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The names on the walls

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Limburg 1940-1945,
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1940-1945 Concentration Camps

Concentration Camps | The Economy of the Concentration Camps | Dachau | Sachsenhausen | Buchenwald | Mauthausen | Ravensbrück | Neuengamme | Auschwitz /Oświęcim | POW camp Arnoldsweiler | Oranje-Hotel | The song of the eighteen dead | Salzgitter | Bergen-Belsen | AEL (Arbeits-Erziehungs-Lager) | Natzweiler | Camp Amersfoort | Camp “Erika” near Ommen | Camp Vught (Camp Herzogenbusch) |

Neuengamme

Neuengamme was a whole system of camps under the control of the SS, which made a lot of money from it. The main camp was located near Hamburg [1][2]. One of the subcamps was the Kommando Neustadt in the Lübeck Bay near Neustadt.

During the week of April 18-26, 1945, 5000 prisoners and SS guards from Neuengamme were taken from there aboard the Cap Arcona on the ship Athen on the orders of SS commander Himmler. The same was done with the ship Thielbek (2800 prisoners from Neuengamme) and the ship Deutschland IV. What the SS’s intentions were in doing so has never been clarified with certainty.
The ships were bombed by the Allies in the last days of the war, on May 3, 1945 [3]. They assumed that these were troop ships, and perhaps that was exactly the purpose behind it. After all, the ships in fact had nowhere to go. In this way, the SS probably hoped to get rid of these troublesome prisoners in an easy way. After all, many shipwrecked prisoners were slaughtered while still in the water [3].In fact, the Swedish government had warned the British government that prisoners were being put on the ships. British reconnaissance planes must also have noticed the mass transports of prisoners. The British government is keeping archives of the bombing of the three ships under lock and key until 2045. This can be taken as an indication that there is something very serious to hide. [3.2] Was it poor communication or perhaps anti-Semitism at the top of the R.A.F. who thought that Jewish prisoners were involved? We will see.

The largest subcamp to Neuengamme was in Salzgitter. There, so many resistance fighters, prisoners of war and others were forced to work in heavy industry that you will find an additional section for Salzgitter below. Other subcamps were Ladelund [4] and Sandbostel [5].

  1. Open Street Map
  2. Website: NederlandsDeutschEnglishFrançaisEspañol
  3. Cap Arcona
    1. Wikipedia • NederlandsDeutschEnglishFrançaisPortuguês
    2. Cap Arcona-monument, Neustadt in Holstein
  4. Außenlager Ladelund (Wikipedia): Deutsch
    Website EnglishDeutsch
  5. 1. Het (vergeten) concentratiekamp Stalag XB Sandbostel
    2. Wikipedia NederlandsDeutschEnglishFrançais


