The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

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Nijmegen


Herdenkingskapel met graven Daniel van Vugt en andere slachtoffers van Ederveen

Nijmegen lies only a few kilometers north of the Limburg provincial border and was to play an important bridging role between the Limburg LO and the north of the country. We quote from Het Grote Gebod: The resistance there "had always cooperated with Arnhem, with Father Holleman and Theo Dobbe in particular coming to the fore. Arnhem was represented mainly by Kees van Gelder, who was a member of the top. In June 1943, "secret agent Ederveen," who was in reality provocateur/V-man C.J. van der Burch, working for the Abwehrstelle Groningen and the SD in The Hague, penetrated a group of mainly police officers. When it became clear that this alleged Ederveen was a traitor, police inspector Frans Prick (later: Perrick) saw no other option but to liquidate him. On September 24, 1943, an assassination attempt was made on him on the Daalseweg. Van der Burch managed to escape, however, and dozens of arrests followed. The "main suspects" were Herman Oolbekkink, Albertus H. Marcusse, Wilhelmus A. Beerman, Bartholomeus Th. Hendriks and Cees de Jong..
After being sentenced to death on May 19, 1944 for sabotage, espionage and possession of weapons, they were shot on June 6, 1944 in the dunes near Overveen. In Nijmegen, these five members of the resistance group were honored with a street name in the quarter of the resistance heroes in the Kwakkenberg district. Policemen Beerman, Hendriks and Marcusse later received an honorary burial in the cemetery of the Hl. Landstichting (Holy Land Foundation), next to their comrade in arms Daan van Vugt. Cees de Jong was buried in the cemetery of honor in Bloemendaal.
After a supply group of the newly formed L.O. was busted in Nijmegen in September 1943, District Chief Smals of Vierlingsbeek rushed there to breathe new life into the L.O. and ensure that the cooperation that had just been established remained intact. (Cammaert VIb p. 718) p. 718) Now the L.O.-Limburg played a stronger role in Nijmegen. Holleman and Dobbe remained the link between the Exchange (code word for the L.O. head in the part of the country north of the Rhine) and the regional Limburg Assembly.
Another reason for the bond between Nijmegen and Limburg was the Catholic University of Nijmegen (KUN, today Radboud University). There studied mainly students from the Catholic south of the country, including Limburg. At first Ambrosius had its office in Venlo, but as this location caused more and more problems, it was moved to St. Annastraat in Nijmegen in February 1944. By the way, he too, had studied in Nijmegen.
In Nijmegen there was also the forgery office of J. de Weert, which was integrated into the L.O. by Ambrosius.
On February 22, 1944, the Allied bombing of Nijmegen took place, targeting the station area (the Germans used the railroad for weapons transport), but because of sloppy execution, most of the bombs landed on houses in the center, killing about 800 civilians.6) 7))
In July 1944, several attempts were made in Nijmegen for various reasons. Rauter ordered the shooting of eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen in retaliation. 1))
On September 19, 1944, Jan van Hoof piloted an Allied reconnaissance vehicle through the city. On the Nieuwe Markt - today’s Joris Ivensplein - the vehicle was set on fire. Jan van Hoof survived, but was captured and subsequently killed. (noviomagus.nl 10))

  1. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  2. Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen 1940-1945: Aanslag op Ederveen, Attempt to assassinate Ederveen
  3. In the Bakkerskapel of the Stevenskerk in Nijmegen, the free brochure about the Memorial Book of the Nijmegen Resistance is available for consultation.
    Van terroristen tot helden. Het verzet geëerd of miskend? (From terrorists to heros. Resistance recognized or misunderstood?) by Dr. Joost Rosendaal
    Werkgroep Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen (Working Group War Dead Nijmegen)
    info@oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl
  4. Anneke Nolet, Vrouwen en verzet : In het Rijk van Nijmegen, 1940-1945.
    (In the realm of Nijmegen, 1940-1945.) Nijmegen, publisher Vantilt, [2020].
    While searching for her aunt’s story, the author discovered stories of more than 120 women from the Nijmegen Resistance. “There were an incredible number of them,” Nolet notes. "There are probably many more than I found.”
  5. Anneke Nolet, Verzetsvrouwen in Nijmegen, (Resistance Women in Nijmegen) in: Nijmeegs Katern 28 (Feb. 2014) no.1 pp.10-12.
  6. The bombing of Nijmegen. The letter of an eyewitness to her parents.
  7. Bombardement geen vergissing, wel een faux pas, Bombardment not a mistake, but a faux pas, De Gelderlander, February 21, 2009.
  8. https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slag_om_Nijmegen
    The liberation of Nijmegen took place from September 17 to 20, 1944, as part of Operation Market Garden during World War II.
  9. https://www.noviomagus.nl/vrijkun30.htm
  10. Surveillancedagboek Gemeentepolitie Nijmegen from february 1944 until about 1 october 1944


Liberated: 1944-09-17 – 1944-09-20

Nijmegen – 33 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Beerman,
Wilhelmus Adrianus
Wim
∗ 1909-08-20
Amsterdam
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - Wilhelmus Adrianus Beerman was a police photographer and detective.
During the Second World War, he was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on the Daalseweg on September 24, because he knew too much. However, Ederveen managed to escape and to alert the Germans. As a result, dozens of people were arrested on September 27, and on June 6, 1944, the five most important members of this resistance group were executed in the dunes near Overveen.

Dobbe,
Theo
Hans
∗ 1901-03-19
Amsterdam
† 1944-09-05
Dieren, gem. Rheden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - early resistance - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - In his civil profession, Theo Dobbe was a chief representative and active throughout the Netherlands. In the southern part of the country he became the organizer of the LKP, the umbrella organization of the Knokploegen (commandos). In 1943 he became head of the special unit Opruimingsdienst (Clean-up Service).
He was not among the fallen who lived in Limburg and is therefore not listed on a wall of the provincial resistance memorial. But both J.W. Hofwijk and Fred Cammaert mention his important role in their respective chapters about the Knokploegen in Limburg.
By Royal Decree of September 11, 1951, No. 21, entered in the Register of Knights of the 4th Class of the Military Order of William:

…for having distinguished himself in battle by outstanding acts of courage, policy, and loyalty, persistently fighting the enemy occupier with great vigor and ingenuity and in all fields of underground resistance during the period from May 1940 until his heroic death in September 1944, which acts greatly benefited the Allied war effort. In particular, through the following acts, often with imminent danger of death.

  1. Already shortly after the surrender of the Netherlands in May 1940, he and five others succeeded in obtaining arms and ammunition in Naarden.
  2. On May 14, 1941, an enemy camp in Amsterdam was blown up with teletype and signal equipment, killing several enemy officers.
  3. After his arrest in Amsterdam on November 24, 1941, and his transfer to the Willem II barracks in Utrecht, he managed to escape in a very daring manner, and although he was sentenced to death in absentia in December, he continued the resistance undaunted;
  4. In August and September 1942, he set fire to bogs or vehicles loaded with sod in the Veluwe to prevent the enemy from camouflaging his airfields;
  5. After forming a Knokploeg in Nijmegen in mid-1943, he and other illegal groups persistently sabotaged enemy transports in all possible ways and, from June 1944, provided coverage by carrier pigeons from the Mookerheide for the benefit of the Allied war effort; he also helped Allied pilots escape across the border.
  6. Finally, when he tried to escape shortly before his execution, he snatched the pistol of one of his guards, whereupon the escort immediately opened fire on him and he was mortally wounded.

