The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg
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The fallen resistance fighters in the dutch province of Limburg

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Initial resistance

We count to the initial resistance such organizations and individuals, who were active before the foundation of the L.O.. Because it was only then that the resistance, at least in our region, acquired an overarching structure and was able to develop on a larger scale. Demobilized soldiers often took the initiative because they had a network at their disposal and felt obligated to do so by their oath of allegiance. Through the Nederlandse Opbouwdienst (Dutch Reconstruction Service), attempts were made to employ demobilized soldiers in government services such as the police and fire departments. There they met each other, and if they were anti-German, this could quickly turn into a nest of resistance.
For many clerics something similar was true because of the clear position of the bishops, including Bishop Lemmens in Limburg and their own conscience. Also among them some came into action already at the beginning of the occupation.
It began with Belgian and French prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany and passed through Limburg on their way home. Many knocked on the doors of churches asking for help, as they were easy to find. They entered the country everywhere along the Dutch eastern border, but a focus was in central and northern Limburg. Among the groups founded by former soldiers, those around Erkens, Bongaerts, Dresen, Smit, and as a national organization the O.D.
A group of its own were the Communists, who also resisted at an early stage, but did not (yet) cooperate with the other early groups, see CPN
From June 1943 onward, the Limburg escape routes all connected to Belgian branches of the Comet Line to Spain (see Cammaert IV §II.2.).

Initial resistance – 78 pers.   ⇒All the fallen resistance people in Limburg
Beazar,
Gustaaf
Modest
∗ 1908-07-29
Aspelare
† 1944-09-12
Heer
Heer - Belgium - early resistance - Secret Army (B) - The northeast of Belgian Limburg was the territory of the ‘Secret Army, Zone II/Limburg’. Although no exact figures are available, the number of members of this group was described as ‘as large as a regiment’. The ‘zone commander’ was Gustaaf Beazar from Kessenich, who came from a&nbs …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Beers, van
Adrianus Hubertus
∗ 1895-09-24
Wamel
† 1942-08-31
KZ Groß-Rosen
Heerlen - CPN - early resistance - Scaffolder, helped to bring refugees across the border. Arrested on June 24, 1941.
Eventually he ended up in the Nacht und Nebel [1] concentration camp in Gross-Rosen [2], where Albert Speer [3], Hitler’s architect, had granite quarried, which he needed for the construction of the new capital
wall: middel, row 05-02
Bongaerts,
Charles M.H.J.
∗ 1909-08-07
Venlo
† 1944-11-23
KZ Ladelund, KZ Neuengamme
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - Married to Trees (Theresa) Dahmen. In 1940 Charles was a reserve officer in the Dutch army and during the five day battle of the Netherlands he fought on the so called “Grebbenberg Line”, that the Dutch army held to the very end, repulsing heavy assaults from the German forces. After this,&nb …
wall: left, row 16-01
Bouman,
Martinus
Bob
∗ 1899-05-05
Gouda
† 1943-05-02
Maastricht
Roermond - CCD - early resistance - Ordedienst - april/may strike - Zwarte Plak - Martinus Antonius Marie Bouman was a first lieutenant in the KNIL (Dutch Colonial Army), then chief controller with the C.C.D. in Limburg and East Brabant. He helped downed Allies and prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany. In 1940 and 1941 still on his own, then with R.H. van de Vin from& …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
wall: right, row 04-04
Brinkman-Rohling ,
Francisca Alberta Maria
Francisca
∗ 1875-01-18
Dokkum
† 1945-03-27
Maastricht
- Roermond - early resistance - press - Francisca Brinkman-Rohling and her husband, 70-year-old notary Herman Brinkman, lived in Roermond [1] and were the parents of Sophie Brinkman.
About them (and their deeds) we can read in “Het