    1942-01-10 Bernhard Holty /Holtij † Neuengamme
    1942-05-15 Peter Johannes Sijbers † Neuengamme
    1942-06-22 Lambert Kraft † Bernburg (Neuengamme)
    1942-11-06 Johan Theodoor van Veldhoven † Neuengamme
    1942-11-07 Hubert Peter Schillings † Neuengamme
    1942-11-12 Mans Dost † Neuengamme
    1942-11-14 Heinrich Tholen † Neuengamme
    1942-11-14 Maricus van de Wetering † Neuengamme
    1942-11-17 Engelbert Joseph Vinerius /Vienerius † Neuengamme
    1942-12-01 Pierre Marie Joseph Dresen † Neuengamme
    1942-12-04 Egbert Wolf † Neuengamme
    1942-12-05 Bernardus Theodorus Gotjé † Neuengamme
    1942-12-13 Johan/Johann Krol/Kroll † Neuengamme
    1942-12-14 Roelf H. Bartels † KZ Neuengamme
    1942-12-14 Johan Joseph Schillings † Neuengamme
    1943-01-02 Gerrit Jan van der Gronden † Neuengamme
    1943-01-04 Douwe Verhagen † Neuengamme
    1943-01-07 Jozef Wilhelmus Hubertus Narinx † Neuengamme
    1943-01-15 Hendrik Keesman † Neuengamme
    1943-01-21 Johannes Arnoldus Tersteeg † Neuengamme
    1943-02-05 Hendrik A.C. Meulensteen † Neuengamme
    1943-02-11 Camille Michel Joseph Guido Droitcourt † Hauptlager Neuengamme
    1943-02-12 André Bos † Neuengamme
    1943-03-01 Frans Jozef Schaaks † Neuengamme
    1943-03-04 Jan Marinus Duijnkerke /Duynkerke † Neuengamme
    1943-03-19 Gerrit Jansen † Neuengamme
    1943-03-29 Sjef Janssen † Hamburg-Neuengamme
    1943-04-03 Dirk Izaak Hage † Neuengamme
    1943-04-30 Albert Koenders † Neuengamme
    1943-05-02 Stephanus Hubertus Vallen † Neuengamme
    1943-05-25 Elbertus Frederikus Busch † Neuengamme
    1943-05-25 Petrus Frantzen † Neuengamme
    1944-11-05 Jan Willem Hubertus Marie Dols † Kdo HU-Schwesing, Neuengamme
    1944-11-08 Mathieu Marie Joseph Antoine Dumoulin † Fuhlsbüttel Neuengamme
    1944-11-19 Pieter Mathijs Erkens † Neuengamme
    1944-11-23 Charles M.H.J. Bongaerts † KZ Ladelund, KZ Neuengamme
    1944-11-23 Mathias Hendrikus Timmermans † Kdo HU-Schwesing, Neuengamme
    1944-11-24 Edmond Marie Hubert Ghislain Henri Houtappel † Neuengamme
    1944-11-25 Leonardus Jozef Gerardus Moonen † Neuengamme
    1944-11-26 Peter Josephus Vrancken † Neuengamme-Engerhafe
    1944-12-15 Emilius Antonius Hubertus Maria Merckelbach † Neuengamme
    1944-12-19 Hendrik Kammeraat † Neuengamme
    1944-12-25 Karel Hendrik Cobben † Neuengamme
    1944-12-27 Jacques Joseph Carlos Marie Luske † Hamburg-Neuengamme
    1944-12-31 Jacob Schutte † Neuengamme
    1945-01-04 Hendricus Fredericus Jan Hokke † Neuengamme
    1945-01-04 Jozef van Hövell tot Westerflier † Meppen (sub. Neuengamme)
    1945-01-04 Theo Pérée † Neuengamme
    1945-01-11 Dominicus Hylarius /Hilarius Ettema † Neuengamme
    1945-01-14 Johan Beyleveld † Neuengamme
    1945-01-20 Peter Hubertus van Rhee † Neuengamme
    1945-01-22 Alfons Reinoud Berger † Neuengamme
    1945-01-22 Martin Hubertus Driessen † KZ Neuengamme, Bergedorf
    1945-01-24 Adrianus Johannes van den Munckhof † Neuengamme
    1945-01-26 Johannes Wilhelmus Kuypers † Hauptlager Neuengamme
    1945-02-06 Wilhelmus Hub. Hoeben † Kdo. Meppen-Versen (Neuengamme
    1945-02-06 Eelco Wigerius Maria Kortrijk † Neuengamme
    1945-02-09 Gerardus Adrianus Hoes † Neuengamme
    1945-02-11 Josephus Stephanus Hendricus Lokerman † Neuengamme
    1945-02-18 Hermanus Bernardus Arnoldus Geerlings † Hamburg-Neuengamme
    1945-02-20 Peter Johannes van Eijk † Neuengamme
    1945-02-22 Jan (Johannes Franciscus) van Hout † KZ Neuengamme
    1945-02-24 Antoon Gerrit Guillaume van Hilten † Neuengamme
    1945-03-01 Jan Alphons Dieteren † Neuengamme
    1945-03-03 Leendert L. Sluijmers † Hamburg-Neuengamme
    1945-03-10 Lambertus C.M. Ravenhorst † Neuengamme
    1945-03-12 Max Meiler † Neuengamme
    1945-03-14 Hendrikus Antonius Hubertus Brouwers † Neuengamme
    1945-03-20 Wouter Hoogakker † Kdo. Meppen-Versen (Neuengamme
    1945-04-01 Gerhardus A. Erdkamp † Neuengamme
    1945-04-03 Willem Joseph Alouis Putman † Kdo. Meppen-Versen (Neuengamme
    1945-04-24 Peter Will † Transport vanuit Neuengamme
    1945-04-25 Daniël van Vugt † Kdo. Sandbostel, Neuengamme
    1945-05-01 Albertus Jacobus Schers † Sandbostel
    1945-05-03 Arnold van Geenen † Lübecker Bucht
    1945-05-03 Lambert van Lee † Lübecker Bucht
    1945-05-03 Hubertus Hendrikus Ritzen † Lübecker Bucht
    1945-05-03 Hendrik Servatius Jozef Senster † Lübecker Bucht
    1945-05-05 Johannes Mathias Schreurs † Neuengamme
    1945-05-06 Johannes Theodorus Antonius Martens † Kdo. Sandbostel, Neuengamme
    1945-05-06 Mathias Hubertus Ummels † Sandbostel /Neuengamme
    hr