Source: De Militaire Willems-Orde Sijthoff Pers ISBN 90-70682-01-X

More sources:

Eldert, van
Johannes Antonie
Jan
∗ 1894-10-31
Amsterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Van Eldert, a carpenter, was married to Wilhelmina van de Berg and distributed illegal newspapers, including De Waarheid. On June 17, 1944, at 2:15 a.m., he was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe for having distributed De Waarheid in Nijmegen. At 11 o’clock he and three others were taken by Wiebe and Hidskes to the SD (security police) in Arnhem. On July 21, 1944, in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers, he was executed on the heath of Leusden along with seven other people from Nijmegen, after having previously been forced to dig their own graves. After the war, Van Eldert was buried on Rustoord (D 710) until the fall of 1969.
On oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl we read about him [5]:

February 18, 2011. Granddaughter J.A. Brugmans by telephone: In 1948 there were plans for a monument on the Wedren for those executed. However, since Van Eldert was a "different thinker", he was a member of the CPN (Communistische Partij Nederland), he could not be buried there. Therefore he was buried in the Rustoord cemetery. In the late 1960s, the lead coffin was moved with the intention of giving him an honorary grave at the Vredehof, but the family refused. "Not then so not now". In the meantime, the lead coffin had disappeared. His mortal remains have been returned to Rustoord.

One of the stories about the assassination attempt three weeks later on German soldier Otto Geschefsky says that this was an act of revenge for the arrest of four communist resistance fighters from Nijmegen (Arp Wagter, Jan van Eldert, Piet Treijtel and Piet Span). Another story says that two inexperienced boys, aged 17 and 18, were assigned to take away a list of names of resistance fighters from Nijmegen from this Geschefsky. A girl friend lured him to Kronenburgerpark and they ambushed him. Geschefsky drew his pistol, but was shot himself with it. [1]

  1. Otto Geschefsky
  2. Theo Dobbe en de Nijmeegse Knokploeg, in: Jaarboek Numaga 2008, p. 69-77
    Theo Dobbe
  3. G. Thuring, Ereveld Vredehof, Groesbeek 2010, p. 24-25 met foto grafsteen Rustoord
  4. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/38845/johannes-antonie-van-eldert
  5. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/eldert/446adb86-d96a-4b85-b7a5-0ddc2088a71b
  6. Digital Monument

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    This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Ettema,
Dominicus Hylarius /Hilarius
∗ 1897-08-03
Wymbritseradiel
† 1945-01-11
Neuengamme
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - The outskirts of Limburg - Dominicus Ettema was deputy director of the cooperative dairy in Zeddam (municipality of Bergh, Montferland) [1] and was listed in the files of the SD/SiPo (Security Service/Security Police) as a local contact person of the LO-Bergh. Ettema probably admitted this during the interrogations. But he was more than that. If he was a local contact person for those in hiding, it must have been in his place of residence, Zeddam. In Bergh he was one of the founders of the LO, so he could have been sub-district leader there and concealed this for good reason.
On June 14, 1944, he was captured as a result of another arrest in which incriminating material was seized. A detailed article with photos about him can be found on berghapedia.nl [2].
On oorlogsdodendinkelland.nl/ there are less details. There we read about him [3]:

Dominicus lived as a boarder at DD 217 in Denekamp from June 1920 to May 1921. Then he moved to Zeddam, where he became deputy director of the dairy.
He was the youngest in a family of nine children, some of whom died young. His parents moved to Düsseldorf around 1900. His mother died in 1922 and his father in 1927, both in Düsseldorf. Dominicus returned to the Netherlands in 1913, where he lived in Wisch, Zutphen, Borne and Denekamp.
At the beginning of the German occupation, he became involved in the resistance. Together with some friends he founded a resistance group in Zeddam to support people in hiding. He was known to the S.D. as the diving chief of the area (L.O. Bergh). He supplied the people in hiding (also called divers) with food and coupons, which were obtained mainly through raids on distribution offices. The group also obtained forged papers, stamps, and distribution master cards.
In Whitsun week 1944, the SS busted part of the organization and arrested a number of members, including Ettema. They were first taken to Arnhem and then transferred to the Amersfoort concentration camp on May 27. On October 11, he was transported to Neuengamme. He was one of 1439 prisoners who were transported from Amersfoort to Neuengamme on October 11. Among them were 602 men who had been arrested during the raid in Putten on October 1. Ettema was there in the main camp with prisoner number 56199 and died here on 11 January 1945 under unknown circumstances. [4]

In Zeddam, his last residence, Ettemastraat is named after him [5.1] and he is listed on the war memorial [5.2].
He is on page 824 in the Roll of Honor of the Fallen 1940-1945 [6].

  1. OpenStreetMap:Bergh
  2. berghapedia.nl Dominicus Hylarius Ettema
  3. https://oorlogsdodendinkelland.nl/slachtoffers/oude-gemeente-denekamp/ettema-dominicus/
  4. Totenbuch KZ-Gedenkstätte Neuengamme: Dominicus Hylarius Ettema
  5. 1. berghapedia.nl: Ettemastraat
    2. Oorlogsmonument Zeddam
    3. Verzet in WO II in Bergh
  6. Erelijst van Gevallenen 1940-1945 van de Staten-Generaal (Roll of Honour 1940-1945 of the Dutch Parliament)
  7. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/personen/41483/dominicus-hylarius-ettema
  8. Digital Monument

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    This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Evers,
Johannes Hendrikus
Jan
∗ 1917-05-03
Oosterhout (Valburg)
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - early resistance - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Jan Evers ran a car repair shop, was married and father of one child. They lived in Nijmegen.
He began typing and distributing illegal newspapers, including Vrij Nederland, in 1941 [1.1].
Besides that, the website of Kamp Vught (German: Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch) states in his life description [1.1]:

Johannes was arrested by the SD (Security Service) in Arnhem during 1941 and subsequently imprisoned in Scheveningen for four months. Shortly after his release, Johannes was suspected of transporting ammunition and was jailed for 18 days in Arnhem Prison. On April 29, 1944, Johannes was arrested for the last time and then transferred to Kamp Vught because he had probably been betrayed. On July 21, 1944, Johannes was shot by the Germans near the camp.

He helped the KP (armed group) of Nijmegen to free resisters from prison. He also transported weapons and helped Jews. Contact person for the LO-Breda. [4]
On April 29, 1944, he was arrested at home [6] in connection with the transport of Jews, probably as a result of treason. Shot in Vught concentration camp on July 21, 1944, [1] probably also in revenge for the attack on German soldiers in Nijmegen. [2]
Listed on the honor roll 1940-1945 [3]

  1. Kamp Vught
    1. Evers, Johannes Hendrikus (Nederlands)
    2. Homepage English
  2. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  3. Erelijst 1940-1945
  4. Drs L.E.M.A. van Hommerich, Het Grote Gebod, dl.1.1, De LO, Kampen 1951, p. 331
  5. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/41583/johannes-hendrikus-evers
  6. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/evers/54cc771b-1682-423d-9f2b-cbd8c0d4eef9
  7. Digital Monument

