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Persons

People who played a role during WW2 in and around Valkenburg. Most of them appear in the resistance story about Valkenburg. In that case, click on More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg next to that name.
This list is far from being complete.
This list includes not only members of the resistance and other veterans, but also names of others who appear in this story such as mayor Hens, who has tried for a time, to make the best of it, before he was replaced by an NSB mayor. People, died in action, who had something to do with Valkenburg, including some American soldiers. And also National Socialists, a German and a number of Dutch ones, who played a role here.



Bekanntmachung – Bekendmaking

There are many who will always remain anonymous. Example: There was also a substantial number of miners in Valkenburg, who worked in the near-by coal mining district around Heerlen. Who of them participated in the mine strike in April-May 1943? Who has actively done sabotage there? We want to remember to all those people by posting this announcement by the Higher SS and Police Führer of the provinces of Limburg and North-Brabant on the death sentences in connection with this strike.



Memorial stone Jewish victims from Valkenburg

In this list you will not find the names of the 42 Jewish citizens of Valkenburg who became victims of the Nazi madness, nor of the approximately 80 Germans who fell during the liberation of Valkenburg and the surrounding area. For that I refer to the books of Jan Diederen


† † † US Army L.O. The people in hiding K.P. Valkenburg Municipality diver’s chiefs Klimmen Heerlen Couriers Priests NSB / NSDAP

Begore,
Quentin K.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 1944-09-16
Valkenburg
US Army - Quentin Begore was one of the six soldiers of the Old Hickory Division who were killed in action during the liberation of Valkenburg and its surroundings.
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Berckel, van
Karel C.
∗ 1892-08-19
Delft
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
L.O. - Heerlen Surgeon and chef de clinique at the St. Jozef hospital in Heerlen. He was one of those who created there an important resistance center and the beginning of the LO in the Heerlen district, from where the connection with Valkenburg was also made. Like almost all people of the Limburg L.O. he was a devout Christian. Moreover, he wrote for the Heerlen resistance paper "Het Vrije Volk".
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https://www.nmkampvught.nl/biografieen/1125/
Berix,
Jan Willem
Giel
∗ 1907-04-12
Meers
† 1945-03-13
Bergen-Belsen
L.O. - person in hiding - priest - Heerlen During the first days of September 1943 he founded the L.O.-district Heerlen with others. Became district leader after rector had withdrawn for health reasons. See also the special page on this website.
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Betuw, van
Jan
Jules
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - courier - Heerlen Bus driver, courier in the LO district of Heerlen. In this capacity, he barely escaped his arrest on the Valkenburgerweg in Heerlen one day at the beginning of 1944 during a check while transporting ration stamps and cards. Provided information after the war about the Soesman couple and about the then sexton Van Ogtrop
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Brands,
Lambert
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings Head of the local food office, opposite the station in (now) hotel Tummers and the C.C.D. (Central) Crisis Control Service, a government agency charged with monitoring compliance with the Landbouwcrisiswet (Agricultural Crisis Act) of 1931. With his support, in particular young men could go into hiding in farms. From him many them received an agricultural exemption so that from then on they could live and work there legally instead of being sent to Germany. That way they were no longer dependent on the LO.
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Buckler,
Cleaver
∗ 0000-00-00
† 1944-09-17
Valkenburg
US Army - Cleaver Buckler was one of the six soldiers of the Old Hickory Division who were killed in action during the liberation of Valkenburg and its surroundings.
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Caldenborg,
A.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings - Duikhoofd = diver’s chief in Houthem
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Caubo,
Jean
∗ 1891-04-28
Maastricht
† 1945-02-13
Außenkommando Dautmergen
Valkenburg & surroundings https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nacht_und_Nebel
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http://www.caubo.com/index_bestanden/index5.htm#jean
Cobbenhaegen,
Frans A.
∗ 1921-10-18
Valkenburg
† 1944-12-20
Buchenwald
Valkenburg & surroundings Post official, unmarried, arrested (date unknown) in Cologne for smuggling letters to the Netherlands, died on 12/20/1944 in concentration camp Kdo. Langenstein-Zwieberge, Buchenwald, buried Quedlinburg, Hauptfriedhof, 23 years old.
See memorial stone former post office: war victims among postal workers in Valkenburg.