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Bruls,
Leo
∗ 1912-02-06
Sittard
† 1945-04-17
Dresden
Sittard - early resistance - Group Smit - police - Léon Antoine Bruls from Sittard was an aircraft mechanic. After the capitulation of the dutch army in 1940, he became a member of the mine police at the Maurits state mine. From this we can conclude that he previously worked in the Dutch Air Force. Also from the fact that he managed to get his&n …
wall: right, row 17-04
Burger,
Wilhelmus Fredericus
Wim
∗ 1918-09-28
Amsterdam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - OD-Proces - Wim Burger was an office worker. [1]
He belonged to the spy group around Hans Zomer and thus fell victim to the Englandspiel (England game). [2]
He was arrested in Amsterdam on September 1, 1941 [2] and imprisoned in the Oranjehotel (Cells& …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Busch,
Elbertus Frederikus
∗ 1903-05-11
Apeldoorn
† 1943-05-25
Neuengamme
Hoensbroek - CPN - early resistance - press - He spent his youth in Zutphen, his places of residence in South Limburg were Brunssum and Hoensbroek (from 1931). According to the biography on heemkundehoensbroek.nl, he was a gardener during the war and worked for the Koninklijke Nederlandse Heidemaatschappij, or Heidemij for short. In the< …
wall: middel, row 10-02
Cahn,
David Leo
∗ 1923-12-07
Maastricht
† 1942-08-14
Auschwitz
Maastricht - Jew - early resistance - press - Group Dresen - Jewish butcher’s son, residing at Lenculenstraat 9 in Maastricht. He belonged to the civilian branch of the Dresen group, which was mainly engaged in the distribution of illegal leaflets and writings, specially the Oranje Koerier. For example, to finance the purchase of weapons,&nbs …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-07
Caubo,
Jean-Michel
Jean
∗ 1891-04-28
Maastricht
† 1945-02-13
Natzweiler, Außenkommando Daut
Schin op Geul - early resistance - Jean was registered at the civil registry as Johannes Michael and grew up in Schin-op-Geul. He was employed by the French railway company Wagons Lits and he was, with the help of his entire family, a member of the French-Dutch group Dutch-Paris [1], which helped refugees, especially Jews.
He was< …
Jean-Michel Caubo op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.01-02
Dael,
Jan
∗ 1909-01-01
Venlo
† 1945-03-09
Mauthausen
Venlo - early resistance - L.O. - Jean Marie Dael was, among other things, a hotel clerk, a driver, and a cook before finally finding his vocation in the bookstore and library De Boemerang on Geldersepoort. He was the father of six children. He had been involved in the resistance since the German invasion. His apartment and
wall: right, row 27-05
Dael,
Leo
∗ 1907-09-12
Venlo
† 1945-03-01
Mauthausen
Venlo - early resistance - L.O. - Leopold Franciscus Dael was a self-employed cab driver and night watchman in a school seized by the Germans as an office building. He and his brother Jan took part in the resistance from the beginning.
On May 12, 1944,   …
wall: right, row 28-01
Diederen,
Karel Joseph
∗ 1917-10-10
Hoensbroek
† 1943-03-02
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
Hoensbroek - early resistance - press - Group Smit - In his younger years he was active in the youth movement. When he was drafted into military service, he was a casual laborer. From September 2, 1937 with the 3rd Mounted Field Artillery Regiment, where he rose to the rank of wachtmeester (~ sergeant). After the surrender of the Dutch& …
wall: middel, row 11-02
Dobbe,
Theo
Hans
∗ 1901-03-19
Amsterdam
† 1944-09-05
Dieren, gem. Rheden
Nijmegen - early resistance - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - In his civil profession, Theo Dobbe was a chief representative and active throughout the Netherlands. In the southern part of the country he became the organizer of the LKP, the umbrella organization of the Knokploegen (commandos). In 1943 he became head of the special unit Opruimingsdienst

