The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

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Nijmegen


Herdenkingskapel met graven Daniel van Vugt en andere slachtoffers van Ederveen


1944 – The bombing of Nijmegen

Nijmegen lies only a few kilometers north of the Limburg provincial border and was to play an important bridging role between the Limburg LO and the north of the country. We quote from Het Grote Gebod: The resistance there "had always cooperated with Arnhem, with Father Holleman and Theo Dobbe in particular coming to the fore. Arnhem was represented mainly by Kees van Gelder, who was a member of the top. In June 1943, "secret agent Ederveen," who was in reality provocateur/V-man C.J. van der Burch, working for the Abwehrstelle Groningen and the SD in The Hague, penetrated a group of mainly police officers. When it became clear that this alleged Ederveen was a traitor, police inspector Frans Prick (later: Perrick) saw no other option but to liquidate him. On September 24, 1943, an assassination attempt was made on him on the Daalseweg. Van der Burch managed to escape, however, and dozens of arrests followed. The "main suspects" were Herman Oolbekkink, Albertus H. Marcusse, Wilhelmus A. Beerman, Bartholomeus Th. Hendriks and Cees de Jong..
After being sentenced to death on May 19, 1944 for sabotage, espionage and possession of weapons, they were shot on June 6, 1944 in the dunes near Overveen. In Nijmegen, these five members of the resistance group were honored with a street name in the quarter of the resistance heroes in the Kwakkenberg district. Policemen Beerman, Hendriks and Marcusse later received an honorary burial in the cemetery of the Hl. Landstichting (Holy Land Foundation), next to their comrade in arms Daan van Vugt. Cees de Jong was buried in the cemetery of honor in Bloemendaal.
After a supply group of the newly formed L.O. was busted in Nijmegen in September 1943, District Chief Smals of Vierlingsbeek rushed there to breathe new life into the L.O. and ensure that the cooperation that had just been established remained intact. (Cammaert VIb p. 718) p. 718) Now the L.O.-Limburg played a stronger role in Nijmegen. Holleman and Dobbe remained the link between the Exchange (code word for the L.O. head in the part of the country north of the Rhine) and the regional Limburg Assembly.
Another reason for the bond between Nijmegen and Limburg was the Catholic University of Nijmegen (KUN, today Radboud University). There studied mainly students from the Catholic south of the country, including Limburg. At first Ambrosius had its office in Venlo, but as this location caused more and more problems, it was moved to St. Annastraat in Nijmegen in February 1944. By the way, he too, had studied in Nijmegen.
In Nijmegen there was also the forgery office of J. de Weert, which was integrated into the L.O. by Ambrosius.
On February 22, 1944, the Allied bombing of Nijmegen took place, targeting the station area (the Germans used the railroad for weapons transport), but because of sloppy execution, most of the bombs landed on houses in the center, killing about 800 civilians.6) 7))
In July 1944, several attempts were made in Nijmegen for various reasons. Rauter ordered the shooting of eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen in retaliation. 1))
On September 19, 1944, Jan van Hoof piloted an Allied reconnaissance vehicle through the city. On the Nieuwe Markt - today’s Joris Ivensplein - the vehicle was set on fire. Jan van Hoof survived, but was captured and subsequently killed. (noviomagus.nl 10))

The following list of fallen resistance members is far from complete. Just look at the number of fallen members of the university. [11] A peculiarity of Nijmegen is the large number of women who were active in the resistance. [4][5]

