, row 20-05
Kroes,
Willem Christiaan Albert
∗ 1896-01-16
Amersfoort
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Intelligence - Initial resistance -

Architect Willem Kroes is referred to as Herman Kroes in the Book of the Dead of the Oranje Hotel [10], but as his file with the Oorlogsgravenstichting (War Graves Commission) indicates, that was …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Kuntz,
Petrus Josephus Maria
∗ 1918-02-01
Zaandam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance -

At the beginning of the war, Petrus Kuntz was a sergeant-capitulant [8] (non-commissioned officer who voluntarily remained in service after his compulsory military service.[1]) with the …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Lauwere, de
Amandus Marie Joseph Alphons
André /Armand
∗ 1906-04-17
Venlo
† 1945-03-02
Buchenwald
- Initial resistance - Belfeld -

Armand de Lauwere had moved to Belfeld in August 1932 and lived at Julianastraat 10. He was a bookkeeper at the N.V. Nederlandse Gresbuizen Industrie in Belfeld and local head of the air …

wall: left, row 04-01
Leclou,
Paul Leon Willem Antoon
Paul
∗ 1921-02-28
Voerendaal
† 1945-04-29
Dora-Mittelbau (Nordhausen)
- Initial resistance - Group Smit - Voerendaal - Underground Press - Forced Labor -

Paul Leclou attended the MTS (Secondary Technical School).
Cammaert writes about the situation in Voerendaal in 1940:
Former soldiers like Th.G.H. Treuen, L.A. Vlemmings, C. …
wall: right, row 34-04
Lemson,
Hendrik Theodorus
Henk
∗ 1924-04-15
Maastricht
† 1945-04-07
Makkum
- People in hiding - Initial resistance - Groep Dresen - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Maastricht -

Henk Lemson was a tax official (direct taxes, Maastricht). [1]
He belonged to the so called Belastinggroep Maastricht (A resistance group of mainly tax officials who continued the …

wall: left, row 32-04
Liedekerke de Pailhe, de
Raphael R.E.J.G.
∗ 1903-04-15
Eijsden
† 1943-10-09
Fort Rhijnauwen, prov. Utrecht
- Eijsden - Belgium - Initial resistance - Erkens Group - Intelligence -

He was one of eleven members of the Dutch resistance group around Nick Erkens executed by the Germans in fort Rhijnauwen near Bunnik, province of …
wall: left, row 08-02
Lokerman,
Josephus Stephanus Hendricus
Jo “Thijs”
∗ 1901-02-05
Rotterdam
† 1945-02-11
Neuengamme
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Maastricht - -

Jo Lokerman was train driver with the Dutch Railways [1] and the district leader of the LO in Maastricht. Unusual in the south of the Netherlands at that time: this district leader was not only …

wall: left, row 32-05
Lopes de Leaô Laguna,
Jacob
∗ 1901-10-21
Amsterdam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Intelligence - Initial resistance - Jews in resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) -

Jacob Lopes de Leaô Laguna was a factory manager and a reserve captain. He was one of the many demobilized Dutch soldiers who, after the surrender on May 10, 1940, would not and could not comply …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Medenbach de Rooy, van
Johan George Alexander
Johan
∗ 1906-06-14
Djokjakarta
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance -

Johannes George Alexander van Medenbach de Rooy was an inspector at the life insurance company Nillmij and a first lieutenant in the general staff. At an early stage he had already a secret …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Meijer,
Johan Coenraad
Jan
∗ 1919-09-05
Tandjong Pandang, Bi
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Intelligence - Initial resistance - Studenten -

Jan Meijer was born in Tandjong Pandang, Billiton, in what is now Indonesia.[1] During mobilization he was an officer candidate in the Dutch navy with the rank of corporal, and …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Meulenberg,
Edmundus Johannes
Eddy
∗ 1919-01-26
Nijmegen
† 1945-07-04
Nijmegen
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Dutch Soldiers - Limburg + - Initial resistance -

Eddy Meulenberg was a conscript sergeant at the time of the surrender of the Dutch Army in May 1940. He was a member of the Nijmegen Knokploeg (combat group), together with his friends

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Meulensteen,
Hendrik A.C.
∗ 1886-03-28
Dinther
† 1943-02-05
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Groep Dresen - Intelligence - Forced Labor - Maastricht -

Hendrik Meulensteen was a shipping agent. His sons and a daughter sailed on barges. He and his wife ran her parents’ boatmen’s pub at Franschensingel. The regulars’ table or the back room …

wall: left, row 34-02
Miché,
Bernardus Marcus
Bernard
∗ 1887-07-30
Utrecht
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Underground Press -

