The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

initial resistance L.O. K.P. couriers municipality people in hiding police priests Aussenmin. CPN gr.Erkens Netw. Bongaerts gr.Dresen NV gr.Smit O.D. RVV Unorganized resistance Student the miners’ strike carillon The outskirts of Limburg


Bekanntmachung – Bekendmaking

Communiqué of the High Führer of the SS and the police of the provinces of Limburg and North Brabant on the death sentences related to the strike in the mines from April to May 1943.
On July 1, 1946, a mass grave containing seven bodies was discovered in Wellerlooi (municipality of Bergen) on the Wellse Heide (now the nature reserve Landgoed de Hamert). There an oak wood cross stands on a red brick wall, the resistance monument, as a permanent reminder of the seven resistance fighters Han Boogerd, Bob Bouman, Leendert Brouwer, Pieter Ruyters, Reinier Savelsberg, Meindert Tempelaars en Servaas Toussaint, shot in connection with the miners’ strike in 1943.
The actual mining region went from Geleen to Kerkrade, but even beyond that, for example in Valkenburg, lived a considerable number of miners.

The miners’ strikeDuring the war the mines were still in full operation and they were of great importance for the supply of electricity, but also for the railroads and thus for the Germans. As a result, many young men, who did not want to go to Germany to work, could stay here legally. But there were also many people in hiding working in the mines, with false papers, because they were not watched so closely.
The miners’ strike was part of the strikes of April-May 1943. They were the transition to a more massive resistance movement throughout the Netherlands, including the province of Limburg. The strikes were brutally suppressed, but that is precisely why resistance organizations grew in number. For more on this topic see our story about Valkenburg. Click on the < back button under the flags left, to get back here again.

