Nijmegen
text, no JavaScript Log in  Deze pagina in het NederlandsDiese Seite auf DeutschThis page in English - ssssCette page en FrançaisEsta página em Portuguêstopback

Limburg 1940-1945,
Main Menu

  1. People
  2. Events/ Backgrounds
  3. Resistance groups
  4. Cities & Towns
  5. Concentration Camps
  6. Valkenburg 1940-1945

1940-1945. The resistance in the dutch province of Limburg

previousbacknext

Nijmegen


Herdenkingskapel met graven Daniel van Vugt en andere slachtoffers van Ederveen


1944 – The bombing of Nijmegen

Nijmegen lies only a few kilometers north of the Limburg provincial border and was to play an important bridging role between the Limburg LO and the north of the country. We quote from Het Grote Gebod: The resistance there "had always cooperated with Arnhem, with Father Holleman and Theo Dobbe in particular coming to the fore. Arnhem was represented mainly by Kees van Gelder, who was a member of the top. In June 1943, "secret agent Ederveen," who was in reality provocateur/V-man C.J. van der Burch, working for the Abwehrstelle Groningen and the SD in The Hague, penetrated a group of mainly police officers. When it became clear that this alleged Ederveen was a traitor, police inspector Frans Prick (later: Perrick) saw no other option but to liquidate him. On September 24, 1943, an assassination attempt was made on him on the Daalseweg. Van der Burch managed to escape, however, and dozens of arrests followed. The "main suspects" were Herman Oolbekkink, Albertus H. Marcusse, Wilhelmus A. Beerman, Bartholomeus Th. Hendriks and Cees de Jong..
After being sentenced to death on May 19, 1944 for sabotage, espionage and possession of weapons, they were shot on June 6, 1944 in the dunes near Overveen. In Nijmegen, these five members of the resistance group were honored with a street name in the quarter of the resistance heroes in the Kwakkenberg district. Policemen Beerman, Hendriks and Marcusse later received an honorary burial in the cemetery of the Hl. Landstichting (Holy Land Foundation), next to their comrade in arms Daan van Vugt. Cees de Jong was buried in the cemetery of honor in Bloemendaal.
After a supply group of the newly formed L.O. was busted in Nijmegen in September 1943, District Chief Smals of Vierlingsbeek rushed there to breathe new life into the L.O. and ensure that the cooperation that had just been established remained intact. (Cammaert VIb p. 718) p. 718) Now the L.O.-Limburg played a stronger role in Nijmegen. Holleman and Dobbe remained the link between the Exchange (code word for the L.O. head in the part of the country north of the Rhine) and the regional Limburg Assembly.
Another reason for the bond between Nijmegen and Limburg was the Catholic University of Nijmegen (KUN, today Radboud University). There studied mainly students from the Catholic south of the country, including Limburg. At first Ambrosius had its office in Venlo, but as this location caused more and more problems, it was moved to St. Annastraat in Nijmegen in February 1944. By the way, he too, had studied in Nijmegen.
In Nijmegen there was also the forgery office of J. de Weert, which was integrated into the L.O. by Ambrosius.
On February 22, 1944, the Allied bombing of Nijmegen took place, targeting the station area (the Germans used the railroad for weapons transport), but because of sloppy execution, most of the bombs landed on houses in the center, killing about 800 civilians.6) 7))
In July 1944, several attempts were made in Nijmegen for various reasons. Rauter ordered the shooting of eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen in retaliation. 1))
On September 19, 1944, Jan van Hoof piloted an Allied reconnaissance vehicle through the city. On the Nieuwe Markt - today’s Joris Ivensplein - the vehicle was set on fire. Jan van Hoof survived, but was captured and subsequently killed. (noviomagus.nl 10))

The following list of fallen resistance members is far from complete. Just look at the number of fallen members of the university. [11] A peculiarity of Nijmegen is the large number of women who were active in the resistance. [4][5]

