The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

In the memorial chapel of the provincial resistance monument on the Cauberg in Valkenburg, on three walls are the names of fallen resistance fighters from Dutch Limburg. They are all names with a story, which of course cannot be told there due to lack of space. So that happens here. Anyone who can contribute is expressly requested to get in touch. See the contact page.
Those resistance people, in this case almost only men (Why, in fact? See couriers, the group of resistance fighters, which increasingly consisted of women.), are mostly unforgotten, especially in the places where they lived. We find their stories on local websites, in some cases also on Wikipedia.
A great help for those who search for Dutch war victims are specially the websites of the Oorlogsgravenstichting (war graves foundation) and www.tracesofwar.com.
Much of the background information comes from the unsurpassed book by Fred Cammaert: Het Verborgen Front, Geschiedenis van de georganiseerde illegaliteit in de provincie Limburg tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog.
The complete book can be found on the website of the University of Groningen. (Only a summary is available in english.) initial resistance L.O. K.P. couriers underground press local contacts municipality people in hiding police priests Aussenmin. CPN gr.Erkens Netw. Bongaerts gr.Dresen CCD NV gr.Smit O.D. RVV Unorganized resistance Student the miners’ strike carillon The outskirts of Limburg

All the fallen resistance people in Limburg – 355 pers.   ⇒
Schoenmaeckers /Schoenmakers,
Hélène
Lèneke
∗ 1894-07-03
Kapelhof-Rekem (B)
† 1945-07-11
Sankt Gallen (CH)
Amby - early resistance - Group Erkens -

Ceremony Stumbling Stones
Marie Clotilde Hélène Schoenmaeckers came from a true resistance family. Her sister Adèle and her brother Paul with his sons were also closely involved in the resistance. She was unmarried and did volunteer work. Hélène’s mother, Pauline de Rosen, was friends with the couple De Liedekerke in Eisden. Because they spoke French well, Hélène and her sister Adèle were asked by count de Liedekerke to help care for French-speaking escaped prisoners of war. They also helped other refugees. Among others, with the help of their brother Paul, who had been living in Belgium again since his marriage and was a member of the Comet escape line. The fugitives were brought to Belgium, either in Eisden or crossing the Meuse River from Borgharen (NL) to Smeermaas (B). Hélène and Adèle were arrested at their parents’ home, the Withuishof in Amby, on November 5, 1942. Adèle was released the next day. Lèneke was in Ravensbrück, died shortly after her liberation in a sanatorium in Switzerland, because of the deprivation she had suffered. .wall: left, row 01-02
Toussaint,
Servaas H.
∗ 1914-12-22
Hoensbroek
† 1943-05-02
Wellerlooi (Bergen [L])
Amstenrade - L.O. - miners’ strike - Supervisor at the Emma state mine, involved in the April-May strike of 1943. On the night of May 1 to 2, 1943, with Renier Savelsberg and Meindert Tempelaars sentenced to death in summary proceedings by the police court in Maastricht.
See also the following links, unfortunately all in Dutch:
als de mijnwerkers staken tegen de Duitse bezetter
demijnen.nl: april-mei-staking 1943
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburgwall: left, row 01-04
Gubbels,
André
Leon Serra
∗ 1921-05-26
(Bergen (L)
† 1944-08-11
Kamp Vught
Arcen en Velden - press - Student - RVV - André Lambert Henri Marie Gubbels was a student who played an important role in the founding of the Raad van Verzet (Resistance Council) in Limburg. He also participated in resistance activities on behalf of Het Vrije Volk and Je Maintaindrai. Gubbels was arrested in Den Bosch in early August 1944 and subsequently executed in Kamp Vught.
See also history.venlo.nl
www.tracesofwar.nlwall: left, row 02-02
Gommans,
Henk
∗ 1921-07-07
Beesel
† 1944-10-08
Belfeld
Beesel - L.O. - Hendrikus Wilhelmus M. Gommans, 23 years old, gardener, residing Keulscheweg 502 in Beesel. According to maastrichtsevelstenen.nl/ he was born on July 7, 1927 in Reuver. Leader of the Jonge Wacht (Young Guard) in Beesel. Based on a statement by Freimuth and some notes found on K.P. member B.P.L. Verstappen, who was shot on August 20, Janssen and Gommans were found guilty, He was shot by German soldiers on October 8, 1944, at Patersweg in Belfeld for resisting (Belfeld Civil Registry Archive, document 16/1944).wall: left, row 02-04
Janssen,
Cor
∗ 1918-02-22
Sevenum
† 1944-10-07
Beesel
Beesel - K.P. - In the spring of 1944, a Kampfgruppe (K.P.) Reuver was formed by B. Verstappen. Members were also J.H. Goossens, Cor Janssen, M.J. Pereira, a hider from The Hague, A.M. Roelofs and B. Hegger. An air raid bunker on the Patersweg in Belfeld, which had long served as a transit station for prisoners of war, was used as a meeting place. (Cammaert VIb p. 588)
On October 5, a squad led by W. Freimuth of the Geheime Feldpolizei (Secret police of the army) arrested Cor Janssen from Sevenum, who worked as a farmhand on the Franssen family farm. He was imprisoned in the town hall (Cammaert VIb p. 587). Nitsch informed his boss Ströbel, who gave the order to liquidate Janssen and Gommans. That same evening Schut and Grootjans shot C. Janssen in the woods between Reuver and Beesel.
in memoriam card.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburgwall: left, row 02-05
Rijnders,
Harrie
Harrie
∗ 1914-12-29
Swalmen
† 1942-09-14
Dachau (D)
Beesel - priest - Hendrikus Leonardus Hubertus Rijnders was chaplain in Saint Quentin and pastor in Gricourt. Arrested on July 17th, 1941 while on vacation at his parents’ in Reuver. With 150 other prisoners he was gassed. On April 17, 1948 the city council of Reuver decided to call a street after him.
In memoriam cardwall: left, row 03-01
Ummels,
Anton Hubert
∗ 1894-07-15
Amby
† 1944-08-30
Belfeld
Beesel - Reuver - L.O. - K.P. - police - Antonius Hubertus Ummels had the rank of Opperwachtmeester in the police, which was generally associated with the function of station chief. He belonged to the LO in Reuver, moreover its combat group KP.
Dr. Fred Cammaert wrote (Chapter VIb p. 589): “A truck driver, who had observed the arrest of Pereira by people of the A.K.D. from a distance, hurried to Reuver and informed Verstappen and the opperwachtmeester A.H. Ummels. Both went to Pereira’s diving address. Near the farm of the Janssen family, Pereira’s hosts, a gunfight ensued between A.K.D. man Sabbé, who was on guard outside, and Verstappen. The latter was fatally hit in hiss forehead and chest. Ummels, who arrived a little later, was arrested. Ummels, Pereira and the remains of Verstappen were taken to a barracks in Blerick. … Ummels and Pereira were shot dead by Nitsch and Conrad on the railroad line between Belfeld and Reuver on the orders of Ströbel of the Maastricht Sicherheitspolizei.
in memoriam card”.
More about the very violent AKD-police, see on top of the list of fallen resistants in Venlo, where they were based.wall: left, row 03-02
Verstappen,
Bernardus Petrus Lambertus
∗ 1914-04-23
Reuver
† 1944-08-30
Belfeld
Beesel - K.P. - In the spring of 1944, Ben Verstappen, 30 years old, merchant, residing at Keulscheweg 597 in Reuver, had formed a K.P.(combat group), which was affiliated with the regional K.P.-Noord-Limburg under the leadership of H.J.H. Bouten from Velden. Besides Verstappen, it included Anton Hubert Ummels, J.H. Goossens, G. Janssen, M.J. Pereira, a person in hiding (“diver”) from The Hague, A.M. Roelofs, and B. Hegger. An air-raid shelter on the Patersweg in Belfeld, which had long served as a transit station for escaped Allied prisoners of war, was used as a meeting place. (Cammaert VIb p. 588).
Ben Verstappen was shot at Patersweg in Belfeld (Registry Office Belfeld, document 15/1944). For more see Anton Hubert Ummels.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburgwall: left, row 03-03
Lauwere, de
André /Armand
∗ 1906-04-17
Venlo
† 1945-03-02
Buchenwald
Belfeld - Amandus (Armand) Marie Joseph Alphons de Lauwere had moved to Belfeld in August 1932 and lived at Julianastraat 10. He was a bookkeeper at the N.V. Nederlandse Gresbuizen Industrie in Belfeld and local head of the air protection service. He welcomed English and French prisoners of war who had fled from nearby Germany and helped them cross the Meuse (Cammaert hoofdstuk III, p. 132). Was arrested after treason and sentenced to two years on April 27, 1943, with deductions for remand. He should have been released from Sachsenhausen camp on 28 October 1944, but died in Buchenwald concentration camp on 2 March 1945 as a result of pneumonia contracted on a death march. (Registry Office Belfeld, document 10/1946).wall: left, row 04-01
Grooten,
Wiel
∗ 1918-05-04
Bocholtz
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
Bocholtz - L.O. - Aussenministerium - Lathe operator. “In July the Staatspolizei (State Police) in Aachen reported that, based on statements by some students arrested at the German-Dutch border, they had tracked down members of the resistance group Außenministerium. It concerned Coenen, J. Grooten and J. Stitzinger” (Cammaert VIb, page 696) Presumably on September 5, 1944 (Mad Tuesday) executed in concentration camp Vught.
See also https://www.wo2slachtoffers.nl/bio/53905/Grooten-Wilhelmus.htmwall: left, row 04-03
Peeters,
Toon
∗ 1916-06-20
Broekhuizenvorst
† 1947-06-24
Venlo
Broekhuizen - L.O. - Netw. Bongaerts - Peter Antonius Joseph Peeters, popularly known as blacksmith Toontje, was mainly involved in helping prisoners of war, Allied pilots and Jews. Arrested on November 16, 1943, as a result of betrayal by the provocateur Vastenhout (the Englandspiel) and finally sentenced to “Nacht und Nebel” (night and fog), which meant making resisters disappear without a trace. Stayed in various camps, returned in May 1945 and died in hospital in Venlo as a result of his privations.wall: left, row 04-05
Megen, van
Sef
∗ 1916-12-09
Venray-Leunen
† 1945-04-05
Dohnsen, D
Broekhuizen - L.O. - press - Netw. Bongaerts - Joseph Hubertus (Sef) van Megen became a teacher in Grashoek near Helden in 1935 and then in Broekhuizen from 1937. He was beloved by the children. From 1941 he helped prisoners of war, Allied pilots and Jews to go into hiding or on their way to France, with clothes and crossing the Meuse in rowboats. In the villages of Broekhuizen and Broekhuizenvorst he founded the L.O. in collaboration with A. Reijnders and P.A.J. Peeters. (Cammaert VIb p. 595) and he was a co-founder of the illegal magazine "Voor de Vrijheid" (For Freedom).
In August 1943, the police officers Aarts and Snellen were arrested in Venlo for helping Jews (Cammaert V, p. 430). On Aug. 19, 1943, Sef van Megen was arrested at his parents’ as was his friend Lambert Meijers, who hided there and forged ID cards for the Jews. Meijers was arrested a total of five times, but escaped each time.
Van Megen was sentenced first to five years in prison and then to death on July 17, 1944. Towards the end of the war, the director of the prison where he was imprisoned received orders to kill all foreigners (400). He refused. Then they were sent on a death march. He managed to hide in a barn with two other Dutchmen, but they were betrayed by a farmer, killed by the SS, and buried on the spot by the side of the road.
After the war, they were buried in the Dohnsen cemetery as “three unknown Dutchmen.” His friend Lambert Meijers (see above) made sure that he was reburied in Broekhuizen on March 14, 1946.
Posthumously awarded the Bronzen Leeuw (Bronze Lion) and the Verzetsherdenkingskruis (Resistance Memorial Cross). The Sef van Megenstraat in Broekhuizen is named after him and the Van Megenstraat in his birthplace Leunen.