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    This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Geuns, van
Ernest George
∗ 1889-02-28
Soerabaja, NOI
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Retired colonial official (last Hoofdcommies in the then Nederlands Indië, now Indonesia). [9] In 1938, he and his family returned to the Netherlands for the children’s education [1.4] and settled in Nijmegen. During the German occupation, he distributed banned newspapers and belonged to the Nijmegen group of Vrij Nederland. [8] His son Jean René also joined in [1]. They helped smuggle Jewish families into Switzerland and distributed ration cards to people in hiding. Three times he was arrested. On June 29, 1944, he was arrested together with his neighbor Christ Toussaint, and on July 21, 1944, he and seven other Nijmegen citizens were executed on the heath of Leusden in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers, having previously dug his own grave [2]. He is on the list of the fallen of the Dutch Parliament 1940-1945 [3]. After the war Van Geuns was buried in the Daalseweg cemetery (A 29-1-9) until the fall of 1969, later he was moved to the field of honor of the Vredehof cemetery [5] in Nijmegen.
In the newspaper De Gelderlander of May 11, 1945, an obituary was published for Ernest George van Geuns, Henricus Lins(s)en, Christiaan Toussaint and Joseph Rodriguez, all of whom, according to the obituary, perished in the Amersfoort camp on July 22, 1944, "having fallen as victims for Nijmegen." [7]

  1. 1. NOS, 20 februari 2021, Verzetsman Jean van Geuns (96) overleden
    2. De Gelderlander 2-5-2019, p. 8-9, "De vergeten verzetsman Jean van Geuns"
    3. Deutsch: https://de.wikibrief.org/wiki/Jean_van_Geuns
    4. Onbekende verzetsstrijder Jean van Geuns opgespoord in New York
  2. Elf gevangen verzetsmensen vermoord in Nijmegen
  3. Erelijst 1940-1945
  4. collectie Bart Janssen s.v. Toussaint, C.C.
  5. Ereveld Vredehof in Nijmegen
  6. J.Rosendaal, in: Jaarboek Numaga 2008, p.69-77
  7. De Gelderlander, 11 mei 1945
  8. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/geuns/6515db1c-72c5-403e-9725-a86e83c6bf81
  9. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/49125/ernest-george-van-geuns
  10. Digital Monument

  11. Notice: Undefined variable: endlist in /var/www/vhosts/hosting100836.af98e.netcup.net/httpdocs/verzet/verzetsmonument.php on line 1048

    This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hekking,
Henri A.
Hens
∗ 1923-09-21
† 1945-04-16
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - - The outskirts of Limburg - Henny Hekking was a member of the Knokploeg (combat group) in Nijmegen, together with, among others, his friends Jules Moormann, George Muskens and Eddy Meulenberg (it is not sure if this is the same Eddy Meulenberg
Do you know more? Write us!). He also worked as a courier. During a train check on June 21, 1944, he was arrested and transported to Neuengamme [1]. On April 16, 1945, he died of hunger and exhaustion on the day of his arrival at Sandbostel concentration camp, a subcamp of Neuengamme between Bremen and Hamburg [2]. Buried in Loenen [3]

  1. Drs L.E.M.A. van Hommerich, Het Grote Gebod, dl.1.1, De LO, Kampen 1951, p. 331
  2. 1. kz-gedenkstaette-neuengamme.de: Sandbostel
    2. Wikipedia en Stalag X-B
  3. Nationaal Ereveld Loenen graf E 470
  4. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/61140/henri-alphonse-hekking
  5. Digital Monument

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    This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hendriks,
Bartholomeus Theodorus
Bart
∗ 1915-04-16
Nijmegen
† 1944-06-06
Overveen, duinen
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - During the Second World War, he was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on the Daalseweg on September 24, because he knew too much. However, Ederveen managed to escape and to alert the Germans. As a result, dozens of people were arrested on September 27, and on June 6, 1944, the five most important members of this resistance group were executed in the dunes near Overveen.

Hendrikx /Hendrickx,
Jan J.
Ambrosius
∗ 1917-02-02
Venlo
† 1945-05-03
Oranienburg/Sachsenhausen
Venlo - Nijmegen - L.O. - person in hiding - carillon - Studeerde in Nijmegen en kreeg te maken met studentenverzet, voordat hij naar Venlo terugkwam en onderwijzer werd. (Cammaert VI, p. 576) Werd er districtsleider tot zijn overgang naar het gewest en de landelijke organisatie, in de tweede helft van de zomer van 1943. (Cammaert VI, p.p. 500-501 en 579). Gearresteerd op 21-6-1944 bij overval op provinciale vergadering LO-Limburg te Weert. Dr. Fred Cammaert zei bij zijn redevoering bij de onthulling van de plaquette bij het vredescarillon: „Als tweede noem ik de uit Venlo afkomstige onderwijzer Jan Hendrikx. Op verzoek van de kapelaans Naus en Van Enckevort nam hij in 1943 de opbouw van de Limburgse onderduikorganisatie op zich. Hij reisde stad en land af en bracht talrijke waardevolle verbindingen tot stand, zowel binnen de provincie als daarbuiten. Ook maakte hij deel uit van de leiding van de landelijke onderduikorganisatie. En, net als de bij het verzet betrokken geestelijken, was hij een verklaard voorstander van geweldloos verzet. Door de overval van Weert op 21-06-1944 viel hij in Duitse handen. Begin 1945 kwam hij om het leven tijdens een van de gruwelijke evacuatietransporten van kampgevangenen.“
Drager van het Verzetskruis.
wall: right, row 28-04
Hoes,
Gerardus Adrianus
Geert
∗ 1919-02-10
Tilburg
† 1945-02-09
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - Elst - L.O. - municipality - Student - The outskirts of Limburg - Geert Hoes was one of the pioneers of LO-Elst and belonged to a group consisting mainly of municipal officials, including Hendrik Kammeraat, Kees Peters, Gerrit Erdkamp, Herman Geerlings, Piet van Hal, Wouter Hoogakker and himself. They took care of the people who were in hiding in their community. Many of them were "delivered" by the L.O. from neighboring Nijmegen. He was arrested in Arnhem on 26-07-1943 and was in possession of documents for people in hiding. [1]

Geert Hoes was a law student at the Roman Catholic University in Nijmegen and also worked in the municipal administration of Elst (between Nijmegen and Arnhem [2]). He was arrested on July 26, 1943, near Arnhem; in his possession were master cards and ration cards for people in hiding, as well as a stamp from the town hall of Elst. A police detective in Arnhem, Van Wier, tried to cover up the case, knowing that Hoes was involved in resistance work. However, the National Criminal Police in The Hague called in the Security Service and Police (SD/SiPo) in Arnhem. In Elst, 15 officers from the distribution office, the police and the town hall were arrested. How they fared during their imprisonment you can read in the introduction to the resistance victims of Elst. Only seven of them returned alive after the liberation. Geert Hoes was killed in February 1945. [4]

He is buried in Vught. [7][12]

In the entrance hall of the auditorium of Radboud University in Nijmegen, Geert Hoes is inscribed on the memorial plaque for members of the university community who have been killed in World War II. [8]

  1. Het grote gebod
  2. Elst Open Street Map
  3. oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl
  4. Erelijst van Gevallenen 1940-1945 van de Staten-Generaal (List of honour 1940-1945 of the Dutch Parliament)
  5. Digitaal Monument Neuengamme
  6. R.K. Begraafplaats Mariaplein, Vught, graf F 24
  7. Provinciaal Gedenkteken Memorial Provincial De Brabantse Soldaat, Waalre
  8. Nijmegen: Gedenkplaat voor de in de Tweede Wereldoorlog gevallen leden van de universitaire gemeenschap, voorheen in de hal van de aula aan de Wilhelminasingel, thans in de hal van de aula aan de Comeniuslaan. Zie: Tussen vrijblijvend en bevlogen, p. 19 Zie: Jan Brabers, Proeven van eigen cultuur, dl. 1, p. 278
  9. Memorial card www.noviomagus.nl B013
  10. Arnolds, A.L.M. & al. Gedenkboek 1940-1945 van de katholieke academische gemeenschap, Leiden 1947, p. 100
  11. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/64743/gerardus-adrianus-hoes
  12. Digital Monument