the miners’ strike – 8 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Boogerd,
Han
∗ 1906-08-24
† 1943-05-02
Bergen (Noord-Limburg)
Roermond - miners’ strike - The chemist Johannis Leendert Cornelis (Han) Boogerd worked for the company E.C.I. (Electrochemische Industrie) at the state mine Emma. "The entire staff of E.C.I. joined the (miners’) strike, after which the twenty-two employees were arrested and taken to Maastricht. In order to intimidate the others, one of them was chosen at random. Together with three miners and three employees of the C.C.D., Boogerd was shot in the evening of May 2 at the Hamert heath, by a firing squad of fifteen men of the Ordnungspolizei. (Cammaert VIa, p.497)
Plaque in the Staatsmijnen/DSM building in Heerlen. According to oorlogsgravenstichting.nl, he died on May 2, 1943 in Maastricht.
Please also read the article: When the miners strike against the German occupiers..
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://www.oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/17424/johannis-leendert-cornelis-boogerd
https://gevallenenroermond.nl/appellijst/
Wikipedia NL: April-meistakingen
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Bouman,
Martinus
Bob
∗ 1899-05-05
Gouda
† 1943-05-02
Maastricht
Roermond - early resistance - Ordedienst - miners’ strike - Martinus Antonius Marie Bouman was a first lieutenant in the KNIL (Dutch Colonial Army), then chief controller with the C.C.D. in Limburg and East Brabant. He helped downed Allies and prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany. In 1940 and 1941 still on his own, then with R.H. van de Vin from Neeritter and Pastor Vullinghs from Grubbenvorst. Through the Group Erkens they got a larger network. The miners’ strike was his undoing. See also the article: When the miners went on strike against the German occupiers. Knight Militaire Willems-Orde 4th class.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://gevallenenroermond.nl/appellijst/
Wikipedia NL: April-meistakingen
right 04-04
Brouwer,
Leendert Th.
Leo
∗ 1907-06-01
Nijmegen
† 1943-05-02
Wellerlooi (Bergen [L])
Maastricht - miners’ strike - Districtsleider CCD, gehuwd. Hij was lid van verzetsgroep Bouman, die neergehaalde geallieerde vliegtuigbemanningen en ontsnapte krijgsgevangenen naar de veiligheid hielp. Gearresteerd 1-5-1943 wegens opwekking tot deelname aan principiële staking i.v.m. terugvoeren krijgsgevangenen, gefusilleerd.
Begraven in Maastricht, begraafplaats aan de Tongerseweg, ererotonde R: graven van 6 omgekomen Limburgse verzetsmensen.
Zie ook:
het artikel: als de mijnwerkers staken tegen de Duitse bezetter
oorlogsgravenstichting.nl
De geschiedenis achter het verzetsmonument Wellerlooi
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
http://www.maastrichtsegevelstenen.nl/oorlog2c.htm
https://www.archiefwell.nl/historie/tweede-wereldoorlog/massagraf-op-quotde-wellsche-heidequot-nu-de-hamert
Wikipedia NL: April-meistakingen
lefts 30-02
Horstmann,
Henderich
Hein
∗ 1902-01-30
Börger
† 1943-05-04
Maastricht
Kerkrade - miners’ strike - Mijnwerker Henderich Horstman uit Kerkrade doet mee aan de mijnstaking in de Domaniale Mijn en wordt daar gearresteerd. Bij de overbrenging van de gevangenis naar de rechtszaal op 4 mei 1943 probeerde hij te ontsnappen, maar hij werd door een kogel in de arm getroffen. Op commando van de bevelvoerende officier werd hij meteen daarna op straat doodgeschoten. (Cammaert VIa, pagina 493) Ligt op de Gem. Begraafplaats te Kaalheide, Vak/rij/nummer 4 86
Erelijst 1940-1945
https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/67004/henderich-horstmann
https://kerkradewiki.nl/kerkrade/verzet-tijdens-de-tweede-wereldoorlog/
Wikipedia NL: April-meistakingen
lefts 25-02
Ruyters /Ruijters,
Peter Leonard
Hub
∗ 1892-10-10
Echt
† 1943-05-02
Maastricht
Heer - municipality - miners’ strike - Deputy Chief Controller of the C.C.D. (The Centrale Controle Dienst, Central Control Service, 1934-1954, mainly supervised trade in scarce goods) Member of the resistance group Bouman, who supported downed Allied air crews and escaped prisoners of war to get to safety.
Arrested on May 1, 1943, for calling a miners’ strike and sentenced to death. The next day he was executed at the Hamertse Hei.
Grave R 21b
See also the article: When the miners strike against the German occupiers
Monument Pro Patria, Raadhuisplein, 6226GN, Maastricht-Heer
http://www.maastrichtsegevelstenen.nl/oorlog2c.htm
https://forum.mestreechonline.nl/forum/mestreech-maastricht/geschiedenis-maastricht/tweede-wereldoorlog-en-bevrijding/1223-verzetsstrijders-maastricht?p=8178#post8178
Wikipedia NL: April-meistakingen
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Savelsberg,
Reinier
Harry
∗ 1895-04-27
Schaesberg
† 1943-05-02
Wellerlooi (Bergen [L])
Heerlen - miners’ strike - Reinier Savelsberg was electromonteur op de staatsmijn ON III. De geschiedenis achter het verzetsmonument Wellerlooi
Zie ook:
het artikel: als de mijnwerkers staken tegen de Duitse bezetter
demijnen.nl: april-mei-staking 1943
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/134746/renier-savelsberg
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/71/De_Hamert.jpg
Wikipedia NL: April-meistakingen
lefts 17-04
Tempelaars,
Meindert
∗ 1904-06-06
Den Haag
† 1943-05-02
Wellerlooi (Bergen [L])
Heerlen - miners’ strike - Meijnardus Jacobus Tempelaars was houwer op de staatsmijn ON III. Gefusilleerd op de Hamertse hei bij Wellerlooi i.v.m. de mijnstaking
demijnen.nl: De Limburgse mijnen en mijnwerkers tijdens de bezetting 1940-1944 waaronder de april-mei-staking 1943
De geschiedenis achter het verzetsmonument Wellerlooi. Volgens oorlogsgravenstichting.nl vermoord in Maastricht.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/152837/meijnardus-jacobus-tempelaars
https://www.demijnen.nl/actueel/artikel/als-de-mijnwerkers-staken-tegen-de-duitse-bezetter
lefts 18-04
Toussaint,
Servaas H.
∗ 1914-12-22
Hoensbroek
† 1943-05-02
Wellerlooi (Bergen [L])
Amstenrade - L.O. - miners’ strike - Supervisor at the Emma state mine, involved in the April-May strike of 1943, convicted in Maastricht.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
https://map.stolpersteine.app/en/beekdaelen/locations/hagendorenweg-2-amstenrade
http://historie.venlo.nl/gebeurtenisoverzicht.asp?gebeurtenisID=263
Wikipedia NL: April-meistakingen
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