  1. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  2. Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen 1940-1945: Aanslag op Ederveen, Attempt to assassinate Ederveen
  3. In the Bakkerskapel of the Stevenskerk in Nijmegen, the free brochure about the Memorial Book of the Nijmegen Resistance is available for consultation.
    Van terroristen tot helden. Het verzet geëerd of miskend? (From terrorists to heros. Resistance recognized or misunderstood?) by Dr. Joost Rosendaal
    Werkgroep Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen (Working Group War Dead Nijmegen)
    info@oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl
  4. Anneke Nolet, Vrouwen en verzet : In het Rijk van Nijmegen, 1940-1945.
    (In the realm of Nijmegen, 1940-1945.) Nijmegen, publisher Vantilt, [2020].
    While searching for her aunt’s story, the author discovered stories of more than 120 women from the Nijmegen Resistance. “There were an incredible number of them,” Nolet notes. "There are probably many more than I found.”
  5. Anneke Nolet, Verzetsvrouwen in Nijmegen, (Resistance Women in Nijmegen) in: Nijmeegs Katern 28 (Feb. 2014) no.1 pp.10-12.
  6. The bombing of Nijmegen. The letter of an eyewitness to her parents.
  7. Bombardement geen vergissing, wel een faux pas, Bombardment not a mistake, but a faux pas, De Gelderlander, February 21, 2009.
  8. https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slag_om_Nijmegen
    The liberation of Nijmegen took place from September 17 to 20, 1944, as part of Operation Market Garden during World War II.
  9. https://www.noviomagus.nl/vrijkun30.htm
  10. Surveillancedagboek Gemeentepolitie Nijmegen from february 1944 until about 1 october 1944
  11. Memorial plaque for the fallen members of the Catholic University of Nijmegen, formerly in the entrance hall of the assembly hall at the Wilhelminasingel, now in the entrance hall of the assembly hall at the Comeniuslaan.
  12. Sichting noviomagus , De Tweede Wereldoorlog in Nijmegen, The Second World War in Nijmegen


Liberated: 1944-09-17 – 1944-09-20


Nijmegen – 35 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Beerman,
Wilhelmus Adrianus
Wim
∗ 1909-08-20
Amsterdam
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - Wilhelmus Adrianus Beerman was a police photographer and detective.
During the Second World War, he was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on the Daalseweg on …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Dobbe,
Theo
Hans
∗ 1901-03-19
Amsterdam
† 1944-09-05
Dieren, gem. Rheden
Nijmegen - early resistance - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - In his civil profession, Theo Dobbe was a chief representative and active throughout the Netherlands. In the southern part of the country he became the organizer of the LKP, the umbrella organization of the Knokploegen (commandos). In 1943 he became head of the special unit …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-10
Eldert, van
Johannes Antonie
Jan
∗ 1894-10-31
Amsterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Van Eldert, a carpenter, was married to Wilhelmina van de Berg and distributed illegal newspapers, including De Waarheid. On June 17, 1944, at 2:15 a.m., he was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe for having distributed De Waarheid in Nijmegen. At 11 o’clock he and three others were taken by Wiebe …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Ettema,
Dominicus Hylarius /Hilarius
∗ 1897-08-03
Wymbritseradiel
† 1945-01-11
Neuengamme
Nijmegen - L.O. - The outskirts of Limburg - Dominicus Ettema was deputy director of the cooperative dairy in Zeddam (municipality of Bergh, Montferland) [1] and was listed in the files of the SD/SiPo (Security Service/Security Police) as a local contact person of the LO-Bergh. Ettema probably admitted this during the interrogations. …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Evers,
Johannes Hendrikus
Jan
∗ 1917-05-03
Oosterhout (Valburg)
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
Nijmegen - early resistance - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Jan Evers ran a car repair shop, was married and father of one child. They lived in Nijmegen.
He began typing and distributing illegal newspapers, including Vrij Nederland, in 1941 [1.1].
Besides that, the website of Kamp Vught (German: Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch) states in …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Geuns, van
Ernest George
∗ 1889-02-28
Soerabaja, NOI
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Retired colonial official (last Hoofdcommies in the then Nederlands Indië, now Indonesia). [9] In 1938, he and his family returned to the Netherlands for the children’s education [1.4] and settled in Nijmegen. During the German occupation, he distributed banned newspapers and belonged to …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hekking,
Henri A.
Hens
∗ 1923-09-21
† 1945-04-16
Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - - The outskirts of Limburg - Henny Hekking was a member of the Knokploeg (combat group) in Nijmegen, together with, among others, his friends Jules Moormann, George Muskens and  …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hendriks,
Bartholomeus Theodorus
Bart
∗ 1915-04-16
Nijmegen
† 1944-06-06
Overveen, duinen
Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - During the Second World War, he was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on the Daalseweg on September 24, because he knew too much. However, Ederveen managed to escape …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hoes,
Gerardus Adrianus
Geert
∗ 1919-02-10
Tilburg
† 1945-02-09
Neuengamme
Nijmegen - Elst - L.O. - municipality - Student - The outskirts of Limburg - Geert Hoes was one of the pioneers of LO-Elst and belonged to a group consisting mainly of municipal officials, including Hendrik Kammeraat, Kees Peters,  …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hoof, van
Jan Jozef Lambert
Redder van de Waalbrug
∗ 1922-08-07
Nijmegen
† 1944-09-19
Nijmegen
Nijmegen - L.O. - Ordedienst - The outskirts of Limburg - On September 19, 1944, Jan van Hoof guided an Allied reconnaissance vehicle through the city. On the Nieuwe Markt - today’s Joris Ivensplein - the vehicle was shot on fire. Jan van Hoof survived, but was caught by German soldiers and subsequently killed by gunshot to the head.
Posthumously …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hövell tot Westerflier, van
Jozef
van Veen
∗ 1919-01-12
Maastricht
† 1945-01-04
Meppen (sub. Neuengamme)
Maastricht - Nijmegen - Student - Full name: Jozef Felix Henri Marie baron van Hövell van Wezeveld en Westerflier. He was a conscript and attended pilot training in Rotterdam until his demobilization by the Germans. For his funeral card reads:
Being trained at the S.R.O.M.L. in Rotterdam  [1], …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Janssen,
Jacobus Everhardus
Jacob
∗ 1904-02-09
Nijmegen
† 1944-08-11
Vught
Roermond - Nijmegen - early resistance - Jacob Janssen was a branch manager of the grocery chain EDAH in Roermond and a member of the resistance group Oranje Vrijbuiters. [1]