Photo: Linotype typesetting machine, Wikimedia → → …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Michels,
Arnold
∗ 1907-12-01
Overasselt
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance -

Until the surrender of the Dutch forces in May 1940, he was a “sergeant-telegraphist” in the Dutch Royal Navy. During the war he participated in obtaining intelligence data and built …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Muhren,
Piet
Père Étienne /Pater Stephanus
∗ 1908-09-14
Bergen-op-Zoom
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
- Underground Press - The clergy - Initial resistance - Erkens Group - Belgium -

Petrus („Piet“) Johannes Cornelis Muhren was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. His …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-04
Nijst,
Charles Joseph
∗ 1916-03-05
Kerkrade
† 1944-01-18
AEL Groß-Beeren, Kreis Teltow
- Studenten - Forced Labor - Initial resistance - Valkenburg - Underground Press -

Charles Nijst was a student at the Katholieke Economische Hogeschool (Catholic College of Economics) in Tilburg. [1]
The no longer existing weekly newspaper Het Land van …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: right, row 26-04
Oppen, van
Ferdinand Marie Joseph Hubert
Ferdinand
∗ 1913-03-04
Maastricht
† 1945-02-02
Sachsenhausen
- Maastricht - Initial resistance -

On Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen [5] we read, that Ferdinand van Oppen was a lawyer and prosecutor.
He studied law in Nijmegen (1932 - 1937) … Already in the first months of the occupation he, …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Oppen, van
Jules Louis Antoine
∗ 1882-05-10
Maastricht
† 1943-02-16
Vught
- Initial resistance - The clergy - Venlo -

Dean Jules van Oppen was the first clergyman in Venlo and all of Limburg to pay for his resistance with death. After the German invasion on May 10, 1940, he opposed the German films that were shown …

wall: right, row 30-04
Partouns,
Jozef Jean Gerard
Jef
∗ 1911-01-03
Eijsden
† 1945-02-08
Vaihingen
- Eijsden - Initial resistance - Erkens Group - Intelligence -

Jef Partouns was a laboratory assistant. Jean Arpots, Jef Partouns, and Jef Reintjens were three young men, one of whom worked for the Dutch railways. The three called themselves the Orange …
wall: left, row 08-03
Peussens,
Christiaan Hubertus Josephus
Chris
∗ 1907-05-28
Eijsden
† 1942-12-30
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
- Eijsden - Initial resistance - Unorganized resistance -

Chris Peusens was a fodder trader. Three members of the Peussens family from Eijsden, two brothers and a sister, had several independent connections to resistance fighters in Amsterdam. With …

wall: left, row 08-04
Regout,
Robert
∗ 1896-01-18
Maastricht
† 1942-12-28
Dachau
- Initial resistance - Maastricht - The clergy -

Robert Hubert Willem Regout was a Jesuit and legal scholar. In 1934, he received his doctorate from the University of Nijmegen on the doctrine of “just war”. From 1939 he was an associate …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-24
Roks /Rocks,
Jan Joseph
∗ 1883-05-21
Sibbe
† 1944-03-03
Natzweiler-Struthof
- Initial resistance - Valkenburg - Erkens Group -

Jan Joseph Rocks was a member of the early resistance group Erkens in Maastricht, co-owner of the guesthouse Samoshuis, next to Parkhotel Rooding of that time. Nic …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: right, row 27-02
Rooyackers /Rooijackers,
Wilhelmus Antonius
Wim
∗ 1918-03-13
Heerlen
† 1944-09-05
Vught
- Heerlen - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Underground Press - Initial resistance - Police -

Wim Rooijackers was a trade correspondent and a member of the mine police. Almost from the beginning of the war he was involved with prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany. [1#3] p. …

wall: left, row 17-03
Roy, van
Hubertus Andreas
∗ 1893-03-09
Nederweert
† 1981-11-24
Valkenburg
- Initial resistance - Police - Valkenburg - Survivors - Group Smit -

Veldwachter (local policeman appointed by the municipality) in Valkenburg until december 1941. Was a member of the early resistance group around J.Smit in Heerlen. The earliest data on this group …

Scheer, van der
Pieter Hendrik
∗ 1919-07-10
Nijmegen
† 1941-03-21
Nieuwenhagen
- Police - Initial resistance - Unorganized resistance - Nijmegen - Nieuwenhagen -