  13. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Hoof, van
Jan Jozef Lambert
Redder van de Waalbrug
∗ 1922-08-07
Nijmegen
† 1944-09-19
Nijmegen
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - dutch soldier - L.O. - Ordedienst - The outskirts of Limburg - On September 19, 1944, Jan van Hoof guided an Allied reconnaissance vehicle through the city. On the Nieuwe Markt - today’s Joris Ivensplein - the vehicle was shot on fire. Jan van Hoof survived, but was caught by German soldiers and subsequently killed by gunshot to the head.
Posthumously he was awarded the Militaire Willemsorde (MWO, Knight 4th Class)
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Janssen,
Jacobus Everhardus
Jacob
∗ 1904-02-09
Nijmegen
† 1944-08-11
Vught
Roermond - Nijmegen - early resistance - Jacob Janssen was a branch manager of the grocery chain EDAH in Roermond and a member of the resistance group Oranje Vrijbuiters. [1]

His code name was Jacob, his call sign Jacques. He was involved in a staged robbery at EDAH. This brought in a lot of ration stamps. Together with his cousin Johannes Antonius Linders (Father Sebaldus), he was involved in helping Allied pilots.
On August 24, 1943, Resistance member Joop de Heus [8] was arrested for prohibited activities and began working for the Sipo. He betrayed the members of the resistance group Oranje Vrijbuiters, to which he had belonged [7]. For this reason, Jacob Janssen was arrested at his home on June 9, 1944, as were Jan Dahmen and Marcel Stoffels.
He was first transferred to the Polizeigefängnis (police prison) in Haaren and later to the concentration camp in Vught. There he was executed together with his cousin on August 11, 1944. It was not until October 27, 1945 that his next of kin received his death notice. [7]

  1. https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oranje_Vrijbuiters
  2. Monument at the execution site and on the memorial wall in the National Memorial Kamp Vught
  3. Buried in the Asputten (ash pits) of Camp Vught
  4. Camp Vught, ger. KZ Herzogenbusch
  5. https://www.4edien5mei.nl/oorlogsmonumenten/zoeken/135/roermond-oorlogsmonument
  6. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/70755/jacobus-everhardus-janssen
  7. https://www.wo2slachtoffers.nl/bio/56216/Janssen-Jacobus-Everardus.htm
  8. Wikipedia NL: Joop de Heus
  9. Digital Monument

  10. wall: right, row 05-04
Jong, de
Cornelis
Cees/Cor
∗ 1905-03-31
Rotterdam
† 1944-06-06
Bloemendaal
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Cees de Jong was a sales representative of the Leder- en Drijfriemenfabriek Regouin in Cuijk. From 1942 he collected data on German military objects for Captain C. Hoogerland. He also distributed the underground newspaper Vrij Nederland. In addition, he provided (from July 1943 within the framework of the L.O.) shelter, ration cards, and food to people in hiding. He was also a member of a resistance group in which in particular a number of Nijmegen police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on September 24 at the Daalseweg, because he knew too much. However, Ederveen managed to escape and to alert the Germans. As a result, on September 27, 1943, dozens of people were arrested, and on June 6, 1944, the five most important members of this resistance group were shot in the dunes near Overveen.
Cees de Jong was buried in the cemetery of honor of Bloemendaal (see link below, with biography).


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Kuerten,
Antonius Johannes
Joop
∗ 1919-06-29
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Vught
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - K.P. - The outskirts of Limburg - Antonius Johannes Kürten was a machine fitter [4]. Arrested on February 21, 1945 in Hoorn by the Landwacht (auxiliar police consisting of Dutch nazis) during a food transport. [1]
We read about Joop Kuerten on Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen 1940 - 1945 [2]

Although Kuerten, son of Josephus Dominicus Kuerten and Wilhelmina Antonetta Kuerten-Bongers, lived in Eindhoven and worked as a fitter, he became a member of the Knokploeg-Nijmegen in his birthplace. He was active for the resistance in Nijmegen, Maas and Waal, Eindhoven and in trains, where he stole briefcases of the occupiers. He participated in the liquidation of S.D. people (Sicherheitsdienst or Sicherheitspolizei) and the liberation of resistance fighters from prisons. During a train check in July 1944, he was caught and taken to Vught concentration camp, where he was executed without trial on July 21, probably in retaliation for attempts on German soldiers in Nijmegen.

See also concentration camp Vught, called KZ Herzogenbusch by the Germans [3].

  1. Het Grote Gebod Deel I, Hoofdstuk 2, De Landelijke Knokploegen
    Daarin: Limburg, door J.W. Hofwijk (Blz 588-598 ])
  2. Joop Kuerten op Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen 1940 - 1945
  3. Website kamp Vught: Nederlands Deutsch English Français
    Oorlogsgravenstichting.nl: kamp Vught
    Wikipedia: Nederlands Deutsch English Français Español
  4. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/86124/antonius-johannes-kuerten
  5. Digital Monument

  6. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Linssen,
Henricus Ignatius
∗ 1888-07-17
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - municipality - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Henricus Ignatius Linssen worked in the distribution office of Nijmegen. He was married to Joanna Maria Elisabeth Teunissen and father of three children. He provided those in hiding with distribution documents ( stamps and cards) and distributed forbidden newspapers. He belonged to the Vrij Nederland group of Nijmegen. On June 29, 1944, he was arrested and transported to the Amersfoort concentration camp via the Arnhem prison. On July 21, 1944, he was executed along with other Nijmegen citizens in Leusden in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers in Nijmegen. He had to dig his own grave on the Heath of Leusden. [1] Linssen was buried after the war until the autumn of 1969 in the cemetery on the Daalseweg (29-1-8) and since then in the field of honor of the cemetery Vredehof [2] in Nijmegen.
The daily De Gelderlander of May 11, 1945 contains an obituary of Henricus Linsen (in the other sources Linssen is spelled with 2 s), residing in Nijmegen, Tooropstraat 195, who "fell as a victim for Nijmegen" in the Amersfoort concentration camp on July 22, 1944. In the same obituary the names of Ernest George van Geuns, Christiaan Canisius Toussaint and J. Joseph Marius Rodriguez are mentioned [4].
He is listed on the memorial in the schoolyard of Canisius College, where he was a student. [5]

  1. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  2. Municipal cemetery Vredehof, Erehof 18, Nijmegen
  3. Funeral card at www.noviomagus.nl B137
  4. De Gelderlander, may 11, 1945
  5. Monument voor gevallen Canisianen, Canisiuscollege, Berg en Dalseweg 81, 6522 BC, Nijmegen.
  6. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/95161/henricus-ignatius-linssen
  7. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/linssen/16b314cb-cfc8-4491-888d-3ee671065447
  8. Digital Monument

  9. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Marcusse,
Albertus Hendrikus
Albert
∗ 1903-11-02
Batenburg
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - Albert Marcusse was married to Johannea Stevens and together they had seven children. He was chief inspector (hoofdinspecteur) of police and during the Second World War, he was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on the Daalseweg on September 24, because he knew too much. However, Ederveen managed to escape and to alert the Germans. As a result, dozens of people were arrested on September 27, and on June 6, 1944, the five most important members of this resistance group were executed in the dunes near Overveen.