His code name was Jacob, his call sign Jacques. He was involved in a staged robbery at EDAH. This brought in a lot of ration …

wall: right, row 05-04

Jong, de
Cornelis
Cees/Cor
∗ 1905-03-31
Rotterdam
† 1944-06-06
Bloemendaal
Nijmegen - L.O. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Cees de Jong was a sales representative of the Leder- en Drijfriemenfabriek Regouin in Cuijk. From 1942 he collected data on German military objects for Captain C. Hoogerland. He also distributed the underground newspaper Vrij Nederland. In addition, he provided (from July 1943 within …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Kuerten,
Antonius Johannes
Joop
∗ 1919-06-29
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Vught
Nijmegen - K.P. - The outskirts of Limburg - Antonius Johannes Kuerten was a machine fitter [4]. Arrested on February 21, 1945 in Hoorn by the Landwacht (auxiliar police consisting of Dutch nazis) during a food transport. [1]
We read about Joop Kuerten on Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen 1940 - …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Linssen,
Henricus Ignatius
∗ 1888-07-17
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - municipality - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Henricus Ignatius Linssen worked in the distribution office of Nijmegen. He was married to Joanna Maria Elisabeth Teunissen and father of three children. He provided those in hiding with distribution documents ( stamps and cards) and distributed forbidden newspapers. He belonged to the …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Marcusse,
Albertus Hendrikus
Albert
∗ 1903-11-02
Batenburg
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - Albert Marcusse was married to Johannea Stevens and together they had seven children. He was chief inspector (hoofdinspecteur) of police and during the Second World War, he was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Merlijn,
Pieter L.
Leij
∗ 1920-12-31
Ede
† 1945-03-12
Amsterdam
Nijmegen - K.P. - The outskirts of Limburg - Pieter was a machine fitter [6] and he was a member of the Knokploeg (combat group) in Nijmegen. He participated in raids on distribution offices, in attempts to liberate imprisoned resistance fighters, etc. After the liberation of Nijmegen, he shifted his operational focus to the still …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Moormann,
Julius Ferdinand
Jules
∗ 1924-04-12
Nijmegen
† 1944-05-17
??
Nijmegen - K.P. - Student - The outskirts of Limburg - During a failed liquidation attempt on April 14, 1944, Julius Ferdinand Moormann was arrested and George Muskens killed. [1]
Oorlogsgravenstichting.nl writes [4]:

Student Moormann, son of high school director Moormann, …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.

Muller,
Jean Maurice
∗ 1920-02-06
Weltevreden (Ned.Ind
† 1944-07-21
Kamp Vught
Nijmegen - municipality - press - The outskirts of Limburg - As an official of the distribution office in Nijmegen, he passed on ration cards to people in hiding and he distributed banned newspapers. He belonged to the Vrij Nederland group of Nijmegen and was arrested on June 20, 1944 [4], possibly as a result of betrayal [1.1]. On July 21, 1944, he …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Muskens,
George
Arts
∗ 1923-07-02
Maastricht
† 1944-04-14
Arnhem
Maastricht - Nijmegen - K.P. - Student - George Muskens (Gregorius Johannes Arnoldus Maria Muskens) was a trainee sculptor. He was a member of the Nijmegen Knokploeg (armed unit) . [1][3]
In a failed liquidation attempt on 14/04/1944, Muskens was killed and Moormann was arrested. Quote oorlogsgravenstichting.nl …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Oolbekkink,
Herman
∗ 1911-09-27
Deventer,
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - During the Second World War, detective Oolbekkink was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on the Daalseweg on September 24, because he knew too much. However, …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Pijnacker Hordijk,
Anna
∗ 1881-06-11
Maastricht
† 1944-01-24
Ravensbruck
- Maastricht - Nijmegen - Anna Geertruida Adelheid was a daughter of rev. Arij Pijnacker Hordijk and Alida Margaretha Theodora de Ridder. She was married to Matthias Adriaan Snoeck. Sister of rev. Adriaan Nicolaas Pijnacker Hordijk and rev. Herbert Jacobus Pijnacker Hordijk. So a real theologian’s family. …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Reichert,
Franciscus P.
Vrijn
∗ 1873-08-29
Delft
† 1944-09-14
Nijmegen
Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - - press - The outskirts of Limburg - A trader by profession as well as a courier for the LO-KP out of conviction. Also Vrij Nederland. On September 14, 1944 he was shot in his house because of his work for V.N. [2].
The following can be read on :oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl [4]:

Frans Reichert, married …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.