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-10
Dorst,
Mans
∗ 1905-12-10
Onstwedde
† 1942-11-12
Neuengamme
Heerlen - CPN - early resistance - press - Worker in a factory, liaison man for the party newspaper De Waarheid. Arrested on January 13, 1942.
wall: middel, row 06-01
Dresen,
Alf(ons)
∗ 1885-10-18
Luik
† 1944-01-05
Fort Rhijnauwen, Bunnik
Maastricht - early resistance - Group Erkens - Alphonse Henri Louis Dresen was chief dispatcher in Maastricht at the Dutch Railway Company and as such he knew everything about train movements in his area. Married, belonged to the resistance group Erkens-De Liedekerke, arrested in July 1942, executed on 5.1.1944 in Bunnik near Utrecht. Buried in< …
wall: left, row 30-04
Dresen,
Pierre
∗ 1897-02-07
Maastricht
† 1942-12-01
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - Group Dresen - Resident of Maastricht, demobilized professional soldier, temporary cashier of the distribution service, founder of the Dresen group, which initially also called itself the RAF group. (Cammaert hoofdstuk II-II. De groep-Dresen, from p. 94). See also  …
wall: left, row 31-01
Duijnkerke /Duin… /Duyn…,
Jan M.
∗ 1902-10-25
Yerseke
† 1943-03-04
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - Group Dresen - The barge master J.M. Duynkerke usually transported cement in the Netherlands and abroad with his boat Maria, but also refugees. The home port of the Maria was the old harbor of Maastricht, the Bassin. Arrested 09-12-1941.
wall: left, row 31-02
Engeln,
Paulus Anthonius
Tom
∗ 1902-01-30
Purmerend
† 1945-04-27
KZ Mauthausen-Ebensee
Maastricht - early resistance - press - Group Dresen - Paulus Anthonius (Tom) Engeln, a shopkeeper and leather goods manufacturer living in Maastricht, was of German descent and divorced from a German wife, Betsy Wanger, with whom he had three children. In 1942 they were 4, 7 and 12 years old. In the back room of his shop, he printed the illegal  …
wall: middel, row 14-02
Erkens,
Niek /Nic
Van der Maas/ Niek
∗ 1894-10-10
Maastricht
† 1943-10-09
Fort Rhijnauwen (prov. Utrecht
Maastricht - Sittard - early resistance - Group Erkens - Nicolaas Egidius Erkens was married to a Liège woman, he spoke French well and was an organizer of cross-border resistance to Belgium, especially with regard to smuggling refugees (Group Erkens). Cammaert writes (Chapter II, …
wall: right, row 18-03
Evers,
Johannes Hendrikus
Jan
∗ 1917-05-03
Oosterhout (Valburg)
† 1944-07-21
Leusderheide
Nijmegen - early resistance - K.P. - press - The outskirts of Limburg - Jan Evers ran a car repair shop, was married and father of one child. They lived in Nijmegen.
He began typing and distributing illegal newspapers, including Vrij Nederland, in 1941 [1.1].
Besides that, the website of Kamp Vught (German: Konzentrationslager Herzogenbusch) states in his< …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Fauchey,
Antoine Pierre Marie
∗ 1918-07-15
Rotterdam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - OD-Proces - Antoine Fauchey fought at the Grebbeberg in May 1940 as a reserve cavalry sergeant. He was arrested on September 14, 1941 on suspicion of espionage (Book of the Dead Oranjehotel [7]) as a result of the Englandspiel (England game) [1] and thus became part of the espionage trial against the group&n …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Fleischeuer,
Ger
∗ 1889-02-25
Oirsbeek
† 1945-03-29
KZ Allach, Dachau
Oirsbeek - early resistance - At the request of Rector Voesten from Heerlen, the municipal secretary A.J.G. Fleischeuer from Oirsbeek helped Jews. Voesten probably belonged to both the group around Father Beatus and the  …
wall: right, row 02-05
Giebels,
Jo
∗ 1909-09-06
Linne
† 1944-04-05
Bergen Belsen
Brunssum - early resistance - press - Group Smit - The primary school teacher J.M.R. Giebels was a member of the Smit group. The cost of the weapons purchases was met with the proceeds from the sale of photographs of the royal family. The British R.A.F. dropped these regularly, whereupon Giebels, the pit assistant overseer A.M. van Puffelen from& …
wall: left, row 05-03
Goffin,
Jules G.H.J.
∗ 1897-03-31
Noville-les-Bois
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
Belgium - early resistance - Group Erkens - He was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. He was a general practitioner in ’s-Gravenvoeren (Fouron-le-Comte) since 1925. In 1940, he became a member of the Clarence resistance network, of which he