Sources:
Archive Broekhuizen
Interview on Sef van Megen with Hay Reintjes in Broekhuizen on April 26, 2013
Herinneringen aan oom Sef van Megen (Memories of Uncle Sef van Megen).wall: left, row 05-01
Giebels,
Jo
∗ 1909-09-06
Linne
† 1944-04-05
Bergen Belsen
Brunssum - early resistance - press - Group Smit - The primary school teacher J.M.R. Giebels was a member of the Smit group. The cost of the weapons purchases was met with the proceeds from the sale of photographs of the royal family. The British R.A.F. dropped these regularly, whereupon Giebels, the pit assistant overseer A.M. van Puffelen from Brunssum and the photographer J. Daniëls from Maastricht reproduced them. (Cammaert chapter II, p. 100). Since the group-Smit was also engaged in the distribution of illegal printed matter, we can assume that they also duplicated other things. Arrested, like almost the entire group, on February 17, 1942. See also: Arrests in the Group-Smit (Cammaert Chapter II, p. 118).wall: left, row 05-03
Heesbeen,
Johan Anna
George
∗ 1914-10-22
Best
† 1945-02-13
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
Brunssum - Two brothers Heesbeen from Brunssum were killed during the 2nd World War. The oldest, George, was a member of the resistance and is therefore mentioned in the chapel on the Cauberg. What his resistance work consisted of we have not found out yet. The 6 years younger Aloysius Carolina Heesbeen - born 6 September 1920 in Brunssum, was killed in action in Moresnet (B) on 17 October 1944 in the service of the American army. See also: (Brunssum op ww2insouthlimburg.nl)
See also Totenbuch KZ Sachsenhausen 1936 – 1945wall: left, row 05-04
Postuma,
Koos
∗ 1921-05-11
Brunssum
† 1945-03-22
Nijverdal/Hellendoorn
Brunssum - NV - Born in Treebeek, worked as a radio mechanic at the State Mines (Staatsmijnen). In his spare time he looked for diving addresses for Jewish children and made home visits to foster parents in his hometown. He was killed in a bombing in March 1945, when he accompanied a group of Jewish children to their new hiding addresses in Nijverdal. Despite this relocation of a hundred children and all the other dangers, all the children rescued by the NV lived to see the liberation. More than 140 were still present in Limburg. Of these, 48 then stayed in Brunssum and its surroundings, 44 in Heerlen, 33 in and around Geleen and 17 in Venlo.wall: left, row 05-05
Bos,
Lubbert
∗ 1900-08-10
Emmen
† 1943-04-06
KZ Buchenwald
Brunssum - CPN - Miner, died in the concentration camp. He was arrested in Brunssum for "distributing illegal writings".wall: left, row 06-01
Stoffels,
Marcel
Starkenborg
∗ 1914-06-27
Brunssum
† 1944-08-11
Vught
Brunssum - L.O. - Ordedienst - person in hiding - Marcel Elbert Jozef Marie Stoffels was an employee in an office. After a period of resistance activities in Apeldoorn, he went into hiding in Roermond when the members of the Dutch army were to be taken prisoner of war again.Through the mediation of Father Ludovicus Adrianus Bleijs (Lodewijk), he came into contact with the engineer Commandant Jules Dewez of the OD district of Roermond. Stoffels became his adjutant. He also acted as a courier for Secretary Moonen of the Diocese of Roermond (Uncle Leo) and helped stranded Allied pilots, distributed illegal writings, and took care of issuing false identity cards. Together with Roermond-based Jan Dahmen and Jacob Janssen, he became a victim of infiltration by V-man Joop de Heus. On June 9, 1944, the SD arrested him in Den Bosch.wall: left, row 06-02
Korrel,
Harry
∗ 1896-05-18
Echt
† 1944-01-25
Echt
Echt - The hairdresser Hendrik Johannes Korrel was known as anti-German. “Nitsch and Klonen of the Maastricht Sicherheitspolizei, in revenge for an attack, lifted him from his bed in the early morning of January 25, 1944. Ströbel had given the order to shoot him, allegedly on the run. Presumably the two summoned Korrel to run, whereupon Klonen shot him dead with his machine pistol.” Cammaert VIb p. 626wall: left, row 06-04
Verdonschot,
Leonardus Mattheus
Leo
∗ 1916-07-24
Weert
† 1945-03-02
Bergen-Belsen
Echt - L.O. - priest - Chaplain Verdonschot began his resistance work by helping French-speaking prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany. They were taken to Belgium via Wessem/Maasbracht-Stevensweert. (Cammaert III, p. 195) Since the summer of 1943 he led the L.O. in Koningsbosch and for this purpose he was in contact with A. Engelen in Echt, chaplain P.A.H. Römkens in Pey-Echt and father Bleijs in Roermond. (Cammaert VIb p. 626.)
Arrested in the church during a large-scale action on February 23, 1944, as a result of the carelessness of a 17-year-old German hider. “Verdonschot was deported from Vught to Sachsenhausen in early September 1944. In February 1945 he arrived in Bergen-Belsen severely weakened, where he died on March 2, 1945.” (Cammaert VIb p. 627.)wall: left, row 06-05
Goossens,
Emile A.F.
∗ 1903-01-21
Venlo
† 0000-00-00
Bergen-Belsen
Echt - L.O. - priest - person in hiding - Chaplain in Echt 1936-1945. For allied pilots, Jewish fellow citizens and resistance fighters in hiding, he set up escape routes as far away as Belgium and northern France. “In early 1944, chaplain Goossens had to go into hiding, because there were well-founded suspicions that the SiPo was watching him. After some wandering, he finally ended up with J. Simmelink in Nunhem through the intervention of Father Damen. There he was arrested by coincidence on June 29, 1944.“ Cammaert III, p. 210. See also chapter VIb, p. 625wall: left, row 07-01
Schepers,
Harry H.
De Wit
∗ 1914-12-21
Elsloo
† 1944-08-18
Meerssen
Elsloo - Henri Hubert Schepers was a tailor. The traitor Gonnie Zeguers-Boere told the SiPo that he was connected with the Belgian White Brigade. She said that to be allowed to keep her passport. She needed it for her black market business. “To make her story credible, Gonnie Zeguers-Boere handed over some pistols to Strobel. She said she had obtained them from H.H. Schepers (De Wit) from Elsloo. Through the mediation of a pub landlady from the Belgian border town of Vroenhoven, M.E. Coenegracht-Straetermans, she arranged an appointment with him in Meerssen for August 18. Four SiPo officers, including Nitsch and Conrad, waited for the young man in Meerssen that day and shot him." (Cammaert VI, p. 652)
See also: The Treason of Maastrichtwall: left, row 07-03
Smeets,
Alphons
∗ 1887-07-14
Mheer (L)
† 1943-10-09
Fort Rhijnauwen, prov. Utrecht
Eijsden - early resistance - Group Erkens - Michiel Hubert Alphonse Smeets was a fruit grower and fruit merchant in Eijsden, neighbor and tenant of Raphael de Liedekerke and brother of the municipal secretary Hubert Smeets.
In the course of 1941 a resistance group emerged in Eijsden from the local concert band, see the introduction above the list of Eijsden’s fallen resistants. They were mainly occupied with smuggling people across the border who were wanted by the Germans, but also with intelligence work. Alphons Smeets often had to go to Belgium for his work.
Arrested as a result of the Hannibalspiel, an infiltration of the Marineabwehr (counterintelligence service of the German Navy in Groningen.
See also: Memorial to the fallen resistance fighters at Vroenhof, Eijsden..wall: left, row 07-05
Smeets,
Hubert
∗ 1892-08-27
Noorbeek;
† 1943-10-09
Fort Rhijnauwen, prov. Utrecht
Eijsden - early resistance - Group Erkens - C.H.A Smeets was municipal secretary and brother of Alphons Smeets. Member of the Belgian intelligence group Luc, section Renkin. He called in the help of J. Arpots, Jozef Partouns and J. Reintjens, three young people, one of whom worked at the Dutch Railways. They called themselves the "Orange Triangle". They noted down all details about the train traffic and passed on the data to Smeets, who typed them on cigarette papers at the town hall.
On 15 October 1942 arrested as a result of the Hannibalspiel, an infiltration by the Groningen office of the Marineabwehr, the counter intelligence service of the German navy. (By the way: Cammaert hoofdstuk II mentions two arrest dates. In an appendix he also mentions 7 October 1942). The court martial of the German air force imposed the death penalty on Smeets in Utrecht on 11 August 1943. In Eijsden the Hubert Smeetsstraat is named after him.
See also: Monument der gevallen verzetslieden in Vroenhof, Eijsdenwall: left, row 08-01
Liedekerke de Pailhe, de
Raphael R.E.J.G.
∗ 1903-04-15
Eijsden
† 1943-10-09
Fort Rhijnauwen, prov. Utrecht
Eijsden - early resistance - Group Erkens - He was one of eleven members of the Dutch resistance group Erkens executed by the Germans in fort Rhijnauwen near Bunnik, province of Utrecht. He was a reserve lieutenant in the Belgian army but lived in the Netherlands.wall: left, row 08-02
Partouns,
Jozef J.G.
∗ 1911-01-03
Eijsden
† 1945-02-08
Vaihingen
Eijsden - early resistance - Group Erkens - Joseph Jean Gerard Partouns was a laboratory assistant. J. Arpots, J. Partouns, and J. Reintjens were three young men, one of whom worked for the Dutch railways. The three called themselves the Orange Triangle. They wrote down all the details about the rail traffic and passed the data to the town clerk Hubert Smeets, who typed them on cigarette papers in the town hall. Arrested in Eijsden on 05-11-1942. (Cammaert hoofdstuk II, p. 78) Imprisoned in Nacht und Nebel camp Natzweiler, died in Vaihingen, according to the War Graves Foundation on 14-01-1945.
See also: Monument of the Fallen Resistance Fighters in Vroenhof, Eijsden.wall: left, row 08-03
Peussens /Peusens,
Chris H.J.
∗ 1907-05-28
Eijsden
† 1942-12-30
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
Eijsden - early resistance - unorganized resistance - Christiaan Hubertus Josephus Peusens was a fodder trader. Three members of the Peussens family from Eijsden, two brothers and a sister, had several independent connections to resistance fighters in Amsterdam. With the exception of two policemen, these relationships were bona fide. For some time, the trafficking of human beings continued without significant incident. Until July 18, 1942, probably a few dozen Jews crossed the Belgian border with the help of the Peussens. On that day, four members of the Amsterdam SiPo and two gendarmes arrested the three helpers. They were probably informed by the Amsterdam police. C.H.J. Peussens died in Sachsenhausen on December 30, 1942. M.J.H. Peussens was released from the same camp and returned to his hometown on April 28, 1944. Miss J.M.H. Peussens was not deported to Germany and was able to return home after a short stay in a prison in Amsterdam." (Cammaert V, p.397)
There was also a C. Peussens active in the Blok group, the group for the pilots of the Belastinggroep (fiscal group) in Maastricht, but this is not the same person.
See also: Monument to the fallen resistance fighters (Vroenhof, Eijsden)wall: left, row 08-04
Brouns,
Martin H.
∗ 1918-11-13
St. Pieter (M’tricht
† 1945-04-11
Mauthausen
Geleen - Miner
Do you know more? Write us!wall: left, row 09-02
Janssens,
Evert
∗ 1916-10-09
Heerlen
† 1943-05-29
Siegburg (D)
Geleen - Everhardus Lippe Jelle Janssens. On the commemorative plaque of the war memorial in Geleen Lindenheuvel we read Janssens I.. If it is not a mistake, it could be a pseudonym.