  1. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  2. Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen 1940-1945: Aanslag op Ederveen, Attempt to assassinate Ederveen
  3. In the Bakkerskapel of the Stevenskerk in Nijmegen, the free brochure about the Memorial Book of the Nijmegen Resistance is available for consultation.
    Van terroristen tot helden. Het verzet geëerd of miskend? (From terrorists to heros. Resistance recognized or misunderstood?) by Dr. Joost Rosendaal
    Werkgroep Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen (Working Group War Dead Nijmegen)
    info@oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl
  4. Anneke Nolet, Vrouwen en verzet : In het Rijk van Nijmegen, 1940-1945.
    (In the realm of Nijmegen, 1940-1945.) Nijmegen, publisher Vantilt, [2020].
    While searching for her aunt’s story, the author discovered stories of more than 120 women from the Nijmegen Resistance. “There were an incredible number of them,” Nolet notes. "There are probably many more than I found.”
  5. Anneke Nolet, Verzetsvrouwen in Nijmegen, (Resistance Women in Nijmegen) in: Nijmeegs Katern 28 (Feb. 2014) no.1 pp.10-12.
  6. The bombing of Nijmegen. The letter of an eyewitness to her parents.
  7. Bombardement geen vergissing, wel een faux pas, Bombardment not a mistake, but a faux pas, De Gelderlander, February 21, 2009.
  8. https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slag_om_Nijmegen
    The liberation of Nijmegen took place from September 17 to 20, 1944, as part of Operation Market Garden during World War II.
  9. https://www.noviomagus.nl/vrijkun30.htm
  10. Surveillancedagboek Gemeentepolitie Nijmegen from february 1944 until about 1 october 1944
  11. Memorial plaque for the fallen members of the Catholic University of Nijmegen, formerly in the entrance hall of the assembly hall at the Wilhelminasingel, now in the entrance hall of the assembly hall at the Comeniuslaan.
  12. Sichting noviomagus , De Tweede Wereldoorlog in Nijmegen, The Second World War in Nijmegen


Liberated: 1944-09-17 – 1944-09-20


All the fallen resistance people in Limburg

Nijmegen – 35 pers.

Beerman,
Wilhelmus Adrianus
Wim
∗ 1909-08-20
Amsterdam
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
- Police - Nijmegen - Limburg + -

Wilhelmus Adrianus Beerman was a police photographer and detective.
During the Second World War, he was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Dobbe,
Theo
Hans
∗ 1901-03-19
Amsterdam
† 1944-09-05
Dieren, gem. Rheden
- Initial resistance - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Nijmegen - Limburg + - Underground Press -

In his civil profession, Theo Dobbe was a chief representative and active throughout the Netherlands. In the southern part of the country he became the organizer of the LKP, the umbrella …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-10
Eldert, van
Johannes Antonie
Jan
∗ 1894-10-31
Amsterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Nijmegen - Communists & Sympathizers - Limburg + - Underground Press -

Van Eldert, a carpenter, was married to Wilhelmina van de Berg and distributed illegal newspapers, including De Waarheid. On June 17, 1944, at 2:15 a.m., he was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Ettema,
Dominicus Hylarius /Hilarius
∗ 1897-08-03
Wymbritseradiel
† 1945-01-11
Neuengamme
- Nijmegen - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Limburg + -

Dominicus Ettema was deputy director of the cooperative dairy in Zeddam (municipality of Bergh, Montferland) [1] and was listed in the files of the SD/SiPo (Security Service/Security Police) as …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Evers,
Johannes Hendrikus
Jan
∗ 1917-05-03
Oosterhout (Valburg)
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
- Knokploegen (K.P.) - Nijmegen - Underground Press - Limburg + - Initial resistance -

Jan Evers ran a car repair shop, was married and father of one child. They lived in Nijmegen.
He began typing and distributing illegal newspapers, including Vrij Nederland, in 1941 …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Geuns, van
Ernest George
∗ 1889-02-28
Soerabaja, NOI
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Nijmegen - Limburg + - Underground Press -

Retired colonial official (last Hoofdcommies in the then Nederlands Indië, now Indonesia). [9] In 1938, he and his family returned to the Netherlands for the children’s education [1.4] and …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hekking,
Henri A.
Hens
∗ 1923-09-21
† 1945-04-16
- Nijmegen - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Couriers of the Resistance - Limburg + -

Henny Hekking was a member of the Knokploeg (combat group) in Nijmegen, together with, among others, his friends Jules Moormann,

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hendriks,
Bartholomeus Theodorus
Bart
∗ 1915-04-16
Nijmegen
† 1944-06-06
Overveen, duinen
- Police - Nijmegen - Limburg + -

During the Second World War, he was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hoes,
Gerardus Adrianus
Geert
∗ 1919-02-10
Tilburg
† 1945-02-09
Neuengamme
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Ambtenaren - Studenten - Limburg + - Nijmegen - Elst -

Geert Hoes was one of the pioneers of LO-Elst and belonged to a group consisting mainly of municipal officials, including Hendrik Kammeraat,

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hoof, van
Jan Jozef Lambert
Redder van de Waalbrug
∗ 1922-08-07
Nijmegen
† 1944-09-19
Nijmegen
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Nijmegen - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Limburg + - BS (Domestic Forces) -