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Links List Resistance WW2

Limburgse monumenten vertellen 1940-1945 Pagina is in het Nederlands
83

Digital name memorial Oranjehotel Pagina is in het Nederlands
It is one of the most frequently asked questions: who was imprisoned in the Orange Hotel? Unfortunately, there is no complete list of all prisoners. Much of the prison records were destroyed by the German occupiers shortly before the liberation.
See also Oranjehotel & Waalsdorpervlakte82

Jan van Lieshout, Het Hannibalspiel Pagina is in het Nederlands Seite auf Deutsch verfügbar Page available in English Page disponible en Français;
A sinister game during World War II of the counterintelligence service of the Kriegsmarine (Marineabwehr), which led to the downfall of three Dutch-Belgian resistance groups, ISBN 10: 9026945744 ISBN 13: 978902694574880

Loenen Field of Honour Pagina is in het Nederlands Seite auf Deutsch verfügbar Page available in English Page disponible en Français;
Over 3,900 war victims are buried at Loenen Field of Honour and include those who lost their lives in different places around the world due to various circumstances. There are military personnel, members of the resistance, people who escaped the Netherlands and went to England during the first years of the WWII to join the Allies (‘Engelandvaarders’), victims of reprisal and forced labour and …79

Markante feiten in Limburg tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog Pagina is in het Nederlands
Remarkable facts in (Belgian) Limburg during the Second World War
Anyone who thinks that hardly any resistance took place in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium should definitely read this document. The emphasis is on the armed resistance. Author: Mathieu Rutten.78

Stichting Struikelstenen Valkenburg Pagina is in het Nederlands
Also 45 Jews deported from Valkenburg did not return. The Stichting Struikelstenen Valkenburg (“Foundation Stumbling Stones Valkenburg”) was established to place so-called stumbling stones in the sidewalk in front of the house from which they were deported, in memory of the murdered Jews from Valkenburg. With a complete list.
See also Stolperstein on Wikipedia.77

Roermond Front City Pagina is in het Nederlands
Series of stories by Eric Munnicks about the last months of the war.
See also the other War Stories of the Roermond Municipal Archives. Unfortunately no translation available. 76

Limburg 75 jaar vrij Pagina is in het Nederlands
75

Belgium WWII Pagina is in het Nederlands Seite auf Deutsch verfügbar Page disponible en Français;
A virtual platform on Belgium and its inhabitants during the Second World War74

Former concentration camp Natzweiler-Struthof, Alsace Seite auf Deutsch verfügbar Page available in English Page disponible en Français;
European Centre of Deported Resistance Members. Camp and museum73

The Jewish Victims of National Socialism in Cologne | A–Z Seite auf Deutsch verfügbar
72

Documentation Center on the National-Socialism in Cologne Pagina is in het Nederlands Seite auf Deutsch verfügbar Page available in English Page disponible en Français;
Virtual visit of the museum and the memorial in 8 languages, amongst them Hebrew and Spanish71

Camp Vught National Memorial Pagina is in het Nederlands Seite auf Deutsch verfügbar Page available in English Page disponible en Français;
The Camp Vught National Memorial (Nationaal Monument Kamp Vught) is located on a part of the former SS camp Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch, also known as Camp Vught (January 1943 – September 1944).70

The Margraten Boys - About the US War Cemetery Page available in English
Harrowing and redeeming, this is the history of a unique ‘adoption’ system. For generations, local families, grateful for the sacrifice of their liberators from Nazi occupation, have cared for not only the graves, but the memories, of over 10,000 US soldiers in the cemetery of Margraten in the Netherlands.
Free e-book by Peter Schrijvers. More e-books on WWII, in English and Dutch, by this author: https://www.google.de/search?hl=de&tbo=p&tbm=bks&q=inauthor:%22Peter+Schrijvers%2268