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Coenen,
Sjeng
∗ 1915-01-10
Simpelveld
† 1944-09-05
Valkenburg
L.O. - K.P. - person in hiding - Former subdistrictleader of Simpelveld. Cammaert: “After the betrayal of Wittem, J.H. Coenen from Simpelveld and W.J. Francotte from Vaals, who had worked for the illegal magazine Je Maintiendrai in Amsterdam until the summer of 1944, joined the KP. They participated in the raid on the jail of Maastricht on September 5.” They went into hiding in the Diver’s Inn in Geulhem “where suspects and difficult people in hiding were detained and interrogated. … They were arrested by the Germans on September 5th, 1944 (Mad Tuesday) during a resistance action. By order of Major Bernhardt, they were shot on the Cauberg (Valkenburg). There is a memorial stone and the monument for the fallen resistance people of Limburg on that spot.
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https://warsage.nl/levensverhalen/sjeng-coenen/
Corbey,
George
∗ 1924-10-19
Valkenburg
† 1988-11-21
K.P. - Valkenburg & surroundings He was the third member of the KP (fight team) Valkenburg. The KPs in South Limburg were later merged, headquarters in Ulestraten. Even Sittard cooperated, although they did not participate in the merger. The KP of Sittard had stolen a German Wehrmacht car in a garage, along with a few barrels of gasoline. The car was transferred to Valkenburg and fully repaired in the Corbey garage and then taken to a cave behind the monastery on the Cauberg. Among other things, it was used for the robbery at the Valkenburg distribution office.
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Crasborn,
Jacques
∗ 1916-04-12
Ittervoort
† 1987-11-26
Heerlen
K.P. - Jacobus Reinier Peter Crasborn, from Ittervoort, decided after four years of high school to study for mine surveyor. On January 1, 1940, he was employed in this profession at the Oranje Nassau IV mine. His school friend L.J. de Graaf, head of the administration of the same mine, involved Crasborn in the distribution of the resistance paper “Het Vrije Volk”. As head of the KP groups in Südlimburg, he led the attack on the local distribution office in cooperation with LO-Valkenburg. In the second half of July 1944, Crasborn and Van Kooten moved to Swalmen at the invitation of J. Frantzen. They found shelter on the monumental De Baxhof farm of the Poels family on the outskirts of the village.
During Operation Market Garden, he asked the KP groups to procure weapons, which led to the adventure in the forests of Baarlo. Crasborn was the commander of this campaign, but was usually not on site.
Photo: Major Jacques Crasborn, from December 2 on, 1944 second commander of the BS (Inland Armed Forces) south of the great rivers, in an armchair by the fireplace, on his first visit to the Command of Limburg at the Hotel Oranjehof in Valkenburg.
After the war, Crasborn became chairman of the Limburg section of the National Federation of Former Resistance in the Netherlands (NFR / VVN) and Stichting 40-45 (foundation to commemorate the fallen of the resistance in Limburg 1940-1945).
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Cremers,
Hein
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - municipality - Valkenburg & surroundings At the end of the war, the municipal officials Hein Cremers and especially Guus Laeven ensured that the entire register of the registry office of Valkenburg “somehow” got lost, when the Germans had the idea to force all male inhabitants between 16 and 60 years old to work in digging trenches.
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Cremers,
Annie
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
municipality - Valkenburg & surroundings Verrichtte falsificaties t.b.v. de onderduikers bij de gemeente Valkenburg. Maar op welk kantoor?
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Cremers,
Wielke
∗ 1910-07-12
Heerlen
† 1950-08-20
Valkenburg
L.O. - courier - Valkenburg & surroundings Schwägerin von Pierre Schunck. Der schrijft über sie: „Wielke Cremers und die Schwestern Peusens arbeiteten als Kuriere“. Wielke war immer per Fahrrad unterwegs.
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../stamboom/schunck_view.php?ID=224
Donners,
Kaspar
∗ 1908-08-02
Weiden (D)
† 1984-09-01
Heerlen
Valkenburg & surroundings Farmer at the Koningswinkelhof, a traditional mixed farm. Neighbor of Pierre Schunck. Immediately joined in when he was asked by him to help in October 1942. They went with his horse and carriage to save valuable things from the Jesuit monastery that was seized by the SS. This was not yet an act of organized resistance, but it was a precursor. We do not know whether the Donners family also hided searched people (the so called divers).