Do you know more? Write us!wall: left, row 09-03
Linders,
Franciscus Gerardus Pierre
Frans
∗ 1918-05-03
Venlo
† 1944-09-12
Eindhoven
Geleen - K.P. - police - Pierre was a policeman in Geleen. In early 1944 he was transferred to Eindhoven, where he joined a resistance group that, among other things, transported weapons for the underground, the Partizanen Actie Nederland. His resistance name was Frans. On September 12, 1944, he was shot in an ambush during a sabotage operation at the train station. Buried in Venlo. Is mentioned on the war memorial in Lindenheuvel (municipality of Sittard-Geleen).
Source: Dodenboek Venlo (Venlo Book of the Dead).wall: left, row 09-04
Veerman,
Christiaan Jac.
Lou
∗ 1887-07-27
Kesteren
† 1945-01-17
Siegburg (D)
Geleen - press - Ordedienst - Former soldier and after his demobilization overseer in the state mine Maurits in Geleen. He was in contact with the OD group in Heerlen and Charles Bongaerts and thus became a member of the network that published the Limburg resistance newspaper Het Vrije Volk, not to be confused with the same-named post-war daily newspaper. It was directed mainly at miners and was very well informed, because they had their people everywhere, even at the SiPo in Maastricht! The demand for this magazine was much greater than the 30 to 50 copies Veerman got from Heerlen, so they printed at least another hundred copies themselves. Many of the Geleen team of the journal, including Veerman, were arrested as a result of treason, probably by the sister-in-law of one of the members of this team. (Cammaert XI, p. 1077)
He died as a forced laborer after nearly four years in captivity. See also his death certificate. Lies on the Nationaal Ereveld (National Field of Honor) in Loenen. In Geleen, a street is named after him.wall: left, row 09-05
Hilten, van
Antoon Gerrit Guillaume
Tom
∗ 1923-11-09
Geleen
† 1945-02-24
Neuengamme
Geleen - Office worker. Is named on the war memorial in Geleen-Lindenheuvelwall: left, row 10-01
Guelen,
Johan
∗ 1918-10-01
Gennep
† 1944-09-08
Kamp Vught
Gennep - K.P. - carillon - Johannes Hendrikus Guelen was a machinist and worker in a paper mill. He belonged to the sabotage group KP-Noord Limburg (KP Gennep and Oeffelt). See also Jan Hendriks. Arrested in a shootout with the police. Guelen and the Hendriks brothers were taken to the police station in Berlicum. The same day they were transferred to Camp Vught, where they were to be executed. (Cammaert VIb, p. 720) In his speech at the unveiling of the plaque at the peace carillon, Cammaert said, among other things: “The somewhat lesser known Johan Guelen from Gennep had been part of the local commando group since the summer of 1944. The aim of the group was to silence traitors and chatterers and to crack down on black marketeers. In early September 1944, Guelen participated in a plan to raid the Berlicum distribution office.
Before it got to that point, he was caught through the carelessness of a colleague.”
He is on the Erelijst van Gevallenen (Honor Roll of the Fallen).wall: left, row 10-03
Hendriks,
Jan J.
∗ 1915-07-21
Gennep
† 1944-09-08
Vught
Gennep - K.P. - He was a member of the sabotage group KP-Noord Limburg (KP Gennep & Oeffelt). The resistance group took action, among other things, against black market traders. Arrested in a shootout with the police. Jan Hendriks, his brother Hein /Harry and Johan Guelen were taken to the police station in Berlicum. The same day they were transferred to Camp Vught (Herzogenbusch concentration camp), where the bullet was waiting for them. (Cammaert VIb, p. 720) Detailed information at wo2slachtoffers.nl, see link (Dutch).wall: left, row 10-04
Verhasselt,
Petrus M.
∗ 1894-08-23
Gennep
† 1945-03-12
Buchenwald
Gennep - L.O. - Fabric manufacturer, provided clothing and blankets, supported the L.O. financially, and helped to find diving addresses. During a raid on September 26, 1944, he was arrested by members of the Grüne Polizei or green police. (Cammaert VIb, p. 719)wall: left, row 10-05
Hendriks,
Hendrikus Fredericus
Hein /Harrie
∗ 1920-02-20
Gennep
† 1944-09-08
Vught
Gennep - K.P. - Leather processor. He and his brother Jan belonged to the sabotage squadHe was a member of the sabotage group KP-Noord Limburg (KP Gennep & Oeffelt). This resistance group took action, among other things, against black market traders. The brothers and Johan Guelen were arrested in a shootout with the police and taken to the police station in Berlicum. The same day they were transferred to Camp Vught (Herzogenbusch concentration camp), where the bullet was waiting for them. (Cammaert VIb, p. 720) Detailed information at wo2slachtoffers.nl, see link (Dutch).wall: left, row 11-01
Vullinghs,
Hendrik J.
∗ 1883-09-14
Sevenum
† 1945-04-09
Bergen-Belsen
Grubbenvorst - early resistance - L.O. - priest - Catholic parish priest of Grubbenvorst and building parish priest in Grashoek, studied musicology in Italy and the United States. He was known as a very open-minded and culturally enthusiastic person. Already during 1941 and 1942, he began to help Jews in collaboration with the Amsterdam journalist and social democrat Mathieu Smedts, a native of the Peel village Grashoek, and his chaplain Jean Slots. An escape route was established from Amsterdam to Switzerland and hiding places were found in northern Limburg. Even after the arrest of Smedts (who survived the camps), contact with the Social Democratic group in Amsterdam was maintained. (Cammaert V, p. 423).
After the founding of the LO in 1943, Vullinghs and his group also joined. He led the local group together with H. Joosten. On May 1, 1944, Vullinghs was arrested on the street in front of the church.
According to Loe de Jong, he was one of the biggest organizers of help for pilots and people in hiding in the whole province of Limburg. The Jewish composer Hans Lachman from Berlin, who was in hiding in Grubbenvorst, wrote a Catholic requiem in honor of Father Vullinghs, probably in the 1950s.wall: left, row 11-03
Penders,
Leo
∗ 1914-07-01
Voerendaal
† 1945-04-24
Bergen-Belsen
Gulpen - L.O. - priest - Chaplain Leon Marie Hubert Penders headed subdistrict 2 of the LO with the places Gulpen, Reymerstok and Wylré. (See map 45. Gulpen district: division into subdistricts. Cammaert VIb, p. 693) and determined the district’s financial policy from 12 January 1944. On July 21, 1944, Chaplain Penders and J.H. Ortmans of Wahlwiller were arrested (Cammaert VI, p. 654) and shortly thereafter ten other leaders of the Gulpen district. This action would later become known as "Klap van Wittem" (Strike of Wittem).wall: left, row 12-01
Caris,
Pierre
∗ 1924-01-10
Haelen
† 1944-03-08
KZ Mittelbau-Dora
Haelen - Car mechanicwall: left, row 12-03
Simmelink,
Karel
∗ 1916-10-24
Zevenaar
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Haelen - Teacher at the Paredis School in Roermond. The Karel Simmelinkstraat in Haelen, municipality of Leudal, was named after him.wall: left, row 12-04
Vossen,
Pierre
∗ 1913-11-11
Roggel
† 1944-10-09
Heythuysen
Haelen - Peter Hendrik Vossen was a farmer.wall: left, row 12-05
Berden,
Sylvester
∗ 1919-09-02
Den Haag
† 1944-11-07
Kessel
Heel-Panheel - press - Student - person in hiding - Sylvester Willem Jerome Maria Martin Berden was a law student and during the German invasion he was a drafted sergeant. In 1943 he and his younger brother Joost went into hiding in a monastery in Heel. They began publishing the Daalzichtse Berichten Dienst (D.B.D.) on September 6, 1944, the day after Dolle Dinsdag. In Cammaert’s Chapter XI, “De illegale pers” (The Illegal Press) on pp. 1090 ff. there is a paragraph about this paper: “The two, sons of an editor of the daily newspaper De Tijd, came from Amsterdam. Because of the beautiful view of the Meuse valley offered by the local monastery where they were hiding, they named the newspaper Daalzichtse Berichten Dienst. Sylvester typed out the news from the allied radio and Joost pulled the D.B.D. in a run of two hundred copies. The radio came from W.H. Heber in Heel. The spirit-duplicator, typewriter and other equipment had been stolen from the town hall, where an NSB comrade was in charge. At first, the daily leaflet was pasted everywhere, but this was soon abandoned because the village was swarming with Germans. Since then, residents of Heel … distributed the paper in the region.
When the Allies approached at the end of October, Sylvester Berden, in cooperation with Rector Schaeken, mapped the German positions. He radioed the most important data to the Allies. From time to time he had them delivered by dogs. That this information was useful to the Allies was shown by the fact that the British, who had taken up positions southwest of the canal from Wessem to Nederweert, repeatedly shelled the German positions with great precision.” This, of course, attracted attention, and “on Sunday, November 5, a group of fifty German paratroopers surrounded the monastery.” In Sylvester Berden’s room at the monastery, the paratroopers found two radios, typed intelligence reports, and detailed sketches of German fighting positions in the area. They concluded that he must be the dreaded spy. After severe maltreatment, he was executed at Kessel-Eijk on November 7, 1944.wall: left, row 13-02
Heber,
Willem
∗ 1889-02-23
Horn (L)
† 1945-03-25
Mauthausen
Heel-Panheel - L.O. - press - Farmer and earthworker Willem Hubert Heber, member of LO-Heel put his radio at the disposal of brothers Sylvester and Joost Berden, who needed it to collect news for the underground bulletin Daalzichtse Berichten Dienst. His sons helped distribute the bulletin.
He built a hiding place for six people near his farm. He began working with contractor and carpenter P.H.M. Linssen, and so more shelters were created in the woods in order to cope with the sharp increase in the number of people in hiding in 1943. The inhabitants were not all careful; one of them, for example, kept a diary. This was the undoing of Willem Heber and Mathijs Rutten. They were arrested on September 17 (See Cammaert VIb, pp. 608-610 and Het grote gebod (The Great Commandment), p. 327)
the LO and the OD abandoned the idea of camps for those in hiding in central and northern Limburg. See A military training camp for people in hiding.wall: left, row 13-03
Rutten,
Mathijs
∗ 1920-08-09
Heel en Panheel
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
Heel-Panheel - L.O. - In 1943, as in central and northern Limburg the number of people willing to dive (hide) increased sharply, several camps were set up for them in the forests. The inhabitants were mostly young men, who did not want to go to Germany for forced labor. They were not all careful; one of them, for example, kept a diary. This was the undoing of Mathijs Rutten and Willem Heber. They were arrested on September 17 (See Cammaert VIb, pp. 608-610 and Het grote gebod (The Great Commandment), p. 327)
the LO and the OD abandoned the idea of camps for those in hiding in central and northern Limburg. See A military training camp for people in hiding.wall: left, row 13-04
Dirix,
Sjir
∗ 1902-09-06
Heer
† 1945-05-23
Lund, dep. Malmöhus (S)
Heer - Earth worker, unmarried, arrested for desertion, was forced to work in Germany, but fled to Sweden, died 23-5-1945 in Lund from the effects of his hardships. (Mestreech online.nl)openarch
Monument Pro Patria, Raadhuisplein, 6226GN, Maastricht-Heerwall: left, row 14-01
Duijckers /Duijkers,
Giel /Gel
∗ 1896-12-07
Meerssen
† 1945-02-23
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
Heer - L.O. - District official PLEM (power supply), married, member of the LO of Heer-Maastricht, also worked for the underground newspaper Vrij Nederland, arrested 7.7.1944, died 23.2.1945 in Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Oranienburg. According to Stolperstein (Dorpstraat 145, Maastricht) born 1898.wall: left, row 14-02
Herben,
Frits
∗ 1913-02-26
∗ ?
† 1944-10-03
† ?