The Jewish Monument Pagina is in het Nederlands Page available in English
Every victim of the Holocaust who was murdered is memorialised on the Joods Monument with a personal profile. The Jewish Monument is not only suitable for searching and commemorating. You can supplement the monument with photos, documents and stories, by making family connections and adding members of families. To place a call and get in touch with other users. You can also add information about stumbling stones and important other external links.67

When the miners go on strike against the German occupiers Pagina is in het Nederlands
The mine strike in Limburg started on April 29th, 1943. The workload was rising and rising. The first Dutch men were forced to work in Germany. The immediate reason was General Christiansen’s order to arrest all released prisoners of war from the Dutch army again and to transport them to Germany. The strike is broken up by means of executions.66

Persecuted in Limburg Pagina is in het Nederlands
Jews and Sinti in Dutch Limburg during the Second World War
ISBN 978-90-8704-353-7
Dissertation by Herman van Rens on 03/22/2013, University of Amsterdam, slightly edited
© 2013 Hilversum65

Ons verblijf in het dorp Mergel (dagboek) (Meerssen 1989) Pagina is in het Nederlands
Our stay in the village of Mergel (diary, Meerssen 1989
Joop Geijsen from Meerssen tells how he and two other boys went into hiding for a year in the limestone caves just outside Meerssen, which was later called the diver’s inn.
As far as we know, sold out and only available in Dutch libraries.64

Yad Vashem Seite auf Deutsch verfügbar Page available in English Page disponible en Français;
The World Holocaust Remembrance Center63

Beelden van verzet Pagina is in het Nederlands
This book shows, how every Dutch generation deals differently with the past of resistance.
If you can read Dutch, you can find the download link for this essay by Sander Bastiaan Kromhout
Published by the Nationaal Comité 4 en 5 May, 2018
Print edition ISBN 9077294244.62

Regional Historic Center Limburg Pagina is in het Nederlands Page available in English
Limburg has numerous specialized archive institutions that preserve relevant historical sources concerning World War II. However, it is not always clear to the public for which information they can go where. Archives have overlapping work areas, organizations and people have been active in the past in different areas and in different fields. So it often takes a long time to find the right place to find information.
Here you can search, but also share your documents with other interested parties. This can be done by donating them to existing archives or museums, or by making digital copies of the available documents or images.61

War deads in Nijmegen 1940 - 1945 Pagina is in het Nederlands
With search function60

Foundation Dutch Resistance Monument Pagina is in het Nederlands Seite auf Deutsch verfügbar Page available in English Page disponible en Français;
Names of resistance fighters in the Netherlands and colonies during the Second World War59

La résistance durant la guerre 1940-1945 Page disponible en Français;
It is mainly about the network “Clarence” whose founder was Walther Dewez; evoked are also the names of various agents of Visé and the Fourons that were part of this movement.58

Fallen resistance people Maastricht Pagina is in het Nederlands
A brief description and a long gallery of portraits57

Stichting Herinnering LO-LKP Pagina is in het Nederlands
The foundation remembrance of LO-LKP wants to raise awareness of the history of the resistance by the organisations LO and LKP. To this end, she makes the contents of his memorial book and many original documents available to the interested reader in digital form.56

The Forgotten Genocide – The Fate of the Sinti and Roma Pagina is in het Nederlands Seite auf Deutsch verfügbar Page available in English
Also known as Gipsies.55

1944-2019 ⇒ South Limburg 75 years free! ⇐ Pagina is in het Nederlands
An overview of the activities in South Limburg around this memorable anniversary in september. It is celebrated in every municipality.54

Short historic American film about the Divers Inn Pagina is in het Nederlands
A silent film, shot by a USAmerican team after the liberation of Valkenburg. The first part has been re-enacted, with the help of the Valkenburg resistance. It shows how people going into hiding (divers) were taken to the divers inn. The man in the hat is always Pierre Schunck. The film starts at his home in Plenkertstraat, Valkenburg. The role of the policeman on the bike at the start is not entirely clear. According to the accompanying text, this is a courier.53