Mortuary card in the Rijckheyt archive
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Francotte,
Joep
∗ 0000-00-00
† 1944-09-05
Valkenburg
L.O. - K.P. - person in hiding - Cammaert: “After the betrayal of Wittem, J.H. Coenen from Simpelveld and W.J. Francotte from Vaals, who had worked for the illegal magazine Je Maintiendrai in Amsterdam until the summer of 1944, joined the KP. They participated in the raid on the jail of Maastricht on September 5.” They went into hiding in the Diver’s Inn in Geulhem “where suspects and difficult people in hiding were detained and interrogated. Generally, Francotte took care of the surveillance of the “prisoners” because of his strongness. Both were arrested by the Germans on September 5th, 1944 (Mad Tuesday) during a resistance action. By order of Major Bernhardt, they were shot on the Cauberg (Valkenburg). There is a memorial stone and the monument for the fallen resistance people of Limburg on that spot.
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https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joep_Francotte
Franssen,
Alfons Hubert Franssen
∗ 1887-05-11
Valkenburg
† 1976-03-06
Valkenburg
Valkenburg & surroundings Owner of the Hotel Franssen. The Limburgsch Dagblad of May 8, 1962 wrote that he had something to do with the resistance (but what?). His hotel was confiscated by the German army. After the liberation, the hotel was a military hospital for American soldiers. He was a local politician: deputy burgomaster 1927-1931 and 1939-1940, member of the town council 1923-1940. Also chairman of the Harmonie Kur-Kapel Falcobergia 1939-1969, followed by Pierre Schunck
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https://www.delpher.nl/nl/kranten/view?&coll=ddd&identifier=ddd%3A010418691%3Ampeg21%3Aa0146&resultsidentifier=ddd%3A010418691%3Ampeg21%3Aa0146
Franssen,
Jan
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
Valkenburg & surroundings Jan Franssen was chief of the Marechaussee (later Rijkspolitie) in Valkenburg. On June 7th, 1946 he wrote a report on occupation and liberation at the request of the mayor, Piet Hens. Jan Diederen quotes from this in Mijn oorlog en bevrijding at p.75
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Freysen,
Willem A.P.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - municipality - Valkenburg & surroundings To hide the manipulations of him and his colleagues in favor of the people in hiding, the distribution office of Valkenburg was robbed with great success. On Valkenburg’s liberation day he became almost a victim of lynch justice, because he had acted as if he was German-friendly.
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Geelen,
Th.G.H.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 1962-05-19
Roermond
L.O. - priest - Meerssen Chaplain in Meerssen since 1928, 1944 pastor of the male youth work in Limburg, pastor of a parish in Roermond. Pierre Schunck of the L.O. Valkenburg wrote: “In 1942 I heard from chaplain Berix that a chaplain Geelen from Meerssen hid two boys in my father’s cave, who were wanted by the Germans.” Cammaert: “Chaplain Th.GH Geelen from Meerssen, in collaboration with members of the former Jonge Wacht, helped submerging young people in a cave since 1942.” (The Jonge Wacht, Young Guard was a catholic youth organiation, which was forbidden by the Germans, because only national-socialist organisations were still allowed.)
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Goossen,
Theo J.M.
Harry van Benthum
∗ 1917-10-20
Bergh
† 2000-02-06
Heerlen
L.O. - Kerkrade Leader of the subdistrict Kerkrade of the resistance organisation LO. Worked together the Auβenministerium (a group that repatriated students forced to work in Germany to the Netherlands). After the arrest of the provincial L.O. leaders in June 1944 in Weert, he led the L.O. district of Heerlen for some time and, with the help of L.O. people and agents of the Auβenministerium, set up the strikingly effective intelligence service ID18 there. From Valkenburg he received his information from Paul Simons (real name: Pierre Schunck) during whose funeral he gave a farewell speech.
Cammaert writes in chapter 12: “Once again it turned out that the organically grown resistance activities functioned better and more effectively than those implanted in Limburg from other parts of the country. For example, in the summer of 1944, the intelligence service of the L.O. in the mining district was smoothly transformed into a military intelligence service, which after the liberation soon covered large parts of Limburg and provided the Americans with numerous services”
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https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theo_Goossen
Gronden, van der
Gerrit J.
