The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

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Couriers of the resistance


Koerierster Wikipedia NL

The couriers, of course, delivered messages (and small objects). Initially, this often happened by means of scribbles, but after several waves of arrest, they became more cautious with writing things down. They were people who could move around inconspicuously, such as professional drivers or others who traveled every day for work. Increasingly, this was done by bicycle, and then increasingly by women and girls, such as a “housewife with shopping bags”, because they were not deported to Germany for slave labor and it did not fit into the Nazis’ wa of thinking that a woman could resist at all. Therefore, they were almost never controlled. Not at least because of this, the killed resistance people were almost exclusively men. If a married couple was arrested, in most cases the woman was released again because it was assumed that she alone no longer posed a danger. In addition, there was the idea, still widespread today, that "BEHIND every successful man is a capable woman.”

Couriers of the resistance – 13 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Berger,
Fons
∗ 1925-05-01
Venlo
† 1945-01-22
Neuengamme
Venlo - L.O. - - Alfons Reinoud Berger was the eldest son of the mayor of Venlo, who stepped down in 1941, and attended the gymnasium Sint-Thomas College there. “In 1944, the SiPo inflicted two major blows on the Venlo resistance.” (Municipal Archives) “On Tuesday, February 29, the Sipo struck and arrested P.N.A. Peters, Harry Holla, parish priest Omloo, the couriers A.R. Berger and F.G.M.J. Coehorst, some other collaborators of the L.O. and a number of people in hiding. Berger eventually ended up in Neuengamme, where he succumbed to exhaustion in January 1945.” (Cammaert VIb, p. 582) .
Coehorst,
Frans
Van Aken
∗ 1925-09-22
Venlo
† 1944-11-01
Zwickau
Venlo - L.O. - - The 18-year-old Frans Gerard Marie Joseph Coehorst was asked by Hendrikx after his graduation from high school to work for him as a courier in the Limburg district and secretary. Thus he knew many prominent L.O. members. Arrested on February 29, 1944, along with P.N.A. Peters, Harry Holla, the parish priest Omloo and Fons Berger. Immediately thereafter, alarming news reached Hendrikx from Maastricht. Nitsch and his SiPo colleagues were doing everything they could to get Coehorst to talk. For four days he was hung by his wrists. The whole time he was given neither food nor drink. However, Coehorst’s release from Maastricht prison, scheduled for early April 1944, did not take place because Coehorst and a group of other prisoners had been transferred to Amersfoort the previous day. Via Kleve, Leipzig and Hanover, he finally ended up in Flossenbürg (Bavarian: Flossabirch), where he had to work in a car factory. The mistreatment in Maastricht and possibly elsewhere had weakened the 18-year-old so much that he died of total exhaustion in a hospital in Zwickau on November 1, 1944. (Cammaert VIb, pp. 581-582)
Creusen,
Wiel
oom Kees
∗ 1893-07-31
Kerkrade
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
Kerkrade - - press - RVV - Jan Willem Creusen was a civil servant at the Distribution Office and former chairman of the local Unie, he was also involved in helping, among others, Jewish persons in hiding and managed the distribution of the magazine “Je Maintiendrai” in Kerkrade. He was the chief courier of the R.V.V. for the south of the Netherlands and contact person between the leadership and the region. He traveled a lot. One day after the arrest of Paul Guermonprez on April 4, 1944, Creusen was arrested on a train between Utrecht and Maarssen with a suitcase full of food stamps and other documents. It is highly unlikely that this was due to Guermonprez’s arrest, as no other arrests followed, except André Gubbels, until four months later. Creusen succumbed to the effects of hardships in German camps on May 31, 1945. (Cammaert IX, pp. 947-952)
wall: left, row 26-01
Förster,
Maria Anna Clara
Mies
∗ 1915-11-16
Helmond
† 1945-03-18
Heerlen
- This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Heerlen - L.O. - - Nurse, assistant to the medical examiner at the municipal employment office in Heerlen. "She saved numerous approved persons from being sent to Germany for forced labour by changing medical certificates on a large scale and by signing rejection certificates herself." [1]
She forged "the signature of doctor Winters from Kerkrade. Winters was an N.S.B. (Dutch Nazi party) member who approved almost everyone who was examined by him for forced labour in Nazi Germany". She worked together with the trade unionist Jan Maenen, who "treated" people with a drug that caused eczema. Mies Förster then took care of a flawless rejection. [2]
She was watched by an N.S.B. colleague by order of the SiPo Maastricht and had to go into hiding in 1943. "Her successor, Miss M.A.P. Duysens, continued Förster’s activities." [1] Their colleagues in Venlo and Roermond did the same.
She also carried out courier services. As a result of her resistance work, she contracted a serious illness from which she succumbed on 18 March 1945. [4]. According to De Nieuwe Mijnstreek [3] she saved hundreds of boys from the hands of the enemy.