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Merlijn,
Pieter L.
Leij
∗ 1920-12-31
Ede
† 1945-03-12
Amsterdam
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - K.P. - The outskirts of Limburg - Pieter was a machine fitter [6] and he was a member of the Knokploeg (combat group) in Nijmegen. He participated in raids on distribution offices, in attempts to liberate imprisoned resistance fighters, etc. After the liberation of Nijmegen, he shifted his operational focus to the still occupied western part of the country [1]. Arrested on February 21, 1945 in Hoorn by members of the Landwacht (translated: rural guards, an auxiliary police composed of Dutch fascists) [5], during a food transport [1][2]. The description of the monument "De Gevallen Hoornblazer" [3] in Amsterdam states the following: It

is a tribute to the 30 political prisoners who were executed here on March 12, 1945, in retaliation by the occupying forces.
On March 10, 1945, the SD (Security Service) raided a building on the Stadhouderskade in Amsterdam. This was the headquarters of Groep 2000 [7], a resistance group founded by Jacoba van Tongeren. All members of the group had a code number, which was entered in an encrypted register. The key to the register was buried in the garden of the building. To prevent the occupiers from finding the key, some members of the resistance broke into the building on March 11, 1945. A firefight ensued, during which SS-Hauptscharführer Ernst Wehner (Kriminaloberassistent of the Einsatzkommando Amsterdam) was killed.
In retaliation, the next day 30 prisoners were taken from the prison to the park "Eerste Weteringplantsoen", located opposite the building. The prisoners were executed with three volleys in front of hundreds of Amsterdam citizens who were forced to watch by the occupiers. The clergyman Dr. J. Koopman, who lived on Stadhouderskade, was also shot as he watched from his house. The remains had to stay there as a warning for a long time before they were taken away on an open truck.

On December 31, 2014, his ashes were scattered at the cemetery Mausoleum op de Paasberg in Ede. [4]

  1. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/merlijn/d8615d02-4921-4c3b-b858-549cebbdfe1b
  2. Het Grote Gebod, 1/2, De landelijke knokploegen, Kampen 1951, p. 590
  3. Monument De Gevallen Hoornblazer Amsterdam
  4. Mausoleum op de Paasberg, Ede
  5. Wikipedia NL: Nederlandse Landwacht
  6. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/102159/pieter-lambertus-merlijn
  7. Wikipedia NL: Groep 2000
  8. Digital Monument

  9. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Moormann,
Julius Ferdinand
Jules
∗ 1924-04-12
Nijmegen
† 1944-05-17
??
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - K.P. - Student - The outskirts of Limburg - During a failed liquidation attempt on April 14, 1944, Julius Ferdinand Moormann was arrested and George Muskens killed. [1]
Oorlogsgravenstichting.nl writes [4]:

Student Moormann, son of high school director Moormann, was a member of the Knokploeg-Nijmegen. He was involved in three attempts on the chief of the political police in Nijmegen, Verstappen, which all failed. On April 10, 1944, he and George Muskens attempted to obtain German army insignia. The attempt failed. Muskens was shot. Moormann was arrested. His father and mother, as well as his sister Riet, were also arrested and imprisoned in the Vught camp. In Arnhem, Jules was sentenced to death on May 15, 1944, because he and George Muskens had attempted to "rob and murder a ethnic German (Reichsdeutscher) police chief inspector" in Nijmegen, according to Rauter in De Standaard on May 19, 1944. After torture, he was executed on May 17. May 1944 in Amsterdam, according to a letter from the president of the police district court martial in Arnhem-Velp (the story that he would have been executed on May 15 at Fort De Bilt in Utrecht is therefore probably based on an error). His friends Henri Hekking and Eddy Meulenberg were also involved in the resistance work. Hekking was killed, Meulenberg died shortly after the liberation of the whole country. Moormann’s parents and sister were released after his execution.

Julius is in the Roll of Honour 1940-1945 of the Dutch Parliament [2]
See also the documents about Julius in the National Archives. [3]
His burial place is unknown. [4]

  1. Het Grote Gebod, 1/2, De landelijke knokploegen, Kampen 1951, p. 591
  2. Erelijst 1940-1945
  3. https://www.nationaalarchief.nl/onderzoeken/archief/2.19.255.01/invnr/106045A/file/NL-HaNA_2.19.255.01_106045A_0004
  4. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/106045/julius-ferdinand-moormann
  5. Digital Monument

  6. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Muller,
Jean Maurice
∗ 1920-02-06
Weltevreden (Ned.Ind
† 1944-07-21
Kamp Vught
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - municipality - press - The outskirts of Limburg - As an official of the distribution office in Nijmegen, he passed on ration cards to people in hiding and he distributed banned newspapers. He belonged to the Vrij Nederland group of Nijmegen and was arrested on June 20, 1944 [4], possibly as a result of betrayal [1.1]. On July 21, 1944, he was executed in the Vught concentration camp, [1.1] probably in part in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers in Nijmegen. [2]
He is in the Roll of Honour 1940-1945 of the Dutch Parliament [3]

  1. Kamp Vught / Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch
    1. Jean Maurice Muller (Nederlands)
    2. Homepage English
  2. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  3. Erelijst van gevallenen 1940-1945
  4. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/107693/jean-maurice-muller
  5. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/muller/93905751-1ba3-4e62-aea1-999560b63fa7
  6. Digital Monument

  7. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Muskens,
George
Arts
∗ 1923-07-02
Maastricht
† 1944-04-14
Arnhem
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - K.P. - Student - The outskirts of Limburg - Trainee sculptor. He was a member of the Nijmegen Knokploeg (armed unit) . [1][3]
In a failed liquidation attempt on 14/04/1944, Muskens was killed and Moormann was arrested. Quote oorlogsgravenstichting.nl [7]:

Gregorius Johannes Arnoldus Maria Muskens was the son of physician Dr. Arnold Lodewijk Marie Muskens (∗ Nijmegen December 31, 1878 – † 6 September 1964) and Geertruida Anna Elisabeth Maria van der Waarden. Father Muskens had previously been married to Emma Jeanne Regout of Maastricht, but she died in Heerlen in August 1918. Gregorius trained as a sculptor and was a very active member of the Knokploeg-Nijmegen. He searched for traitors within the resistance. On April 10, 1944, he was seriously wounded in a raid with student Julius Moormann on German soldiers and a German police chief inspector on the Nebo hill. He was accused of trying to rob and kill the chief inspector. The latter succeeded in shooting Muskens down. Four days later Muskens died in prison in Arnhem. Muskens was buried in the cemetery on the Daalseweg (24-6-4) until the fall of 1969, then in the field of honor of the Vredehof cemetery [5]. The student Julius Moormann was sentenced to death by the Police District Court Martial in Arnhem in May 1944. He was executed on May 17, 1944.

See also the brief biography on WO2Slachtoffers.nl [4].
The group led by Dobbe, which was specialized in liquidating dangerous Nazis, was also called the Opruimdienst (Clean-up Service). [2]
Muskens’ name was mentioned on the memorial stone of the Union field hockey club. However, according to oorlogsslachtofferszeeland.nl/, this memorial no longer exists [6].
He is in the Roll of Honour 1940-1945 of the Dutch Parliament [8].