∗ 1895-12-13
Dordrecht
† 1943-01-02
Neuengamme
Valkenburg & surroundings Picture also at oorlogsgravenstichting.nl
Driver and mechanic, married. He took care of Jewish people in hiding, was arrested on Jan. 13th 1942
Fred Cammaert wrote in chapter 10: “in his garage on the Heugemer Weg in Maastricht he made copies of De Vonk, the Limburg edition of De Waarheid.” … “member of the Municipal Air Protection Service.” “ … Arrested “on january 13th, 1942” … “He died on December 5th 1942 in the Neuengamme concentration camp.” (near Hamburg), aged 47. His brother A.C. van der GrondenSee also https://monument.vriendenkringneuengamme.nl/person/401623/gerrit-jan-van-der-gronden
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https://monument.vriendenkringneuengamme.nl/person/401623/gerrit-jan-van-der-gronden
Gronden, van der
A.C.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings Already 1941, he started helping the first people in hiding. Brother of Gerrit J. van der Gronden, who was arrested on January 13, 1942. Together with Rector G.A. Wolf from Sibbe he helped to hide Jews and communists. In late 1943, they joined the L.O., sub-district Valkenburg.
After the war, he was police detective.
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../verzet/cammaert.php?ID=&lang=nl#original
Grotaers,
Coen
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
Australië
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings Worked as an excavator operator in the Curfs limestone quarry in Geulhem. He and his wife, as well as many colleagues in the adjacent Curfs and Schunck quarries, helped people in hiding in the cave called the Diver’s Inn. On March 15, 1944, he had to go to Kaldenkirchen with 172 false IDs to get people out of the concentration camp there. After filling the truck in Sittard, something went wrong and the truck went up in flames, he was badly burned, but survived.
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Hendriks,
J.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings - Duikhoofd = diver’s chief in Berg en Terblijt
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Hennekens,
G. Hub
∗ 1909-02-15
Sittard
† 1970-11-26
Heerlen
priest - Valkenburg & surroundings Chaplain at the St. Nicolaas & Barbara parish in Valkenburg. Cammaert wrote: “Chaplain G.H. Hennekens copied in Valkenburg sermons of Von Galen and his shepherd’s letters. He quoted them again and again during his Sunday sermons and did not hide his anti-German feelings. In the course of 1941 he came through officer H.A. van Roy of the municipal police of Valkenburg in contact with Smit. The latter declared themselves willing to take care of the distribution of the stencils.” The Smit group was a “circle of members of the resistance around former military officer J.L. Smit in Heerlen. They focused on collecting weapons and ammunition, the distribution (and sale) of the first illegal magazines such as Vrij Nederland, as well as the sale of photographs of the royal family. With the money that was earned from selling these photos, the costs were combated.” Because of his popularity bishop Van Galen was not arrested but placed under house arrest. Chaplain Hennekens might have hoped that too, but he was arrested on February 2, 1942. He was brought to the concentration camp in Dachau near Munich
By endangering himself publicly, he resisted to the nazi’s in a way that many did not understand. But he has given a signal and encouraged others to resist. In September 1955 he was appointed pastor in Rothem. Retired early due to health problems due to his camp period. Moved back to Valkenburg. Buried: St. Agnes, Bunde
See the article by Hub Hennekens jr. about his godfather in the book „Valkenburg 75 jaar bevrijd“ on p.35.
https://www.online-familieberichten.nl/zoeken.asp?sortpers=naam&achternaam=Hennekens&page=1&command=show&type=ovladv&char=H&view=zoek&name=&id=1604205
Hens,
Piet (Petrus Antonius)
∗ 1888-08-27
Zwolle
† 1971-04-26
Utrecht
Valkenburg & surroundings Was mayor of both Valkenburg and Houthem since 1917 and from 1935 also of Oud-Valkenburg. Dismissed in 1943, successor was Paul Schmalbach, a member of the nazi party NSB. Mayor again 1945–1953. We do not (yet) have details of his dismissal during the occupation. Buried in Valkenburg, cemetery on the Cauberg
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https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lijst_van_burgemeesters_van_Valkenburg-Houthem
Hilleque,
Robert M.L. (Bob)
∗ 1925-12-03
Chicago?
† 2008-07-30
Melrose Park, IL
US Army - Bob Hilleque was the only one of the A-company, 1st battalion, 119th regiment, 30th US Infantry Division Old Hickory who survived the war.
On September 14, 1944, Pierre Schunck led an Old Hickory punch (in some open jeeps with machine guns) along the Daelhemmerweg street from Sibbe to the Grendelplein square, through the Grendelpoort gate, into the Muntstraat and deeper into Valkenburg. Guide Schunck was on the hood of the first jeep. Robert Hilleque was one of the soldiers behind him. Pierre and Bob stayed friends for life.
