L.O. was originally the abbreviation for Limburgse Onderduikershulp, Limburgian Aid to People in hiding. Shortly after it was founded, it was integrated into the Landelijke organistie voor hulp aan Onderduikers (National Organization for Aid to People in hiding) with the same abbreviation. Both organizations only came into existence in 1943 as a result of an initiative by clergy people to get existing and new groups to work together more effectively. In the beginning there were these two organizations, due to the strong “pillarisation” of the Netherlands at that time, which meant that every organization was religiously or ideologically oriented. So in the north the LO stood mainly on a reformed basis, in Limburg and some adjoining areas in Noord-Brabant and Gelderland there was the sometimes so-called ‘Roman’ LO. In the LO province of Limburg, the teacher Jan Hendrikx from Venlo became the leader. He was better known as Ambrosius, who had studied in Nijmegen. This city is located only a few kilometers north of the Limburg provincial border. Nijmegen played an important role in the Limburg LO. This had to do with the Catholic University of Nijmegen (KUN, today Radboud University), where mainly students from the Catholic south of the country, including Limburg, studied.
|This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - dutch soldier - L.O. - K.P. - The outskirts of Limburg - Gerardus Wilhelmus Johannes Petrus Ahout was a member of the LO-KP in Deurne. During the liberation of the south of the Netherlands, the Regiment Stoottroepen were founded on September 21, 1944, integrating the resistants of the KP and RVV, including Ger Ahout.|
“On 17/18 Feb 1945, as a scout of a US patrol, he stayed behind with a wounded friend and subsequently went missing. Found severely mutilated on April 1, 1945.” (Het grote gebod, The Great Commandment, p. 327)
|Maastricht - L.O. - press - He was a bailiff at the direct taxes, married to Berendje Grolleman, belonged to LO-Maastricht. They were active in the distribution of underground papers such as Vrij Nederland and Trouw and participated in the founding of the L.O. in Maastricht. They were arrested on June 24th, 1943 for housing Jewish couple. Derk was interrogated for weeks by the SiPo in the detention center in Maastricht. However, he did not tell anything about the resistance people with whom he had collaborated. The Maastricht tax office offered the Germans in vain 40,000 guilders for the liberty of Derk. After an attempt by resistance people to liberate Derk, he was taken on September 14, 1943, early in the morning, to the woodland Schadijkse Bossen in Meterik. Because he continued to refuse to provide information to the SiPo, he was shot on the spot.|
His body was dug up there in 1946. After identification, he was reburied in his birthplace Hasselt (Province of Overijssel). The municipality of Horst placed a memorial cross in 1946. For many years this cross was maintained by the Crosses and Chapels Foundation of Horst a/d Maas.
In 1963 the remains of Derk found a final resting place on the Field of Honor of the Stichting Oorlogsgraven in Loenen on the Veluwe.
There is a memorial in the tax office of Maastricht in honor of Derk and four more tax officials who lost their lives for our freedom.
|♀ - Maastricht - L.O. - press - Almost from the beginning of the German occupation in 1940, Berendje Grolleman (Berendina van Assen-Grolleman) and her husband Maastricht. They helped Jews and Allied airmen escape to the south. They were active in the distribution of underground papers such as Vrij Nederland and Trouw and participated in the founding of the L.O. in Maastricht. As a result of infiltration and treason, they were arrested on July 24, 1943, at their home at 124A Cannerweg, on charges including giving shelter to a Jewish couple. After a temporary detention in the Vught camp, Berendje was deported without trial to the Ravensbrück concentration camp in Germany. On February 18, 1945, she died of exhaustion under miserable circumstances. The location of her final resting place is not known.|
It is a pity that Derk van Assen’s wife was not mentioned at the unveiling of the memorial cross in the Schadijk forest in Meterik. Her participation in the resistance, together with her husband Derk, is a common heroic deed.
|Wittem - L.O. - Father B.J. Baars C.s.s.R. was subdistrict leader of the LO-Wittem, which belonged to the district of Gulpen. The district meetings took place alternately in the house of the Sisters of Charity in Gulpen, in the convent of the Redemptorist Fathers in Wittem and in the convent of the Franciscan Sisters in Nijswiller. He was arrested at the Strike of Wittem on 21 July 1944.|
|Sevenum - L.O. - Farmer. He was arrested in Kronenberg in the church raid of October 8, 1944. Grave of honor at the catholic cemetery in Kronenberg (Horst aan de Maas)|
|Heerlen - L.O. - priest - Father Beatus OFM, refugee helper with an extensive network. He was in fact the hub of the resistance in Heerlen, who had contact with everyone and thus enabled cooperation between a wide variety of people. Click on “Heerlen” above to read more about it.|
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|Heerlen - L.O. - K.P. - press - Surgeon and chef de clinique at the St. Jozef hospital in Heerlen. He was one of those who created there an important resistance center and the beginning of the LO in the Heerlen district, from where the connection with Valkenburg was also made. Like almost all people of the Limburg L.O. he was a devout Christian. Moreover, he wrote for the Heerlen resistance paper Het Vrije Volk, The Free People.|
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Karel C. van Berckel op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
|Venlo - L.O. - - Alfons Reinoud Berger was the eldest son of the mayor of Venlo, who stepped down in 1941, and attended the gymnasium Sint-Thomas College there. “In 1944, the SiPo inflicted two major blows on the Venlo resistance.” (Municipal Archives) “On Tuesday, February 29, the Sipo struck and arrested P.N.A. Peters, Harry Holla, parish priest Omloo, the couriers A.R. Berger and F.G.M.J. Coehorst, some other collaborators of the L.O. and a number of people in hiding. Berger eventually ended up in Neuengamme, where he succumbed to exhaustion in January 1945.” (Cammaert VIb, p. 582) .|
|Heerlen - L.O. - priest - person in hiding - During the first days of September 1943 he founded the L.O.-district Heerlen with others. Became district leader after rector had withdrawn for health reasons. See also the special page on this website.|
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Jan Willem Berix op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
|Heythuysen - L.O. - K.P. - Berkhout, an electrical engineer, had taken in a Jewish Ms. Prijs and her two children at his home. Someone who knew about it betrayed this in order to get an arrested friend released. Berkhout and his three guests were arrested on June 10, 1944. The mother died in a German concentration camp, her two children survived the war. Via Vught, Berkhout came to Neuengamme. In February 1945 he was put on a ship with other prisoners in Danzig. He was never heard from again after that. Presumably the ship was sunk somewhere off the coast in the Baltic Sea. (Cammaert V, p. 435)wall: left, row 22-05|
|Roermond - L.O. - Alphons Clemens Maria, photographer. He and printer M.H. Pollaert took care of the necessary forged papers and passport photos in Roermond (Cammaert IV, p. 299). There was a forgery group in Sittard, in which a photographer H. van Binsbergen participated. (Cammaert IV, p. 268) The same surname, the same profession. Coincidence?|
|Simpelveld - L.O. - Johannus Mathias Willem Bisschoff was arrested on July 21, 1944 by the infiltrator Lambertz, a German soldier, as he was about to drive him to a diving address in Vaals, because Lambertz had said to want to go into hiding. In this Slap of Wittem, 10 people from LO Gulpen district were arrested. Seven of them did not survive the German concentration camps, including Sjeng Bisschoff.|
Ludovicus (Ludo) Adrianus
|This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Roermond - L.O. - K.P. - Ludo Bleijs’ surname is also spelled Bleys, and sometimes Louis is given as his first name. His resistance name was Lodewijk. During the war he was a member of the Redemptorist monastery in Roermond and together with his fellow Gerard van den Heuvel at the neighboring parish church Kapel in ’t Zand works as a vicar. He was one of the founders of the L.O. in the Roermond region. Cammaert writes in chapter VIb on p. 611: “Father Bleijs and secretary Moonen took the initiative to found the Limburgse Onderduikershuip in Central Limburg.” (L.O., Limburgian Aid to Divers. So they called the people in hiding. Later they became part of the national organization.) He was the inventor of the Limburg divers’ symbol “Our Lady of the Good Dive”. He became too well known to the SiPo and had to go into hiding himself, but he didn’t want that. So he was kidnapped by the KP group of Helden and sent to England to report to the Dutch government-in-exile in August 1944 about the resistance in Limburg. There he praised the LO very much, but the predominantly social-democratic RVV and the underground press were too left-wing for him. He became a Catholic field vicar to the military staff of Prince Bernhard in the rank of major. At Wikipedia NL (see link) we read as follows:|
“After the war he traveled with his resistance colleague Frits Slomp to talk about the background of the resistance. In 1945 he was on his way to a lecture in a jeep driven by Paul Dijckhoff. On the Arkel Dike near Gorinchem, a tire burst and the car fell off the dike road. Buried under the vehicle, Bleys was seriously injured and died in hospital later that day. An examination of the car revealed that a front wheel had come loose and the bolt holes had been torn. Whether this was wear and tear or intentional could not be determined. Allegedly, the jeep was being serviced at a workshop in Utrecht, where some paroled NSB members worked, who said they could easily arrange a car crash. It has never been clarified whether sabotage was actually committed. So his name is not on the wall of the chapel of the Limburg Provincial Resistance Monument in Valkenburg. What is certain, however, is that he gave his life during his work for the resistance. That’s why he is on this list.