Rodriguez /Rodrigues,
Jozef Marius
Jozef
∗ 1900-03-05
Paramaribo
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Retired KNIL sergeant [1] Jozef Rodriguez (also spelled Rodrigues) listened to radio transmissions from London and distributed illegal newspapers and pamphlets. He was arrested by the notorious Wiebe at 1:30 a.m. on June 30, 1944. He was imprisoned first in Arnhem, then in the Amersfoort camp, …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Scheer, van der
Pieter Hendrik
∗ 1919-07-10
Nijmegen
† 1941-03-21
Nieuwenhagen
Nieuwenhagen - Nijmegen - early resistance - unorganized resistance - police - Pieter Hendrik van der Scheer was a conscript from 1939 until the end of the war, assigned to the Vickers M.C. 3rd Bat. 19th Reg. IVth Infantry Division and took part in the fighting during the combat days of May 10-15, 1940, in the vicinity of the …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Schiphorst,
Tom
∗ 1923-01-01
Heerlen
† 1945-03-09
Mauthausen
Heerlen - Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - press - Student - Student at the MTS (technical secondary school), living in Nijmegen. He took care of people in hiding and distributed illegal magazines. He also hid an American pilot. Member of the LO-Maas en Waal. On August 1, 1944 he was arrested and on March 9, 1945 he died in the Mauthausen concentration camp.
wall: left, row 18-01
Schortinghuis,
Jacobus Reinder
Bob (van de recherche)
∗ 1923-02-14
Delfzijl
† 1945-04-25
Hedel
Nijmegen - dutch soldier - K.P. - Student - The outskirts of Limburg - Koos Schortinghuis was a member of the Knokploeg (armed group) of Nijmegen [1] and as such was qualified to join the Dutch army after the liberation of Nijmegen. He died as a member of the Prinses Irene Brigade [2][7]. Rank: soldier OVW (Oorlogsvrijwilliger = war volunteer).
On the …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Span,
Petrus
Piet
∗ 1908-10-14
Nijmegen
† 0000-00-00
Leusderheide
Nijmegen - CPN - press - person in hiding - The outskirts of Limburg - Piet Span was a carpenter. Distributor of De Waarheid (The Truth), had gone into hiding in the Waterkwartier. He was betrayed, the identity of the traitor is unclear. Arrested on June 17, 1944 at 1:05 a.m. by constable C.L. Geerts. At 11:00 he was taken with three others by Wiebe and …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Spillenaar Bilgen,
Marinus
∗ 1892-10-25
Salatiga, NOI
† 1944-09-04
Vught
Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - The pharmacist’s son Marinus Spillenaar Bilgen, as director of the Gelderland paper mill in Nijmegen, supplied large quantities of paper to underground newspapers such as Trouw [2][5] and collected money for the NSF (Nationaal Steun Fonds, National Support Fund [1], financed the resistance). …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Toussaint,
Christiaan Canisius
Christ
∗ 1896-10-21
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Christ Toussaint was a department head at the E.R.K. (Eerste Rooms Katholieke Levensverzekering Maatschappij). He distributed radio news from London and forbidden newspapers and supported the resistance financially. [1] We owe many biographical details to his daughter C. …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Treytel /Treijtel,
Petrus Laurentius
Piet
∗ 1877-08-09
Rotterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Piet Treijtel was a carpenter. He worked on the party newspaper De Waarheid (the truth) and was involved in various other illegal activities. He was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe at 4:00 a.m. on June 17, 1944. One of the stories about the assassination attempt three weeks later on …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Vugt, van
Daniël
Daan
∗ 1896-05-02
Rotterdam
† 1945-04-25
Kdo. Sandbostel, Neuengamme
Nijmegen - The outskirts of Limburg -
Wagter,
Arp
∗ 1907-01-17
Groningen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Arp Wagter was a blacksmith and machine fitter. On June 6, 1944, he was arrested in Nijmegen.
On oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl we read about him [6]:

Arp Wagter, married to Hendrika Coenders and childless, distributed banned newspapers in Nijmegen. He was a member of a …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.

Weert, de
Jacques J.
Zwarte Jacques, Victor
∗ 1921-04-10
Zundert
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
Nijmegen - L.O. - Student - person in hiding - The outskirts of Limburg - Fred Cammaert wrote in his dissertation [1]:

Already at the beginning of the war, groups were formed that focused on falsifying documents. The L.O. sought support from or received help from some of these groups. J. Hendrikx, for example, formed a forgery group in Venlo …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.

Will,
Peter
∗ 1896-08-21
Schoonhoven
† 1945-04-24
Transport vanuit Neuengamme
Nijmegen - L.O. - press - police - The outskirts of Limburg - Quality inspector in the slaughterhouse of Nijmegen, see the memorial plaque in the slaughterhouse [1] and honorary policeman. After May 1940, he helped people who wanted to escape forced labor in Germany. He distributed the underground newspaper Trouw [8], took care of people in hiding, …


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.