Purple Heart recipient.
Age at death: 82.
Publications [World War II magazine, 1993; book, “Saving the Breakout”; book, “August 1944, the Campaign for France”]
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http://melroseparkmemories.org/viewRecord.php?id=1491
Horsmans,
Willem B.J.
∗ 1912-05-20
Ubachsberg
† 1987-05-31
Heerlen
L.O. - priest - Valkenburg & surroundings - Duikhoofd Chaplain in Valkenburg 1938-1950. Contact person of the LO for people in hiding, together with the sexton Harie van Ogtrop, supported by J. Peusens and J. van de Aa. His last position: dean of Meerssen (1963-1975), where he is also buried.
mortuary card in the Rijckheyt Archive
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Horsmans,
L.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings - Duikhoofd = diver’s chief in Houthem-St.Gerlach
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Hout, van
Jan (Johannes Franciscus)
∗ 1908-10-17
Valkenburg
† 1945-02-22
KZ Neuengamme
Valkenburg & surroundings Professional cyclist from 1932 to 1940. When he was eight years old, he moved to Eindhoven with his parents. In 1932 he set a new Dutch hour record (42.282) in Tilburg and on August 25th, 1933, on the wooden cycle track in Maasniel near Roermond, a world hour record of 44.588 kilometers. But that was already broken after 4 days.
He was able to live well from cycling and could have earned even much more in Germany, but since Hitler was in power there, he was not interested.
He closed his pub and joined the resistance. He and his wife were involved in helping Jewish people in hiding. He attracted attention and he went into hiding himself. A few months before the liberation, Jan van Hout was arrested during a raid in the natural swimming pool De IJzeren Man and transferred to the camps Vught and Amersfoort and finally to the German labor camp Neuengamme, where he died of exhaustion.
Sources: http://www.elshout.nu/Koers/janvanhout.htm
nl.wikipedia and Maasniel.nl
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Israëls,
Lex
Jan Langeveld
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
person in hiding - During WW2 he was in hiding with fake papers in the clothing factory De Molen in Heerlen, where Pierre Schunck had appointed him as his assistant. Because he lived in a hidden space within the factory, he barely had to take to the streets. He remained friends with the Schunck family until his death. Is this the person in question?
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Jansen,
Sjir / Gerard
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings Behind his house was the entrance to the Diver’s In, which was almost completely covered by the bushes, only accessible via a steep slope. Pierre Schunck called him “a very simple man, but a pound guy, thoroughly trustworthy.”
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Jaspers-Koten,
J.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings Klimmen Not many things are known about Mrs. Jaspers-Koten. In an interview with students, Gerda Schunck-Cremers said about the successful robbery at the Valkenburg distribution office: “Mrs. Jaspers kept the stamps and other documents for one night in her house in Klimmen. She was not in the resistance, but occasionally helped them.” She too risked her life. For example, her distribution stamkaart (main card) and the one of Gerda S.-C. were made available to a printer in Amsterdam to copy them. The printing shop was busted, but fortunately that had no consequences for these women. She also sometimes made her house available for meetings.
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Kooten, van
Bep
∗ 1914-12-12
Laren N.H.
† 1979-06-20
Hilversum
L.O. - K.P. - Valkenburg & surroundings Klimmen Bep (B.J.C.) van Kooten, (head of the?) LO Klimmen and, for the sub-district of Valkenburg, contact person to the KP (“Knokploegen”, armed groups), sabotage specialist of the KP.
Biography at the website of his rugby club.
At the end of the war, Van Kooten was looking for a suitable depot for weapons and a shooting range for the “Knokploegen” of South Limburg. So this cave had to be evacuated.
In the second half of July 1944, Crasborn and Van Kooten moved to Swalmen, at the invitation of J. Frantzen. They found shelter on the monumental farm "De Baxhof" of the Poels family on the edge of the village. Bep was commissioned by Crasborn to travel through the lines via the recently liberated Valkenburg and Maastricht to the headquarters of Prince Bernhard in Brussels, where he was appointed commander of the Stoottroepen in Limburg, see the chapter Valkenburg is free below. As a member of the Dutch army, he participated in the actions against the new republic of Indonesia after the war.
Photo: Swearing in as an officer of Bep van Kooten, Commander of the Limburg Command / Limburg Regiment, in front of a line-up..