Henricus Joannes Hubertus
|Stevensweert - L.O. - The brothers Harry and Sef Boers mainly took care of prisoners of war who had escaped from German camps. They were infiltrated twice by the SiPo, the second time with success. The whole story on the link below wo2slachtoffers.nl and in more detail in Cammaert, chapter III.3.5. Grenspassage (Crossing the border) via Wessem/Maasbracht-Stevensweert.wall: right, row 20-01|
Josephus Johannes Stephanus
|Stevensweert - L.O. - The brothers Harry and Sef Boers mainly took care of prisoners of war who had escaped from German camps. They were infiltrated twice by the SiPo, the second time with success. The whole story on the page about his brother at wo2slachtoffers.nl and in more detail in Cammaert, chapter III.3.5. crossing the border via Wessem/Maasbracht-Stevensweert.wall: right, row 19-05|
Effeld, Kr. Geilenkirchen
|Posterholt - L.O. - priest - Eugène Alphonse Georges van den Boorn was rector in Posterholt near Roermond. A. van den Akker s.j.writes on heiligen.net: “He protested during the Second World War against the deportation of people and the theft of livestock by the German occupiers. He called this a violation of international law and humanity. On Sunday, October 29, 1944, the Feast of Christ the King, he was arrested. That morning he had preached on the words of Jesus, ‘My kingdom is not of this world.’ That evening he was taken home and locked in the cellar while the slurring soldiers drank his wine. A little later they picked up Rector van den Boorn, took him to the German village of Effelt, sentenced him to death in a show trial and executed the sentence the same day. Rector van den Boorn was neither canonized nor beatified.”|
In Effeld, just over the border near Herkenbosch, there was a Gestapo command. The commander was Wilhelm Lammertz from Eschweiler. He also had the resistance fighters Pierre Gruijters and Ab Schols shot.
|Roermond - L.O. - police - Chief Inspector of Police. “In addition to the cooperation of the L.O. side and the associated aid apparatus for refugees, the contribution of some Roermond police officers was important, including Th.J. Bots. They followed in the footsteps of Bouman and his people and, in cooperation with the L.O. district leadership, established new links, e.g. to pilot helpers in Eindhoven…|
On the basis of the confessions of one or more member of the group Bongaerts, Bots, Heiligers, and Munten were arrested on Tuesday, February 29, 1944, by Sipo officers Nitsch and W. Meyer. Inspector Bots died shortly after his release.” (Cammaert IV, p. 301)
He is buried in the municipal cemetery Kapel in ’t Zand in Roermond.wall: right, row 04-03
Wellerlooi (Bergen [L])
|Maastricht - CCD - L.O. - april/may strike - District head of the CCD (Crisis Controle Dienst, an agency designed to protect the food market from black marketeers). He was part of the resistance group Bouman, which brought downed Allied aircrew and escaped prisoners of war to safety.Arrested on May 1, 1943, for inciting participation in the strikes of April-May 1943. He was shot with six others in the nature reserve De Hamert in Wellerlooi.|
Hendrikus Antonius Hubertus
|This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Maastricht - L.O. - Commercial traveller. Over fifty people were arrested due to the betrayal of Gonnie Zeguers-Boere, including a hidden person whom she had taken into her home in order to give the impression that she could be completely trusted, as well as H. Brouwers who had brought the hider to her. (Cammaert VIb, from page 651.)|
See also: The Treason of Maastricht
|Venlo - L.O. - - The 18-year-old Frans Gerard Marie Joseph Coehorst was asked by Hendrikx after his graduation from high school to work for him as a courier in the Limburg district and secretary. Thus he knew many prominent L.O. members. Arrested on February 29, 1944, along with P.N.A. Peters, Harry Holla, the parish priest Omloo and Fons Berger. Immediately thereafter, alarming news reached Hendrikx from Maastricht. Nitsch and his SiPo colleagues were doing everything they could to get Coehorst to talk. For four days he was hung by his wrists. The whole time he was given neither food nor drink. However, Coehorst’s release from Maastricht prison, scheduled for early April 1944, did not take place because Coehorst and a group of other prisoners had been transferred to Amersfoort the previous day. Via Kleve, Leipzig and Hanover, he finally ended up in Flossenbürg (Bavarian: Flossabirch), where he had to work in a car factory. The mistreatment in Maastricht and possibly elsewhere had weakened the 18-year-old so much that he died of total exhaustion in a hospital in Zwickau on November 1, 1944. (Cammaert VIb, pp. 581-582)|
|Simpelveld - L.O. - K.P. - person in hiding - carillon - Former subdistrictleader of Simpelveld. Cammaert: “After the betrayal of Wittem, J.H. Coenen from Simpelveld and W.J. Francotte from Vaals, who had worked for the illegal magazine Je Maintiendrai in Amsterdam until the summer of 1944, joined the KP. They participated in the raid on the jail of Maastricht on September 2.” They went into hiding in the Diver’s Inn in Geulhem “where suspects and difficult people in hiding were detained and interrogated. … They were arrested by the Germans on September 5th, 1944 (Mad Tuesday) during a resistance action. By order of Major Bernhardt, they were shot on the Cauberg (Valkenburg). There is a memorial stone and the monument for the fallen resistance people of Limburg on that spot.|
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Sjeng Coenen op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.wall: right, row 16-03
Constant Jozef Ernest
Berg en Terblijt
|Heerlen - Berg en Terblijt - L.O. - “More complicated need of clothing used to be regulated by the director of the municipal social welfare office, Mr Cornips, with me. He was very competent for this due to his function. It was predominating about suits, clothes, coats etc. for families being hidden as a whole (primarily Jews) and suits and coats for prisoners of war (primarily Frenchmen) and pilots.”|
The son of this Constant Cornips was Jan Cornips, the secretary of district leader Berix of the L.O. in Heerlen. Because the SiPo Maastricht searched for him but did not find him, Constant was taken away. He was executed on Dolle Dinsdag ( Mad Tuesday) in Kamp Vught.
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Constant Jozef Ernest Cornips op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
|Venlo - early resistance - L.O. - Jean Marie Dael was, among other things, a hotel clerk, a driver, and a cook before finally finding his vocation in the bookstore and library De Boemerang on Geldersepoort. He was the father of six children. He had been involved in the resistance since the German invasion. His apartment and store on Geldersepoort served as a meeting place for the resistance and as a transit address for people in hiding and British pilots, because it was assumed that a place where many people went in and out would not attract attention. But they were observed from a pub across the street. On May 12, 1944, Toon Mooren from Vierlingsbeek, a pilot helper who was hiding there, was arrested in Dael’s apartment. Several unsuccessful attempts were made to free Mooren, including an attempt at bribery. A week later, the brothers Leo and Jan Dael were also arrested. Leo Dael was sent to Mauthausen via Maastricht and Vught, where he died on March 1, 1945; his brother and Toon Mooren died in the same camp on March 9 and 5, 1945, respectively. His family did not learn until 1947 that Jan Dael had died in Mauthausen.|
|Venlo - early resistance - L.O. - Leopold Franciscus Dael was a self-employed cab driver and night watchman in a school seized by the Germans as an office building. He and his brother Jan took part in the resistance from the beginning.|
On May 12, 1944, Toon Mooren from Vierlingsbeek, a pilot helper who was hiding there, was arrested in Jan Dael’s house. Jan’s bookstore had already been observed for some time from a pub across the street. Several unsuccessful attempts were made to free Mooren, including an attempt at bribery. A week later, the brothers Leo and Jan Dael were also arrested. Leo Dael was sent to Mauthausen via Maastricht and Vught, where he died on March 1, 1945; his brother and Toon Mooren died in the same camp on March 9 and 5, 1945, respectively. His family did not learn until 1947 that Jan Dael had died in Mauthausen.
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
|Heer - L.O. - District official PLEM (power supply), married, member of the LO of Heer-Maastricht, also worked for the underground newspaper Vrij Nederland, arrested 7.7.1944, died 23.2.1945 in Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Oranienburg. According to Stolperstein (Dorpstraat 145, Maastricht) born 1898.|
|Nederweert - L.O. - police - Lubertus Hindrikus Johannes Dusink lived, among other places, in Nederweert, where he worked as a municipal policeman. On March 10, 1943, he was relocated to Mierlo-Hout in connection with the reorganization of the police. He stayed in contact with Nederweert. Provided with the necessary papers, he and a colleague brought a handcuffed Jewish hiding person, Max Noach, by train to Dordrecht at the beginning of 1944. Allegedly as their prisoner, in reality on the way to a better place to go into hiding. Max was released in the crowd on the station square. (http://www.stolpersteine-dordrecht.nl/ het_voorbije_joodse_dordrecht_Max_Noach.html).|
In June 1944, two colleagues had to take Pierre Dorssers, a real prisoner, by train to Maastricht for illegally possessing weapons. He fled when the policemen looked away briefly. The exact circumstances are unknown. The SiPo didn’t let that get away. On the same evening the two "inattentives", Herman Kroezen and K.W.L.A. Wering were summoned to Maastricht for rendering of account, but also their chief Josephs as well as Dusink. Presumably they were accused Mayor Rösener Manz and certainly by a police officer who had been dismissed for theft and who made all kinds of allegations against Kroezen, Wering and Dusink (did one of these two know about the transport papers for Max Noah?). Kroezen, Wering and Dusink ended up in German camps. Only Wering returned after the war. Dusink was transferred to the Vught camp on August 1, 1944, then to Oranienburg / Sachsenhausen near Berlin. Last seen there on February 12, 1945, presumably deceased in Wöbbelin concentration camp near Ludwigslust, where many evacuation transports from other camps landed at the end of the war. Here the prisoners were practically left to die. Kroezen collapsed in Bergen-Belsen that same month.