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-02
Gronden, van der
Gerrit J.
∗ 1895-12-13
Dordrecht
† 1943-01-02
Neuengamme
Maastricht - Valkenburg - CPN - early resistance - press - Driver and mechanic at the GGD (municipal medical service), married. As a driver, he also disseminated banned writings. He helped people to flee and provided medical care when needed. All this in collaboration with his brother A.C. van der Gronden [1]
He took care of Jewish people in hiding, was< …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Gerrit J. van der Gronden op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: right, row 26-03
Grootheest, van
Gerard Catharinus
Gerard
∗ 1918-10-12
Utrecht
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Student - OD-Proces - Gerard van Grootheest was the local leader of the Amersfoort chemical service [7] and a student of indology at the RU in Utrecht [4]. He distributed banned printed matter and supported illegal transmission of intelligence information to England, in collaboration with the group around Hans Zomer.& …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Haan,
M.J. (Sjef)
∗ 1921-08-23
Schaesberg
† 1944-04-18
KZ Sachsenhausen, Oranienburg
Schaesberg - early resistance - Group Smit - Miner at the Oranje-Nassau IV, arrested on February 2, 1942, sentenced to prison. Died of the consequences of the bombing of Oranienburg (Cammaert Chapter II: Appendix V, Arrests in the Smit group)
 …
wall: right, row 13-02
Hage,
Dirk
∗ 1909-02-17
Dreischor
† 1943-04-03
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - press - Group Dresen - After his demobilization as a soldier in 1940, Dirk Izak Hage became a customs officer with the rank of hulpkommies and found some like-minded people in the Caberg (Maastricht) customs office. He was to play such an important role in the Dresen group that it is also called the Dresen-Hage& …
wall: middel, row 15-01
Houtappel,
(Ed)Mond
∗ 1901-10-18
Maastricht
† 1944-11-24
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - L.O. - Edmond Marie Hubert Ghislain Henri Houtappel was a wine merchant and ran a wholesale grocery store at Wolfstraat 8 (Fa. Wed. R. W. Hustinx, Koffiebranderij, groothandel in koloniale waren). Captain of the Reserve in the Dutch Army, he was in charge of the Wahlwiller Border Guard Company of the 13th< …
wall: left, row 32-02
Huurman,
Tijmen Bastiaan
Tijmen
∗ 1891-02-14
Groningen
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Photo: Books of the Dead, Oranjehotel [13]

Tijmen Bastiaan Huurman was an engineer at Kondor and a first lieutenant in the reserves [1] The following information about his military career comes from wikimedia.org [2]

Studied at the KMA (Royal Military Academy)< …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Jacobs,
Karel
Père Hugues /Pater Hugo
∗ 1900-11-17
Antwerpen
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
Belgium - early resistance - press - Group Erkens - priest - He was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. His resistance activity began by helping escaped French prisoners of war to continue their escape. He was a Cistercian monk in the Abbey of Val-Dieu and was

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-03
Janssen,
Jacobus Everhardus
Jacob
∗ 1904-02-09
Nijmegen
† 1944-08-11
Vught
Roermond - Nijmegen - early resistance - Jacob Janssen was a branch manager of the grocery chain EDAH in Roermond and a member of the resistance group Oranje Vrijbuiters. [1]

His code name was Jacob, his call sign Jacques. He was involved in a staged robbery at EDAH. This brought in a lot of ration stamps.& …
wall: right, row 05-04