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Laar, van de
J.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings - Duikhoofd = diver’s chief in Margraten
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Laeven,
Guus
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - municipality - Valkenburg & surroundings At the end of the war, Hein Cremers and especially Guus Laeven (DB), who ensured at the end of the war that the entire register of the registry office of Valkenburg “somehow” got lost, when the Germans had the idea to force all male inhabitants between 16 and 60 years old to work in digging trenches.
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Laeven,
Albert Hub.
Trebla.
∗ 1916-09-25
Schin op Geul
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings - Duikhoofd in Schin op Geul. Worked in the drawing office of the "Willem-Sophia" coal mine. Started at the end of 1942 with the help to people in hiding. At the beginning of 1943, Harrie van Ogtrop brought him in contact with Pierre Schunck and the LO. He had to take care for 34 so called divers. Established contact to counterfeiters at the mine. From August 1944 he provided information about the German positions and the military vehicles around the village, as an agent of the strikingly effective intelligence service ID18 (Cammaert 12) of Harry van Benthum, pseudonym of Theo JM Goossen from Kerkrade.
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Lahaye, De
Pauline
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
courier - Valkenburg & surroundings Was a courier for the resistance and among other things she brought the children Cohen to the hamlet IJzeren, where they could go into hiding.
Lambriks,
Jo
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
K.P. - Valkenburg & surroundings After a while, a K.P also emerged in Valkenburg. It initially consisted of two men, the teachers Jeng Meijs and Jo Lambriks. Meijs had Jacques Crasborn as a pupil in his class some years before.
http://users.cuci.nl/mierlo/kwartierstaat/jochem.htm#ID1044
Meijs,
Sjeng
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
K.P. - Valkenburg & surroundings After a while, a K.P also emerged in Valkenburg. It initially consisted of two men, the teachers Jeng Meijs and Jo Lambriks. Meijs had Jacques Crasborn in his class a few years before.
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Morgan,
Henry E.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 1944-09-16
Valkenburg
US Army - PFC (private 1st class) Henry Morgan was one of the six soldiers of the 119th regiment in the Old-Hickory Division who fell during the liberation of Valkenburg is Henry Morgan. Three days before he was killed, he was accidentally photographed on the jeep and with his inseparable pipe in his mouth on Grendelplein by Frans Hoffman, a local photographer. The only survivor of the A-company, Bob Hilleque from Chicago, recognized him in the photo. Henry Morgan died on 16 September 1944 in the living room of a house on the Reinaldstraat in Valkenburg. He is buried in the American Military Cemetery in Henri Chapelle, Belgium. (Photo)
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Nijst,
Charles Joseph
∗ 1916-03-05
Kerkrade
† 1944-01-18
KZ Groß-Beeren, Kreis Teltow
Valkenburg & surroundings The weekly magazine Het Land van Valkenburg wrote about him: “He refused to sign a declaration of loyalty and went into hiding. Arrested (date unknown) for spreading illegal literature.”
At the Oorlogsgraven­stichting there is a source link where he is mentioned as a student at the Katholieke Economische Hoogeschool in Tilburg. Furthermore, contrary to the above, we read there: “Employed at the Arado Flugzeug Werke in Brandenburg upon Havel. Was arrested on October 6, 1943. The reason was a statement in a private conversation held at the beginning of September. He was sentenced to two months in prison. Around 15 December the family received a message from the Swedish Society that Nyst had not been released, but transferred to a Arbeitserziehungslager in Gross Beeren and from there to the concentration camp in Sachsenhausen near Oranienburg. In the meantime on 18 February 1944 the family in Maastricht was informed that on January 18th, 1944 he had succumbed from ‘Herzschwäche’ (cardiac insufficiency) in Gross Beeren.“
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https://www.vpnd.nl/bronnen/nl/arbeidsinzet_studenten_1943.pdf
Ogtrop, van
Harie
∗ 1901-11-13
Hulsberg
† 1989-10-26
Heerlen
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings - Duikhoofd He was the sexton of the old parish church St. Nicolaas & Barbara. One of the two contact people to the people in hiding of the L.O. Still during the last days of the war he hid a German conscript from Valkenburg in the church tower. Also read the story of his activity as a confessor, see “info”.
See also his mortuary card in the Rijckheyt Archive
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Peusens,

∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - courier - Valkenburg & surroundings Pierre Schunck schrieb: „Wielke Cremers und die Schwestern Peusens arbeiteten als Kuriere“.