On September 19, 1944, Jan van Hoof guided an Allied reconnaissance vehicle through the city. On the Nieuwe Markt - today’s Joris Ivensplein - the vehicle was shot on fire. Jan van Hoof …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hövell tot Westerflier, van
Jozef
van Veen
∗ 1919-01-12
Maastricht
† 1945-01-04
Meppen (sub. Neuengamme)
- Maastricht - Nijmegen - Studenten -

Full name: Jozef Felix Henri Marie baron van Hövell van Wezeveld en Westerflier. He was a conscript and attended pilot training in Rotterdam until his demobilization by the Germans. For his …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Janssen,
Jacobus Everhardus
Jacob
∗ 1904-02-09
Nijmegen
† 1944-08-11
Vught
- Roermond - Nijmegen - Initial resistance -

Jacob Janssen was a branch manager of the grocery chain EDAH in Roermond and a member of the resistance group Oranje Vrijbuiters. [1]His code name was Jacob, his call …
wall: right, row 05-04
Jong, de
Cornelis
Cees/Cor
∗ 1905-03-31
Rotterdam
† 1944-06-06
Bloemendaal
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Nijmegen - Underground Press - Limburg + -

Cees de Jong was a sales representative of the Leder- en Drijfriemenfabriek Regouin in Cuijk. From 1942 he collected data on German military objects for Captain C. Hoogerland. He also …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Kuerten,
Antonius Johannes
Joop
∗ 1919-06-29
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Vught
- Knokploegen (K.P.) - Nijmegen - Limburg + -

Antonius Johannes Kuerten was a machine fitter [4]. Arrested on February 21, 1945 in Hoorn by the Landwacht (auxiliar police consisting of Dutch nazis) during a food …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Linssen,
Henricus Ignatius
∗ 1888-07-17
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Ambtenaren - Nijmegen - Limburg + - Underground Press -

Henricus Ignatius Linssen worked in the distribution office of Nijmegen. He was married to Joanna Maria Elisabeth Teunissen and father of three children. He provided those in hiding with …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Marcusse,
Albertus Hendrikus
Albert
∗ 1903-11-02
Batenburg
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
- Police - Nijmegen - Limburg + -

Albert Marcusse was married to Johannea Stevens and together they had seven children. He was chief inspector (hoofdinspecteur) of police and during the Second World War, he was a member of a …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Merlijn,
Pieter L.
Leij
∗ 1920-12-31
Ede
† 1945-03-12
Amsterdam
- Knokploegen (K.P.) - Nijmegen - Limburg + -

Pieter was a machine fitter [6] and he was a member of the Knokploeg (combat group) in Nijmegen. He participated in raids on distribution offices, in attempts to liberate imprisoned …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Moormann,
Julius Ferdinand
Jules
∗ 1924-04-12
Nijmegen
† 1944-05-17
??
- Knokploegen (K.P.) - Nijmegen - Studenten - Limburg + -

During a failed liquidation attempt on April 14, 1944, Julius Ferdinand Moormann was arrested and George Muskens killed. …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Muller,
Jean Maurice
∗ 1920-02-06
Weltevreden (Ned.Ind
† 1944-07-21
Kamp Vught
- Nijmegen - Underground Press - Limburg + - Ambtenaren -

As an official of the distribution office in Nijmegen, he passed on ration cards to people in hiding and he distributed banned newspapers. He belonged to the Vrij Nederland group of Nijmegen and …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Muskens,
George
Arts
∗ 1923-07-02
Maastricht
† 1944-04-14
Arnhem
- Knokploegen (K.P.) - Nijmegen - Studenten - Maastricht -

George Muskens (Gregorius Johannes Arnoldus Maria Muskens) was a trainee sculptor. He was a member of the Nijmegen Knokploeg (armed unit) . [1][3]
In a failed liquidation attempt on …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Oolbekkink,
Herman
∗ 1911-09-27
Deventer,
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
- Police - Nijmegen - Limburg + -

During the Second World War, detective Oolbekkink was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Pijnacker Hordijk,
Anna
∗ 1881-06-11
Maastricht
† 1944-01-24
Ravensbruck
- Maastricht - Women in the resistance - Nijmegen -

Anna Geertruida Adelheid was a daughter of rev. Arij Pijnacker Hordijk and Alida Margaretha Theodora de Ridder. She was married to Matthias Adriaan Snoeck. Sister of rev. Adriaan Nicolaas …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Reichert,
Franciscus P.
Vrijn
∗ 1873-08-29
Delft
† 1944-09-14
Nijmegen
- Nijmegen - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Couriers of the Resistance - Limburg + - Underground Press -