Janssen,
Sjef
∗ 1923-01-13
Heerlen
† 1943-03-29
Hamburg-Neuengamme
Heerlen - Dutch-Paris - early resistance - Group Smit - Joseph Jean Elise Janssen was an employee of a mine, a member of the Smits group and of the international resistance group and escape line Dutch-Paris, as were his uncle Joseph Lejeune and Jean Caubo.
wall: left, row 15-05
Kraft,
Lambert
Bèr
∗ 1902-02-06
Maastricht
† 1942-06-22
Neuengamme
Maastricht - CPN - early resistance - press - Representative for vacuum cleaners. In the municipal elections in Maastricht on June 14, 1939, Bèr Kraft headed the list of the CPN (Communists). They achieved 5.18%. (&nb …
wall: left, row 33-03
Krans,
Cornelis
∗ 1887-03-30
Hoogezand
† 1944-03-02
Helmond
Helden - early resistance - L.O. - carillon - Cornelis Krans lived on a farm in Helden and early in the war he sheltered already a Jewish family in an underground hiding place just a stone’s throw from his house. When, after the strikes of April and May 1943, which included the miners’& …
wall: left, row 20-05
Kroes,
Willem Christiaan Albert
∗ 1896-01-16
Amersfoort
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - OD-Proces - Architect Willem Kroes is referred to as Herman Kroes in the Book of the Dead of the Oranje Hotel [10], but as his file with the Oorlogsgravenstichting (War Graves Commission) indicates, that was his father. [1]
He enabled an employee to escape who was wanted by the Gestapo. He became involved …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Kuntz,
Petrus Josephus Maria
∗ 1918-02-01
Zaandam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - OD-Proces - At the beginning of the war, Petrus Kuntz was a sergeant-capitulant [8] (non-commissioned officer who voluntarily remained in service after his compulsory military service.[1]) with the anti-aircraft artillery in his hometown of Zaandam [7].
He was arrested on March 28, 1941, and was in the&nb …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Leclou,
Paul
∗ 1921-02-28
Voerendaal
† 1945-04-29
Nordhausen
Voerendaal - early resistance - press - Group Smit - Paul Leon Willem Antoon Leclou attended the MTS (Secondary Technical School). Arrested on February 2, 1942, sentenced in Amsterdam, classified as a Nacht und Nebel (NN, Night & Fog) prisoner. He succumbed in the concentration camp Dora (Nordhausen) on 29 April 1945, i.e. shortly after the liberation …
wall: right, row 35-04
Lemson,
Henk
∗ 1924-04-15
Maastricht
† 1945-04-07
Makkum
Maastricht - early resistance - K.P. - Group Dresen - person in hiding - Hendrik Th. Lemson was a tax official (direct taxes, Maastricht) and belonged to the so called Belastinggroep Maastricht (A resistance group of mainly tax officials who continued the work of Group Dresen after it had been busted). He had to go into hiding and did so in Makkum (Frisia), where< …
wall: left, row 32-04
Liedekerke de Pailhe, de
Raphael R.E.J.G.
∗ 1903-04-15
Eijsden
† 1943-10-09
Fort Rhijnauwen, prov. Utrecht
Eijsden - Belgium - early resistance - Group Erkens - He was one of eleven members of the Dutch resistance group around Nick Erkens executed by the Germans in fort Rhijnauwen near Bunnik, province of Utrecht. He was a reserve lieutenant in the Belgian army but lived in the Netherlands.
wall: left, row 08-02
Lokerman,
Jo S.H.
Thijs
∗ 1901-02-05
Rotterdam
† 1945-02-11
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - L.O. - press - carillon - District leader of the LO in Maastricht. Unusual in the Catholic south of the Netherlands at that time: this district leader was not only a Social Democrat, but also a reformed “Hollander”, i.e. someone from “above the rivers”. “On May 11, 1940, a group of Belgian prisoners of war was&n …
wall: left, row 32-05
Medenbach de Rooy, van
Johan George Alexander
Johan
∗ 1906-06-14
Djokjakarta
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - OD-Proces - Johannes George Alexander van Medenbach de Rooy was an inspector at the life insurance company Nillmij and a first lieutenant in the general staff. At an early stage he had already a secret radio transmitter. [5] He belonged to the group around Hans Zomer [1], and became thereby a victim of the&n …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Meijer,
Johan Coenraad
Jan
∗ 1919-09-05
Tandjong Pandang, Bi
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - Student - OD-Proces - Jan Meijer was born in Tandjong Pandang, Billiton, in what is now Indonesia.[1] During mobilization he was an officer candidate in the Dutch navy with the rank of corporal, and after demobilization he studied shipbuilding in Delft from 1940. He soon came into contact with an& …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Meulenberg,
Edmundus Johannes
Eddy
∗ 1919-01-26
Nijmegen
† 1945-07-04
Nijmegen
dutch soldier - early resistance - L.O. - K.P. - The outskirts of Limburg - Eddy Meulenberg was a conscript sergeant at the time of the surrender of the Dutch Army in May 1940. He was a member of the Nijmegen Knokploeg (combat group), together with his friends Jules Moormann,  …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Meulensteen,
Hendrik A.C.
∗ 1886-03-28
Dinther
† 1943-02-05
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - Group Dresen - Shipping agent. His sons sailed on a barge. He and his wife ran her parents’ boatmen’s pub at Franschensingel. The regulars’ table or the back room soon became a regular meeting place for the Group Dresen. Of course,&nb …
wall: left, row 34-02
Miché,
Bernardus Marcus
Bernard
∗ 1887-07-30
Utrecht
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - press - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Photo: Linotype typesetting machine, Wikimedia → → →

Bernard Miché was a machine typesetter. [3]
These were people who did typesetting for< …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-

Michels,
Arnold
∗ 1907-12-01
Overasselt
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - OD-Proces - Until the surrender of the Dutch forces in May 1940, he was a “sergeant-telegraphist” in the Dutch Royal Navy. During the war he participated in obtaining intelligence data and built transmitting and receiving equipment himself. [1] This way he too became a victim of the Englandspiel. [2]
He< …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Muhren,
Piet
Père Étienne /Pater Stephanus
∗ 1908-09-14
Bergen-op-Zoom
† 1943-10-09
Bunnik (Utrecht)
Belgium - early resistance - press - Group Erkens - priest - Petrus („Piet“) Johannes Cornelis Muhren was not a resistance fighter in the Dutch province of Limburg, but was in close contact with them and therefore also appears on this list. His German ancestors still wrote "Mühren", but in Dutch it is pronounced the same way.He entered the novitiate of