Pieter Hendrik van der Scheer was a conscript from 1939 until the end of the war, assigned to the Vickers M.C. 3rd Bat. 19th Reg. IVth Infantry Division and took part in the …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Schoemaker,
Richard Leonard Arnold
Richard
∗ 1886-10-05
Roermond
† 1942-05-03
Sachsenhausen (Oranienburg)
- OD trial of Maastricht - Intelligence - Initial resistance - Initial resistance - Roermond -

Richard Schoemaker was a cadet at the Royal Military Academy from 1905 and active in various sports, especially fencing. In it he participated in the Olympic Games in London in 1908. He became …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Schoenmaeckers,
Marie Clotilde Hélène
Hélène “Lèneke”
∗ 1894-07-03
Kapelhof-Rekem (B)
† 1945-07-11
Sankt Gallen (CH)
- Initial resistance - Erkens Group - Amby - Women in the resistance -

Photo: Amiepedia [4]Hélène Schoenmaeckers came from a true resistance family. Her sister Adèle and her brother
wall: left, row 01-02
Schoenmaeckers,
Paul Fernand Cécile Ghislain Marie
Jean
∗ 1886-09-21
Amby (Maastricht)
† 1945-04-21
Obrnice (Č)
- Amby - Initial resistance - Belgium -

Paul Schoenmaeckers (“Jean”) from Amby (today a quarter of Maastricht) married Hélène Palmers on June 12, 1911 in Stevoort near Hasselt. From then on they lived in Rekem (Belgian …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-05
Senster,
Hendrik Servatius Jozef
Hein
∗ 1914-12-21
Vaals
† 1945-05-03
Lübecker Bucht
- Vaals - Initial resistance - Unorganized resistance - Communists & Sympathizers -

Hein Senster was a miner. Arrested on fair Monday, June 23, 1941, a year after the Germans invaded the Netherlands. He had organized a demonstration with a group of young people from Vaals. Then, …

wall: right, row 25-06
Sickenga,
Jaap
∗ 1918-07-14
Haarlem
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Intelligence - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Studenten -

Jaap Sickenga was a student of the Dutch language, a poet and a Dutch resistance fighter in the Ordedienst during the Second World War. He and his friend Hans Zomer [1], who had returned …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Smeets,
Alphons
∗ 1887-07-14
Mheer (L)
† 1943-10-09
Fort Rhijnauwen, prov. Utrecht
- Eijsden - Initial resistance - Erkens Group -

Michiel Hubert Alphonse Smeets was a grower and merchant of fruit in Eijsden, neighbor and tenant of Raphael de Liedekerke and brother of the …
wall: left, row 07-05
Smeets,
Cornelis Hubertus Augustinus
Hubert
∗ 1892-08-27
Noorbeek;
† 1943-10-09
Fort Rhijnauwen, prov. Utrecht
- Eijsden - Initial resistance - Erkens Group -

Hub. Smeets was municipal secretary and brother of Alphons Smeets. Member of the Belgian intelligence group Luc, section Renkin, which was to …
wall: left, row 08-01
Smidt,
Alex Klaas
Lex
∗ 1914-11-22
Diepenveen
† 1942-05-11
Sachsenhausen
- OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Intelligence - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Maastricht -

Photo: Book of the Dead 3, Oranjehotel Foundation [2].Lex Smidt was a member of the rugby club ’t Gooi since November 1940. On its website [1] it is stated that he …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Smink,
Harmen
∗ 1919-11-26
Harderwijk
† 1942-05-11
Sachsenhausen
- OD trial of Maastricht - Underground Press - Intelligence - Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Maastricht -

The source of the text below is mostly the English version of Traces of War. [1]
The photograph is from the Death Book of the Orange Hotel. [4]
Harmen Smink did his military service …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Smit,
Joseph
Sef
∗ 1916-09-09
Roermond
† 1942-09-17
Amsterdam
- Initial resistance - Group Smit - Police - Heerlen - Intelligence -

Sef Smit from Roermond was before the war a professional sergeant in the 13th Infantry Regiment. [1]
He chose after demobilization in July 1940 to join the police in Heerlen. He did not …

wall: left, row 19-02
Smits,
Gerard Frank
Frank
∗ 1919-08-29
Heerlen
† 1944-04-04
Utrecht
- Initial resistance - Hulsberg - Studenten - Ordedienst (O.D.) -

During the mobilization he was a cornet (= ensign) in the mounted artillery. Later, as a law student, he refused to sign the declaration of loyalty to the Germans and joined the resistance …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: left, row 24-04
Soesman,
Gerhard Lodewijk Robertus
Gerard
∗ 1922-06-23
Valkenburg
† 1945-01-21
Auschwitz/Oświęcim
- Initial resistance - Jews in resistance - Valkenburg - Underground Press - Maastricht - Communists & Sympathizers -