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Prompers,
Nic M.H.
∗ 1908-11-05
Sint Geertruid
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - priest - Heerlen Nic (Nicolaas Maria Hubertus) Prompers was one of the founders of the L.O. district of Heerlen. He collaborated on the resistance magazine “Het Vrije Volk” in Heerlen, including the chief physician Van Berckel of the St. Jozef hospital in Putgraaf, where Prompers worked as a rector. During one of the first days of September 1943, the L.O. Heerlen district was established in the hospital of Rector Prompers. A certain mr “Paul Simons” from Valkenburg was present too. 1955-1971 he was pastor in Broekhem. Golden “Father Prompers receives the resistance memorial cross from Mr. J. Cornips. Dean Jochems watches.” Limburgsch dagblad, 04/18/1983.
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https://www.rug.nl/research/portal/files/14543329/11_h11.pdf
Reeves,
John
∗ 0000-00-00
† 1944-09-17
Valkenburg
US Army - John Reeves was one of the six soldiers of the Old Hickory Division who were killed in action during the liberation of Valkenburg and its surroundings.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Rocks/Roks,
Jan Joseph
∗ 1883-05-21
Sibbe
† 1944-03-03
Natzweiler
Valkenburg & surroundings Member of the early resistance group Erkens in Maastricht, co-owner of the guesthouse Samoshuis, the later hotel Parkhotel Atlanta. Erkens spent some time in hiding with him, arrested in Valkenburg during the Hannibalspiel for spreading resistance literature on November 19, 1942. Piet Roks came home too late due to circumstances, saw the robbery cars standing in front of their house and could escape in time. Jan Joseph died in the Nacht und Nebel camp Natzweiler (Alsace) on 3 March 1944.
Totenzettel (Mark the spelling!)
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Savelberg,
Funs (Alphons Hendrikus)
∗ 1917-11-06
Valkenburg
† 1944-09-14
Valkenburg
NSB - Valkenburg & surroundings Landwachter (Country guard, a kind of auxiliary police). He was shot by a group of revengeful boys who called themselves OD on September 14, 1944. They thought they were acting by order of the Americans.
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Schmalbach,
(Godfried Jozef) Paul
∗ 1897-09-16
Vaals
† 1952-09-18
Vaals
NSB - Valkenburg & surroundings 1942-1943 mayor of Beek, 1943-1944 mayor Valkenburg-Houthem. His predecessor and successor was Piet Hens.
Mortuary card
Schoenmakers,
F.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings - Duikhoofd = diver’s chief in Sibbe
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Schunck,
Pierre
Paul Simons
∗ 1906-03-24
Heerlen
† 1993-02-02
Kerkrade
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings Subdistrict leader of the L.O. in Valkenburg, under the alias “Paul”. He was also a member of the ID18 intelligence group, which belonged to the Heerlen district of the LO. After the war he gave interviews and wrote down memories about that time. These documents form the core of this part of this website.
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Schunck-Cremers,
Gerda
∗ 1912-09-10
Heerlerheide 
† 2005-05-05
Valkenburg
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings As the wife of Pierre Schunck, she was constantly involved in his resistance work. In retrospect, we can not determine the extent of her share. But given the nature of their relationship, we can assume that it was substantial.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
../stamboom/schunck_view.php?ID=59
Smits,
Frank G.
∗ 1919-08-29
† 1944-04-04
Utrecht
Valkenburg & surroundings Student’s resistance. From Hulsberg, law student, refused to sign the declaration of loyalty and joined the resistance movement (he mapped activities of the Germans at Dutch airports and passed them on to the allies), arrested on 08/12/1943, suspected of conspiracy. After staying in various prisons, he was eventually sentenced to death by a special court of war and then shot for illegal possession of weapons.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Soesman,
Gerard L.S.
∗ 1922-06-23
Valkenburg
† 0000-00-00
Auschwitz
Valkenburg & surroundings Student HBS (high school). Listed in the Honor Roll of Victims 1940 – 1945, in the category resistance people. Moreover he had a Jewish father. Died in Auschwitz, date unknown.
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https://www.erelijst.nl/gerhard-lodewijk-robertus--soesman
Spoganetz,
Peter
∗ 0000-00-00
† 1944-09-17
Koulen, Voerendaal
US Army - PlaquePvt Peter Spoganetz (119th Inf Rgt) was one of the six soldiers of the Old Hickory Division who were killed in action during the liberation of Valkenburg and its surroundings.