|Heerlen - L.O. - Pieter Mathijs Erkens was director of the brick factory N.V. Beckers-Koten’s Steenfabriek in Heerlen since 30 January 1934. During the war years 1940-1945 the factory did not produce. (Source: Paul Collard, Historich overzicht Kleiwarenfabriek Nuth BV, deel Heerlen, jan 2008, Grofkeramiek.nl, pdf) He was arrested on June 15th, 1944.|
|Vaals - L.O. - K.P. - press - person in hiding - carillon - Cammaert: “After the betrayal of Wittem, J.H. Coenen from Simpelveld and W.J. Francotte from Vaals, who had worked for the illegal magazine Je Maintiendrai in Amsterdam until the summer of 1944, joined the KP. They participated in the raid on the jail of Maastricht on September 2.” They went into hiding in the Diver’s Inn in Geulhem “where suspects and difficult people in hiding were detained and interrogated. Generally, Francotte took care of the surveillance of the “prisoners” because of his strongness. Both were arrested by the Germans on September 5th, 1944 (Mad Tuesday) during a resistance action. By order of Major Bernhardt, they were shot on the Cauberg (Valkenburg). There is a memorial stone and the monument for the fallen resistance people of Limburg on that spot.|
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Joep Francotte op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
|Beesel - L.O. - Hendrikus Wilhelmus M. Gommans, 23 years old, gardener, residing Keulscheweg 502 in Beesel. According to maastrichtsevelstenen.nl/ he was born on July 7, 1927 in Reuver. Leader of the Jonge Wacht (Young Guard) in Beesel. Based on a statement by Freimuth and some notes found on K.P. member B.P.L. Verstappen, who was shot on August 20, Janssen and Gommans were found guilty, He was shot by German soldiers on October 8, 1944, at Patersweg in Belfeld for resisting (Belfeld Civil Registry Archive, document 16/1944).|
|Echt - L.O. - priest - person in hiding - Vicar in Echt 1936-1945. For allied pilots, Jewish fellow citizens and resistance fighters in hiding, he set up escape routes as far away as Belgium and northern France. “In early 1944, chaplain Goossens had to go into hiding, because there were well-founded suspicions that the SiPo was watching him. After some wandering, he finally ended up with J. Simmelink in Nunhem through the intervention of Father Damen. There he was arrested by coincidence on June 29, 1944.“ Cammaert III, p. 210. See also chapter VIb, p. 625|
|Sevenum - L.O. - Simon Stendert Groot was a farmer. The farm “Rust Roest“ (Rest Rust) of the Groot family in Sevenum was a source of resistance during the Second World War. There were people in hiding and the resistance met here regularly. On 20 September 1944 there was a shootout with looting German soldiers. Thereby not only two Germans died, but also Simon Stendert Groot (33 years old) and his cousin Simon Petrus Groot (20 years old) were hit by bullets and died of their injuries.wall: right, row 14-04|
|Bocholtz - L.O. - Aussenministerium - Lathe operator. “In July the Staatspolizei (State Police) in Aachen reported that, based on statements by some students arrested at the German-Dutch border, they had tracked down members of the resistance group Außenministerium. It concerned Coenen, J. Grooten and J. Stitzinger” (Cammaert VIb, page 696) Presumably on September 5, 1944 (Mad Tuesday) executed in concentration camp Vught.|
See also https://www.wo2slachtoffers.nl/bio/53905/Grooten-Wilhelmus.htm
|Roermond - L.O. - - press - On October 6, 1944, Pierre Emile Joseph Gruijters went with Ab Schols to a farmer in Posterholt to collect food for those in hiding. On the way they were stopped by two SS men. The front line ran approximately here in the fall of 1944. The two resistance fighters refused to hand over their bicycles. In Schols’ saddlebags, the SS men found illegal magazines.|
For interrogation, the two men were taken to a Gestapo station in the German town of Effeld, just over the border near Herkenbosch. After the interrogation, chief Wilhelm Lammertz from Eschweiler ordered the execution of Schols and Gruijters. They were shot in the woods near Effeld.
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
|Simpelveld - L.O. - Student - person in hiding - Hubert Joseph Dyonisius Hamers was a student at T.H. in Delft (today Delft University of Technology). In May 1943 he was forced to work in Germany. On September 1, he managed to escape again. Hamers brought people in hiding to their destination in a truck belonging to his father’s company. (Cammaert VIb, p. 695). He was arrested as a result of the Klap van Wittem (Slap of Wittem) on July 21, 1944.|
|Heel-Panheel - L.O. - press - Farmer and earthworker Willem Hubert Heber, member of LO-Heel put his radio at the disposal of brothers Sylvester and Joost Berden, who needed it to collect news for the underground bulletin Daalzichtse Berichten Dienst. His sons helped distribute the bulletin.|
He built a hiding place for six people near his farm. He began working with contractor and carpenter P.H.M. Linssen, and so more shelters were created in the woods in order to cope with the sharp increase in the number of people in hiding in 1943. The inhabitants were not all careful; one of them, for example, kept a diary. This was the undoing of Willem Heber and Mathijs Rutten. They were arrested on September 17 (See Cammaert VIb, pp. 608-610 and Het grote gebod (The Great Commandment), p. 327)
the LO and the OD abandoned the idea of camps for those in hiding in central and northern Limburg. See A military training camp for people in hiding.
|Venlo - L.O. - person in hiding - carillon - Studeerde in Nijmegen en kreeg te maken met studentenverzet, voordat hij naar Venlo terugkwam en onderwijzer werd. (Cammaert VI, p. 576) Werd er districtsleider tot zijn overgang naar het gewest en de landelijke organisatie, in de tweede helft van de zomer van 1943. (Cammaert VI, p.p. 500-501 en 579). Gearresteerd op 21-6-1944 bij overval op provinciale vergadering LO-Limburg te Weert. Dr. Fred Cammaert zei bij zijn redevoering bij de onthulling van de plaquette bij het vredescarillon: „Als tweede noem ik de uit Venlo afkomstige onderwijzer Jan Hendrikx. Op verzoek van de kapelaans Naus en Van Enckevort nam hij in 1943 de opbouw van de Limburgse onderduikorganisatie op zich. Hij reisde stad en land af en bracht talrijke waardevolle verbindingen tot stand, zowel binnen de provincie als daarbuiten. Ook maakte hij deel uit van de leiding van de landelijke onderduikorganisatie. En, net als de bij het verzet betrokken geestelijken, was hij een verklaard voorstander van geweldloos verzet. Door de overval van Weert op 21-06-1944 viel hij in Duitse handen. Begin 1945 kwam hij om het leven tijdens een van de gruwelijke evacuatietransporten van kampgevangenen.“|
Drager van het Verzetskruis.
|Maasbracht - L.O. - priest - Grew up in Geysteren. In 1927 chaplain in Maasbracht. Traces of War (see link below) calls him headmaster. Together with his cousin G. Hermkens, chaplain in Montfoort, he was arrested on December 17, 1944 while leading people through the front (front crossing). (Cammaert VIb p. 629) But in Het grote gebod, (The Great Commandment) p. 327, we read: “Arrested on 17 December 1944 at the home of his cousin Hermkens.”|
|Heer - L.O. - Frits C. A. Herben was a tailor, married, belonged to the LO of Heer-Maastricht and was killed by accident while supporting the Allies.|
|Weert - L.O. - Student - person in hiding - Henri Marie Auguste (Guus) Hermans refused to sign the declaration of loyalty which was obligatory for students and therefore had to go to Germany as a forced laborer. But “he was the first in Weert not to return after his weekend vacation. He organized the return of other students to Weert with forged medical certificates and false stamps under extremely difficult circumstances.” (E. Haanen) He became head of the Weert LO district. During the raid in Weert on June 21, 1944, he fell into the hands of the Germans. He died in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp at Oranienburg, about 30 km north of Berlin. According to the Oorlogsgravenstichting (War Graves Foundation) on September 2, 1944, according to the Totenbuch (Death Book) of Sachsenhausen on March 25, 1945. His successor as district leader was Frans Nies.|
|Montfort - L.O. - priest - The L.O. at Montfort was led by H. Seegers and Vicar Gerardus Hendrikus Hubertus Hermkens. On December 16, 1944, the Ardennes Counteroffensive begins, a.k.a. Battle of the Bulge. So the Allies withdraw many troops from Limburg to reinforce the Ardennes. Therefore, 30 civilians leave Montfort through the lines to the liberated area. Vicar Hermkens organized this march with the help of his contacts with the resistance. He and his cousin, Rector J.J. Hendrix of Beek-Maasbracht, who had taken shelter with Hermkens after his evacuation, were arrested by treason on December 17, 1944. The two clergymen ended up in Buchenwald. On February 8, 1945, both were seriously injured in a bombing raid on a factory where they worked. Hendrix died on February 9, Hermkens nine days later. (Cammaert VI, p. 629)|
Made en Drimmelen
|Roermond - L.O. - Gerardus Henricus Adrianus van den Heuvel CssR was a Redemptorist, just like his colleague Ludo Bleys and, like him, he worked as a chaplain in the parish church Kapel in ’t Zand next to their monastery in Roermond. “On December 28, Held arrested Father G.H.A. van den Heuvel.” (Cammaert VIb, p.621). F.W. Held was one of the main bloodhounds of the paratrooper battalion under Major U. Matthaeas, which terrorized Roermond in winter 44-45.|
|This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - L.O. - The outskirts of Limburg - LO-Someren Worker. “Arrested on June 16, 1944 in roundup of Allied airmen.”|
|Sevenum - L.O. - Hendrik Hubert Hoeymakers was arrested in Kronenberg in the church raid of October 8, 1944. The home of H. Hoeymakers-Peeters was a transit shelter for refugees and persons in hiding in the sub-district of Horst (Cammaert VIb, p. 591). Was she a relative?|
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KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
|Venlo - L.O. - local contact - Johannes Hendrikus Hubertus Holla was co-owner of a car paint shop in Venlo, local contact person of the L.O. in the St. Heart parish, Venlo. “On Tuesday, February 29, the SiPo struck and arrested P.N.A. Peters, Harry Holla, parish priest Omloo, the couriers A.R. Berger and F.G.M.J. Coehorst, some other collaborators of the L.O. and a number of people in hiding." (Cammaert VIb, p. 582) Via the jail in Maastricht, where he had to deal with the infamous Nitsch, Holla was transferred to the Amersfoort concentration camp and from there to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Oranienburg near Berlin. There he died, according to the Totenbuch of this camp, on 7 January 1945 (deed 359/1946).|
Herman Charles Joseph
|Roermond - L.O. - priest - From 1935 he was a Dutch Reformed pastor in Roermond. Married, 4 children. Member of LO-Roermond, also representative of the NSF (Nationaal Steunfonds = National Support Fund), an underground fund originally for families of sailors abroad, later, headed by Walraven van Hall, also for people in hiding such as Jews, families of prisoners, etc.|
In the autumn of 1944, Rev. Hoogendijk and his family had to leave the vicarage at Roersingel in Roermond because this part of the city had to be cleared for the German Wehrmacht. He found shelter with members of his community, who also had two English pilots in the house.