  1. Theo Dobbe en de Nijmeegse Knokploeg, in: Jaarboek Numaga 2008, p. 51-77
  2. Theo Dobbe
  3. Het Grote Gebod, 1/2, De landelijke knokploegen, Kampen 1951, p. 591
  4. https://www.wo2slachtoffers.nl/bio/52025/Muskens-Gregorius-Johannes-Arnoldus-Maria.htm
  5. Ereveld Vredehof in Nijmegen
  6. https://www.oorlogsslachtofferszeeland.nl/index.php/nl/?option=com_bmzviewer&view=bmzviewer&id=100&lang=&RecordID=4646
  7. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/108036/gregorius-johannes-arnoldus-maria-muskens
  8. https://www.erelijst.nl/gregorius-johannes-arnoldus-maria--muskens
  9. Digital Monument

  10. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Oolbekkink,
Herman
∗ 1911-09-27
Deventer,
† 1944-06-06
Overveen
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - police - The outskirts of Limburg - During the Second World War, detective Oolbekkink was a member of a resistance group in Nijmegen in which in particular a number of police officers were active. The group carried out an attack on the traitor Ederveen on the Daalseweg on September 24, because he knew too much. However, Ederveen managed to escape and to alert the Germans. As a result, dozens of people were arrested on September 27, and on June 6, 1944, the five most important members of this resistance group were executed in the dunes near Overveen. More about this in the introductory text about Nijmegen.
Herman Oolbekkink is buried with corps honors on the Vredehof field of honor.


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Reichert,
Franciscus P.
Vrijn
∗ 1873-08-29
Delft
† 1944-09-14
Nijmegen
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - - press - The outskirts of Limburg - A trader by profession as well as a courier for the LO-KP out of conviction. Also Vrij Nederland. On September 14, 1944 he was shot in his house because of his work for V.N. [2].
The following can be read on :oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl [4]:

Frans Reichert, married to Margaretha Wilhelmina Hienkens and father of six adult children, worked for the resistance group Vrij Nederland under the pseudonym VRIJN. On May 20, 1944, the police, led by Pieter Versloot and Marinus Verstappen, searched his apartment but found nothing. Another raid followed at midnight on September 14, 1944, when German SD man Kuhnert, together with Nijmegen police officer Anton Wiebe, searched Reichert’s apartment (again). Kuhnert shot Reichert in the head as he tried to escape through the kitchen. He was buried in his garden with the help of his neighbors, the Bossmann family.
After the liberation he was buried in the cemetery in Brakkenstein (D 9) until the fall of 1969, since then in the field of honor of the Vredehof cemetery in Nijmegen. [2]

  1. wikipedia EN: Vrij Nederland
  2. Begraafplaats Vredehof te Nijmegen Erehof 47
  3. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/125996/franciscus-petrus-reichert
  4. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/reichert/1db52283-48e4-417b-8a55-875fe93fb85f
  5. Digital Monument

  6. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Rodriguez /Rodrigues,
Jozef Marius
Jozef
∗ 1900-03-05
Paramaribo
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - dutch soldier - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Retired KNIL sergeant [1] Jozef Rodriguez (also spelled Rodrigues) listened to radio transmissions from London and distributed illegal newspapers and pamphlets. He was arrested by the notorious Wiebe at 1:30 a.m. on June 30, 1944. He was imprisoned first in Arnhem, then in the Amersfoort camp, and was executed on July 21, 1944, in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers in Nijmegen on the Leusden heath, having previously dug his own grave. Rodriguez was one of twelve Surinamese who died in the Netherlands for their resistance activities. [6] After the war, Rodriguez was buried in Daalseweg Cemetery until the fall of 1969, when he was reburied in the field of honor at Vredehof Cemetery in Nijmegen. [4]
A list of the victims of the above reprisals can be found on our website [2] (red link) and on oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl [6].
Monument to the Surinamese survivors of the Second World War, Waterkant, Paramaribo [3]

  1. KNIL, Koninklijk Nederlandsch-Indisch Leger. Wikipedia EN: Royal Netherlands East Indies Army
  2. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
    Executies op de Leusderheide en in Kamp Vught
  3. Eric Kastelein Oog in oog met Paramaribo. Verhalen over het herinneringserfgoed (LM Publishers 2020). http://www.ooginoogmetparamaribo.nl
  4. Vredehof Cemetery Nijmegen, Erehof 21
  5. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/127942/jozef-marius-rodriguez
  6. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/rodriguez/ce6b659e-6584-469e-af5b-47a8acfda91b
  7. Digital Monument

  8. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Schiphorst,
Tom
∗ 1923-01-01
Heerlen
† 1945-03-09
Mauthausen
Heerlen - Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - press - Student - Student at the MTS (technical secondary school), living in Nijmegen. He took care of people in hiding and distributed illegal magazines. He also hid an American pilot. Member of the LO-Maas en Waal. On August 1, 1944 he was arrested and on March 9, 1945 he died in the Mauthausen concentration camp.
wall: left, row 18-01
Schortinghuis,
Jacobus Reinder
Bob (van de recherche)
∗ 1923-02-14
Delfzijl
† 1945-04-25
Hedel
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - dutch soldier - K.P. - Student - The outskirts of Limburg - Koos Schortinghuis was a member of the Knokploeg (armed group) of Nijmegen [1] and as such was qualified to join the Dutch army after the liberation of Nijmegen. He died as a member of the Prinses Irene Brigade [2][7]. Rank: soldier OVW (Oorlogsvrijwilliger = war volunteer).
On the website Bevrijding van Nederland - Nijmegenaren in geallieerde dienst (Liberation of the Netherlands - Nijmegen Citizens in Allied Service) [3] we read:

1940-1945 : Koos Schortinghuis belonged to the Knokploeg Nijmegen under the leadership of Theo Dobbe. After the liberation of the southern part of the Netherlands, he joined the Royal Dutch Brigade Princess Irene as a volunteer. As a shock trooper, he was killed at Hedel (Noord-Brabant) in April. On the evening of April 25, a Brenguncarrier (armored personnel carrier [4]) hit a mine that had been laid by the Germans in the middle of the village of Hedel on the Uithovensestraat. The four-ton tracked vehicle overturned. Private Schortinghuis landed half under it and was killed instantly. The other three occupants were injured. On April 22, Montgomery had issued a general ban on attacks so as not to jeopardize the food shipments to the Randstad (the densely populated and not yet liberated western part of the Netherlands) authorized by Seyss-Inquart. Nevertheless, the battle for Hedel continued, in which Schortinghuis was one of the victims.

Many details about him can be found in the Groninger Archieven, Systeemkaarten van verzetsbetrokkenen (OVCG) System cards of resistance fighters. [5]

  1. Het Grote Gebod, dl.1, Kampen 1951, p. 590
  2. Prinses Irene Brigade
  3. Bevrijding van Nederland - Nijmegenaren in geallieerde dienst
  4. Wikipedia Universal Carrier (Bren Gun Carrier)
  5. 2183 Systeemkaarten van verzetsbetrokkenen (OVCG) (Groninger Archieven), → Schortinghuis, Jacobus Reinder
  6. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/137458/jacobus-reinder-schortinghuis
  7. Wikipedia NL: Prinses Irene Brigade
  8. Digital Monument

  9. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Span,
Petrus
Piet
∗ 1908-10-14
Nijmegen
† 0000-00-00
Leusderheide
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - CPN - press - person in hiding - The outskirts of Limburg - Piet Span was a carpenter. Distributor of De Waarheid (The Truth), had gone into hiding in the Waterkwartier. He was betrayed, the identity of the traitor is unclear. Arrested on June 17, 1944 at 1:05 a.m. by constable C.L. Geerts. At 11:00 he was taken with three others by Wiebe and Hidskes to the SD/SiPo in Arnhem. On July 21, 1944, he was executed together with other men from Nijmegen on the heath of Leusden, after he had dug his own grave. [1] Span’s body could only be buried in the Groenestraat Cemetery (N-16-8) in October 1945. In the fall of 1969, he was reburied on the field of honor of the Vredehof Cemetery in Nijmegen. [2]
One of the stories about the assassination attempt three weeks later on German soldier Otto Geschefsky says that this was an act of revenge for the arrest of four communist resistance fighters from Nijmegen (Arp Wagter, Jan van Eldert, Piet Treijtel and Piet Span mentioned here).
Another story says that two inexperienced boys, aged 17 and 18, were assigned to take away a list of names of resistance fighters from Nijmegen from this Geschefsky. A girl friend lured him to Kronenburgerpark and they ambushed him. Geschefsky drew his pistol, but was shot himself with it. [3]
Perhaps both stories are true?
On his funeral card [2b] the date of birth is given as October 14, 1914 (incorrect, changed to 1908 in ballpoint pen on his daughter’s copy of the funeral card). Listed in the Roll of Honor 1940-1945 of the Dutch Parliament [4].