A plaque is placed (rightside of the front door) on a house in the hamlet of Koulen which is part of municipality of Voerendaal near Valkenburg.
Words on the plaque are:
P. Spogenets U.S.A.
Killed in action 17 September 1944
As a friend and hero for god and fatherland.

More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://www.oldhickory30th.com/Arno%20Lasoe%20Work%20Siegfried%20Line.htm
Stahl,
Heinrich
∗ 1902-09-12
Kohlscheid
† 0000-00-00
NSDAP - Heerlen German mining engineer in Heerlen. He was married to a sister of Pierre Schunck. Worked at the coal mine already before the war and was also the director and co-owner of his father-in-law’s lime quarry in Meerssenerbroek. During the occupation, he became a member of the NSDAP (German Nazi Party) for career reasons and climbed to local party leader in Heerlen. During the raid at his brother-in-law he came in his nazi uniform to indicate: Here they are pro-German. After the war, expelled from the Netherlands as an unwanted alien.
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Starmans,
J.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings maintained the relations to the other districts.
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Ven, op de
J.H.
∗ 1919-02-23
† 1948-06-20
Valkenburg & surroundings On the night of June 22, 1944, together with Den Haring, an NSB member, he was on guard at the Valkenburg distribution office. Was initiated into the plot. Afterwards went into hiding to deduce the suspicion from Freysen et al.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
http://www.de-veiligheidsregio.nl/juli-2015/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2015/07/Juni-Tuinvanbezinning.pdf
Viviano,
Sam
∗ 0000-00-00
† 1944-09-16
Valkenburg
US Army - Sam Viviano was one of the six soldiers of the Old Hickory Division who were killed in action during the liberation of Valkenburg and its surroundings.
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Vroemen,

∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - Valkenburg & surroundings Stationmaster in Valkenburg. In the event of danger, he called with the message: “You cannot unload your wagon.” People who wanted to go into hiding and arrived by train usually got in touch with him, and he then forwarded them, for example to the sexton Harry van Ogtrop of the local Catholic church. See there
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Westerhoven, van
Jan
Ferdinand
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - priest - Valkenburg & surroundings As Father Ferdinand he was a member (and chief?) of the monastery on the Cauberg (sscc). Worked for the Resistance during the occupation. Involuntarily witnessed the “execution” of Funs Savelberg.
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Willems,
Vic.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - municipality - Valkenburg & surroundings Together with Willem Freysen, he stole food stamps and other documents for the people in hiding in the LO on a large scale, which ultimately made the raid on the distribution office necessary.
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Wolf,
G.A.
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
L.O. - priest - Valkenburg & surroundings Rector in Sibbe. He helped Jews and Communists to hide, together with A.C. van der Gronden. At the end of 1943 they joined the L.O., sub-district of Valkenburg.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg

Explanation about the content of the columns in this list

Surname
first names and or initials
alias
Date and place of birth
date and place of death
Organization, function, profession Examples are:
  • Onderduiker Person in hiding (sometimes I translate the word literally: “diver”)
  • LO National Organization for Helping People in Hiding
  • KP (Knokploeg), independent organization of armed groups, narrowly connected to the LO. After the liberation integrated in the Dutch army under the name of Stoottroepen (shock troops)
  • Gemeenteambtenaar Municipal official. They were indispensable people for the care of people in hiding
  • Koerier Vaak mensen die voor hun beroep veel op stap waren, bijvoorbeeld als chauffeur. Vaak ook vrouwen, omdat ook zij niet opvielen.
  • Duikhoofd, diver’s chief. Contact person between the sub-district leader and the people in hiding (“onderduikers”, divers). Mostly one in each parish.

Click on + Info to read more about this person in the resistance story. For some people, more links are indicated.

topHelp me to complete this list as much as possible..
Because that is not easy, meanwhile things are 75 and more years ago, so most eyewitnesses are no longer alive. That is why I now appeal to the second and third generation: send me additions about people who are already on this list, but also new names. Search in the attic, but also in your memories. Together we ensure that the history of these people will not be forgotten. Please use the contact page, to send me your responses with the following information, if known: surname, given names, resistance alias, born (date, place), died (date, place), organization, position and/or profession. And if it is possible, a description of the activities of this person.