Heer - L.O. - Frits C. A. Herben was a tailor, married, belonged to the LO of Heer-Maastricht and was killed by accident while supporting the Allies.wall: left, row 14-03
Kuijpers /Kuypers,
Willy
∗ 1917-06-14
Heer
† 1944-03-20
Bourdon, dépt. Somme
Heer - Electrician. Killed in action in a Mitchell FR141 as a Corporal Aircraft Gunner with the No. 320 (Netherlands) Squadron RAF when the aircraft in which he was serving was shot down over Bourdon (dépt. Somme, Fr.).
Monument Pro Patria, Raadhuisplein, 6226GN, Maastricht-Heerwall: left, row 14-04
Ruyters /Ruijters,
Peter Leonard
Hub
∗ 1892-10-10
Echt
† 1943-05-02
Maastricht
Heer - CCD - municipality - miners’ strike - Deputy Chief Controller of the C.C.D. (The Centrale Controle Dienst, Central Control Service, 1934-1954, mainly supervised trade in scarce goods) Member of the resistance group Bouman, who supported downed Allied air crews and escaped prisoners of war to get to safety.
Arrested on May 1, 1943, for calling a miners’ strike and sentenced to death. The next day he was executed at the Hamertse Hei.
Grave R 21b
See also the article: When the miners strike against the German occupiers
Monument Pro Patria, Raadhuisplein, 6226GN, Maastricht-Heerwall: left, row 14-05
Beckhoven, van
Gerardus
Pater Beatus
∗ 1899-09-21
Amsterdam
† 1945-03-20
Bergen-Belsen
Heerlen - L.O. - priest - Father Beatus OFM, refugee helper with an extensive network. He was in fact the hub of the resistance in Heerlen, who had contact with everyone and thus enabled cooperation between a wide variety of people. Click on “Heerlen” above to read more about it.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburgwall: left, row 15-02
Berckel, van
Karel C.
∗ 1892-08-19
Delft
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
Heerlen - L.O. - press - Surgeon and chef de clinique at the St. Jozef hospital in Heerlen. He was one of those who created there an important resistance center and the beginning of the LO in the Heerlen district, from where the connection with Valkenburg was also made. Like almost all people of the Limburg L.O. he was a devout Christian. Moreover, he wrote for the Heerlen resistance paper Het Vrije Volk.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Karel C. van Berckel op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.wall: left, row 15-03
Berix,
Jan Willem
Giel
∗ 1907-04-12
Meers
† 1945-03-13
Bergen-Belsen
Heerlen - L.O. - priest - person in hiding - During the first days of September 1943 he founded the L.O.-district Heerlen with others. Became district leader after rector had withdrawn for health reasons. See also the special page on this website.
He was arrested at the „raid of Weert" on 21-06-1944, june 21.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Jan Willem Berix op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.wall: left, row 15-04
Janssen,
Sjef
∗ 1923-01-13
Heerlen
† 1943-03-29
Hamburg-Neuengamme
Heerlen - early resistance - Group Smit - Joseph Jean Elise Janssen was an employee of a mine, a member of the Smits group and of the international resistance group and escape line Dutch-Paris, as were his uncle Joseph Lejeune and Jean Caubo.wall: left, row 15-05
Bongaerts,
Charles M.H.J.
∗ 1909-08-07
Venlo
† 1944-11-23
KZ Ladelund, KZ Neuengamme
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - Married to Trees (Theresa) Dahmen. In 1940 Charles was a reserve officer in the Dutch army and during the five day battle of the Netherlands he fought on the so called “Grebbenberg Line”, that the Dutch army held to the very end, repulsing heavy assaults from the German forces. After this, Charles Bongaerts was the head of the fire service in Heerlen, center of the coal mining area and this gave him access to vehicles which enabled him to play a prominent part in the underground resistance. They put up airmen in their home and transported them south on the long journey to England via Belgium, France and Gibraltar or Switzerland. On one occasion Charles Bongaerts stopped a German convoy and, claiming to be on urgent business, got a mechanic to repair his vehicle while three American airmen were in the back. Source Joseph Marie Phillipe Bongaerts DFC, FC, OHK1
Before the war, he used to be a journalist at the daily newspaper Limburgsch Dagblad in Heerlen. Together with some others, he founded the resistance newspaper Het Vrije Volk (The Free People), not to be confused with the same-named post-war newspaper. It was directed mainly at miners and was very well informed, because they had their people everywhere, even at the SiPo in Maastricht! (Cammaert XI, p. 1077).
His group was infiltrated in 1944 (Englandspiel), Charles was betrayed too and died in a German concentration camp on the 23 November 1944.wall: left, row 16-01
Erkens,
Math.
∗ 1892-07-29
Schinnen
† 1944-11-19
Neuengamme
Heerlen - L.O. - Pieter Mathijs Erkens was director of the brick factory N.V. Beckers-Koten’s Steenfabriek in Heerlen since 30 January 1934. During the war years 1940-1945 the factory did not produce. (Source: Paul Collard, Historich overzicht Kleiwarenfabriek Nuth BV, deel Heerlen, jan 2008, Grofkeramiek.nl, pdf) He was arrested on June 15th, 1944.wall: left, row 16-02
Konieczny /Koniecny,
Ed
∗ 1912-10-02
Lünen (D)
† 1944-09-08
Berg en Terblijt
Heerlen - L.O. - Since the end of 1942 interpreter/translator. He took special care of Poles in hiding. He also collected weapons, ammunition and explosives with Polish compatriots and carried out acts of sabotage. As a result of treason, he was arrested by fifteen SS people at his home in Heerlen on August 24, 1944. According to Cammaert (Chapter VIb, p. 669), Konieczny was killed by the Maastricht SiPo employee Nitsch with a shot in the neck on September 7, 1944, in Berg en Terblijt.wall: left, row 16-03
Ramakers,
V.L.Servaas
∗ 1906-04-23
Schinnen
† 1945-03-09
Bergen-Belsen
Heerlen - L.O. - priest - Chaplain in Heerlerheide. Arrested by the Landwacht on August 18, 1945. See Cammaert VIb, p. 665 and "Vier dont ut zelf - 150 jaar geschiedenis van een parochie" (150 years history of a parish). The Kapelaan Ramakersstraat behind the church in Heerlerheide is named after him.wall: left, row 16-04
Cornips,
Constant J.E.
∗ 1895-10-19
Berg en Terblijt
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
Heerlen - Berg en Terblijt - L.O. - municipality - Constant Cornips was born in Berg en Terblijt, but lived in Heerlen and was director of the municipal poor administration there. He was arrested on July 21, 1944, not because the Sicherheitspolizei knew about his clandestine practices, but because of the disappearance of his son Jan, deputy district leader and after the betrayal in Weert successor to chaplain Berix). Because Jan had gone into hiding, the Germans took his father and shot him in Vught.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Constant J.E. Cornips op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.wall: left, row 17-01
Kuypers /Kuijpers-?,
Johan
∗ 1924-07-08
Heerlen
† 1945-01-26
Heerlen - CPN - The oorlogsgravenstichting (Dutch War Graves Foundation) writes: “Johannes Wilhelmus Kuijpers was a waiter / member of the resistance”. In Cammaert X, Annex VIII. Arrestatie communisten en radicale socialisten 1940-1945 (Arrest of communists and radical socialists 1940-1945) we read: “Arrested on March 1, 1941 in Nieuwenhagen”. Is this one and the same person?wall: left, row 17-02
Rooyackers /Rooijackers,
Wim A.
∗ 1918-03-13
Heerlen
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Heerlen - K.P. - See the story of Wilhelmus Antonius Rooijackers at www.wo2slachtoffers.nl, see link. His mortal remains lie in the Asputten (ash pits) behind the crematorium in camp Vught, a.k.a. Herzogenbusch concentration campwall: left, row 17-03
Savelsberg,
Reinier
Harry
∗ 1895-04-27
Schaesberg
† 1943-05-02
Wellerlooi (Bergen [L])
Heerlen - miners’ strike - Reinier Savelsberg was an electrician at the state mine Oranje-Nassau III. He participated in the April May strike of 1943. On the night of May 1 to 2, 1943, Servaas Toussaint and Meindert Tempelaars were sentenced to death in summary proceedings by the police court in Maastricht. The history behind the resistance-monument Wellerlooi
See also:
the article: als de mijnwerkers staken tegen de Duitse bezetter (When the miners strike against the German occupier).
demijnen.nl: April-May Strike 1943
For the Dutch texts we recommend www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburgwall: left, row 17-04
Schiphorst,
Tom
∗ 1923-01-01
Heerlen
† 1945-03-09
Mauthausen
Heerlen - press - Student - Student at the MTS (technical secondary school), living in Nijmegen. He took care of people in hiding and distributed illegal magazines. He also hid an American pilot. On August 1, 1944 he was arrested and on March 9, 1945 he died in the Mauthausen concentration camp.wall: left, row 18-01
Schutte,
Jacob
∗ 1920-12-01
Heerlen
† 1944-12-31
Neuengamme
Heerlen - Minerwall: left, row 18-02
Sikkes,
Hendrik
∗ 1894-11-24
Gaasterland
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
Heerlen - L.O. - Miner and helper of Jews, born November 24, 1894 in Mirns en Bakhuizen (in Gaasterland, Frisia). Married Marijke Teernstra on May 17, 1924 in Gaasterland. Despite their relative poverty, on May 7, 1944, they took in 19-year-old Martha de Lieme, who had gone into hiding and was part of the resistance. Marijke’s eldest son, from a previous marriage, betrays Martha after an argument. At the time of the arrest, their 8 children ranged in age from 5 to 18. Source: Gaasterland in de tweede wereldoorlog, het jaar 1944 (Gaasterland in the Second World War, the year 1944) Search after 19 JUNI.
“As a result of treason, Nitsch, Conrad, and land guard M. Raeven arrested Mrs. B. Heddema, the Hardeveld family from Brunssum, H. Sikkes from Heerlen, and a number of Jews, not known by name on 19 June 1944. On September 1, the Hardeveld family was released. Mrs. Heddema was liberated in Innsbruck in early 1945. Sikkes died in Bergen-Belsen on May 31, 1945. Nothing is known about the fate of the arrested Jews." (Cammaert VIb, p. 671) Hendrik Sikkes was posthumously awarded the verzetsherdenkingskruis (resistance memorial cross), and on May 6, 1980 his wife Marijke received the Yad Vashem Order for her help to her Jewish contemporaries.wall: left, row 18-03
Tempelaars,
Meindert
∗ 1904-06-06
Den Haag
† 1943-05-02
Wellerlooi (Bergen [L])
Heerlen - miners’ strike - Meijnardus Jacobus Tempelaars was a hewer in the state mine Oranje-Nassau III. Arrested in connection with the miners’ strike on the night of May 1 to 2, 1943. He and Renier Savelsberg and Servaas Toussaint were sentenced to death by the Polizeistandgericht (court-martial of the police) in Maastricht and executed by a firing squad of the order police on the heath Hamertse Hei near Wellerlooi
demijnen. nl: De Limburgse mijnen en mijnwerkers tijdens de bezetting 1940-1944 (The Limburg coal mines and miners during the occupation 1940-1944) including the April-May strike 1943
The history of the verzetsmonument (resistance monument) Wellerlooi. According to oorlogsgravenstichting.nl, he was murdered in Maastricht.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburgwall: left, row 18-04
Sluymers,
Leendert
∗ 1922-01-03
Heerlen
† 1945-03-03
Hamburg-Neuengamme
Heerlen - person in hiding - Reden arrestatie ontduiken arbeidsinzet. Gearresteerd op 25-07-1944
In de bewaard gebleven dodenboeken van Neuengamme (de registratie van overleden gevangenen) staan verschillende ziekten waaraan gevangenen zijn gestorven: enteritis, tuberculose, dysenterie, hartfalen, enz. Dat is verhullend. De ware doodsoorzaak zijn vrijwel altijd de abominabele omstandigheden in het kamp geweest. Bovendien zijn de gegevens volledig onbetrouwbaar. Vaak werd er in de registratie maar wat opgeschreven. (Bron: Nederlanders in Neuengamme)wall: left, row 19-01
Smit,
Sjef
∗ 1916-09-09
Roermond
† 1942-09-17
Amsterdam
Heerlen - early resistance - Group Smit - police - Jef Smit from Roermond, before the war a professional soldier, chose after demobilization in July 1940 to join the police in Heerlen. He did not stay there for long. It was a thorn in his side that the public actions of N.S.B. members and other pro-German elements remained unpunished. When it also became clear that anti-N.S.B. sentiments had to be suppressed, he had had enough. He lost confidence in the police leaders and in the spring of 1941 he resigned. On 19 June he entered the service of the Oranje Nassau mine as a turner.