On the night of December 16, 1944, the police saw a light in the house. The residents were able to escape, but the two pilots and Rev. Hoogendijk were found and taken away. No one believed him that he had nothing to do with it. Also, a banned paper was found in his clothes. So he was kept there with his wife and eldest daughter and taken across the German border for further interrogation.
After the release of his wife and daughter, he first ended up in prison in Mönchen-Gladbach and then in the Buchenwald concentration camp. There his strength rapidly diminished.
At the beginning of April he was still seen walking bent over through the camp, but on April 4, 1945 he was taken to the infirmary. He died there soon after.
Actually, when he was arrested, he already had been wanted for a long time.
Hubertus Petrus Hermanus
Eys, gem. Wittem
|Wittem - L.O. - priest - Hubertus Petrus Hermanus Houben was vicar in Epen and head of the Catholic Action. He administered charity funds in the L.O. district of Gulpen, along with the vicars Wermeling and Penders and with Jaques Knops and Sjeng Coenen, until Penders took it over alone. He was arrested at the Strike of Wittem on July 21, 1944. Shortly after his liberation, he died in Ludwigslust (Mecklenburg) as a result of his ordeal in the Neuengamme concentration camp. Buried in the Catholic cemetery in Eys.wall: right, row 39-05|
|Maastricht - early resistance - L.O. - Edmond Marie Hubert Ghislain Henri Houtappel was a wine merchant and ran a wholesale grocery store at Wolfstraat 8 (Fa. Wed. R. W. Hustinx, Koffiebranderij, groothandel in koloniale waren). Captain of the Reserve in the Dutch Army, he was in charge of the Wahlwiller Border Guard Company of the 13th Regiment of Infantry (on the border with Germany) during the mobilization of 1938-1940. In his military function, he photographed there, also on behalf of the Belgian intelligence, German positions in the Westwall (called Siegfried Line by the Allies). Via his brother-in-law Louis Evrard Hustinx, Belgian consul in Maastricht, this information was passed on to Brussels. His neighbor in Wolfstraat was the butcher Joseph W. Ummels. They had broken a passage between the two houses in the cellar, as a possible escape route. This was of no use. Arrested on May 10, 1944 as a result of betrayal by Gonnie Zeguers-Boere.|
See his story at Mestreech online and at Cammaert VIb, from page 649.
|Wittem - L.O. - local contact - Sjeng van Houtem from Wylré was an auto mechanic an there local contact person between the people in hiding and the subdistrict of the L.O. (local contact: duikhoofd). He was arrested on July 21, 1944 at the Strike of Wittem and via Maastricht he was taken to Vught concentration camp. He later ended up in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Oranienburg. As the Russians got closer, the SS sent their prisoners further and further into Germany. These murderous journeys were not called death marches for nothing. He was freed by the Russians in the Wittstock forest.|
His condition was very bad at the time. On May 6, 1945, the Swedish Red Cross took him to an emergency hospital in Lübeck, which had been liberated by the British on May 2. He died there on the 28th. He was first buried in the "Vorwerker Friedhof" in Lübeck. Almost 3,000 dead from concentration camps, Germans, Dutch, Poles, Estonians, Latvians, Ukrainians and Russians lie in this cemetery. He was reburied in the Catholic cemetery of Wylré.
|This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Haelen - L.O. - Born in Rheindahlen near Mönchen-Gladbach (D). Member of the LO in Horn. Driver. Arrested on 08 October 1944 during a church raid (The Great Commandment). From 1991-2007 Horn belonged to Haelen.|
|Helden - L.O. - local contact - Peter Johannes Jacobs was chairman of the Young Farmers’ Association in Helden-Beringe. During the war years, as a local contact man (duikhoofd) of the LO, he was responsible for the accommodation of about a hundred people in hiding in Beringe and the surrounding area. On August 15, he was arrested by the SiPo as a result of treason. He tried to escape, but was hit by a bullet. On September 6, he was deported from camp Vught to Sachsenhausen. After the liberation of the concentration camp, he was taken to a convalescent home on the island of Mainau in Lake Constance, where he died on June 18, 1945.|
|Maastricht - L.O. - Caregiver and prison guard, belonged to the L.O.-Maastricht, specially helping imprisoned resistance fighters. Gonnie Zeguers-Boere, who since 1942 had a relationship with SiPo chief Strobel and spied for him in LO circles, reported that prison guards L. Krans and H.J. Jamin cooperated with the L.O. and passed on when prisoners were put on transport. (Cammaert VIb, page 650). Arrested on 9 May 1944, died in Buchenwald concentration camp. In Maastricht-Scharn the Hubert-Jaminstraat (Hubèr Jaminstraat) is named after him. A Stolperstein (Stumbling Stone) has been placed for him at Statensingel 84 in Maastricht. Source: Struikelstenengids, Stichting 18 September.|
|♀ - Venlo - L.O. - - Ordedienst - person in hiding - She was a daughter of reserve Major General Jacobus Jans, commander of the OD in Limburg, and the sister of his successor Leo Jans. The latter, after his arrest, was taken out of his cell again by a group of resistance fighters from Venlo. In revenge for this, his sisters Trees and Katie were arrested. After several days of "interrogation" about the whereabouts of their brother and father, the girls were released. Katie died in the hospital of Venlo "as a result of wartime violence" (Gemeentearchief Venlo).|
Willem Hendrik Marie
|This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - L.O. - Student - person in hiding - The outskirts of Limburg - Vierlingsbeek At the age of 21, district leader of the LO in Vierlingsbeek after his predecessor Gerard Smals had to go into hiding in Nijmegen in January 1944. Thanks to his organizational skills, he managed to provide the more than 1,000 people in hiding with the necessary coupons and permits every month. In April 1944, Wim also had to go into hiding, in Cuijk-Vianen. The Vierlingsbeek district included the sub-districts of Bergen, Gennep, Mook, Vierlingsbeek, Boxmeer and Cuijk.|
The districts of Vierlingsbeek, Nijmegen, and Maas and Waal were outside the province of Limburg, but were still part of the LO province of Limburg.
He fell into German hands at the raid of Weert on June 21, 1944.