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-04
Nijst,
Charles Joseph
∗ 1916-03-05
Kerkrade
† 1944-01-18
AEL Groß-Beeren, Kreis Teltow
Valkenburg - early resistance - press - forced labor - The weekly magazine Het Land van Valkenburg wrote about him: “He refused to sign a declaration of loyalty and went into hiding. Arrested (date unknown) for spreading illegal literature.”
At the  …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Charles Joseph Nijst op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: right, row 26-04
Oppen, van
Ferdinand Marie Joseph Hubert
Ferdinand
∗ 1913-03-04
Maastricht
† 1945-02-02
Sachsenhausen
Maastricht - early resistance - On Oorlogsdoden Nijmegen [5] we read, that Ferdinand van Oppen was a lawyer and prosecutor.
He studied law in Nijmegen (1932 - 1937) … Already in the first months of the occupation he, reserve lieutenant of the Grenadiers en Jagers, was imprisoned for "illegal" activities.

What& …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-

Oppen, van
Jules Louis Antoine
∗ 1882-05-10
Maastricht
† 1943-02-16
Vught
Venlo - early resistance - priest - Dean Jules van Oppen was the first clergyman in Venlo and all of Limburg to pay for his resistance with death. After the German invasion on May 10, 1940, he opposed the German films that were shown in the cinemas of Venlo. According to the Church, they were immoral and anti-patriotic. The Germans …
wall: right, row 30-04
Partouns,
Jozef J.G.
∗ 1911-01-03
Eijsden
† 1945-02-08
Vaihingen
Eijsden - early resistance - Group Erkens - Joseph Jean Gerard Partouns was a laboratory assistant. J. Arpots, J. Partouns, and J. Reintjens were three young men, one of whom worked for the Dutch railways. The three called themselves the Orange Triangle. They wrote down all the details about the rail traffic and passed the data to the< …
wall: left, row 08-03
Regout,
Robert
∗ 1896-01-18
Maastricht
† 1942-12-28
Dachau
Maastricht - early resistance - priest - Robert Hubert Willem Regout was a Jesuit and legal scholar. In 1934, he received his doctorate from the University of Nijmegen on the doctrine of “just war”. From 1939 he was an associate professor of international law there. During the occupation, he provided information everywhere on the&nb …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.04-24
Roks (Rocks?),
Jan Joseph
∗ 1883-05-21
Sibbe
† 1944-03-03
Natzweiler-Struthof
Valkenburg - early resistance - Group Erkens - Jan Joseph Roks was a member of the early resistance group Erkens in Maastricht, co-owner of the guesthouse Samoshuis, the later hotel Parkhotel Atlanta. Nic Erkens spent some time in hiding with him, arrested in Valkenburg during the Hannibalspiel forMore in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Jan Joseph Roks (Rocks?) op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: right, row 27-02
Rooyackers /Rooijackers,
Wim A.
∗ 1918-03-13
Heerlen
† 1944-09-05
Vught
Heerlen - early resistance - K.P. - press - police - Wilhelmus Antonius (Wim) Rooijackers was a trade correspondent and a member of the mine police. Almost from the beginning of the war he was involved with prisoners of war who had escaped from Germany. (Cammaert III, p. 217) He also was involved in a failed assassination attempt (Cammaert IV, p. 286) …
wall: left, row 17-03
Scheer, van der
Pieter Hendrik
∗ 1919-07-10
Nijmegen
† 1941-03-21
Nieuwenhagen