There he stole dynamite rods for committing acts of sabotage. (Cammaert II, p. 107)
He sought and found contact with former soldiers and others who thought as he did, in the mines and beyond. Thus was born the Group Smit.
Smit was shot and reburied on 17 May 1954 in Maastricht in grave R 20b at the Municipal Cemetery on Tongerseweg, circle of honor R: graves of 6 fallen resistance fighters from Limburg.wall: left, row 19-02
Spreksel,
Charles
∗ 1916-07-03
Heerlen
† 1945-01-07
KZ Schömberg, KZ Natzweiler
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Group Smit - Former soldier and window dresser. At first, he distributed illegal magazines and self-printed leaflets supplied by Chaplain E. Hennekens from Valkenburg. They received increasing support from young people, especially family members and close friends. By the end of 1940, the secondary school students A.J.A. Rameckers, P.L.W.A. Leclou and H.H. Baeten had formed a small resistance group (Cammaert Chapter II, pp. 109 -110). According to the prayer card, he was arrested on February 2,1942, and via Maastricht, Amsterdam, Amersfoort, Vught, Buchenwald, Natzweiler, Dachau, and Ottobrünn, he got to Dautmergen, where he died on January 6, 1945.
certificate of decease on oorlogsbronnen.nlwall: left, row 19-03
Vlemmings,
Lambert
∗ 1918-11-10
Breda
† 1945-02-23
Dachau
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Group Smit - Lambertus Arnoldus Vlemmings was a former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 parcel deliveryman at Van Gend & Loos. At the beginning of the war, he distributed underground magazines and leaflets printed by chapelain Hennekens from Valkenburg. “From the spring of 1941, the Smit group also focused on intelligence gathering and the acquisition and purchase of weapons, ammunition and explosives. Smit entrusted this task to L. Vlemmings.” (Cammaert chapter II, p.. 13) 1945 (Cammaert chapter II, p. 110.) Arrested on 02 February 1942, sentenced to 12 years in prison, died in Dachau on 23 February 1945.wall: left, row 19-04
Tobben,
Harrie /Harry
∗ 1917-08-24
Heerlen
† 1945-03-15
Hameln (D
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - carillon - Former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 member of the mine police. Was involved, among other things, in acts of sabotage in the Oranje-Nassau Mine I (O.N. I) in Heerlen, which was uncovered by the SiPo. In June 1942, on the advice of police friends, he went into hiding in Baexem, but just continued to help fugitives. From the speech by Dr. Fred Cammaert at the unveiling of the memorial plaque at the Peace Carillon): “Under the inspiring leadership of Charles Bongaerts, he and other former military personnel devoted themselves to all manner of resistance activities, ranging from aiding Jews, Allied airmen, and those in hiding (the so called divers), to gathering weapons and intelligence information, to producing and distributing illegal magazines and acts of sabotage. As a result of infiltrating by provocateurs in German service, he was arrested on August 6, 1943.”wall: left, row 20-01
Cann, van
Frans P.M.
∗ 1886-12-22
Melick en Herkenbosc
† 1945-03-31
Bergen-Belsen
Helden - mayor - Mayor of Helden. He became a victim of the big raid on May 17, 1944 in Helden en Sevenum. More than 50 people were arrested. Seven of them did not survive the war or died shortly after, amongst them Frans van Cann. See the text above the list of fallen resistance people of Helden for more information.wall: left, row 20-03
Hoebers,
Peter
∗ 1920-07-09
Helden
† 1944-08-10
Helden
Helden - Peter Johannes Jacobus Hoebers was a blacksmith.
“Early on Thursday morning, August 10, Nitsch, assisted by four members of the Ordnungspolizei, threw Peter Hoebers and Peter Korsten out of their beds in Helden-Panningen. Korsten, father of thirteen children, however, had nothing to do with the combat groups (K.P.). The Korsten Nitsch was searching for was not P., but L. Korsten. Hoebers was the first to be taken out of his house and shot in front of it after Nitsch’s command run, run faster. The same fate befell P. Korsten. Their bodies were to be left lying in the street.” (Cammaert Chapter VI, p. 603)
The Everlo Memorial in Panningen (municipality of Helden) was erected to commemorate 94 fellow citizens who died as a result of wartime actions during the occupation.wall: left, row 20-04
Krans,
Cornelis
∗ 1887-03-30
Hoogezand
† 1944-03-02
Helmond
Helden - early resistance - L.O. - carillon - Cornelis Krans lived on a farm in Helden and early in the war he sheltered already a Jewish family in an underground hiding place just a stone’s throw from his house. When, after the strikes of April and May 1943, which included the miners’ strike, hiding took on mass dimensions, the resistance movement in Venlo came up with the idea of setting up military training camps in the forests of North and Middle Limburg. For this purpose, Krans provided some dismountable chicken coops. These were set up in the woods behind the farm. Since the people in hiding did not take their own security very seriously, all sorts of rumors soon began to circulate. The consequences of so much gossip could not fail to be felt. In July 1943, a large German contingent raided the forest camp, which could be evacuated just in time.The inhabitants got off with a fright. But not Krans. He was arrested and taken to a prison in Germany. Seriously ill, he returned to the Netherlands, where he died in March 1944. (Dr. Fred Cammaert, speech on the occasion of the unveiling of the memorial plaque at the Peace Carillon).wall: left, row 20-05
Jacobs,
Peter
∗ 1908-10-25
Helden-Beringe
† 1945-06-18
Mainau
Helden - L.O. - local contact - Peter Johannes Jacobs was chairman of the Young Farmers’ Association in Helden-Beringe. During the war years, as a local contact man (duikhoofd) of the LO, he was responsible for the accommodation of about a hundred people in hiding in Beringe and the surrounding area. On August 15, he was arrested by the SiPo as a result of treason. He tried to escape, but was hit by a bullet. On September 6, he was deported from camp Vught to Sachsenhausen. After the liberation of the concentration camp, he was taken to a convalescent home on the island of Mainau in Lake Constance, where he died on June 18, 1945.wall: left, row 21-01
Korsten,
Peter
∗ 1904-10-03
Helden
† 1944-08-10
Helden
Helden - CCD - Controller of the CCD. On Wikipedia NL it can be read about him: "As a controller he succeeded in misleading the occupiers by soaping the mouths and claws of confiscated cattle with soapy water in order to arouse the fear that these cattle could infect German cattle with the often fatal variant of foot-and-mouth disease. The healthy meat went to the resistance in this way." A similar story can be found on Meat Supply for the Submerged.
Cammaert wrote about him: “Early on Thursday morning, August 10, Nitsch, assisted by four members of the Ordnungspolizei, threw Peter Hoebers and Peter Korsten out of their beds in Helden-Panningen. Korsten, father of thirteen children, however, had nothing to do with the combat groups (K.P.). The Korsten Nitsch was searching for was not P., but L. Korsten. Hoebers was the first to be taken out of his house and shot in front of it after Nitsch’s command run, run faster. The same fate befell P. Korsten. Their bodies were to be left lying in the street.” (Cammaert Chapter VI, p. 603)
The Everlo Memorial in Panningen (municipality of Helden) was erected to commemorate 94 fellow citizens who died as a result of wartime actions during the occupation.wall: left, row 21-02
Mullen, van der
Alphons J.A.
∗ 1886-11-01
Liège
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
Helden - L.O. - police - Alphons van der Mullen was one of the three police officers active in Helden in the resistance (the other two were J.J. Grijsbach and G.W.H. van Amerongen. He was their local chief or Opperwachtmeester). They and the other pilot helpers were all members of the local L.O. and K.P. section. (Cammaert IV, p.310), which was headed by an official of the local distribution office, W.L. Houwen. In July 1943, a large German unit raided a forest camp for hidden persons. Van der Mullen having warned Houwen, the camp was evacuated just in time. But for the farmer Cornelis Krans, who had helped set up the camp, the raid turned out to be fatal.
Finally, on May 17, 1944, also van der Mullen fell victim to the great raid in Helden and Sevenum. More than 50 people were arrested. Seven of them did not survive the war or died soon after, including Alphons van der Mullen.
For more information, see the text above the list of fallen resistance fighters from Helden ( Cammaert VIb, p. 602v) Transferred from the Vught camp to Sachsenhausen on 4 September 1944. ( Het Vrije Volk 20-07-1945, under « Request for information »).wall: left, row 21-03
Sch?,
Albert?
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
Helden - unreadable
Do you know more? Write us!
wall: left, row 21-04
Schilte,
Ant. M.
∗ 1907-08-27
Rotterdam
† 1944-11-15
Sachsenhausen,
Helden - Victim of the on May 17, 1944 in Helden and Sevenum. More than 50 people were arrested. Seven of them did not survive the war or died shortly afterwards, including Toon Schilte. See the text above the list of fallen resistance people of Helden for more information.wall: left, row 22-01
Wolters,
Johannes Gerardus Hubertus
Jan
∗ 1910-07-31
Herten
† 1944-10-25
Roermond
Herten - The miner Jan Wolters had taken in some Russian forced laborers and made no secret of it, had to pay for his carelessness with death on October 25. When he tried to escape after being betrayed by a fellow villager, members of the N.S.D.A.P. Roermond branch shot him in his belly. He succumbed to his injuries in the Roermond hospital. (Cammaert VIb, p. 629)wall: left, row 22-03
Berkhout,
Jacob H.
∗ 1904-08-12
Culemborg
† 1945-05-31
Malchow
Heythuysen - L.O. - K.P. - Berkhout, an electrical engineer, had taken in a Jewish Ms. Prijs and her two children at his home. Someone who knew about it betrayed this in order to get an arrested friend released. Berkhout and his three guests were arrested on June 10, 1944. The mother died in a German concentration camp, her two children survived the war. Via Vught, Berkhout came to Neuengamme. In February 1945 he was put on a ship with other prisoners in Danzig. He was never heard from again after that. Presumably the ship was sunk somewhere off the coast in the Baltic Sea. (Cammaert V, p. 435)wall: left, row 22-05
Driessen,
Harry G.
∗ 1921-11-11
Horst
† 1944-09-06
Tijdens transport
Horst - Student - distributor of underground newspapers. “Horst also did not escape the terror of the commando Berendsen of the AKD. They hunted down people in hiding under the leadership of Johan Berendsen, the "Terror of Venlo.” On July 29, 1944, Harry Driessen, a regional distributor of Vrij Nederland and Trouw, was arrested by J. Sabbé and J. van Zutphen. Driessen tried to escape, but was hit by a bullet in the back. He was transported to Vught via the hospital in Horst. During the prisoner transport from camp Vught to Sachsenhausen concentration camp on September 6, he tried to escape again, probably near Ravenstein. The guards opened fire, and Driessen was mortally wounded.” (Cammaert VIb, p. 592)wall: left, row 23-01
Kroezen,
Herman L.M.
∗ 1919-12-02
Boxmeer
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen?