Database persoonsbewijzen uit de Tweede Wereldoorlog Pagina is in het Nederlands
About Dutch identity cards in the Second World War as well as images of identity cards in combination with other documents and genealogical and personal data including life stories.49

Memorial stone for the resistance people Coenen and Francotte Pagina is in het Nederlands
In front of the Provincial Resistance Monument in Valkenburg. Here the underground fighters Sjeng (John) Coenen and Joep (Joe) Francotte were murdered on 5 September 1944, just before the liberation of Valkenburg48

Resistance Memorial of the dutch province of Limburg Pagina is in het Nederlands
Every year on May 4, the commemoration ceremony for the fallen of this province takes place here. Meanwhile, also the veterans are no longer among us anymore.47

Call to everyone, but especially to the residents of Valkenburg Pagina is in het Nederlands
On September 17, 2019 it will be 75 years ago that the town and all villages of the current municipality of Valkenburg aan de Geul were liberated.
To commemorate the liberation and to display the wartime as accurately as possible, the Museum Land van Valkenburg is looking for personal stories, eye witnesses and tangible memories.
Of all these lifelike stories, materials, photos, footage and equipment, we are organizing a unique and as complete as possible overview exhibition under the name “We Do Remember”46

Roll of honor of the fallen, 1940 - 1945 Pagina is in het Nederlands
A website commissioned by the dutch Second Chamber (~ House of Representatives). The Honor Roll of Fallen 1940-1945 includes those who fell as a result of resistance or as a soldier.45

Grenzeloos verzet Pagina is in het Nederlands Page disponible en Français;
Borderless resistance – On Spying Monks, escape lines and the “Hannibal Game”, 1940-1943
ISBN 9789056220723
Paul de Jongh describes in detail an escape line from the Netherlands to Belgium. Unique case study on the resistance in World War II on both sides of the Belgian-Dutch border. Focus is on the Belgian side. Extends the book by Cammaert, especially where it concerns the group Erkens in Maastricht.44

The hidden front Pagina is in het Nederlands Page available in English
History of the organized resistance in the Dutch province of Limburg during World War II
PhD thesis 1994, by CAMMAERT, Alfred Paul Marie.
The complete book in Dutch, with English summary, on the website of the University of Groningen.
Core literature!43

Forgotten History – Pierre Schunck, Resistance Fighter Page available in English
42

World War II in South Limburg Pagina is in het Nederlands
Very many pictures ordered by municipality. For Valkenburg: many pictures from the Nazi boarding school for boys Reichsschule der SS (former Jesuit convent) and from the days of liberation, by Frans Hoffman.40

Sources Network on World War II (NOB) Pagina is in het Nederlands
Search in 9 million documents, movies and pictures about and from World War II in the Netherlands.39

Institute for Studies on War, Holocaust and Genocide Pagina is in het Nederlands Page available in English
Institute for Studies on War, Holocaust and Genocide
Issues related to war violence generate a lot of interest from society and demand independent academic research. NIOD conducts and stimulates such research and its collections are open to all those who are interested.38

Limburg gaf joden WOII meeste kans Pagina is in het Nederlands
Dutch Jews had the best chance of going into hiding and surviving the Holocaust in the province of Limburg. This is apparent from the dissertation on the persecution of Jews and Sinti in Limburg during the Second World War by the historian from Beek, Herman van Rens at the University of Amsterdam.
More info in Dutch36

Tweede Wereldoorlog en bijzondere rechtspleging Pagina is in het Nederlands
About the trials of Dutchmen who collaborated with the occupiers: The so-called special administration of justice. This page shows you the way. Here you will find photos, the most used keywords, references to interesting archives, indexes, websites, personal stories and guides for research.35

Nederlands Auschwitz Comité Pagina is in het Nederlands
34

Secret Army Zone II/Limburg Pagina is in het Nederlands
About the failed attempt to set up a complete guerrilla army in Belgian Limburg. Use the built-in translator20

resistance in Enschede Pagina is in het Nederlands Page available in English
19

30th Infantry Division Old Hickory Page available in English
Liberators of South-Limburg17

Bond van Oud-Stoottroepers en Stoottroepers Pagina is in het Nederlands
16

The Dutch Underground and the Stoottroepers Page available in English
Stoottroepen (Stormtroopers) consisted of the ancient resistant fighters who entered in the Dutch army after the liberation of Limburg, to participate in the war against the fascism.15

 

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