Nieuwenhagen - Nijmegen - early resistance - unorganized resistance - police - Pieter Hendrik van der Scheer was a conscript from 1939 until the end of the war, assigned to the Vickers M.C. 3rd Bat. 19th Reg. IVth Infantry Division and took part in the fighting during the combat days of May 10-15, 1940, in the vicinity of the …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Schoemaker,
Richard Leonard Arnold
Richard
∗ 1886-10-05
Roermond
† 1942-05-03
Sachsenhausen (Oranienburg)
Roermond - early resistance - OD-Proces - Richard Schoemaker was a cadet at the Royal Military Academy from 1905 and active in various sports, especially fencing. In it he participated in the Olympic Games in London in 1908. He became a professor of architecture in Bandung and then in Delft.
Shortly after the beginning of the German&n …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Schoenmaeckers,
Hélène
Lèneke
∗ 1894-07-03
Kapelhof-Rekem (B)
† 1945-07-11
Sankt Gallen (CH)
- Amby - early resistance - Group Erkens - Marie Clotilde Hélène Schoenmaeckers came from a true resistance family. Her sister Adèle and her brother Paul with his sons were also closely involved in the resistance. She was unmarried and did volunteer work. Hélène’s mother, Pauline de
wall: left, row 01-02
Schoenmaeckers,
Paul Fernand Cécile Ghislain Marie
Jean
∗ 1886-09-21
Amby (Maastricht)
† 1945-04-21
Obrnice (Č)
Amby - Belgium - early resistance - Paul Schoenmaeckers (“Jean”) from Amby (today a quarter of Maastricht) married Hélène Palmers on June 12, 1911 in Stevoort near Hasselt. From then on they lived in Rekem (Belgian Limburg). During the occupation, they joined the Comet escape line [1], together with their sons, Michel, Jean and< …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.02-05
Senster,
Hein
∗ 1914-12-21
Vaals
† 1945-05-03
Lübecker Bucht
Vaals - CPN - early resistance - unorganized resistance - Hendrik Servatius Jozef Senster was a miner. Arrested on fair Monday, June 23, 1941, a month and a half after the Germans invaded the Netherlands. He had organized a demonstration with a group of young people from Vaals. Then, in protest, they swept the street dirt in the direction of the German& …
wall: right, row 25-06
Sickenga,
Jaap
∗ 1918-07-14
Haarlem
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - Ordedienst - Student - OD-Proces - Jaap Sickenga was a student of the Dutch language, a poet and a Dutch resistance fighter in the Ordedienst during the Second World War. He and his friend Hans Zomer [1], who had returned from England with a radio transmitter, were arrested on August 31, 1941 as a result of the Englandspiel (England< …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Smeets,
Alphons
∗ 1887-07-14
Mheer (L)
† 1943-10-09
Fort Rhijnauwen, prov. Utrecht
Eijsden - early resistance - Group Erkens - Michiel Hubert Alphonse Smeets was a fruit grower and fruit merchant in Eijsden, neighbor and tenant of Raphael de Liedekerke and brother of the municipal secretary Hubert Smeets.
In the course
wall: left, row 07-05
Smeets,
Hubert
∗ 1892-08-27
Noorbeek;
† 1943-10-09
Fort Rhijnauwen, prov. Utrecht
Eijsden - early resistance - Group Erkens - C.H.A Smeets was municipal secretary and brother of Alphons Smeets. Member of the Belgian intelligence group Luc, section Renkin. He called in the help of J. Arpots, Jozef Partouns and J. Reintjens, …
wall: left, row 08-01
Smidt,
Alex Klaas
Lex
∗ 1914-11-22
Diepenveen
† 1942-05-11
Sachsenhausen
Maastricht - early resistance - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Photo: Book of the Dead 3, Oranjehotel Foundation [2].