Student HBS (high school). Listed in the Honor Roll of Victims 1940 – 1945 [1], in the category resistance people. Moreover he had a Jewish father, Jacob Soesman. Mother: Christina …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: left, row 35-04
Spreksel,
Charles
∗ 1916-07-03
Heerlen
† 1945-01-07
KZ Schömberg, KZ Natzweiler
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Group Smit - Heerlen -

Charles Spreksel was the son of Frans Spreksel, a builder, and Agnes Schepens. Since his demobilization he worked as chief window dresser at the Schunck department store in …

wall: left, row 19-03
Timmermans,
Antonius Gerardus (Antoon)
∗ 1923-07-25
Maasbree
† 1945-04-06
Buchenwald
- Initial resistance - Maasbree -

The almost 18-year-old farmer’s son Antoon Timmermans was living with his parents in Maasbree when he was arrested, presumably on July 1, 1941, according to the NIOD. [1]
His father …

wall: left, row 27-04
Tobben,
Hendricus Hubertus
Harry
∗ 1917-08-24
Heerlen
† 1945-03-15
Hameln (D
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Police - Heerlen - Intelligence - Netwerk Bongaerts - -

Harry Tobben was a former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 member of the mine police. Was involved, among other things, in acts of sabotage in the Oranje-Nassau Mine I …

wall: left, row 19-05
Treuen,
Theo
∗ 1914-07-24
Tegelen
† 1942-09-17
Amsterdam
- Initial resistance - Group Smit - Voerendaal -

The parental home of Theo (Theodorus Gerardus Johannes Peter) Treuen stood at Maasstraat 43 in Steyl. He worked in the butcher shop Leenders in Voerendaal and during the pre-war mobilization he was …

wall: right, row 35-05
Verhagen,
Douwe
∗ 1917-10-08
Assen
† 1943-01-04
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Groep Dresen - Maastricht -

Douwe Verhagen was a professional sergeant in May 1940 at the enclosure dam. There the Dutch …
wall: left, row 37-01
Verstrijden,
Ludovicus Franciscus
Loek
∗ 1918-11-11
Amsterdam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- Initial resistance - Knokploegen (K.P.) - OD trial of Maastricht -

Loek Verstrijden was an assistant purchaser [1][4] and trade correspondent. Co-organizer of the knokploeg (battle group) around Theo Dobbep. This …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Vlemmings,
Lambert
∗ 1918-11-10
Breda
† 1945-02-23
Dachau
- Underground Press - Initial resistance - Group Smit - Heerlen -

Lambertus Arnoldus Vlemmings was a former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 parcel deliveryman at Van Gend & Loos. At the beginning of the war, he distributed …
wall: left, row 19-04
Voncken,
Willem Louis
Willem
∗ 1889-02-19
Maastricht
† 1942-05-03
Sachsenhausen
- Ordedienst (O.D.) - OD trial of Maastricht - Maastricht - Initial resistance -

Willem Voncken completed the secondary school Bisschoppelijk College in Roermond. This was followed by military officer training at the KMA (Royal Military Academy) in Breda. At the start of the …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Vullinghs,
Hendrik Jacob
Henri
∗ 1883-09-14
Sevenum
† 1945-04-09
Bergen-Belsen
- Initial resistance - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Grubbenvorst - The clergy - Zwarte Plak -

Catholic parish priest of Grubbenvorst and building parish priest in Grashoek, studied musicology in Italy and the United States. He was known as a very open-minded and culturally enthusiastic …

wall: left, row 11-03
Wolf,
Egbert
∗ 1917-09-07
Oldebroek
† 1942-12-04
Neuengamme
- Initial resistance - Groep Dresen - Maastricht -

In 1937, Egbert Wolf from Oldebroek (Gelderland) was called up for military service. After his training he was assigned as a sergeant to the 10th Infantry Regiment at Ede. The …
wall: left, row 36-05
Zomer,
Johannes J.
Hans
∗ 1920-11-06
Probolinggo
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
- Engelandvaarders - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Studenten - OD trial of Maastricht - Initial resistance - Intelligence -

en

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Zwaans,
Hendrikus Joseph Alphonsus Maria
Hein /Harry
∗ 1898-04-03
Rotterdam
† 1942-07-27
Dachau
- Maastricht - The clergy - Initial resistance -

Jesuit Harry Zwaans came to Maastricht in September 1940 as director of the Canisius Congregation.
The chief of the municipal police in Maastricht wrote to the oorlogsgravenstichting (war …

wall: middel, row 19