Source: Dorpsraad Vierlingsbeek – “Pap, wat zijn dat voor doden”. Booklet from june 2000.This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.03-03
Petrus Antonius Josephus
|Roermond - L.O. - Painter. Recruited by Father Ludo Bleys. Pierre frequently employed Jewish people in hiding. He also organized underground addresses for Jewish people and escape routes for pilots to the south. (For convenience, all crew members of crashed Allied planes were called pilots.) Arrested on June 2, 1944, † Sachsenhausen concentration camp, Oranienburg (D). More detailed report on oorlogsgravenstichting.nl.|
|Roermond - L.O. - local contact - He was one of the “duikhoofden” (contact persons for those in hiding) in Roermond (Cammaert VIb, p. 614). Died during forced labor.|
On oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl it is thought possible that he was born in Nijmegen, but the other sources mention Den Helder: “It is not clear whether Willem Jutjens died during forced labor. In any case, he is buried on the Dutch field of honor in Düsseldorf-Oberbilk, which belongs to the German war cemetery Düsseldorf-Stoffeln. There are 1230 Dutch war victims buried on this Dutch field of honor. According to Erelijst, Willem was born in Nijmegen, but according to the Volksbund and Oorlogsgravenstichting (Dutch War Graves Foundation), he was born in Den Helder. According to the Oorlogsgravenstichting he had no profession, according to the Erelijst he was a wholesaler. Much is unclear and it is questionable whether he should be listed on this Nijmegen site.”
|Swalmen - L.O. - press - In „Het grote gebod“ (The Great Commandment, see link below) we can read about the butcher Lei Kluitmans: “LO-Swalmen. Also: VN. arrested Feb.7, 1945”. What he did for the VN (probably Vrij Nederland) is not mentioned. For a while he gave shelter to a Canadian pilot, who in early February 1945 tried on his own to get through the front line, was arrested and talked. On 7 or 8 February 1945, Kluitmans, among others, was arrested as a result. They were taken for questioning to the near German border town of Brüggen. Kluitmans ended up in the prison of Mönchen-Gladbach with a group of five detainees from Steyl and Tegelen, including pastor P.P. Windhausen and his assistant, vicar P.N.A. Peters, who were brought from Düsseldorf. Before being deported to Buchenwald, the Roermond clergymen vicar A.J.A. Sars and rev. H.Ch.J. Hoogendijk were added to this group. All but two were killed: Windhausen died on March 28 in Buchenwald, Peters on April 6 and Hoogendijk on April 10. Kluitmans died in April in Dachau or on his way there, Sars on April 23 in Passau and H.J.A. Hovens from Tegelen succumbed to the hardships suffered in Buchenwald on April 10, 1947. (Cammaert IV, p. 302)|
|Simpelveld - L.O. - Mathias Jacob Knops, civil servant. Head of the LO district of Gulpen, which included Simpelveld. He fell into German hands during the raid of Weert on June 21, 1944. He was succeeded by his deputy, Sjeng Coenen, and after the latter went into hiding and to the Knokploeg Zuidlimburg, by P. van der Linden. Knops was severely tortured by the sadistic Sipo man Richard Nitsch and therefore probably betrayed the names of other resistance fighters, hoping that in the meantime they had made their way to safety.|
Berg en Terblijt
|Heerlen - L.O. - local contact - Edmund Konieczny lived in Heerlen and was an interpreter and sworn translator. His parents were born in Poland. Member of LO-Heerlen.|
“Koniecny, who practiced the profession of interpreter/translator since the end of 1942, dedicated himself mainly to Poles in hiding. In addition, he collected weapons, ammunition and explosives with compatriots and carried out acts of sabotage. As a result of treason, he was arrested by fifteen SS men at his home in Heerlen on August 24, 1944.” Cammaert, p. 669
“Specialist in the care of Poles in hiding. Was freed from Maastricht prison and entered forbidden territory on his way home. Thus he was shot by the Germans on September 8, 1944.” Het Grote Gebod p. 339.
According to Cammaert, Konieczny was killed with a shot in the neck on September 7, 1944, in Berg en Terblijt by Nitsch, an employee of the SiPo in Maastricht.
The death certificate gives 8 September 1944 as his date of death.
|Helden - early resistance - L.O. - carillon - Cornelis Krans lived on a farm in Helden and early in the war he sheltered already a Jewish family in an underground hiding place just a stone’s throw from his house. When, after the strikes of April and May 1943, which included the miners’ strike, hiding took on mass dimensions, the resistance movement in Venlo came up with the idea of setting up military training camps in the forests of North and Middle Limburg. For this purpose, Krans provided some dismountable chicken coops. These were set up in the woods behind the farm. Since the people in hiding did not take their own security very seriously, all sorts of rumors soon began to circulate. The consequences of so much gossip could not fail to be felt. In July 1943, a large German contingent raided the forest camp, which could be evacuated just in time.The inhabitants got off with a fright. But not Krans. He was arrested and taken to a prison in Germany. Seriously ill, he returned to the Netherlands, where he died in March 1944. (Dr. Fred Cammaert, speech on the occasion of the unveiling of the memorial plaque at the Peace Carillon).|
|Maasniel - L.O. - On July 29, 1944, the SiPo-Maastricht conducted a raid, accompanied by NSB man and pub owner G.H. Holla from Roermond who was also department commander of the Hulplandwacht (auxiliary police), by A. Roselle, the chief of the Roermond police, who lived with Holla, (source: http://www.maasniel.nl/Geschiedenis/wo2/het_verzet_in_wereld_oorlog_2.htm) and by police officer G. Verheesen … With brutal force and intense interrogations, the SiPo hoped to find out more about the local resistance. Neither the searches nor the interrogations turned up anything. … 51-year-old Jacob Melis van Laar died in prison of heart failure. (Cammaert VIb, p. 623)wall: left, row 28-03|
|Helden - L.O. - Foreman at the Koninklijke Nederlandse Heidemaatschappij (Royal Dutch Heath Society) in North Limburg, moves to Panningen. From 1943 he helped people in hiding in and around Helden to forge personal identification cards. Arrested during the big raid on May 17, 1944 in Helden and Sevenum. More than 50 people were arrested. Seven of them did not survive the war or died shortly afterwards, including Bert. See the text above the list of fallen resistants of Helden for more information.|
Died during the last days of the war in the catastrophe on the prison ship Cap Arcona.
|Kerkrade - Maastricht - L.O. - priest - Hein Lochtman ?|
|Kerkrade - Maastricht - L.O. - priest - Vicar in Limmel from 1940 and member of LO in Maastricht. He hid people in hiding. On May 10, 1944, he was arrested as a result of betrayal by Aldegonda (Gonnie) Zeguers-Boere and so mistreated that he was unconscious for a long time. See also: The Betrayal of Maastricht|
On September 5, 1944, he arrived in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Oranienburg, where he was forced to work in the Heinkel aircraft factory. When the Red Army approached, he was evacuated to Bergen-Belsen, where he died. In 1982 he was posthumously awarded the Verzetsherdenkingskruis (Memorial Cross of the Resistance).
On the wall of the chapel in Valkenburg is also written under Kerkrade a Hein Lochtman. Probably the same person.
|Maastricht - early resistance - L.O. - press - carillon - District leader of the LO in Maastricht. Unusual in the Catholic south of the Netherlands at that time: this district leader was not only a Social Democrat, but also a reformed “Hollander”, i.e. someone from “above the rivers”. “On May 11, 1940, a group of Belgian prisoners of war was brought to the station via the Wilhelminasingel. Thijs Lokerman, a train driver from Maastricht and member of the city council for the SDAP (Social Democrats), diverted the attention of some guards by a fake brawl with a friend, so that some POWs could escape. This may have been the first act of resistance in Maastricht.” (Mestreech online).|
In his speech at the unveiling of the commemorative plaque at the Peace Carillon, Dr. Fred Cammaert said, among other things: “Maastricht resident and resistance pioneer Jo Lokerman worked as an engine driver on the Dutch railroads. At the beginning of the war, he began helping French-speaking prisoners of war, and later downed Allied airmen. Lokerman used his job to distribute illegal magazines on the trains and made connections with Belgian colleagues so that British and Jewish refugees could be transported by train to France and, if possible, Switzerland and Spain." (Cammaert VIb, p. 643.) He was also one of the founders of the Maastricht LO, which he headed for a time. As a result of betrayal by brothel madam Zeguers-Boere, he fell into the hands of the SiPo on May 9, 1944. (Cammaert VIb, from page 649)
He died in Neuengamme concentration camp in February 1945.wall: left, row 32-05
|Broekhuizen - L.O. - press - Netw. Bongaerts - Joseph Hubertus (Sef) van Megen became a teacher in Grashoek near Helden in 1935 and then in Broekhuizen from 1937. He was beloved by the children. From 1941 he helped prisoners of war, Allied pilots and Jews to go into hiding or on their way to France, with clothes and crossing the Meuse in rowboats. In the villages of Broekhuizen and Broekhuizenvorst he founded the L.O. in collaboration with A. Reijnders and P.A.J. Peeters. (Cammaert VIb p. 595) and he was a co-founder of the illegal magazine "Voor de Vrijheid" (For Freedom).|
In August 1943, the police officers Aarts and Snellen were arrested in Venlo for helping Jews (Cammaert V, p. 430). On Aug. 19, 1943, Sef van Megen was arrested at his parents’ as was his friend Lambert Meijers, who hided there and forged ID cards for the Jews. Meijers was arrested a total of five times, but escaped each time.
Van Megen was sentenced first to five years in prison and then to death on July 17, 1944. Towards the end of the war, the director of the prison where he was imprisoned received orders to kill all foreigners (400). He refused. Then they were sent on a death march. He managed to hide in a barn with two other Dutchmen, but they were betrayed by a farmer, killed by the SS, and buried on the spot by the side of the road.
After the war, they were buried in the Dohnsen cemetery as “three unknown Dutchmen.” His friend Lambert Meijers (see above) made sure that he was reburied in Broekhuizen on March 14, 1946.
Posthumously awarded the Bronzen Leeuw (Bronze Lion) and the Verzetsherdenkingskruis (Resistance Memorial Cross). The Sef van Megenstraat in Broekhuizen is named after him and the Van Megenstraat in his birthplace Leunen.