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-11
Gruijters,
Pierre
∗ 1906-03-14
Eijsden
† 1944-10-08
Effeld
Roermond - L.O. - - press - On October 6, 1944, Pierre Emile Joseph Gruijters went with Ab Schols to a farmer in Posterholt to collect food for those in hiding. On the way they were stopped by two SS men. The front line ran approximately here in the fall of 1944. The two resistance fighters refused to hand over their bicycles. In Schols’ saddlebags, the SS men found illegal magazines.
For interrogation, the two men were taken to a Gestapo station in the German town of Effeld, just over the border near Herkenbosch. After the interrogation, chief Wilhelm Lammertz from Eschweiler ordered the execution of Schols and Gruijters. They were shot in the woods near Effeld.
wall: right, row 06-01
Hilkens,
Leonard Peter Joseph
Leo
∗ 1921-05-10
Wessem
† 1944-10-16
Wessem
Wessem - - Leo Hilkens was a farmer. He brought messages from resistance groups to the Allies. When he fought with British and Belgian troops in the liberation of his hometown, he was caught and shot as an alleged spy.
The death certificate gives October 15, 1944 as his date of death. The Oorlogsgravenstichting (War Graves Foundation) and his funeral card, on the other hand, say October 16, 1944.
wall: right, row 37-03
Jans,
Katie
∗ 1923-07-24
Venlo
† 1945-01-06
Venlo
- Venlo - L.O. - - Ordedienst - person in hiding - She was a daughter of reserve Major General Jacobus Jans, commander of the OD in Limburg, and the sister of his successor Leo Jans. The latter, after his arrest, was taken out of his cell again by a group of resistance fighters from Venlo. In revenge for this, his sisters Trees and Katie were arrested. After several days of "interrogation" about the whereabouts of their brother and father, the girls were released. Katie died in the hospital of Venlo "as a result of wartime violence" (Gemeentearchief Venlo).
wall: right, row 29-01
Meijer,
Henry /Harry
∗ 1920-10-06
Borne
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Venlo - L.O. - - press - person in hiding - The resistance activities of Hendrikus Jozef Meijer, a teacher of classical languages and courier, in whose parental home couriers from the ten L.O. districts of Limburg regularly arrived, consisted of distributing ration cards and stamps to hidden people and distributing the resistance magazine Christofoor. He was a personal friend of Jan Hendrikx (Ambrosius). On August 12, 1944, he was arrested at home and taken to Maastricht. Shortly before the liberation of that city, he and ten others were transported to Vught via Germany and shot on Dolle Dinsdag, September 5, 1944. (Source: Dodenboek Venlo).
wall: right, row 29-03
Michels,
Frans G.
∗ 1922-03-09
Merselo
† 1944-11-07
Venray-Leunen
Venray - L.O. - - Franciscus Gerardus Michels was a miller. He helped people to hide and after the liberation of Merselo on October 16, 1944, he worked as a courier for the Second British Army. This meant that he had to collect important information for the British Army in the enemy territory. After such a tour, he was found dead on December 6 on the outskirts of Leunen (village 2 km south of Venray). He probably fled from Germans and was hit in the back by enemy bullets, probably as early as November 5, 1944. Buried in Merselo, memorial on the Weideweg, where he was found. His name is also on the war memorial of Venray, Kerkpad 1, 5801 BK Venray, and in Het grote gebod, (The Great Commandment) p. 327).
wall: right, row 31-05
Schols,
Albertus Eugenius Leonardus
Ab
∗ 1916-04-10
Maastricht
† 1944-10-25
Effeld (D)