Horst - police - Policeman in Weert. Although he did not belong to the organized resistance, he supported it wherever he could, which eventually became his undoing. Together with policeman K.W.L.A. Wering, chief A. Josephs and gendarme Lambert Dusink he was called to account by the SiPo in Maastricht because in Weert the resister Dorssers had escaped. From Maastricht he was transported to camp Vught and later to Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Oranienburg. In 1969, it was not clear exactly where he had died. Cammaert supposed Bergen-Belsen (Cammaert VIb, pp. 704-705).wall: left, row 23-02
Smulders,
Gerard Antoon
∗ 1918-07-21
Horst
† 1944-08-19
Vught
Horst - L.O. - Gerard Smulders was a farmer. He took care of people in hiding and escaped prisoners of war. On August 2, 1944, officers of the Arbeitskontrolldienst (Labor Control Service) wanted to arrest his brother Frans. A person in hiding had mentioned his name. That same night he was freed from the hospital by five resisters from Sevenum. Gerard, who had fiercely resisted his brother’s arrest, had been arrested too. He was held hostage, transferred to Kamp Vught (in English Herzogenbusch concentration camp) and shot a few weeks later. His name is on the monument at the execution site and on the memorial wall in the Camp Vught National Memorial. In Horst-America, Gerard Smulders Straat is named after him.wall: left, row 23-03
Starren,
Jozef Mathieu
∗ 1900-10-15
Maastricht
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
Horst - L.O. - police - Chief of police in Horst. Belonged to a resistance group that had housed divers (persons in hiding), students and pilots in two camps in the woodland Schadijkse Bossen. Antonie Damen, a young marine engineer working for German counter intelligence, infiltrated the group. With 15 others Starren was arrested on August 19, 1943. (Cammaert IV, p.p. 315-317)wall: left, row 23-04
Eijnden, van den
Martien A.
Watje, Tinuske
∗ 1917-02-04
Venray
† 1944-09-05
Horst-America
Horst - Tinus was a butcher. The day of his death was Mad Tuesday. Almost everyone on both sides thought that the war was probably over now. This explains much of the following story by Henk Struik: the bicycle theft, the foolhardiness of Tinus and Frits, and the reaction of the German looters. On the same day, more people were severely maltreated in the neighborhood. On www.oorlogsslachtoffers.nl we read about the end of Tinus van den Eijnden and Frits de Bruijn near the Crisishoeve in Deurne:
"… From the Crisishoeve, meanwhile, Germans were seen taking away a child’s bicycle. Tinuske and Frits got so angry about this that they immediately jumped into the car and drove after the Germans. They took the bicycle away from the Germans again, and what happened next Henk does not know.
After a search operation Tinuske and Frits were found the next day. Dr. van Noord was called in, but he could only pronounce death. The funeral took place on Saturday evening. Martin in De Zeilberg and Frits in Asten."
It is not known how the execution finally took place, but in view of their injuries they were probably beaten to death by the Germans.
After the war he was posthumously awarded the US Medal of Freedom.wall: left, row 24-01
Poels,
Jacob
∗ 1885-02-21
† 1944-08-04
Horst-America
Horst - During World War II, Jacob and Johanna Poels-Emonts took in dozens of Jews, hiders, prisoners of war, and Allied airmen on their farm, De Zwarte Plak, near Horst-America. Jakob died of a heart attack when he fled into the field during a raid on his farm. Johanna died shortly after the war. They were buried Nov. 15th, 2010 in the Loenen Cemetery of Honor (newspaper article)
Jack Poels of Rowwen Hèze honored his grandparents on the album Station America (1993) with the song De Zwarte Plak.wall: left, row 24-02
Smits,
G. Frank
∗ 1919-08-29
† 1944-04-04
Utrecht
Hulsberg - early resistance - Student - Student’s resistance. Law student, refused to sign the declaration of loyalty and joined the resistance movement (he mapped activities of the Germans at Dutch airports and passed them on to the allies), arrested on 08/12/1943, suspected of conspiracy. After staying in various prisons, he was eventually sentenced to death by a special court of war and then shot for illegal possession of weapons.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
G. Frank Smits op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.wall: left, row 24-04
Hillebrand,
Johann
∗ 1922-07-12
Herzogenrath (D)
† 1944-06-10
Liège
Kerkrade - Belgium - Miner in Belgium. Belonged there to the resistance organization Armée Secrète (A.S.) or Geheim Leger (Secret Army). This was at first primarily an anti-communist organization. It was, like the OD in the Netherlands, formed from an initiative of royalist professional soldiers from the pre-war army. Their aim was to prevent a power vacuum towards the end of the war, for fear of a communist coup. Unlike parts of the OD, the A.S. became a real resistance organization, engaged in, among other things, raids on German trains and army cars. In April 1944 Johann was arrested, in June shot for illegal possession of weapons. According to kerkradewiki during an escape attempt on 4 May 1943.
In the citadel of Liège you find on the cemetery Enclos des Fusillés 415 memorial crosses resp. graves of present bodies. On Description du site it says: “A Dutchman was repatriated on September 17, 1957.” That must be Johann, because he is now (re)buried in the National Field of Honor in Loenen, grave E894. (see oorlogsgravenstichting.nl). In Liège he is incorrectly listed as Johana, probably due to a reading error. The date of death there (11 June 1944) hardly differs from the information at oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/ (10 June 1944).wall: left, row 25-01
Horstmann,
Henderich
Hein
∗ 1902-01-30
Börger
† 1943-05-04
Maastricht
Kerkrade - miners’ strike - Miner Henderich Horstmann from Kerkrade participated in the mine strike at the Domaniale Mine and was arrested there. When transferred from prison to the courtroom on 4 May 1943, he tried to escape, but was hit by a bullet in his arm. On order from the commanding officer, he was shot dead in the street immediately afterwards. (Cammaert VIa, page 493) Lies in the Municipal Cemetery at Kaalheide, grave 4-86
List of Honour 1940-1945wall: left, row 25-02
Lochtman-?,
Hein
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
This name is almost unreadable on the image.
Do you know more? Write us!
wall: left, row 25-03
Ommeren, van
Godefridus
Frits
∗ 1919-11-14
Venlo
† 1944-09-11
Heerlen
Kerkrade - Apprentice train driver with the Dutch railroad company. A few days before the liberation, he was part of a group of people waiting for an extra portion of flour at the Welter mill in Heerlen. But because of the ban on gathering, a suddenly appearing group of about 20 nervous German soldiers opened fire. Frits was mortally wounded.wall: left, row 25-04
Creusen,
Wiel
oom Kees
∗ 1893-07-31
Kerkrade
† 1945-05-31
Bergen-Belsen
Kerkrade - courier - press - RVV - Jan Willem Creusen was a civil servant at the Distribution Office and former chairman of the local Unie, he was also involved in helping, among others, Jewish persons in hiding and managed the distribution of the magazine “Je Maintiendrai” in Kerkrade. He was the chief courier of the R.V.V. for the south of the Netherlands and contact person between the leadership and the region. He traveled a lot. One day after the arrest of Paul Guermonprez on April 4, 1944, Creusen was arrested on a train between Utrecht and Maarssen with a suitcase full of food stamps and other documents. It is highly unlikely that this was due to Guermonprez’s arrest, as no other arrests followed, except André Gubbels, until four months later. Creusen succumbed to the effects of hardships in German camps on May 31, 1945. (Cammaert IX, pp. 947-952)wall: left, row 26-01
Nieskens,
Hendrik Johan Marie
Harrie
∗ 1924-10-11
Kessel (L)
† 1944-12-30
Weert
Kessel - K.P. - Harrie was a member of the B.S. (Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten = Domestic Forces, an alliance of the three main Dutch resistance organizations officially formed on September 5, 1944) and thus, since he had been a member of an armed group (KP = Knokploeg) until then, the Stoottroepen. These had been set up on September 17-18 as the fighting part of the BS and were used on the stalled front along the Maas River as protection against German infiltration. He was fatally hit by a shell.wall: left, row 26-03
Schreurs,
Frans J.J.
∗ 1915-10-09
Kessel
† 1944-11-19
Venlo
Kessel - On November 14, 1944, Frans and his father Christiaan were arrested on suspicion of an assault in the forest near Kessel-Eik, near their farm. They were taken to the SiPo station in Venlo. There Frans was tortured and shot by SiPo man C. Schut.wall: left, row 26-04
Geloven, van
Leonardus Hendrikus
Len, Leo, Lei
∗ 1925-12-09
Kessel (L)
† 1944-10-09
Kessel (L)
Kessel - According to both the Oorlogsgravenstichting (Dutch War Graves Foundation) and the Erelijst van Gevallenen (Honor Roll of the Fallen), he was a member of the resistance. He was a farmhand for farmer Mathieu Heldens on the Cuppenhof farm in Kessel-Hout. On Sunday, October 8, 1944, the Great Church Raid took place. Therefore, Van Geloven and some other men were still hiding in the woods behind the farm the following day. Around six o’clock in the evening, Lei came to the farm to eat something, but was seen by passing men of the SiPo-Maastricht. They chased him and shot him. He is buried in the Roman Catholic parish cemetery in Kessel, row 36, grave number 15. His name is on the war memorial in Kessel. Source: wo2slachtoffers.nl, see link below.wall: left, row 26-05
Hendrix,
Jan Jozef
∗ 1901-03-09
Grubbenvorst
† 1945-02-09
Buchenwald
Maasbracht - L.O. - priest - Grew up in Geysteren. In 1927 chaplain in Maasbracht. Traces of War (see link below) calls him headmaster. Together with his cousin G. Hermkens, chaplain in Montfoort, he was arrested on December 17, 1944 while leading people through the front (front crossing). (Cammaert VIb p. 629) But in Het grote gebod, (The Great Commandment) p. 327, we read: “Arrested on 17 December 1944 at the home of his cousin Hermkens.”wall: left, row 27-02
Timmermans,
Antonius Gerardus (Antoon)
∗ 1923-07-25
Maasbree
† 1945-04-06
Buchenwald
Maasbree - Farmerwall: left, row 27-03
Frencken /Frenken,
Jacobus Petrus Hubertus (Jacqu
∗ 1921-11-07
Urmond
† 1944-06-15
Bloemendaal
Maasniel - K.P. - A. Reulen and J.P.H. Frencken already had a distinguished career as resisters when they were asked to participate in the Knokploeg Roermond (Roermond Command Group) in December 1943. They transferred their area of operations to North Holland in January 1944. (Cammaert VII.II.2. De knokploegen van Helden en Roermond, pp. 767-768)
Report of the Higher SS and Police Leader ‘Nordwest’: “The Police Summary Court has sentenced the following Dutchmen to death: Factory worker Albert Reulen from Roermond and welder Jacobus Frenken from Maasniel. The convicts have participated as members of a terrorist group in the armed robberies of the town hall in Haelen on February 13, 1944, the town hall in Venhuizen on March 18, 1944, and the town hall in Heiloo on May 12, 1944. Food coupons, money, forms for identity cards and other things were stolen in quite large numbers. During the raid on the town hall in Venhuizen, one of the perpetrators shot the resisting police officer down. Thus, the convicts are guilty of participation in a clandestine organization, continued sabotage and unauthorized possession of firearms.”wall: left, row 28-02
Laar, van
Jacob M.