Interview on Sef van Megen with Hay Reintjes in Broekhuizen on April 26, 2013
Herinneringen aan oom Sef van Megen (Memories of Uncle Sef van Megen).
|Venlo - L.O. - - press - person in hiding - The resistance activities of Hendrikus Jozef Meijer, a teacher of classical languages and courier, in whose parental home couriers from the ten L.O. districts of Limburg regularly arrived, consisted of distributing ration cards and stamps to hidden people and distributing the resistance magazine Christofoor. He was a personal friend of Jan Hendrikx (Ambrosius). On August 12, 1944, he was arrested at home and taken to Maastricht. Shortly before the liberation of that city, he and ten others were transported to Vught via Germany and shot on Dolle Dinsdag, September 5, 1944. (Source: Dodenboek Venlo).|
Emilius Antonius Hubertus Maria
|Wittem - L.O. - Emile Merckelbach was a member of the Provinciale Staten (Provincial Parliament) of Limburg and chairman of the Coöperatieve Veilingvereeniging Kring Gulpen (Cooperative Auction Association for Agricultural Products, District of Gulpen). On July 21, 1944, he too was arrested as a member of the L.O. at the Klap van Wittem, in which the L.O. of the district of Gulpen was dealt a severe blow. His brother J.M.H. Merckelbach was also arrested, but was released after a few days.|
According to oorloggravenstichting.nl Emile died on December 15, 1944, according to Cammaert and vriendenkringneuengamme.nl on January 15, 1945.
|Venray - L.O. - - Franciscus Gerardus Michels was a miller. He helped people to hide and after the liberation of Merselo on October 16, 1944, he worked as a courier for the Second British Army. This meant that he had to collect important information for the British Army in the enemy territory. After such a tour, he was found dead on December 6 on the outskirts of Leunen (village 2 km south of Venray). He probably fled from Germans and was hit in the back by enemy bullets, probably as early as November 5, 1944. Buried in Merselo, memorial on the Weideweg, where he was found. His name is also on the war memorial of Venray, Kerkpad 1, 5801 BK Venray, and in Het grote gebod, (The Great Commandment) p. 327).|
|Weert - L.O. - police - Hendrikus Cornelis Bernard (Harry) Miltenburg worked at the police administration in Weert with the rank of deputy inspector. His collegues J.H.M. Geurts and P.W. Saes also collaborated with the L.O. in Weert. Harry was arrested after a person in hiding, who was living with Miltenburg, was arrested in Rotterdam. It turned out that this person was carrying a floor plan of the distribution office in Weert, which had probably been drawn by Miltenburg. (In many cities, raids on distribution offices were carried out, e.g., to obtain documents or to protect helpful officials. A successful example: Valkenburg). Harry was arrested together with his wife. She was soon released, but he was taken to Kamp Vught (Herzogenbusch concentration camp), where he was shot on August 30, 1944, along with more than twenty fellow prisoners.|
|Roermond - L.O. - priest - carillon - Secretary of the diocese. He was the spiritual advisor and so one of the de facto leaders of the Catholic resistance in the Dutch province of Limburg. He thus also had an influence on the liquidation of traitors. In his opinion, this should be avoided as far as possible. But if it was really unavoidable, he gave his consent. On August 28, 1944, he was taken to the Herzogenbusch concentration camp, better known as camp Vught. Then he came to Bergen-Belsen via Sachsenhausen. Dr. Fred Cammaert said in his speech at the unveiling of the plaque on Peace Carillon: “Leo Moonen, Bishop Lemmens’ secretary and the driving force behind the church-inspired and stimulated nonviolent resistance. Moonen maintained close contacts with many members of the resistance movement and also acted as a source of information and as an advisor. Many turned to him when difficult decisions had to be made. For example, about the elimination of traitors. Moonen followed the resistance closely and made sure that it did not develop in an aggressive direction. The irony of fate was that in August 1944 he was betrayed by a notorious NSB member from Roermond, which at his insistence was not allowed to be liquidated. At the beginning of 1945, the spiritual leader of the Limburg resistance died in the Bergen-Belsen camp".|
Bearer of the Verzetskruis 1940–1945 (Cross of Resistance, one of the highest awards in the Netherlands, was awarded only 95 times)
Antonius Lodewijk Joseph
|This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - L.O. - K.P. - person in hiding - The outskirts of Limburg - “LO-Vierlingsbeek. Also: KP (Commando group). Arrested on 5.12.44 in Venlo, during a raid on the address where he was in hiding." (Het grote gebod, p. 327) A detailed story about Toon on oorlogsgravenstichting.nl, source: Dorpsraad Vierlingsbeek: "Papa, was sind das für Tote". Brochure dated June 2000. see link. "On May 12, 1944, pilot helper A.L.J. Mooren from Vierlingsbeek was arrested at the Dael family home in Venlo. Several unsuccessful attempts were made to free him. A week later, the brothers Leo and Jan Dael were also arrested. Leo Dael was sent via Maastricht and Vught to Mauthausen, where he died on March 1, 1945; his brother and A. Mooren died in the same camp on March 9 and 5, 1945, respectively" (Cammaert VIb, p. 583).|
|Helden - L.O. - police - Alphons van der Mullen was one of the three police officers active in Helden in the resistance (the other two were J.J. Grijsbach and G.W.H. van Amerongen. He was their local chief or Opperwachtmeester). They and the other pilot helpers were all members of the local L.O. and K.P. section. (Cammaert IV, p.310), which was headed by an official of the local distribution office, W.L. Houwen. In July 1943, a large German unit raided a forest camp for hidden persons. Van der Mullen having warned Houwen, the camp was evacuated just in time. But for the farmer Cornelis Krans, who had helped set up the camp, the raid turned out to be fatal. |
Finally, on May 17, 1944, also van der Mullen fell victim to the great raid in Helden and Sevenum. More than 50 people were arrested. Seven of them did not survive the war or died soon after, including Alphons van der Mullen.
For more information, see the text above the list of fallen resistance fighters from Helden ( Cammaert VIb, p. 602v) Transferred from the Vught camp to Sachsenhausen on 4 September 1944. ( Het Vrije Volk 20-07-1945, under « Request for information »).
Van Doorn /Jac
|Venlo - L.O. - priest - person in hiding - carillon - On June 6, 1939, Jac Naus was appointed vicar in the parish of St. Martinus in Venlo. There, together with Ambrosius and his colleague P.G. van Enckevort, he was one of the founders of the LO. Dr. Fred Cammaert said in his speech at the unveiling of the memorial plaque at the Peace Carillon:|
“Vicar Jacques Naus from Venlo was not only a pioneer of the resistance, he was also an outspoken representative of the humanitarian resistance. He was involved early on in helping escaped prisoners of war and crew members of downed Allied bombers. He was also one of the initiators behind the founding of the Limburg organization for help to people in hiding in 1943. Like Jan Hendrikx, he made numerous connections and held a leading position in the organization. Due to the raid of Weert on June 21, 1944, it fell into German hands. He died in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in early 1945.
