Ov1 Persons
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Persons

People who played a role during WW2 in and around Valkenburg. Most of them appear in the resistance story about Valkenburg. In that case, click on More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg next to that name.
This list is far from being complete.



Those from Valkenburg, who fell for our freedom


Valkenburg & surrounings

† ✡ † Jews Holocaust Allied soldiers USA RAF NL sold Verzet initial resistance L.O. K.P. municipality local contacts couriers occasional resistance people in hiding Valkenburg+ Valkenburg Berg en Terblijt Schin op Geul IJzeren Sibbe Margraten Houthem-St.Gerlach Geulhem Hulsberg Houthem † Valkenburg+ Klimmen Meerssen Heerlen police priests NSB / NSDAP


Church Towers are easy to find. There are a number of villages around Valkenburg, most of which belonged to the then municipality of Valkenburg-Houthem. The assistance to people in hiding L.O. was organized per Catholic parish. Because the church was the only organization that could survive during the occupation. The duikhoofden (divers’ chiefs) in these villages were sort of local L.O. leaders.
Open Street Map: Berg en Terblijt, Margraten, Sibbe, Houthem, Schin op Geul, IJzeren (no own church) Geulhem, Meerssener Broek, today Gemeentebroek. Parts of pre-war Hulsberg, such as Emmaberg, were added to Valkenburg.7 pers.
Caubo,
Jean
∗ 1891-04-28
Maastricht
† 1945-02-13
Außenkommando Dautmergen
early resistance - Schin op Geul - war victim - Refugee helper, from Schin-op-Geul, working for Wagons Lits, member of the French-Dutch group Dutch-Paris with the help of his whole family, arrested on February 12 1944.
He fell under the category of the Germans Nacht und Nebel prisoner. In this program, prisoners disappeared without any trace.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
http://www.caubo.com/index_bestanden/index5.htm#jean
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Michel_Caubo
Gronden, van der
Gerrit J.
∗ 1895-12-13
Dordrecht
† 1943-01-02
Neuengamme
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Picture also at oorlogsgravenstichting.nl
Driver and mechanic, married. He took care of Jewish people in hiding, was arrested on Jan. 13th 1942
Fred Cammaert wrote in chapter 10: “in his garage on the Heugemer Weg in Maastricht he made copies of De Vonk, the Limburg edition of De Waarheid.” … “member of the Municipal Air Protection Service.” “ … Arrested “on january 13th, 1942” … “He died on December 5th 1942 in the Neuengamme concentration camp.” (near Hamburg), aged 47. His brother A.C. van der GrondenSee also https://monument.vriendenkringneuengamme.nl/person/401623/gerrit-jan-van-der-gronden
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://monument.vriendenkringneuengamme.nl/person/401623/gerrit-jan-van-der-gronden
Hout, van
Jan (Johannes Franciscus)
∗ 1908-10-17
Valkenburg
† 1945-02-22
KZ Neuengamme
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Professional cyclist from 1932 to 1940. When he was eight years old, he moved to Eindhoven with his parents. In 1932 he set a new Dutch hour record (42.282) in Tilburg and on August 25th, 1933, on the wooden cycle track in Maasniel near Roermond, a world hour record of 44.588 kilometers. But that was already broken after 4 days.
He was able to live well from cycling and could have earned even much more in Germany, but since Hitler was in power there, he was not interested.
He closed his pub and joined the resistance. He and his wife were involved in helping Jewish people in hiding. He attracted attention and he went into hiding himself. A few months before the liberation, Jan van Hout was arrested during a raid in the natural swimming pool De IJzeren Man and transferred to the camps Vught and Amersfoort and finally to the German labor camp Neuengamme, where he died of exhaustion.
Sources: http://www.elshout.nu/Koers/janvanhout.htm
nl.wikipedia and Maasniel.nl
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Nijst,
Charles Joseph
∗ 1916-03-05
Kerkrade
† 1944-01-18
KZ Groß-Beeren, Kreis Teltow
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - The weekly magazine Het Land van Valkenburg wrote about him: “He refused to sign a declaration of loyalty and went into hiding. Arrested (date unknown) for spreading illegal literature.”
At the Oorlogsgraven­stichting there is a source link where he is mentioned as a student at the Katholieke Economische Hoogeschool in Tilburg. Furthermore, contrary to the above, we read there: “Employed at the Arado Flugzeug Werke in Brandenburg upon Havel. Was arrested on October 6, 1943. The reason was a statement in a private conversation held at the beginning of September. He was sentenced to two months in prison. Around 15 December the family received a message from the Swedish Society that Nyst had not been released, but transferred to a Arbeitserziehungslager in Gross Beeren and from there to the concentration camp in Sachsenhausen near Oranienburg. In the meantime on 18 February 1944 the family in Maastricht was informed that on January 18th, 1944 he had succumbed from ‘Herzschwäche’ (cardiac insufficiency) in Gross Beeren.“
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://www.vpnd.nl/bronnen/nl/arbeidsinzet_studenten_1943.pdf
Rocks/Roks,
Jan Joseph
∗ 1883-05-21
Sibbe (Oud-Valkenbur
† 1944-03-03
Natzweiler
early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Member of the early resistance group Erkens in Maastricht, co-owner of the guesthouse Samoshuis, the later hotel Parkhotel Atlanta. Erkens spent some time in hiding with him, arrested in Valkenburg during the campaign against the resistance called Hannibalspiel for spreading resistance literature on November 19, 1942. Piet Roks came home too late due to circumstances, saw the robbery cars standing in front of their house and could escape in time. Jan Joseph died in the Nacht und Nebel camp Natzweiler (Alsace) on 3 March 1944.
Totenzettel (Mark the spelling!)
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg

https://natzweiler.nl/vriendenkring/namenlijst
Smits,
Frank G.
∗ 1919-08-29
† 1944-04-04
Utrecht
early resistance - Hulsberg - war victim - Student’s resistance. Law student, refused to sign the declaration of loyalty and joined the resistance movement (he mapped activities of the Germans at Dutch airports and passed them on to the allies), arrested on 08/12/1943, suspected of conspiracy. After staying in various prisons, he was eventually sentenced to death by a special court of war and then shot for illegal possession of weapons.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Soesman,
Gerard L.R.
∗ 1922-06-23
Valkenburg
† 1945-01-21
Auschwitz/Oświęcim
Jew - early resistance - Valkenburg - war victim - Student HBS (high school). Listed in the Honor Roll of Victims 1940 – 1945, in the category resistance people. Moreover he had a Jewish father, Jacob Soesman. Mother: Christina Johanna Maria Prick
See also the site of Joods Monument: “Gerhard Lodewijk Robertus Soesman, who had attended commercial secondary school, lived in Maastricht. He worked in the underground for the Dutch communist party (CPN). He distributed papers, including De Vonk. Because of the V-Mann (informant) Engwirda, he was caught in Maastricht on 24 January 1942. He was locked up at the prison in Maastricht and subsequently deported to Auschwitz via Vught concentration camp.”
See also Genealogy Soesman
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://www.erelijst.nl/gerhard-lodewijk-robertus--soesman
https://www.joodsmonument.nl/en/page/130916/gerhard-lodewijk-robertus-soesman