BS (Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten)
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Limburg 1940-1945,
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1940-1945. The resistance in the dutch province of Limburg

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BS (Domestic Forces)

On September 5, 1944, the Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten (Domestic Forces) were founded, as an umbrella organization to coordinate the resistance groups LO/LKP, OD, RVV and some other smaller groups.
A clear distinction emerged between the liberated and non-liberated parts of the country.
In the northern part, that had not yet been liberated, they remained essentially resistance groups, but now with increased cooperation. In the south, those who wanted so became a part of the Dutch army. We have to distinguish between members of the armed resistance and guard troops. From the first group, the Stoottroepen were formed on September 21, 1944. The guard troops were formed mainly from those parts of the O.D. that had not actively participated in the resistance, but had considered it their duty to act to maintain order only during the liberation.
You will not find here any Dutch soldiers, who died in the early days of the war, any Engelandvaarders (Enland sailers), who returned clandestinely and no members of the Prinses Irene Brigade.
For these groups, go to the Dutch soldiers page.
Click on the photos for more information (Wikipedia NL)
1. Memoral Sign of the Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten 1944-1945
2. Cap badge of the Stoottroepen.

The fallen resistance people in Limburg

BS (Domestic Forces) – 18 pers.

Beaulen,
Willem Antoine Marie
Willy
∗ 1922-01-24
Maastricht
† 1945-03-07
Bonn
- BS (Domestic Forces) - Maastricht -

Willy Beaulen was an office clerk. As the Allies approached, he snuck through the lines and volunteered to the Americans. He was taken prisoner of war and forced to work by the Germans. While …

Crasborn,
Jacobus Reinier Peter
Jacques
∗ 1916-04-12
Ittervoort
† 1987-11-26
Heerlen
- Knokploegen (K.P.) - Survivors - BS (Domestic Forces) - Dutch Soldiers -

Jacques Crasborn, from Ittervoort, decided after four years of high school to study for mine surveyor. On January 1, 1940, he was employed in this profession at the Oranje Nassau IV mine. His …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Fonteijn,
Mathias Andreas
Mathieu
∗ 1917-07-11
Vlodrop
† 1945-03-01
Roermond
- Ordedienst (O.D.) - BS (Domestic Forces) - Roermond -

Mathieu Fonteijn lived in Roermond. [1#6]
He was a member of the OD, later of the N.B.S. (Dutch Domestic Forces) Comp. Roermond.
In January and February 1945, the …
wall: right, row 05-03
Goossen,
Theo J.M.
Harry van Benthum
∗ 1917-10-20
Bergh
† 2000-02-06
Heerlen
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Kerkrade - Survivors - BS (Domestic Forces) -

Leader of the subdistrict Kerkrade of the resistance organisation LO. Worked together the Auβenministerium (a group that repatriated students forced to work in Germany to the Netherlands). …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Gulikers,
Pieter Joseph Hubert
Pierre
∗ 1893-03-13
Itteren
† 1945-03-08
Amsterdam
- Maastricht - BS (Domestic Forces) - Underground Press -

Pierre Gulikers was a bookkeeper [1#3][7] and section commander of the BS in Santpoort-Dorp. [2]
On March 8, 1945 he was shot along with 51 others in Amsterdam, in retaliation for …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Hoeymakers /Hoeijmakers,
Jozef Mathieu
Jeu
∗ 1924-03-09
Sevenum
† 1944-10-08
Sevenum
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - BS (Domestic Forces) - Sevenum -

Mathieu Hoeymakers, abbreviated Jeu, is usually referred to as Jozef Mathijs Hoeijmakers in official documents. His father was Hendrik Hoeymakers, …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hoof, van
Jan Jozef Lambert
Redder van de Waalbrug
∗ 1922-08-07
Nijmegen
† 1944-09-19
Nijmegen
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Nijmegen - Ordedienst (O.D.) - Limburg + - BS (Domestic Forces) -

On September 19, 1944, Jan van Hoof guided an Allied reconnaissance vehicle through the city. On the Nieuwe Markt - today’s Joris Ivensplein - the vehicle was shot on fire. Jan van Hoof …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Kanters,
Arnoldus Henricus
Arnold
∗ 1920-03-02
Weert
† 1944-10-12
Weert
- Weert - BS (Domestic Forces) -