Maastricht - L.O. - - press - Ab Schols was department head at the rijksverkeersinspectie (National Traffic Inspectorate) and deputy secretary of the director. During the occupation he was an collaborator of L.O. leaders like Father Bleys and Uncle Leo Moonen in Roermond. On October 6, 1944, he cycled with Pierre Gruijters to a farmer in Posterholt to collect food for the people in hiding, the so called divers. On their way, two SS men stopped the duo. In autumn 1944 the front was here. The two resisters refused to hand over their bicycles. The SS men found illegal magazines in Schols’ bicycle bags.
The two men were brought to a Gestapo station in Effeld, Germany, just across the border near Herkenbosch, for interrogation. After the interrogation, the chief Wilhelm Lammertz from Eschweiler gave the order to shoot Schols and Gruijters. That happened in the forest near Effeld. On June 23, 1945 Schols was buried in the family grave in the cemetery on Tongerseweg in Maastricht.
wall: left, row 36-02
Snijders,
Johannes Franciscus
Frans
∗ 1916-09-16
Helden L.
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Weert - L.O. - - press - police - Railroad policeman, courier for Jan Hendrikx (Ambrosius). Distributed illegal newspapers such as De Stem, Je Maintiendrai and Trouw. On July 19, 1944, he received a telegram asking him to come to Eindhoven the next day. He was arrested in the station waiting room after being identified by an unknown person. The courier ended up in Vught, where he was shot on September 5, shortly before the liberation of the camp.
wall: right, row 35-05
Soree,
Hubertina
Bertha
∗ 1906-06-04
Venlo
† 1944-11-03
Venlo
- Venlo - L.O. - - In the Venlo Book of the Dead (see link below, historie.venlo.nl), Hay Goertz writes about Hubertina Johanna Elisabeth Soree: “During the war, Bertha was active in the resistance in Venlo, where her main task was to provide courier services and deliver food supply to people in hiding, etc. She was also a Red Cross worker and provided help after bombing raids. She usually wore her Red Cross uniform, which meant that she was checked less often and she was allowed to keep her bicycle.
On November 3, 1944, she was cycling from the slaughterhouse to Velden to bring a ration of meat to people in hiding. On the Vleesstraat she was surprised by a bombardment in which she was fatally wounded. On that Friday afternoon at half past three there were 46 fatalities in Venlo. Bertha was single and lived with her mother, who was widowed at a young age and remarried Mr W. van Keeken. They lived in the high house at 306 Hogeweg (this used to be the Rummerstraat). Bertha worked at the Pope lamp factory in the housekeeping service, mainly in the first-aid station.” Venlo was a frontline town at the time and was badly damaged.
wall: right, row 30-02
Zaicsek /Zaiczek,
Karel /Karl
Koenen
∗ 1921-07-18
Pecsbanyatelep/Pécs
† 1944-09-12
Sittard
Geleen - - RVV - Karl Zaicsek’s parents moved from Hungary to Lindenheuvel in Geleen. It is not known when exactly Karl and his parents came to Geleen. All we know is that Karl’s father died on February 9th, 1939. Karl was only 17 at the time. So presumably it was up to him then to provide for his family. He got a job in a mine. His resistance in the organisation Raad van Verzet (Resistance Council) consisted of the distribution of illegal literature and courier services such as ammunition transportation and delivery of food to those who were in hiding.
On September 12, a Schutztruppe stopped him during an illegal transport of food. A short time later he was murdered near Hoensbroek or in the border region near Sittard. (Cammaert IX, p. 971)
Mentioned on the war memorial in Geleen-Lindenheuvel
wall: middel, row 03-02