  1. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  2. a.) Begraafplaats Vredehof te Nijmegen.
    b.) G.Thuring, Ereveld Vredehof, Groesbeek 2010, p. 24-25:bidprentje en foto
  3. Otto Geschefsky
  4. Erelijst 1940-1945
  5. J.Rosendaal, "Theo Dobbe en de Nijmeegse Knokploeg", in: Jaarboek Numaga 2008, p. 69-77
  6. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/145086/petrus-span
  7. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/span/40892157-11d5-48d6-85c1-ebc731ba325f
  8. Digital Monument

  9. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Spillenaar Bilgen,
Marinus
∗ 1892-10-25
Salatiga, NOI
† 1944-09-04
Vught
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - The pharmacist’s son Marinus Spillenaar Bilgen, as director of the Gelderland paper mill in Nijmegen, supplied large quantities of paper to underground newspapers such as Trouw [2][5] and collected money for the NSF (Nationaal Steun Fonds, National Support Fund [1], financed the resistance). He was also a member of the Knokploeg (armed group). He studied mechanical engineering in Delft, where the later prominent NSB member Meinoud Rost van Tonningen was his rowing mate. He was arrested on August 7, 1944 in connection with his activities for Trouw and was executed on September 4, 1944 in Herzogenbusch concentration camp. (Article Peter Bak, Trouw newspaper, May 4, 2020 [2])

  1. Nationaal Steun Fonds
  2. Peter Bak: Dit zijn de 196 doden van trouw. Zij die stierven voor de krant
  3. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/146052/marinus-spillenaar-bilgen
  4. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/spillenaar%20bilgen/5dd65193-e52c-448e-a860-07941a58ff5d
  5. Wikipedia NL: Trouw (verzetsblad)
  6. Digital Monument

  7. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Toussaint,
Christiaan Canisius
Christ
∗ 1896-10-21
Nijmegen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Christ Toussaint was a department head at the E.R.K. (Eerste Rooms Katholieke Levensverzekering Maatschappij). He distributed radio news from London and forbidden newspapers and supported the resistance financially. [1] We owe many biographical details to his daughter C. Beukering-Toussaint. [4]
On June 29, 1944, he was arrested with his neighbor Ernest van Geuns, and on July 21, 1944, he and seven other Nijmegen citizens were executed on the heath of Leusden in retaliation for attacks on German soldiers, having previously dug their own graves. [2]
He was reburied in the municipal cemetery Vredehof [3], Erehof 20 [5].

  1. Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen
  2. Eleven imprisoned resistance fighters from Nijmegen killed
  3. Vredehof in Nijmegen
  4. https://www.noviomagus.nl/Gastredactie/Beukering/Beukering.htm
  5. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/personen/154888/christiaan-canisius-toussaint
  6. Digital Monument

  7. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Treytel /Treijtel,
Petrus Laurentius
Piet
∗ 1877-08-09
Rotterdam
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Piet Treijtel was a carpenter. He worked on the party newspaper De Waarheid (the truth) and was involved in various other illegal activities. He was arrested by the nefarious Wiebe at 4:00 a.m. on June 17, 1944. One of the stories about the assassination attempt three weeks later on German soldier Otto Geschefsky says that this was an act of revenge for the arrest of four communist resistance fighters from Nijmegen (Arp Wagter, Jan van Eldert, Piet Treijtel and Piet Span). Another story says that two inexperienced boys, aged 17 and 18, were assigned to take away a list of names of resistance fighters from Nijmegen from this Geschefsky. A girl friend lured him to Kronenburgerpark and they ambushed him. Geschefsky drew his pistol, but was shot himself. [1] Piet is buried in Nijmegen [2].

  1. Otto Geschefsky
  2. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/154998/petrus-laurentius-treijtel
  3. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/treijtel/fcfc50b0-1c26-4498-aba2-da336af0bc47
  4. Digital Monument

  5. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Vugt, van
Daniël
Daan
∗ 1896-05-02
Rotterdam
† 1945-04-25
Kdo. Sandbostel, Neuengamme
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - The outskirts of Limburg -

Wikimedia
Memorial chapel with the graves of Daniel van Vugt and other victims of “Ederveen”

Gynecologist Daniel van Vugt collaborated with the resistance group within the Nijmegen police. He also participated in the medical resistance. Married with Antoinette P.M. Schaepman (1901-1987) in 1924 in Zwolle. In 1929 he settled as a gynecologist in Nijmegen, from June 1932 in the Sint-Annastraat 25.
In the May days of 1940 he spent days operating on wounded soldiers behind the Grebbe Line. In November 1940 he decided to resign from the Nederlandse Unie (Dutch Union). In and around Nijmegen he played an active role in Medisch Contact, the national medical organization that opposed all kinds of measures taken by the German occupation.
Daniel van Vugt was arrested on September 23, 1943 as a result of infiltration by a traitor who called himself Ederveen, because he was suspected of being directly involved in acts of resistance in Nijmegen. Nineteen long months of imprisonment (in Arnhem and in the Vught camp) and privations in various German camps (Sachsenhausen and Neuengamme) followed. In April 1945, exhausted and deathly ill, he arrived with the umpteenth horror transport at the Sandbostel camp (near Bremervörde), where he died. Two friends from Nijmegen, Guus Boelaars and police inspector Frans Prick (later: Perrick), whom Van Vugt had helped to go into hiding in September 1943, immediately found an opportunity to bring his corpse back home. Amid great public interest, the religious funeral service and inhumation took place on May 25 at the Heilig-Landstichting. A year later, a memorial chapel was built next to the grave, where the Nijmegen policemen Albert Marcusse, Bart Hendriks and Wim Beerman, executed on June 5, 1944 near Overveen, were to find their final resting place as well. This chapel has a bronze memorial plaque since 2005.
More details: oorlogsgravenstichting.nl, see link below.
Until 1997, an annual memorial service for the fallen was held in the memorial chapel of Dr. Daniel van Vugt in the cemetery of the Heilig Land Stichting (Holy Land Foundation).
More on the Ederveen case in the introductory text about Nimwège.


This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Wagter,
Arp
∗ 1907-01-17
Groningen
† 1944-07-21
Leusden
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - CPN - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Arp Wagter was a blacksmith and machine fitter. On June 6, 1944, he was arrested in Nijmegen.
On oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl we read about him [6]:

Arp Wagter, married to Hendrika Coenders and childless, distributed banned newspapers in Nijmegen. He was a member of a communist resistance group. He was arrested by constable C.L. Geerts at 1 a.m. on June 17, 1944, and taken to the SD in Arnhem by Wiebe and Hidskes at 11 a.m. the next day. On July 21, 1944, he and 7 others from Nijmegen were executed on the heath of Leusden [1], having previously had to dig his own grave. Wagter was buried on Rustoord after the war (Y 238). [2]

One of the stories about the assassination three weeks later on German soldier Otto Geschefsky says that this was an act of revenge for the arrest of four communist resistance fighters from Nijmegen (Arp Wagter, Jan van Eldert, Piet Treijtel and Piet Span). Another story says that two inexperienced boys, aged 17 and 18, were assigned to take away a list of names of resistance fighters from Nijmegen from this Geschefsky. A girl friend lured him to Kronenburgerpark and they ambushed him. Geschefsky drew his pistol, but was shot himself with it. [3]
Arp was incarcerated in the Amersfoort concentration camp until his execution on July 21, 1944.