Lex Smidt was a member of the rugby club ’t Gooi since November 1940. On its website [1] it is stated that he served as a sergeant in the motor service, which provided drivers and vehicles in the pre-war  …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.

Smink,
Harmen
∗ 1919-11-26
Harderwijk
† 1942-05-11
Sachsenhausen
Maastricht - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - The source of the text below is mostly the English version of Traces of War. [1]
The photograph is from the Death Book of the Orange Hotel. [4]
Harmen Smink did his military service as a wachtmeester (~ sergeant) with the motorized artillery. After the May war in 1940 he joined the

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.
Smit,
Sjef
∗ 1916-09-09
Roermond
† 1942-09-17
Amsterdam
Heerlen - early resistance - Group Smit - police - Jef Smit from Roermond, before the war a professional soldier, chose after demobilization in July 1940 to join the police in Heerlen. He did not stay there for long. It was a thorn in his side that the public actions of N.S.B. members and other pro-German elements remained unpunished. When it also
wall: left, row 19-02
Smits,
Gerard Frank
Frank
∗ 1919-08-29
Heerlen
† 1944-04-04
Utrecht
Hulsberg - early resistance - Ordedienst - Student - During the mobilization he was a cornet (= ensign) in the mounted artillery. Later, as a law student, he refused to sign the declaration of loyalty to the Germans and joined the resistance movement. He mapped activities of the Germans at Dutch airfields and passed them on to the allies. [1] He wasMore in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Gerard Frank Smits op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: left, row 24-04
Soesman,
Gerard L.R.
∗ 1922-06-23
Valkenburg
† 1945-01-21
Auschwitz/Oświęcim
Maastricht - Valkenburg - CPN - Jew - early resistance - press - Student HBS (high school). Listed in the Honor Roll of Victims 1940 – 1945 [1], in the category resistance people. Moreover he had a Jewish father, Jacob Soesman. Mother: Christina Johanna Maria Prick
See also the site of Joods Monument [2]: “Gerhard Lodewijk Robertus …
More in our story Resistance in Valkenburg
Gerard L.R. Soesman op de lijst van personen die tijdens de bezetting belangrijk waren voor Valkenburg.
wall: left, row 35-04
Spreksel,
Charles
∗ 1916-07-03
Heerlen
† 1945-01-07
KZ Schömberg, KZ Natzweiler
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Group Smit - Former soldier and window dresser. At first, he distributed illegal magazines and self-printed leaflets supplied by Vicar E. Hennekens from Valkenburg. They received increasing support from young people, especially family members and …
wall: left, row 19-03
Tobben,
Harrie /Harry
∗ 1917-08-24
Heerlen
† 1945-03-15
Hameln (D
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Ordedienst - Netw. Bongaerts - police - carillon - Former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 member of the mine police. Was involved, among other things, in acts of sabotage in the Oranje-Nassau Mine I (O.N. I) in Heerlen, which was uncovered by the SiPo. In June& …
wall: left, row 19-05
Treuen,
Theo
∗ 1914-07-24
Tegelen
† 1942-09-17
Amsterdam
Voerendaal - early resistance - Group Smit - The parental home of Theo (Theodorus Gerardus Johannes Peter) Treuen stood at Maasstraat 43 in Steyl. He worked in the butcher shop Leenders in Voerendaal and during the pre-war mobilization he was a soldier. During 1940 he was contacted by  …
wall: right, row 35-05
Verhagen,
Douwe
∗ 1917-10-08
Assen
† 1943-01-04
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - Group Dresen - Douwe Verhagen was a professional sergeant in May 1940 at the enclosure dam, where the Dutch defenders defied the invading troops of Nazi Germany the longest. From the summer of 1940, he worked …
wall: left, row 37-01
Verstrijden,
Ludovicus Franciscus
Loek
∗ 1918-11-11
Amsterdam
† 1942-05-11
Oranienburg
early resistance - K.P. - OD-Proces - Loek Verstrijden was an assistant purchaser [1][4] and trade correspondent. Co-organizer of the knokploeg (battle group) around Theo Dobbep. This resistance group of the first hour, which also worked closely with the Ordedienst (OD), was known for

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Vlemmings,
Lambert
∗ 1918-11-10
Breda
† 1945-02-23
Dachau
Heerlen - early resistance - press - Group Smit - Lambertus Arnoldus Vlemmings was a former soldier and after his demobilization by the Germans in 1940 parcel deliveryman at Van Gend & Loos. At the beginning of the war, he distributed underground magazines and leaflets printed by chapelain&nbs …
wall: left, row 19-04
Voncken,
Willem Louis
Willem
∗ 1889-02-19
Maastricht
† 1942-05-03
Sachsenhausen
Maastricht - early resistance - Ordedienst - OD-Proces - Willem Voncken completed the secondary school Bisschoppelijk College in Roermond. This was followed by military officer training at the KMA (Royal Military Academy) in Breda. At the start of the war on May 10, 1940, he was a major in the army [1] and assigned to the depot Wielrijders (bicycle&nbs …

This person is not (yet?) listed on the walls of the chapel.-
Vullinghs,
Hendrik Jacob
Henri
∗ 1883-09-14
Sevenum
† 1945-04-09
Bergen-Belsen
Grubbenvorst - early resistance - L.O. - priest - Zwarte Plak - Catholic parish priest of Grubbenvorst and building parish priest in Grashoek, studied musicology in Italy and the United States. He was known as a very open-minded and culturally enthusiastic person. Already during 1941 and 1942, he began to help Jews in collaboration with the Amsterdam journalist< …
wall: left, row 11-03
Wolf,
Egbert
∗ 1917-09-07
Maastricht
† 1942-12-04
Neuengamme
Maastricht - early resistance - Group Dresen - Customs officer, working at the Maastricht-Caberg border office. A strong anti-German mood prevailed there. He belonged to the RAF group, arrested 1 or 2 December 1941. (Cammaert hoofdstuk II, p. 96) Stumblestone or
wall: left, row 36-05