∗ 1893-01-06
Maurik
† 1944-08-08
Maastricht
Maasniel - L.O. - On July 29, 1944, the SiPo-Maastricht conducted a raid, accompanied by NSB man and pub owner G.H. Holla from Roermond who was also department commander of the Hulplandwacht (auxiliary police), by A. Roselle, the chief of the Roermond police, who lived with Holla, (source: http://www.maasniel.nl/Geschiedenis/wo2/het_verzet_in_wereld_oorlog_2.htm) and by police officer G. Verheesen … With brutal force and intense interrogations, the SiPo hoped to find out more about the local resistance. Neither the searches nor the interrogations turned up anything. … 51-year-old Jacob Melis van Laar died in prison of heart failure. (Cammaert VIb, p. 623)wall: left, row 28-03
Plas,
Willem
∗ 1924-05-25
Arnhem
† 1945-02-15
Oranienburg, Sachsenhausen
Maasniel - Commemorative plaque in the Roermond train station.wall: left, row 28-04
Smeets,
Joseph
∗ 1904-02-18
Wessem
† 1944-09-26
Maalbroek/Asenray, gem. Maasni
Maasniel - L.O. - Shot near the German border for illegal possession of weapons, along with Paul J. Peeters, who had gone into hiding. (Cammaert VIb p. 624) Arrested on Sept. 25, 1944 (Het grote gebod, (The Great Commandment, p. 327).wall: left, row 28-05
Assen, van
Derk
∗ 1891-10-09
Hasselt (O)
† 1943-09-13
Horst (L)
Maastricht - L.O. - He was a bailiff at the direct taxes, married to Berendje Grolleman, belonged to LO-Maastricht. He and his wife were arrested on June 24th, 1943 for housing Jewish couple. Derk was interrogated for weeks by the SiPo in the detention center in Maastricht. However, he did not tell anything about the resistance people with whom he had collaborated. The Maastricht tax office offered the Germans in vain 40,000 guilders for the liberty of Derk. After an attempt by resistance people to liberate Derk, he was taken on September 14, 1943, early in the morning, to the woodland Schadijkse Bossen in Meterik. Because he continued to refuse to provide information to the SiPo, he was shot on the spot.
His body was dug up there in 1946. After identification, he was reburied in his birthplace Hasselt (Province of Overijssel). The municipality of Horst placed a memorial cross in 1946. For many years this cross was maintained by the Crosses and Chapels Foundation of Horst a / d Maas.
In 1963 the remains of Derk found a final resting place on the Field of Honor of the Stichting Oorlogsgraven in Loenen on the Veluwe.
There is a memorial in the tax office of Maastricht in honor of Derk and four more tax officials who lost their lives for our freedom.wall: left, row 29-02
Assen-Grolleman, van
Berendje
∗ 1894-03-29
Hasselt (Ov)
† 1945-02-18
Ravensbrück
Maastricht - L.O. - press - Almost from the beginning of the German occupation in 1940, Berendje Grolleman (Berendina van Assen-Grolleman) and her husband Derk van Assen were actively involved in the resistance. They helped Jews and Allied airmen escape to the south. They were active in the distribution of underground papers such as Vrij Nederland and Trouw and participated in the founding of the L.O. in Maastricht. As a result of infiltration and treason, they were arrested on July 24, 1943, at their home at 124A Cannerweg, on charges including giving shelter to a Jewish couple. After a temporary detention in the Vught camp, Berendje was deported without trial to the Ravensbrück concentration camp in Germany. On February 18, 1945, she died of exhaustion under miserable circumstances. The location of her final resting place is not known.
It is a pity that Derk van Assen’s wife was not mentioned at the unveiling of the memorial cross in the Schadijk forest in Meterik. Her participation in the resistance, together with her husband Derk, is a common heroic deed.wall: left, row 29-03
Boorn, v.d.
René A. Ch.
∗ 1907-10-29
Heer (L)
† 1945-01-20
Linne
Maastricht - Deputy Commissioner at the Provincial Registry, former Chief of Cabinet of the Governor of the Province of Limburg, executive secretary of the Crystal Soda factory in Linne. René van den Boorn lost his job at the province administration because the tennis club, of which he was president, did not allow the daughters of a German-minded magistrate to be members. According to oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl, he “resigned in 1941 as Chief of Cabinet at the Province, probably out of solidarity with the then Limburg Governor Willem van Sonsbeeck, who was despised by the Germans.” Worked for the intelligence service. Was a hostage in Haaren and St. Michielsgestel for quite some time in 1942 - 1943. Arrested as a result of treason on January 20, 1945, together with bank director van Lamsweerde, when attempting to break through enemy lines south of Roermond. Sentenced to death by summary judgment under the chairmanship of the infamous paratroop commander Major Ulrich Mathaeas.
Reburied on the National Field of Honour in Loenen, grave A 1067
See also wo2slachtoffers.nl
maastrichtse gevelstenenwall: left, row 29-04
Bartels,
Roelf H.
∗ 1868-09-25
Groningen
† 1942-12-14
KZ Neuengamme
Maastricht - press - Group Dresen - Factory owner, co-founder of the Dresen Group. Bartels and his wife Maria, 36 years his junior, had two stores in Maastricht, one in Heggenstraat and one in St. Maartenslaan. Captain in the reserve of the Dutch army. Despite his advanced age, Bartels joined the resistance. In his Tricotage house in the Heggenstraat, he housed sixty escaped Belgian prisoners of war who were then smuggled across the border. Bartels was also one of the key figures in the publication and production of the resistance newspaper Oranje Post. The first issue contained, among other things, the Guidelines for Good Dutch people that he had written. The resistance group was betrayed from within. More on this at Group Dresen. On December 12, 1941, the SiPo arrested Bartels. The resistance fighter ended up in the Neuengamme concentration camp. He died there a little more than a year after his arrest.At that time he was 74 years old.
Further information (pdf) (pdf)
Arrested according to mestreechonline.nl on Nov. 2, 1941, according to Cammaert chap. II, p. 117 on Dec. 12, 1941.wall: left, row 30-01
Brouwer,
Leendert Th.
Leo
∗ 1907-06-01
Nijmegen
† 1943-05-02
Wellerlooi (Bergen [L])
Maastricht - CCD - miners’ strike - District head of the CCD (Crisis Controle Dienst, an agency designed to protect the food market from black marketeers). He was part of the resistance group Bouman, which brought downed Allied aircrew and escaped prisoners of war to safety.Arrested on May 1, 1943, for inciting participation in the miners’ strike. He was shot with six others in the nature reserve De Hamert in Wellerlooi.
Buried in Maastricht, cemetery on the Tongerseweg, Circle of Honour R: graves of soldiers as well as 6 killed Limburg resistance fighters.
See also the article: als de mijnwerkers staken tegen de Duitse bezetter (When the miners go on strike against the German occupiers)
oorlogsgravenstichting.nl
The story behind the Resistance Memorial Wellerlooi.
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburgwall: left, row 30-02
Droogleever-Fortuyn,
Kees
∗ 1922-04-10
Amsterdam
† 1944-09-07
Mauthausen
Maastricht - Studied in Leiden, traveled to England via Gibraltar with his fellow student Louis d’Aulnis and was trained by the SIS or MI6 (Military Intelligence, Section 6). He was dropped in the night of 24 to 25 September 1942 at Balloo in the province of Drenthe to become the radio operator of Karel Beukema toe Water, who was also dropped in another place that same night. They were both immediately arrested as a result of the Englandspiel (Sources: Monument Engelandvaarders in Mauthausen List of agents dropped during the Englandspiel over the Netherlands) and eventually executed in Mauthausen concentration camp.
Picture of Kees Droogleever Fortuynwall: left, row 30-03
Dresen,
Alf(ons)
∗ 1885-10-18
Luik
† 1944-01-05
Fort Rhijnauwen, Bunnik
Maastricht - early resistance - Group Erkens - Alphonse Henri Louis Dresen was chief dispatcher in Maastricht at the Dutch Railway Company and as such he knew everything about train movements in his area. Married, belonged to the resistance group Erkens-De Liedekerke, arrested in July 1942, executed on 5.1.1944 in Bunnik near Utrecht. Buried in Maastricht.
He was a brother of Pierre Dresenwall: left, row 30-04
Dresen,
Pierre
∗ 1897-02-07
Maastricht
† 1942-12-01
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - Group Dresen - Resident of Maastricht, demobilized professional soldier, temporary cashier of the distribution service, founder of the Dresen group, which initially also called itself the RAF group. (Cammaert hoofdstuk II-II. De groep-Dresen, from p. 94). See also Mestreech online.nl.
He was a brother of Alf Dresenwall: left, row 31-01
Duijnkerke /Duin… /Duyn…,
Jan M.
∗ 1902-10-25
Yerseke
† 1943-03-04
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - Group Dresen - The barge master J.M. Duynkerke usually transported cement in the Netherlands and abroad with his boat Maria, but also refugees. The home port of the Maria was the old harbor of Maastricht, the Bassin. Arrested 09-12-1941.wall: left, row 31-02
Goldsteen,
Frits /Fritz
∗ 1918-07-09
Rheydt (D)
† 1942-08-15
Oświęcim /Auschwitz
Maastricht - Jew - After their marriage, his parents moved to Kohlscheid near Aachen, where they opened a fabric store. The children Alfred and Carl were born there. In 1909 or 1910 the family moved to Rheydt, where Frederik (Frits) was born in 1918. In 1919 they sold the store and took a long vacation to recover from the flu pandemic. In 1920 they moved to Arndstrasse 30 in Aachen. (familienbuch-euregio.de)
They moved to Vaals in 1926. (herzogenrath.de)
"Frits lived as a student in The Hague and with his brother Alfred in (nearby) Voorburg. He completed an instruction as a radio technician at the school of Radio Holland. From December 1937 he lived for several periods with his mother, first in Tunnelstraat 2 and later in Raadhuislaan 13 in Geleen. In 1940 he lived with his fiancée Elfriede Gans in The Hague, but returned to Limburg for the wedding. They married on May 8, 1941, in Vaals, where Elfriede’s mother lived, and subsequently settled at Annastraat 24 in Geleen. That same month, Frits opened Radio Technisch Bureau F. Goldsteen, a repair shop and trade in radio parts and radios. In October 1941, their daughter Carolina was born in the Annastraat. On March 12, 1942, Frits had to close his store by order of the German occupiers; as a Jew, he was not allowed to build radios. He then found a job with a company that worked for the state-owned coal mine Maurits.” (stolpersteinesittardgeleen.nl).
During the war, he moved from Geleen to Maastricht and built radio transmitters for the resistance.
Arrested on May 15 (maastrichtsevelstenen.nl), or on May 19, 1942 (stolpersteinesittardgeleen.nl), or “on July 20, 1942, he was part of the group arrested in retaliation for unknown persons removing signs reading No entry for Jews. It is not clear whether the Germans knew of his resistance activities. Goldsteen was deported to Auschwitz with one of the first transports (July 16th).” (Herman van Rens Vervolgd in Limburg p. 105)wall: left, row 31-03
Hendriks,
Jan
∗ 1905-05-07
Maastricht
† 1943-01-27
kamp Vught
Maastricht - CPN - press - Johan H. Hendriks was a pavement worker and worked in a pigment factory (Maastrichtsche Zinkwit Maatschappij. In 1939, he ran for the Communist Party of the Netherlands (CPN) for the Maastricht City Council. He was a member of the resistance group De Vonk: Printing and distribution of clandestine literature. In 1940 he was arrested for the first time. The V-man (spy) Andreas Engwirda put the SiPo on the trail of the Boosten brothers and of a list with the names of the distributors of the magazine De Vonk. Twenty-seven of them were arrested, nine CPN members on September 15, 1942, including Johan Hendriks, and Chris Heuts. He died on January 27, 1943 in Camp Vught. Stumbling stone in front of Lochterstraat 12, Maastricht. Hendriks was buried after the liberation with almost four thousand other war victims (other resistance fighters, soldiers, Engelandvaarders (England sailers), political prisoners, forced laborers) on the Honor Field of Loenen.
See also verzetsstrijders-maastrich (Resistance fighters Maastricht).wall: left, row 31-04
Heuts,
Chris
∗ 1888-06-12
Meerssen
† 1943-02-24
Kamp Vught
Maastricht - CPN - press - Plasterer. Distributor of the magazine De Vonk. At struikelsteen-maastricht.nl (pdf) we can read: “As a communist he participated in the 1935 elections to the provincial parliament of Limburg in the constituency of Heerlen. He stood in 13th place, the only communist from Maastricht. At that time Chris Heuts was chairman of the Communist Party of the Netherlands (CPN), Maastricht chapter.”