His name is on the Erelijst van Gevallenen 1940-1945 van de Staten-Generaal (List of honour 1940-1945 of the Dutch Parliament) [4]

  1. Leusderheide: Open Street Map
  2. Begraafplaats Rustoord te Nijmegen graf 2e kl. Y 238
  3. Otto Geschefsky
  4. Erelijst 1940-1945
  5. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/166558/arp-wagter
  6. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/wagter/9b7ea536-6a59-4878-ab87-4804b02c003c
  7. Digital Monument

  8. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Weert, de
Jacques J.
Zwarte Jacques, Victor
∗ 1921-04-10
Zundert
† 1944-09-05
Kamp Vught
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - Student - person in hiding - The outskirts of Limburg - Fred Cammaert writes in his dissertation [1]:

Already at the beginning of the war, groups were formed that focused on falsifying documents. The L.O. sought support from or received help from some of these groups. J. Hendrikx, for example, formed a forgery group in Venlo in early 1943. F. Halewijn and some associates produced stamps, certificates, and all sorts of other documents. In Nijmegen, as already mentioned, a group headed by J.J. de Weert, a law student, was working, and in The Hague P. van Pesch and J.G. de Groot, who had set up a forgery office there more than a year after leaving Heerlen. De Groot’s office in particular provided invaluable services to the underground in much of the eastern and southern Netherlands. Because of their contacts with the L.O., these groups came into contact with each other during 1943. J. Hendrikx played a leading role in bringing together the various forger groups. De Weert’s group was in financial difficulties, and Hendrikx offered his support on the condition that De Weert would henceforth work for the L.O.. In early 1944 Hendrikx had the Venlo office moved to Nijmegen, and after the arrival of Van Pesch in Nijmegen, the plan to merge the various groups could be realized. A meeting was scheduled for March 30, 1944, at which Hendrikx, De Weert and his close associate M.M. Oosenbrug, as well as the head of the combat group Th. Dobbe were expected. De Weert, however, did not appear. The day before, he and his courier had been arrested in Amsterdam. On September 5, he was shot in Vught. Oosenbrug became his successor and head of the L.O.’s Falsification Headquarters (F.C.-L.O.). The "headquarters" remained in Nijmegen until the summer of 1944, with outposts or distribution points in Zwolle, Eindhoven, and The Hague. In late July or early August, the F.C.-L.O. was moved to Malden, near Nijmegen, where it operated until the liberation of Nijmegen on September 20. After that, other offices in the parts of the country that had not yet been liberated took over the work of the F.C.-L.O.

On the website oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl we read about Jacques de Weert [6]:

Jacques de Weert was a law student at the Roman Catholic University in Nijmegen since 1940. He remained in Nijmegen until the beginning of 1943 and specialized in forging documents of all kinds for the benefit of the underground movement. His underground name was Black Jacques, Victor or Vick. He expanded his forgery group into a national organization and was appointed head of the National Office for Illegal Forgeries of the LO, the National Organization for Persons in Hiding in The Hague. He was arrested on March 29, 1943, and executed in the Vught concentration camp on September 5, 1944.[3]

In the entrance hall of the auditorium of Radboud University in Nijmegen, Jacques de Weert is inscribed on the memorial plaque for members of the university community who have been killed in World War II. [4]

  1. Cammaert, Het verborgen front, VIa.IV.4., p.532: Falsificaties en inlichtingen (Falsifications and intelligence)
  2. J. Rosendaal, Theo Dobbe en de Nijmeegse Knokploeg, in: Jaarboek Numaga 2008, p. 51-77
  3. Website kamp Vught: English
    Monument at the execution site in the National Memorial Kamp Vught
    Concentratiekamp Vught, Gedenkboek 36
  4. Nijmegen: Gedenkplaat voor de in de Tweede Wereldoorlog gevallen leden van de universitaire gemeenschap, voorheen in de hal van de aula aan de Wilhelminasingel, thans in de hal van de aula aan de Comeniuslaan. Zie: Tussen vrijblijvend en bevlogen, p. 19 Zie: Jan Brabers, Proeven van eigen cultuur, dl. 1, p. 278
    Arnolds, A.L.M. & al. Gedenkboek 1940-1945 van de katholieke academische gemeenschap, Leiden 1947, p. 98
  5. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/168521/jacobus-johannes-de-weert
  6. https://www.oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl/persoon/weert/70f4e621-d993-448c-82ad-30d71933e781
  7. Digital Monument

  8. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Will,
Peter
∗ 1896-08-21
Schoonhoven
† 1945-04-24
Transport
This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel. - Nijmegen - L.O. - press - police - The outskirts of Limburg - Quality inspector in the slaughterhouse of Nijmegen [1] and honorary policeman. After May 1940, he helped people who wanted to escape forced labor in Germany. He distributed the underground newspaper Trouw [8], took care of people in hiding, helped stranded Allied airmen, and was involved in espionage activities as a member of the radio group of Captain Hogerland’s organization. [2] Arrested on December 1, 1943, for working for Trouw. According to his family, he died in Germany between April 13 and 18, 1945. In the spring of 2021, the Nijmegen City Council decided to name one of the streets in the Hof van Holland quarter after him.

Our father, Peter Will, … was a prisoner of the German SiPo-SD (security police) from December 2, 1943 until his death in April 1945. In the Netherlands he was imprisoned in Arnhem from December 2, 1943. On May 20, 1944, he was sent to the Polizeiliches Durchgangslager (police transit camp) in Amersfoort.
On October 11, 1944, he was transported to the German concentration camp Neuengamme and probably sent directly to the subcamp of Meppen-Versen (Emsland). On March 25, 1945 he was brought to the main camp as a sick man and then on April 8 they were transported by trains (cattle wagons) in the direction of Bergen-Belsen, Bergedorf, Neubrandenburg, Hamburg-Altona, Bremervörde and Brillit. There his body was taken from the train and buried in a mass grave with about 300 others. After my oldest brother, Bert Will, and I became aware of these facts, we wrote a booklet about this. [3]

A detailed article about Peter Will can be found in the German Wikipedia [6].

  1. Memorial plaque in the Nijmegen slaughterhouse
  2. oorlogsdodennijmegen.nl
  3. B.en P.Will, Peter Will 21-8-1896 - ??-4-1945. Een levensverhaal, (A life story) Nijmegen -Veenendaal 2008, + cd with pictures and video clip, ISBN 978-90-90-23827-2
  4. Nationaal Ereveld (National Field of Honor) in Loenen, grave A 372
  5. nos.nl: Zoon van verzetsheld krijgt na 71 jaar alsnog afscheidsbrief (son of a resistance hero receives farewell letter after 71 years)
  6. Wikipedia DE: Peter Will (Widerstandskämpfer)
  7. https://oorlogsgravenstichting.nl/persoon/171502/peter-will
  8. Wikipedia NL: Trouw_(verzetsblad)
  9. Digital Monument

  10. This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.