|Weert - L.O. - Frans Josef Peter was a carpenter. At the beginning of the occupation he held a leading position in the Jonge Wacht (Young Guard) and was leader of the Katholieke Jonge Middenstanders (Catholic Middle Class Youth) in the Weert region. Vicars P.J. Slots and H.Th.H. Adams set up a functioning organization for aid to those in hiding even before joining the regional LO. In mid-June 1943, Slots himself went into hiding in Baarlo. Since then Adams, Hermans and Nies have taken over the leadership. Miss Hermans took care of the distribution of rationing documents, and Adams and Nies took care of finding host families and housing people (Cammaert VIb, pp. 701-702). After the reorganization of the district in January 1944, Nies dealt with the organization of the sub-districts around Weert. These were Nederweert, Ospel, Kelpen (sub-district leader M. Keupers), Asten and Someren (sub-district leader P. Hoefnagels), Stramproy and Tungelroy (sub-district leader A. Maes), and Ell, Hunsel, Neeritter, Ittervoort (sub-district leader J.L. Koolen).|
|Broekhuizen - L.O. - Netw. Bongaerts - Peter Antonius Joseph Peeters, popularly known as blacksmith Toontje, was mainly involved in helping prisoners of war, Allied pilots and Jews. Arrested on November 16, 1943, as a result of betrayal by the provocateur Vastenhout (the Englandspiel) and finally sentenced to “Nacht und Nebel” (night and fog), which meant making resisters disappear without a trace. Stayed in various camps, returned in May 1945 and died in hospital in Venlo as a result of his privations.wall: left, row 04-05|
|Gulpen - Voerendaal - L.O. - priest - Vicar Leon Marie Hubert Penders headed subdistrict 2 of the LO with the places Gulpen, Reymerstok and Wylré. (See map 45. Gulpen district: division into subdistricts. Cammaert VIb, p. 693) and determined the district’s financial policy from 12 January 1944. On July 21, 1944, Vicar Penders and J.H. Ortmans of Wahlwiller were arrested (Cammaert VI, p. 654) and shortly thereafter ten other leaders of the Gulpen district. This action would later become known as "Klap van Wittem" (Strike of Wittem).|
|Susteren - L.O. - local contact - The head of a school in Susteren-Mariaveld, Joseph Michael Willem Pernot, was Duikhoofd of the LO in Susteren. These were people in charge at the neighborhood or parish level. He maintained contacts with J.M. Peters in Roosteren, M.P.J.M. Corbeij in Sittard, and Vicar Goossens in Echt. On December 8, 1944, he fell into German hands by treachery in Posterholt, shortly after the evacuation of Susteren. He probably died in the Mauthausen concentration camp in early 1945. (Cammaert VIb, p. 628), According to the oorlogsgravenstichting.nl (equivalent to the German War Graves Foundation) on 2 May 1945. Buried in bays.|
|Tegelen - L.O. - priest - person in hiding - Father Petrus Nicolaas Andreas Peters was a member of the L.O. Steyl and vicar. Pastor P.P. Windhausen, himself and three others from Steyl and Tegelen went into hiding in the tower room of the Steyl church and later moved into the basement. There they listened to the BBC programs they typed them to update others on developments on the front lines. The arrival of a German observer, who settled in the tower room, threw a spanner in the works. Their activities came to light. The five eventually ended up in Düsseldorf. Before their deportation to Buchenwald, Kluitmans and two clergymen from Roermond, the Catholic vicar A.J.A. Sars and the Reformed pastor H.Ch.J. Hoogendijk were added to this group. All but two were killed: Windhausen died in Buchenwald on March 28, Peters on April 6, and Hoogendijk on April 10. Kluitmans died in Dachau in April, Sars died in Passau on April 23, and H.J.A. Hovens from Tegelen succumbed to the hardships he had endured in Buchenwald on April 10, 1947. (Cammaert IV, p. 302)wall: right, row 22-01|
|Susteren - L.O. - Ordedienst - Chris was a shunter at the railroad company. “In Susteren, the same people worked for both the O.D. and the L.O.. At first Father Bleijs from Roermond asked railroad official J. van Riet, in consultation with vicar F. Dusée, to set up the L.O. in the sub-district of Echt, Koningsbosch, Ohé en Laak, Roosteren and Susteren. Van Riet considered himself unsuitable for this task, but he found enough helpers. These were mainly OD people like W.A. Meuffels and Ch. Plitscher.” (Cammaert VIb, p. 628)|
|Heerlen - L.O. - priest - Vicar in Heerlerheide. Arrested by the Landwacht on August 18, 1945. See Cammaert VIb, p. 665 and "Vier dont ut zelf - 150 jaar geschiedenis van een parochie" (150 years history of a parish). The Kapelaan Ramakersstraat behind the church in Heerlerheide is named after him.wall: left, row 16-04|
|Roermond - L.O. - K.P. - Ordedienst - Butcher, factory worker and involved in the resistance groups Ordedienst (OD), Landelijke Organisatie voor Hulp aan Onderduikers (LO) and the KP (knokploegen, armed groups) of Roermond and later of Alkmaar, behause Reulen and J.P.H. Frencken moved their area of operations to North Holland in January 1944. See Cammaert VII.II.2. De knokploegen van Helden en Roermond, pp. 767-768. Reulen was arrested on 22 May 1944 and executed in the dunes after his imprisonment in the Weteringschans prison in Overveen.|
Report of the Higher SS and Police Chief ‘Nordwest’: “The Police Court has sentenced the following Dutchmen to death: Factory worker Albert Reulen from Roermond and welder Jacobus Frenken from Maasniel. The convicts had participated as members of a terrorist group in the armed robberies of the town hall in Haelen on February 13, 1944, the town hall in Venhuizen on March 18, 1944, and the town hall in Heiloo on May 12, 1944. Food coupons, money, forms for identity cards and other things were stolen in quite large numbers. During the raid on the town hall in Venhuizen, one of the perpetrators shot at the resisting police officer. Thus the convicts are guilty of participation in a clandestine organization, continued sabotage and unauthorized possession of firearms.”
Kruis van Verdienste (Dutch Cross of Merit).
WO2 Biografieën Netwerk Oorlogsbronnen
Gevallenen Roermond – Achtergrond verhalen (background stories).
Listed on the Oorlogsmonument (war memorial) Roermond.
Heel en Panheel
|Heel-Panheel - L.O. - In 1943, as in central and northern Limburg the number of people willing to dive (hide) increased sharply, several camps were set up for them in the forests. The inhabitants were mostly young men, who did not want to go to Germany for forced labor. They were not all careful; one of them, for example, kept a diary. This was the undoing of Mathijs Rutten and Willem Heber. They were arrested on September 17 (See Cammaert VIb, pp. 608-610 and Het grote gebod (The Great Commandment), p. 327)|
the LO and the OD abandoned the idea of camps for those in hiding in central and northern Limburg. See A military training camp for people in hiding.wall: left, row 13-04
Adrianus Johannes Albertus
|Roermond - L.O. - priest - Vicar at the cathedral of Roermond. With the arrival of a paratrooper battalion under the command of Major Ulrich Matthaeas, a somber, ominous atmosphere arose in Roermond. The major complained to his superiors that the male population was a danger to his soldiers. One of his subordinates, F.W. Held, exercised a real terror on the inhabitants of Roermond in December. He was assisted by two residents who gave him all sorts of tips. On December 17, vicar Sars fell into the hands of F.W. Held. Sars and Held had clashed earlier. Held had been waiting for a suitable moment to arrest Sars. (Cammaert VIb, p. 621)|
He was put on transport to Buchenwald with a group of around the Catholic parish priest Windhausen from Steyl, Leo Kluitmans and the Protestant pastor H.Ch.J. Hoogendijk from Roermond to Buchenwald.
See also The Tears of Roermond.
Albertus Eugenius Leonardus
|Maastricht - L.O. - - press - Ab Schols was department head at the rijksverkeersinspectie (National Traffic Inspectorate) and deputy secretary of the director. During the occupation he was an collaborator of L.O. leaders like Father Bleys and Uncle Leo Moonen in Roermond. On October 6, 1944, he cycled with Pierre Gruijters to a farmer in Posterholt to collect food for the people in hiding, the so called divers. On their way, two SS men stopped the duo. In autumn 1944 the front was here. The two resisters refused to hand over their bicycles. The SS men found illegal magazines in Schols’ bicycle bags.|
The two men were brought to a Gestapo station in Effeld, Germany, just across the border near Herkenbosch, for interrogation. After the interrogation, the chief Wilhelm Lammertz from Eschweiler gave the order to shoot Schols and Gruijters. That happened in the forest near Effeld. On June 23, 1945 Schols was buried in the family grave in the cemetery on Tongerseweg in Maastricht.
|Heerlen - L.O. - Miner and helper of Jews, born November 24, 1894 in Mirns en Bakhuizen (in Gaasterland, Frisia). Married Marijke Teernstra on May 17, 1924 in Gaasterland. Despite their relative poverty, on May 7, 1944, they took in 19-year-old Martha de Lieme, who had gone into hiding and was part of the resistance. Marijke’s eldest son, from a previous marriage, betrays Martha after an argument. At the time of the arrest, their 8 children ranged in age from 5 to 18. Source: Gaasterland in de tweede wereldoorlog, het jaar 1944 (Gaasterland in the Second World War, the year 1944) Search after 19 JUNI.|
“As a result of treason, Nitsch, Conrad, and land guard M. Raeven arrested Mrs. B. Heddema, the Hardeveld family from Brunssum, H. Sikkes from Heerlen, and a number of Jews, not known by name on 19 June 1944. On September 1, the Hardeveld family was released. Mrs. Heddema was liberated in Innsbruck in early 1945. Sikkes died in Bergen-Belsen on May 31, 1945. Nothing is known about the fate of the arrested Jews." (Cammaert VIb, p. 671) Hendrik Sikkes was posthumously awarded the verzetsherdenkingskruis (resistance memorial cross), and on May 6, 1980 his wife Marijke received the Yad Vashem Order for her help to her Jewish contemporaries.wall: left, row 18-03
|Maastricht - L.O. - Sjeng was a warehouseman, belonged to the L.O. in Limmel, municipality of Maastricht. Arrested in the spring of 1944. He was 23 years old at the time of his death.|
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Maalbroek/Asenray, gem. Maasni
|Maasniel - L.O. - Shot near the German border for illegal possession of weapons, along with Paul J. Peeters, who had gone into hiding. (Cammaert VIb p. 624) Arrested on Sept. 25, 1944 (Het grote gebod, (The Great Commandment, p. 327).|
Melick en Herkenbosc
|Roermond - L.O. - One of the few female victims at the Resistance. “Arrested on August 10, 1944 in connection with the housing of Jews“ (Het grote gebod (The Great Commandment), p. 325) Pub/hotel owner, also called the resistance woman from Kapel in ’t Zand (city district of Roermond).|
Listed on the war memorial Roermond.