Two arrests ended with his release. The third time it went differently. The V-man (spy) Andreas Engwirda put the SiPo on the trail of the Boosten brothers and thus to a list with the names of the distributors of De Vonk. Twenty-seven distributors were arrested. On September 15, 1942, nine members of the CPN, including Johan Hendriks and Chris Heuts. After his arrest, he was taken to the Amersfoort concentration camp. Subsequently to Kamp Vught, officially called Herzogenbusch concentration camp.wall: left, row 32-01
Houtappel,
(Ed)Mond
∗ 1901-10-18
Maastricht
† 1944-11-24
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - L.O. - Edmond Marie Hubert Ghislain Henri Houtappel was a wine merchant and ran a wholesale grocery store at Wolfstraat 8. Captain of the Reserve in the Dutch Army, he was in charge of the Wahlwiller Border Guard Company of the 13th Regiment of Infantry (on the border with Germany) during the mobilization of 1938-1940. In his military function, he photographed there, also on behalf of the Belgian intelligence, German positions in the Westwall (called Siegfried Line by the Allies). Via his brother-in-law Louis Evrard Hustinx, Belgian consul in Maastricht, this information was passed on to Brussels. His neighbor in Wolfstraat was the butcher Joseph W. Ummels. They had broken a passage between the two houses in the cellar, as a possible escape route. This was of no use. Arrested on May 10, 1944 as a result of betrayal by Gonnie Zeguers-Boere.
See his story at Mestreech online.nl and at Cammaert VIb, from page 649.wall: left, row 32-02
Jamin,
Hubert J.
Hubèr
∗ 1880-05-29
† 1945-03-08
Buchenwald
Maastricht - L.O. - Caregiver and prison guard, belonged to the L.O.-Maastricht, specially helping imprisoned resistance fighters. Gonnie Zeguers-Boere, who since 1942 had a relationship with SiPo chief Strobel and spied for him in LO circles, reported that prison guards L. Krans and H.J. Jamin cooperated with the L.O. and passed on when prisoners were put on transport. (Cammaert VIb, page 650). Arrested on 9 May 1944, died in Buchenwald concentration camp. In Maastricht-Scharn the Hubert-Jaminstraat (Hubèr Jaminstraat) is named after him. A Stolperstein (Stumbling Stone) has been placed for him at Statensingel 84 in Maastricht. Source: Struikelstenengids, Stichting 18 September.wall: left, row 32-03
Lemson,
Henk
∗ 1924-04-15
Maastricht
† 1945-04-07
Makkum
Maastricht - early resistance - K.P. - Group Dresen - person in hiding - Hendrik Th. Lemson was a tax official (direct taxes, Maastricht) and belonged to the so called Belastinggroep Maastricht (A resistance group of mainly tax officials who continued the work of Group Dresen after it had been busted). He had to go into hiding and did so in Makkum (Frisia), where he joined the combat unit KP-Sneek, group III. Arrested in a major raid as a result of betrayal by Dutch SiPo V-men Jan Harm Brouwer and Matthijs Adolf Ridderhof. He was executed behind the then police station of Makkum. His name is on the resistance memorial in Makkum along with those of five other executed resistance fighters. Five people of the KnokPloeg, which by then had become part of the Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten (Domestic Forces): Bob Dijkstra (BS), Sjoerd Adema (BS), Koos Keller (BS), Henk Lemson (BS), Jan Emmens (BS), as well as the hospitable cattle farmer Fetze Elgersma of the LO. as well as the hider Herman Falkena. Buried in Makkum.
Memorial in the tax office of Maastricht.wall: left, row 32-04
Lokerman,
Jo S.H.
Thijs
∗ 1901-02-05
Rotterdam
† 1945-02-11
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - L.O. - press - carillon - District leader of the LO in Maastricht. Unusual in the Catholic south of the Netherlands at that time: this district leader was not only a Social Democrat, but also a reformed “Hollander”, i.e. someone from “above the rivers”. “On May 11, 1940, a group of Belgian prisoners of war was brought to the station via the Wilhelminasingel. Thijs Lokerman, a train driver from Maastricht and member of the city council for the SDAP (Social Democrats), diverted the attention of some guards by a fake brawl with a friend, so that some POWs could escape. This may have been the first act of resistance in Maastricht.” (Mestreech online).
In his speech at the unveiling of the commemorative plaque at the Peace Carillon, Dr. Fred Cammaert said, among other things: “Maastricht resident and resistance pioneer Jo Lokerman worked as an engine driver on the Dutch railroads. At the beginning of the war, he began helping French-speaking prisoners of war, and later downed Allied airmen. Lokerman used his job to distribute illegal magazines on the trains and made connections with Belgian colleagues so that British and Jewish refugees could be transported by train to France and, if possible, Switzerland and Spain." (Cammaert VIb, p. 643.) He was also one of the founders of the Maastricht LO, which he headed for a time. As a result of betrayal by brothel madam Zeguers-Boere, he fell into the hands of the SiPo on May 9, 1944. (Cammaert VIb, from page 649)
He died in Neuengamme concentration camp in February 1945.wall: left, row 32-05
Holty /Holtij,
Bernhard
∗ 1890-11-29
Amsterdam
† 1942-01-10
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - press - The father of Bernard Theodoor Adolf Holty was German. In the Netherlands his name was often spelled as Holtij. After the death of his parents, Bernard moved in with his brother Franz and lived with him in Cologne for an unknown period of time. He was a carpenter and was exempted from military service because of his poor health. Married on November 28, 1929, to Maria Lipowsek, a German. It is not known when they settled in Maastricht, but there he joined the Communist Party and became secretary of the Maastricht chapter. He was arrested for the first time on February 28, 1941, on suspicion of being involved in the February strike, but was released after a month. He printed and distributed forbidden reading, including De Vonk.
On June 25, 1941, he was ambushed while guiding Jews across the border. With two resistance comrades, he ended up in the Schoorl camp (North Holland), Amersfoort, and later Neuengamme (collective name for a series of German camps near Hamburg). Prisoner number 06933, he died in the main camp. More information … (pdf)
Buried on the Dutch field of honor in Hamburg-Ohlsdorf, field/row/number: BP 73 P 2 L
Photo: Bernard Holty (jpg).
Stolperstein (stumbling stone): Vissersmaas 4 Maastricht.wall: left, row 33-01
Kortrijk,
Eelco
∗ 1910-10-07
Leeuwarden
† 1945-02-06
Neuengamme
Maastricht - person in hiding - Eelco Wigerius Maria Kortrijk was a waiter and manager, in hiding in Maastricht. Arrested on August 14, 1944, came to Neuengamme via Amersfoort. According to oorlogsgravenstichting.nl he died on February 7, 1945, but maastrichtsevelstenen.nl gives February 6, because of the extract from the death register of the municipality of Neuengamme.
photo. Resistance activities:
Do you know more? Write us!wall: left, row 33-02
Kraft,
Lambert
Bèr
∗ 1902-02-06
Maastricht
† 1942-06-22
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - early resistance - press - Representative for vacuum cleaners. In the municipal elections in Maastricht on June 14, 1939, Bèr Kraft headed the list of the CPN (Communists). They achieved 5.18%. (verkiezingsuitslagen.nl)
On December 8, 1940, he was arrested by order of the security police SiPo for helping communist refugees from Germany in the 1930s.
On February 28, 1941, five communists were arrested in Maastricht, allegedly on suspicion of involvement in the miners’ strike. More likely, this was a sign that the "friendship" between Hitler and Stalin was cooling (see below). In addition to Bèr Kraft, these were A. Bos, Chris Heuts, J.J. Baartscheer, and Bernhard Holty. They were released after a month. In his house the clandestine magazine De Vonk was printed. On June 23 or 25, 1941, Lambert was arrested for the third time.This has everything to do with the German hunt for communists after the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact was broken.
He was imprisoned in Aachen, Maastricht, Schoorl and finally Neuengamme.
Source: struikelsteentjes-maastricht.nl (pdf)
See also Mestreech online.nl.wall: left, row 33-03
Lochtman,
Hein
∗ 1911-09-02
Kerkrade
† 1945-02-27
Bergen Belsen
Kerkrade - Maastricht - L.O. - priest - Chaplain in Limmel from 1940 and member of LO in Maastricht. He hid people in hiding. On May 10, 1944, he was arrested as a result of betrayal by Aldegonda (Gonnie) Zeguers-Boere and so mistreated that he was unconscious for a long time. See also: The Betrayal of Maastricht
On September 5, 1944, he arrived in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Oranienburg, where he was forced to work in the Heinkel aircraft factory. When the Red Army approached, he was evacuated to Bergen-Belsen, where he died. In 1982 he was posthumously awarded the Verzetsherdenkingskruis (Memorial Cross of the Resistance).wall: left, row 33-04
Maka,
Guillaume (Giel)
∗ 1898-10-27
Maastricht
† 1942-02-06
Leusden
Maastricht - CPN - press - Giel Maka was a civil engineering worker, belonged to the resistance group De Vonk (a.o. printing and distribution of illegal literature), arrested on 9 September 1941 for refusing to work in Germany. Two different causes of death are reported: executed and deprivation (wo2slachtoffers.nl).
Buried on: National Field of Honour Loenen A 307wall: left, row 34-01
Meulensteen,
Hendrik A.C.
∗ 1886-03-28
Dinther
† 1943-02-05
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - Group Dresen - Shipping agent. His sons sailed on a barge. He and his wife ran her parents’ boatmen’s pub at Franschensingel. The regulars’ table or the back room soon became a regular meeting place for the Group Dresen. Of course, Meulensteen knew reliable boatsmen for clandestine cargo to Belgium. In and around the house he hid weapons and explosives stolen from the ENCI limestone open pit. Meulensteen also gathered military intelligence.
Source and further information: Biography on struikelsteentjes-maastricht.nl (pdf)
Arrested on December 2, 1941 as a result of betrayal by Tom Engeln’s companion. For more details see there.
Stolperstein (stumbling stone) in front of the house Fransensingel 65
See also Cammaert, Chapter II, §II: The Dresen Group).wall: left, row 34-02
Narinx,
Jos
∗ 1889-11-24
Maastricht
† 1943-01-07
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - press - Jozef Wilhelmus Hubertus (Jos) Narinx was a painter and one of the founders of the Limburgse Kunstkring (Limburg Art Circle) and during the occupation distributor of De Vonk. Arrested on June 24, 1942 for anti-German sentiments and distribution of illegal literature. According to josnarinx.nl, he was a very impulsive man, and the wonder there if that got him into trouble after his arrest.
See also: wall: left, row 34-03
Ummels,
Joseph W.
Giel
∗ 1908-12-06
Geulle
† 1944-12-08
Sachsenhausen
Maastricht - L.O. - Butcher in the Wolfstraat 6. He was a brother of the one year older Mathieu Ummels. His neighbor was Edmond (Mond) Houtappel. His butcher shop was a good hiding place for British pilots, Jewish families and young men who did not want to work in Germany. The store was always busy, and then it was not noticeable that many local strangers came in and out. Between his house and Mond Houtappel’s there was a breach in the basement that could be used in an emergency. But that did not help. Arrested on May 9, 1944 by beresistancemonumenttrayal of Gonnie Zeguers-Boere, who had a relationship with SiPo chief Strobel since 1942.wall: left, row 34-04
Roomberg,
Eugène
∗ 1905-03-14
Amsterdam
† 1947-02-13
Maastricht
Maastricht - Eugène Marie Herman Martinus Roomberg was an artist. He was arrested in 1940 when his drunk friend and colleague insulted the occupiers. It turned out that he was sheltering Allied airmen and distributing illegal literature. Imprisoned in the Oranjehotel in Scheveningen. Tortured, deliberately infected with TB and released in 1941. He continued his resistance work, but succumbed to the consequences of his imprisonment after the war. wall: left, row 35-01
Ruyters,
Peter
∗ 0000-00-00
† 0000-00-00
Maastricht - Is dit een geval van dubbel op? Zie ook Peter Leonard Ruyters, die vermeld staat op het Monument Pro Patria, Raadhuisplein, 6226GN, Maastricht-Heer
wall: left, row 35-02