A trader by profession as well as a courier for the LO-KP out of conviction. Also Vrij Nederland. On September 14, 1944 he was shot in his house because of his work for V.N. [2].
The …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Rodriguez /Rodrigues,
Jozef Marius
Jozef
∗ 1900-03-05
Paramaribo
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Underground Press - Nijmegen - Limburg + -

Retired KNIL sergeant [1] Jozef Rodriguez (also spelled Rodrigues) listened to radio transmissions from London and distributed illegal newspapers and pamphlets. He was arrested by the notorious …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Scheer, van der
Pieter Hendrik
∗ 1919-07-10
Nijmegen
† 1941-03-21
Nieuwenhagen
- Police - Initial resistance - Unorganized resistance - Nijmegen - Nieuwenhagen -

Pieter Hendrik van der Scheer was a conscript from 1939 until the end of the war, assigned to the Vickers M.C. 3rd Bat. 19th Reg. IVth Infantry Division and took part in the …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Schiphorst,
Thomas Adrianus Maria
Tom
∗ 1923-01-01
Heerlen
† 1945-03-09
Mauthausen
- Underground Press - Studenten - Heerlen - Nijmegen - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) -

Tom Schiphorst lived at Paddepoelscheweg 15 in Nijmegen, took care of people in hiding and distributed illegal magazines. He also hid an American pilot. Member of the LO-Maas & …
wall: left, row 18-01
Schortinghuis,
Jacobus Reinder
Bob (van de recherche)
∗ 1923-02-14
Delfzijl
† 1945-04-25
Hedel
- Knokploegen (K.P.) - Nijmegen - BS (Domestic Forces) - Limburg + - Studenten -

Koos Schortinghuis was a member of the Knokploeg (armed group) of Nijmegen [1] and as such was qualified to join the Dutch army after the liberation of Nijmegen. He died as a member of …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Span,
Petrus
Piet
∗ 1908-10-14
Nijmegen
† 0000-00-00
Leusderheide
- People in hiding - Nijmegen - Communists & Sympathizers - Limburg + - Underground Press -

Piet Span was a carpenter. Distributor of De Waarheid (The Truth), had gone into hiding in the Waterkwartier. He was betrayed, the identity of the traitor is unclear. Arrested on June 17, …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Spillenaar Bilgen,
Marinus
∗ 1892-10-25
Salatiga, NOI
† 1944-09-04
Vught
- Nijmegen - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Underground Press - Limburg + - Knokploegen (K.P.) -

The pharmacist’s son Marinus Spillenaar Bilgen, as director of the Gelderland paper mill in Nijmegen, supplied large quantities of paper to underground newspapers such as Trouw [2][5] and …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Toussaint,
Christiaan Canisius
Christ
∗ 1896-10-21
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Nijmegen - Limburg + - Underground Press -

Christ Toussaint was a department head at the E.R.K. (Eerste Rooms Katholieke Levensverzekering Maatschappij). He distributed radio news from London and forbidden newspapers and supported the …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Treytel /Treijtel,
Petrus Laurentius
Piet
∗ 1877-08-09
Rotterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
- Underground Press - Nijmegen - Communists & Sympathizers - Limburg + -

Piet Treijtel was a carpenter. He worked on the party newspaper De Waarheid (the truth) and was involved in various other illegal activities. He was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe at 4:00 …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Vugt, van
Daniël
Daan
∗ 1896-05-02
Rotterdam
† 1945-04-25
Kdo. Sandbostel, Neuengamme
- Nijmegen - Limburg + -



This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Wagter,
Arp
∗ 1907-01-17
Groningen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
- Communists & Sympathizers - Nijmegen - Underground Press - Limburg + -

Arp Wagter was a blacksmith and machine fitter. On June 6, 1944, he was arrested in Nijmegen.
On oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl we read about him [6]:Arp Wagter, married to …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Weert, de
Jacques J.
Zwarte Jacques, Victor
∗ 1921-04-10
Zundert
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Nijmegen - Limburg + - Studenten - People in hiding -

Fred Cammaert wrote in his dissertation [1]:Already at the beginning of the war, groups were formed that focused on falsifying documents. The L.O. sought support from or …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Will,
Peter
∗ 1896-08-21
Schoonhoven
† 1945-04-24
Transport vanuit Neuengamme
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Police - Limburg + - Underground Press - Intelligence - Nijmegen -

Quality inspector in the slaughterhouse of Nijmegen, see the memorial plaque in the slaughterhouse [1] and honorary policeman. After May 1940, he helped people who wanted to escape forced labor …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.