|Horst - L.O. - Gerard Smulders was a farmer. He took care of people in hiding and escaped prisoners of war. On August 2, 1944, officers of the Arbeitskontrolldienst (Labor Control Service) wanted to arrest his brother Frans. A person in hiding had mentioned his name. That same night he was freed from the hospital by five resisters from Sevenum. Gerard, who had fiercely resisted his brother’s arrest, had been arrested too. He was held hostage, transferred to Kamp Vught (in English Herzogenbusch concentration camp) and shot a few weeks later. His name is on the monument at the execution site and on the memorial wall in the Camp Vught National Memorial. In Horst-America, Gerard Smulders Straat is named after him.|
|Weert - L.O. - - press - police - Railroad policeman, courier for Jan Hendrikx (Ambrosius). Distributed illegal newspapers such as De Stem, Je Maintiendrai and Trouw. On July 19, 1944, he received a telegram asking him to come to Eindhoven the next day. He was arrested in the station waiting room after being identified by an unknown person. The courier ended up in Vught, where he was shot on September 5, shortly before the liberation of the camp.|
|♀ - Venlo - L.O. - - In the Venlo Book of the Dead (see link below, historie.venlo.nl), Hay Goertz writes about Hubertina Johanna Elisabeth Soree: “During the war, Bertha was active in the resistance in Venlo, where her main task was to provide courier services and deliver food supply to people in hiding, etc. She was also a Red Cross worker and provided help after bombing raids. She usually wore her Red Cross uniform, which meant that she was checked less often and she was allowed to keep her bicycle.|
On November 3, 1944, she was cycling from the slaughterhouse to Velden to bring a ration of meat to people in hiding. On the Vleesstraat she was surprised by a bombardment in which she was fatally wounded. On that Friday afternoon at half past three there were 46 fatalities in Venlo. Bertha was single and lived with her mother, who was widowed at a young age and remarried Mr W. van Keeken. They lived in the high house at 306 Hogeweg (this used to be the Rummerstraat). Bertha worked at the Pope lamp factory in the housekeeping service, mainly in the first-aid station.” Venlo was a frontline town at the time and was badly damaged.
|Horst - L.O. - police - Chief of police in Horst. Belonged to a resistance group that had housed divers (persons in hiding), students and pilots in two camps in the woodland Schadijkse Bossen. Antonie Damen, a young marine engineer working for German counter intelligence, infiltrated the group. With 15 others Starren was arrested on August 19, 1943. (Cammaert IV, p.p. 315-317)|
|Brunssum - L.O. - Ordedienst - person in hiding - Marcel Elbert Jozef Marie Stoffels was an employee in an office. After a period of resistance activities in Apeldoorn, he went into hiding in Roermond when the members of the Dutch army were to be taken prisoner of war again.Through the mediation of Father Ludovicus Adrianus Bleijs (Lodewijk), he came into contact with the engineer Commandant Jules Dewez of the OD district of Roermond. Stoffels became his adjutant. He also acted as a courier for Secretary Moonen of the Diocese of Roermond (Uncle Leo) and helped stranded Allied pilots, distributed illegal writings, and took care of issuing false identity cards. Together with Roermond-based Jan Dahmen and Jacob Janssen, he became a victim of infiltration by V-man Joop de Heus. On June 9, 1944, the SD arrested him in Den Bosch.|
Fransiscus Petrus Maria
Gilze en Rijen
|This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - L.O. - The outskirts of Limburg - LO-Bakel/Asten. “Arrested on October 7, 1943, during a road check. Was in possession of ration cards.” (Het grote gebod, p. 327)|
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|Terwisscha van Scheltinga,
|Weert - L.O. - person in hiding - Jacques Johan Cornelis Terwisscha van Scheltinga worked as a salesman in a clothing store in Dokkum, was to be deported to Germany for forced labor, but escaped at the train station in Leeuwarden and went into hiding with his uncle in Weert. He came into contact with the priest and teacher Ch.V.J. Brummans of the LO, who worked at the Episcopal College in Weert. His underground work began on July 8, 1943, when he brought an Allied pilot to Belgium. After several arrests and new escapes, he was arrested again on November 7, 1943, as a result of treason. He was sentenced to 20 years in prison for resistance activities and Feindbegünstigung (favoring the enemy). He died as a result of the harsh conditions as a forced laborer in Celle.|
Wellerlooi (Bergen [L])
|Amstenrade - L.O. - april/may strike - Supervisor at the Emma state mine, involved in the April-May strike of 1943. On the night of May 1 to 2, 1943, with Renier Savelsberg and Meindert Tempelaars sentenced to death in summary proceedings by the police court in Maastricht.|
See also the following links, unfortunately all in Dutch:
als de mijnwerkers staken tegen de Duitse bezetter
demijnen.nl: april-mei-staking 1943
|Beesel - Reuver - L.O. - K.P. - police - Antonius Hubertus Ummels had the rank of Opperwachtmeester in the police, which was generally associated with the function of station chief. He belonged to the LO in Reuver, moreover its combat group KP.|
Dr. Fred Cammaert wrote (Chapter VIb p. 589): “A truck driver, who had observed the arrest of Pereira by people of the A.K.D. from a distance, hurried to Reuver and informed Verstappen and the opperwachtmeester A.H. Ummels. Both went to Pereira’s diving address. Near the farm of the Janssen family, Pereira’s hosts, a gunfight ensued between A.K.D. man Sabbé, who was on guard outside, and Verstappen. The latter was fatally hit in hiss forehead and chest. Ummels, who arrived a little later, was arrested. Ummels, Pereira and the remains of Verstappen were taken to a barracks in Blerick. … Ummels and Pereira were shot dead by Nitsch and Conrad on the railroad line between Belfeld and Reuver on the orders of Ströbel of the Maastricht Sicherheitspolizei.
in memoriam card”.
More about the very violent AKD-police, see on top of the list of fallen resistants in Venlo, where they were based.
|Maastricht - L.O. - Butcher in the Wolfstraat 6. He was a brother of the one year older Mathieu Ummels. His neighbor was Edmond (Mond) Houtappel. His butcher shop was a good hiding place for British pilots, Jewish families and young men who did not want to work in Germany. The store was always busy, and then it was not noticeable that many local strangers came in and out. Between his house and Mond Houtappel’s there was a breach in the basement that could be used in an emergency. But that did not help. Arrested on May 9, 1944 by betrayal of Gonnie Zeguers-Boere, who had a relationship with SiPo chief Strobel since 1942.|
|Maastricht - L.O. - Mathieu Ummels was one year older than his brother Giel Ummels. He was arrested on May 10, 1944, one day after his brother. Was seen in the sick bay of the concentration camp of Sandbostel (a subcamp of Neuengamme) on May 1, 1945. He is said to have been taken by the Americans in a transport of about 650 people, presumably to hospitals in France.|
Malchow, Kr. Waren
|This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - L.O. - The outskirts of Limburg - LO-Vierlingsbeek. Civil servant at the municipal secretary’s office. “Arrested on June 28, 1944 during a search on instruction of the NSB mayor” (Het grote gebod (The Great Commandment), p. 327)This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.03-06|
|Echt - L.O. - priest - Vicar Verdonschot began his resistance work by helping French-speaking prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany. They were taken to Belgium via Wessem/Maasbracht-Stevensweert. (Cammaert III, p. 195) Since the summer of 1943 he led the L.O. in Koningsbosch and for this purpose he was in contact with A. Engelen in Echt, chaplain P.A.H. Römkens in Pey-Echt and father Bleijs in Roermond. (Cammaert VIb p. 626.)|
Arrested in the church during a large-scale action on February 23, 1944, as a result of the carelessness of a 17-year-old German hider. “Verdonschot was deported from Vught to Sachsenhausen in early September 1944. In February 1945 he arrived in Bergen-Belsen severely weakened, where he died on March 2, 1945.” (Cammaert VIb p. 627.)wall: left, row 06-05
|Gennep - L.O. - Fabric manufacturer, provided clothing and blankets, supported the L.O. financially, and helped to find diving addresses. During a raid on September 26, 1944, he was arrested by members of the Grüne Polizei or green police. (Cammaert VIb, p. 719)wall: left, row 10-05|
|Stamproy - L.O. - Peter Josephus Vranken. Cammaert writes in chapter 6b, p. 706: «As in the districts of Venlo and Roermond, there were also in Weert some camps for people in hiding. One of them was in Stramproy. … When in the summer the number of those in hiding became too large, Salemans and his people decided to set up a camp in the Beerseler Broek. P.J. Vrancken, P. Creemers, N. Lempens and others took over the care of the hiding people, who often were called “divers”. They received support from the local retail trade, farmers and the brewer M. Maes, who provided considerable sums of money.» Cammaert gives a different date and place of death than oorlogslevens.nl: Vrancken died in Oldenburg on December 9, 1944. Towards the end of the war it often happened that camps were cleared for the advancing Allies and that all files were destroyed. So often we only have rumours about when and where someone was last seen.wall: right, row 19-03|
|Grubbenvorst - early resistance - L.O. - priest - Catholic parish priest of Grubbenvorst and building parish priest in Grashoek, studied musicology in Italy and the United States. He was known as a very open-minded and culturally enthusiastic person. Already during 1941 and 1942, he began to help Jews in collaboration with the Amsterdam journalist and social democrat Mathieu Smedts, a native of the Peel village Grashoek, and his chaplain Jean Slots. An escape route was established from Amsterdam to Switzerland and hiding places were found in northern Limburg. Even after the arrest of Smedts (who survived the camps), contact with the Social Democratic group in Amsterdam was maintained. (Cammaert V, p. 423).|
After the founding of the LO in 1943, Vullinghs and his group also joined. He led the local group together with H. Joosten. On May 1, 1944, Vullinghs was arrested on the street in front of the church.
According to Loe de Jong, he was one of the biggest organizers of help for pilots and people in hiding in the whole province of Limburg. The Jewish composer Hans Lachman from Berlin, who was in hiding in Grubbenvorst, wrote a Catholic requiem in honor of Father Vullinghs, probably in the 1950s.