Arnold Kanters received an education at the Nijverheidsschool (vocational school) Weert from 1934 to 1937 [1] as a mechanic [2#2]
After that he was a civil servant of the Rijkswaterstaat (Roads …

wall: right, row 35-03
Kooten, van
Bep
∗ 1914-12-12
Laren N.H.
† 1979-06-20
Hilversum
- Klimmen - Survivors - Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - BS (Domestic Forces) - Dutch Soldiers -

Bep (B.J.C.) van Kooten, temporarily leader of the LO Klimmen and, for the sub-district of Valkenburg, contact person to the KP (“Knokploegen”, armed groups), sabotage specialist of the …

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Leuken, van
Wilhelmus Mathijs
Willem
∗ 1919-12-30
Weert
† 1945-04-10
Beesel
- Weert - BS (Domestic Forces) - Dutch Soldiers -

Willem van Leuken was a cutter in a tricotage factory [1] and a member of the N.B.S. (Nederlandse Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten = Dutch Domestic Forces)
Later they were usually called …

wall: right, row 35-04
Loon, van
Theodorus Hendrikus
Theo
∗ 1920-02-02
Maastricht
† 1945-04-01
Hengelo
- Maastricht - BS (Domestic Forces) -

Photo: memorial cross at the railroad in Hengelo, with the inscription: From the employees of the railroad to their colleague Theo van Loon…
On July 22, 2016, the memorial was damaged by …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Michels,
Franciscus Gerardus
Frans
∗ 1922-03-09
Merselo
† 1944-11-07
Venray-Leunen
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Knokploegen (K.P.) - Couriers of the Resistance - BS (Domestic Forces) - Intelligence - Venray -

Franciscus Gerardus Michels was a miller. He helped people to hide and after the liberation of Merselo on October 16, 1944, he worked as a courier for the Second British Army. This meant that he …

wall: right, row 31-05
Nieskens,
Hendrik Johan Marie
Harrie
∗ 1924-10-11
Kessel (L)
† 1944-12-30
Weert
- Knokploegen (K.P.) - BS (Domestic Forces) - Dutch Soldiers - Kessel -

Harrie was a member of the B.S. (Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten = Domestic Forces, an alliance of the three main Dutch resistance organizations officially formed on September 5, 1944 [1]) and …

wall: left, row 26-03
Regout,
Robert
Paul
∗ 1917-12-05
Maastricht
† 1945-05-07
Utrecht
- Maastricht - BS (Domestic Forces) -

Robert Herman Marie Regout was part of a twelve-man arrest team from the Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten that went to arrest NSB leader Anton Adriaan Mussert (born May 11, 1894 Werkendam - executed May …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Saive,
Jozef
∗ 1924-04-23
Vaals
† 1945-03-20
Vaals
- Ordedienst (O.D.) - Vaals - Dutch Soldiers - BS (Domestic Forces) -

Photo: detail of the monument dedicated to Jeu Saive on the Belgian border in the Vijlenerbos or Schimperbos. (

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-25
Schabbink,
Gerardus Johannes
Gerard
∗ 1908-04-25
Utrecht
† 1945-01-01
Heer
- Maastricht - BS (Domestic Forces) -

Gerard Schabbink was a doctor and member of the Stoottroepen Limburg [1]. On New Year’s Eve he was on his way to render aid to American soldiers, but was killed in a traffic accident in …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Schortinghuis,
Jacobus Reinder
Bob (van de recherche)
∗ 1923-02-14
Delfzijl
† 1945-04-25
Hedel
- Knokploegen (K.P.) - Nijmegen - BS (Domestic Forces) - Limburg + - Studenten -

Koos Schortinghuis was a member of the Knokploeg (armed group) of Nijmegen [1] and as such was qualified to join the Dutch army after the liberation of Nijmegen. He died as a member of …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Schunck,
Pierre
Paul Simons
∗ 1906-03-24
Heerlen
† 1993-02-02
Kerkrade
- Aid to People in Hiding L.O. - Heerlen - Valkenburg - Aid to Jews - BS (Domestic Forces) - Intelligence - Survivors -

Founder and leader of the “rayon” (subdistrict) of the L.O. in Valkenburg, under the alias of “Paul”. He was also a member of the ID18 …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg